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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2027 matches for " Jingru Zhai "
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The Distribution and Morphology Alterations of Microfilaments and Microtubules in Mesophyll Cells and Root-Tip Cells of Wheat Seedlings under Enhanced Ultraviolet-B Radiation  [PDF]
Limei Gao, Yongfeng Li, Aihua Guo, Jingru Zhai, Rong Han
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2014.522358
The distribution and morphology alterations of microfilaments and microtubules in the mesophyll cells and root-tip cells of wheat seedlings, which had been radiated by enhanced ultraviolet-B (10.08 KJ·m-2·d-1), were examined through the confocal laser scanning microscope (Model FV1000, Olympus, Japan). Microtubule was labeled with an indirect immunofluorescence staining method, and microfilament was labeled with fluorescein isothiocyanate-phalloidin (FITC-Ph) as probes. The results indicated that microtubules in mesophyll cells, compared with the controls, would be depolymerized significantly, and dispersed randomly showing some spots or short rods in the cytoplasm, under the enhanced UV-B radiation condition. The microtubule bundles tended to be diffused, and the fluorescence intensity of that significantly decreased. The distribution pattern of microfilaments, which usually arranged parallelly in control cells, was broken up by enhanced UV-B radiation. We further investigated the distribution and morphology of microtubules in root-tip cells during every stage of cell division, and found that these aberrant phenomena of microtubules were often associated with abnormal cell division. Our findings suggested that the distribution, morphology and structure of cytoskeleton in mesophyll cells and root-tip cells of wheat seedlings would be affected by enhanced UV-B radiation, which might be related to abnormal cell division caused by enhanced UV-B radiation as an extracellular signal.
Can “Zombie Enterprises” Find Self-Help Road through Technological Innovation?  [PDF]
Jingru Liang
Chinese Studies (ChnStd) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/chnstd.2017.63017
Abstract: “Cutting overcapacity” is the primary task of supply-side structural reform in China, which focuses on “disposing and eliminating zombie enterprises firmly”. “Zombie enterprises” usually refer to those who fall into a financial crisis but rely on the support of the government or the bank to survive. At present, the research of “zombie enterprise” by scholars at home and abroad is mainly concentrated in the macro level. But this paper argues that the enterprise is a specific market player, therefore, if you want to crack the “zombie enterprise” problem fundamentally, you should ultimately start from the enterprise, promoting the efficient use of resources through technological innovation, which helps enterprises to establish core competitiveness and drives the sustainable development of enterprises.
Does the Pay Gap in the Top Management Team Incent Enterprise Innovation?—Based on Property Rights and Financing Constraints  [PDF]
Jingru Hou
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2018.85088
Abstract: Using the patent applications data of listed firms in China from 2005 to 2014, this paper examines how the pay gap in the top management team influences enterprise innovation. The result shows that the number of patent applications especially the number of patents for invention increases significantly when the pay gap enlarges. It means the enlargement of the pay gap in the top management team could incent executives to make innovation decisions, to promote outputs of high-quality patents for invention. Finally the quality of enterprise innovation has been improved. Especially, the incentive effect of the pay gap in the top management team is more significant in private enterprises and enterprises with strong financing constraints. Therefore, enterprises in these two groups have better innovation behaviors.
A Research on Service Recognition  [PDF]
Shuliang Wang, Jingru Tian, Shanshan Zou
iBusiness (IB) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ib.2011.31010
Abstract: Service exists in the service provider and the service receiver. They can produce the contractual relationship which is value and trust mutually. People can obtain the different intension of service with different knowledge background and technique. In this paper, service is recognized in the views of 12 levels. Through the description and analysis of these 12 levels, the method for existing services is summarized. Thereby the important impact on service science is elaborated in the modern economy.
Computing the Rectilinear Center of Uncertain Points in the Plane
Haitao Wang,Jingru Zhang
Computer Science , 2015,
Abstract: In this paper, we consider the rectilinear one-center problem on uncertain points in the plane. In this problem, we are given a set $P$ of $n$ (weighted) uncertain points in the plane and each uncertain point has $m$ possible locations each associated with a probability for the point appearing at that location. The goal is to find a point $q^*$ in the plane which minimizes the maximum expected rectilinear distance from $q^*$ to all uncertain points of $P$, and $q^*$ is called a rectilinear center. We present an algorithm that solves the problem in $O(mn)$ time. Since the input size of the problem is $\Theta(mn)$, our algorithm is optimal.
The Processing of Dui-construction in Chinese  [PDF]
Yong Zhai
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2011.26086
Abstract: In the present study, I examined the Dui-construction from a psycholinguistic perspective. Two experiments on the processing of Dui-constructions have been carried out to reexamine the findings of previous experiments on empty subjects in English and Japanese. There are two advantages of using the Chinese Dui-construction over English and Japanese. Firstly, Chinese is similar to English in that the verb is located before the empty subject of an infinitival clause. It is therefore possible to verify whether the verb control information is delayed or not in this case. Secondly, Chinese is similar to Japanese in that they both allow scrambling of arguments. As such, I can examine whether the recency hypothesis applies to Chinese or not. The results indicated that 1) The control information of the verb is accessed immediately; 2) The recency hypothesis is not supported in the processing of Duii-constructions. In other words, there exists a language-specific processing system independent of the general recency strategy.
Suggestions Regarding Veterinary Education Based on the National Standard Veterinaran Qualification Examination in China  [PDF]
Jianfa Wang, Xu Zhang, Donghua Guo, Jingru Guo, Rui Wu, Dongbo Sun
Creative Education (CE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2015.612126
Abstract: The national standard veterinarian qualification examination, which starts running in 2010 in China, is a major reform about management system of veterinary practitioners. The veterinary education is subjected to a new requirement due to the performance of the national standard veterinarian qualification examination. In the current review, the overview of veterinary education in Heilongjiang Bayi Agricultural University (HBAU) was described, and some positive suggestions were provided about the veterinary clinical diagnostics course, which is an important compulsory course undertaken by undergraduate, based on the national standard veterinarian qualification examination in China.
The Prediction of Carbon Emissions Demands in India under the Balance Economic Growth Path  [PDF]
Shiyan Zhai, Zheng Wang
Smart Grid and Renewable Energy (SGRE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/sgre.2012.33026
Abstract: Facing the challenge of climate change, forecasts of energy demand and carbon emissions demand are a key requirement for India to ensure energy security and the balance economic growth. The authors calculate the optimal economic growth under the balance economic growth path from 2009 to 2050 in India based on the economy-carbon dynamic model. Combination of Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 2006 edition of the formula of carbon emissions, energy intensity model, and population model, it gets the carbon emissions demand caused by energy consumption for time span 1980-2008. Then, it estimates the energy consumption demand and carbon emissions demand under the balance economic growth path from 2009 to 2050. The results show that the cumulative amount of energy demand and carbon emissions demand in India for the time span 2009 to 2050, are 44.65 Gtoe and 36.16 Gt C, separately. The annual demand of energy consumption and carbon emissions for India show an inverted U curve from 2009 to 2050. The demand of energy consumption and carbon emissions will peak in 2045, and the peak values are 1290.74 Mtoe and 1045.98 Mt C. Furthermore, India’s per capita energy consumption demand and carbon emissions demand also appear maximum values, which are separately 0.81 toe and 0.65 t C.
A New Attribute Decision Making Model Based on Attribute Importance  [PDF]
Wei Liu, Yuming Zhai
Technology and Investment (TI) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ti.2013.44026
Abstract: In the light of universality of uncertainty, we propose a decision making model in completed information system. Considering the attribute reduction, attribute importance and mismatched information, a multiple attribute decision making model based on importance of attribute is constructed. First of all, decision table is obtained by the knowledge known and deleting reduced attributes. Also, attributes value reduction obtained to simplify the decision table and rules is extracted. Then, rules are utilized to make decision for a new problem. Finally, an example is advanced to illustrate our model.
The Pfaffian Technique: A (2 + 1)-Dimensional Korteweg de Vries Equation  [PDF]
Lixiao Zhai, Junxiao Zhao
Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics (JAMP) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jamp.2016.410195
Abstract: The (2 + 1)-dimensional Korteweg de Vries (KdV) equation, which was first derived by Boiti et al., has been studied by various distinct methods. It is known that this (2 + 1)-dimensional KdV equation has rich solutions, such as multi-soliton solutions and dromion solutions. In the present article, a unified representation of its N-soliton solution is given by means of pfaffian. We’ll show that this (2 + 1)-dimensional KdV equation is nothing but the Plücker identity when its τ-function is given by pfaffian.
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