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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 31499 matches for " Jing Qin "
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Diethyl 1,4-dioxo-1,2,2a,3,4,10b-hexahydro-5H,10H-2,3,4a,10a-tetraazabenzo[g]cyclopenta[cd]azulene-2a,10b-dicarboxylate
Jing Qin
Acta Crystallographica Section E , 2009, DOI: 10.1107/s1600536809014548
Abstract: In the title compound, C18H20N4O6, the dihedral angle between the two fused five-membered rings in the glycoluril unit is 64.42 (2)°. The crystal structure features intermolecular N—H...O and C—H...O interactions. An intramolecular C—H...O contact is also present.
The Evolution of “Rumor”  [PDF]
Jing Qin
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2020, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1106011
Abstract:
Rumor is a social phenomenon and its true colors are similar to those of “folk commentaries”, including “folk songs”, “nursery rhymes”, “folk cus-toms”, “ballads”, “new rhymes”, “village ballads”, “chanting ballads” and so on. It is also an important monitoring system in ancient China. With the development of society, “rumor” has changed its semantic meaning. In modern Chinese, “rumor” has become an unreliable, deceptive and derog-atory term. This article is to investigate the evolution of rumors and its re-lationship with hearsay, so as to correctly distinguish the uses of two dif-ferent forms in real life so as to curb rumors, and foreground the positive role of “hearsay” in the monitoring system.
Interaction with Phosphoinositides Confers Adaptation onto the TRPV1 Pain Receptor
Jing Yao,Feng Qin
PLOS Biology , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1000046
Abstract: Adaptation is a common feature of many sensory systems. But its occurrence to pain sensation has remained elusive. Here we address the problem at the receptor level and show that the capsaicin ion channel TRPV1, which mediates nociception at the peripheral nerve terminals, possesses properties essential to the adaptation of sensory responses. Ca2+ influx following the channel opening caused a profound shift (~14-fold) of the agonist sensitivity, but did not alter the maximum attainable current. The shift was adequate to render the channel irresponsive to normally saturating concentrations, leaving the notion that the channel became no longer functional after desensitization. By simultaneous patch-clamp recording and total internal reflection fluorescence (TIRF) imaging, it was shown that the depletion of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) induced by Ca2+ influx had a rapid time course synchronous to the desensitization of the current. The extent of the depletion was comparable to that by rapamycin-induced activation of a PIP2 5-phosphatase, which also caused a significant reduction of the agonist sensitivity without affecting the maximum response. These results support a prominent contribution of PIP2 depletion to the desensitization of TRPV1 and suggest the adaptation as a possible physiological function for the Ca2+ influx through the channel.
Interaction with Phosphoinositides Confers Adaptation onto the TRPV1 Pain Receptor
Jing Yao,Feng Qin
PLOS Biology , 2009, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1000046
Abstract: Adaptation is a common feature of many sensory systems. But its occurrence to pain sensation has remained elusive. Here we address the problem at the receptor level and show that the capsaicin ion channel TRPV1, which mediates nociception at the peripheral nerve terminals, possesses properties essential to the adaptation of sensory responses. Ca2+ influx following the channel opening caused a profound shift (~14-fold) of the agonist sensitivity, but did not alter the maximum attainable current. The shift was adequate to render the channel irresponsive to normally saturating concentrations, leaving the notion that the channel became no longer functional after desensitization. By simultaneous patch-clamp recording and total internal reflection fluorescence (TIRF) imaging, it was shown that the depletion of phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) induced by Ca2+ influx had a rapid time course synchronous to the desensitization of the current. The extent of the depletion was comparable to that by rapamycin-induced activation of a PIP2 5-phosphatase, which also caused a significant reduction of the agonist sensitivity without affecting the maximum response. These results support a prominent contribution of PIP2 depletion to the desensitization of TRPV1 and suggest the adaptation as a possible physiological function for the Ca2+ influx through the channel.
Two-stage Geometric Information Guided Image Reconstruction
Jing Qin,Weihong Guo
Mathematics , 2014,
Abstract: In compressive sensing, it is challenging to reconstruct image of high quality from very few noisy linear projections. Existing methods mostly work well on piecewise constant images but not so well on piecewise smooth images such as natural images, medical images that contain a lot of details. We propose a two-stage method called GeoCS to recover images with rich geometric information from very limited amount of noisy measurements. The method adopts the shearlet transform that is mathematically proven to be optimal in sparsely representing images containing anisotropic features such as edges, corners, spikes etc. It also uses the weighted total variation (TV) sparsity with spatially variant weights to preserve sharp edges but to reduce the staircase effects of TV. Geometric information extracted from the results of stage I serves as an initial prior for stage II which alternates image reconstruction and geometric information update in a mutually beneficial way. GeoCS has been tested on incomplete spectral Fourier samples. It is applicable to other types of measurements as well. Experimental results on various complicated images show that GeoCS is efficient and generates high-quality images.
Near-Field Birefringence Response of Liquid Crystal Molecules in Thickness Direction of Liquid Crystal Thin Film Orientated by Shear Force
Jing QIN,Norihiro UMEDA,
Jing
,QIN,Norihiro,UMEDA

中国物理快报 , 2007,
Abstract: Information of molecular orientation in nematic liquid crystal (LC) is attractive and important for applications in the field of display devices. We demonstrate a novel method using a birefringence scanning near-field optical microscope (Bi-SNOM) with a probe which is inserted into the LC thin film to detect the molecular orientation from its birefringence responses in the thickness direction of the LC thin film. The probe is laterally vibrated when going forward into the LC thin film, and the retardation and azimuth angle are recorded as the probe going down. Firstly, the thickness of the LC thin film is measured by the shear force detection. Since the shear force acts as a stimulation to reorientate the LC molecules above the substrate surface, we can detect the molecular orientation caused by a polyimide alignmentsubstrate and the effect to molecular orientation caused by vibration of fibre probe. As a result, the orientation profiling of the LC film in depth direction is obtained in both the cases that the direction of probe vibrating is vertical/parallel to the rubbing direction of the alignment film.Furthermore, the thickness of completely orientated layers just above the substrate surface can also be obtained by either vibrating probe or no-vibrating probe. Ultimately, the LC thin film can be modelled in thickness direction from all the results using this method.
A combinatorial framework for RNA tertiary interaction
Jing Qin,Christian M. Reidys
Mathematics , 2007,
Abstract: In this paper we show how to express RNA tertiary interactions via the concepts of tangled diagrams. Tangled diagrams allow to formulate RNA base triples and pseudoknot-interactions and to control the maximum number of mutually crossing arcs. In particular we study two subsets of tangled diagrams: 3-noncrossing tangled-diagrams with $\ell$ vertices of degree two and 2-regular, 3-noncrossing partitions (i.e. without arcs of the form $(i,i+1)$). Our main result is an asymptotic formula for the number of 2-regular, 3-noncrossing partitions, denoted by $p_{3,2}(n)$, 3-noncrossing partitions over $[n]$. The asymptotic formula is derived by the analytic theory of singular difference equations due to Birkhoff-Trjitzinsky. Explicitly, we prove the formula $p_{3,2}(n+1)\sim K 8^{n}n^{-7}(1+c_{1}/n+c_{2}/n^2+c_3/n^3)$ where $K,c_i$, $i=1,2,3$ are constants.
Random $k$-noncrossing partitions
Jing Qin,Christian M. Reidys
Mathematics , 2009,
Abstract: In this paper, we introduce polynomial time algorithms that generate random $k$-noncrossing partitions and 2-regular, $k$-noncrossing partitions with uniform probability. A $k$-noncrossing partition does not contain any $k$ mutually crossing arcs in its canonical representation and is 2-regular if the latter does not contain arcs of the form $(i,i+1)$. Using a bijection of Chen {\it et al.} \cite{Chen,Reidys:08tan}, we interpret $k$-noncrossing partitions and 2-regular, $k$-noncrossing partitions as restricted generalized vacillating tableaux. Furthermore, we interpret the tableaux as sampling paths of a Markov-processes over shapes and derive their transition probabilities.
Random 3-noncrossing partitions
Jing Qin,Christian M. Reidys
Mathematics , 2009,
Abstract: In this paper, we introduce polynomial time algorithms that generate random 3-noncrossing partitions and 2-regular, 3-noncrossing partitions with uniform probability. A 3-noncrossing partition does not contain any three mutually crossing arcs in its canonical representation and is 2-regular if the latter does not contain arcs of the form $(i,i+1)$. Using a bijection of Chen {\it et al.} \cite{Chen,Reidys:08tan}, we interpret 3-noncrossing partitions and 2-regular, 3-noncrossing partitions as restricted generalized vacillating tableaux. Furthermore, we interpret the tableaux as sampling paths of Markov-processes over shapes and derive their transition probabilities.
Analysis of the Bacterial Communities in Lime Concretion Black Soil upon the Incorporation of Crop Residues  [PDF]
Shao-Qiang Tao, Qiang Xia, Lin Zhu, Jing-jing Chen, Ya- Nan Wang, Bing Qin
Open Journal of Soil Science (OJSS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojss.2012.23037
Abstract: To analyze the bacterial communities in lime concretion black soil upon the incorporation of crop residues for two years in wheat-maize system, total DNA was directly extracted and PCR-amplified with the F357GC and R518 primers targeting the 16S rRNA genes of V3 region. The amplified fragments were analyzed by perpendicular DGGE. Analyzing of species richness index S and Shannon diversity index H revealed that there was a high diversity of soil bacterial community compositions among all treatments after incorporation of crop residues and fertilizing under field conditions. Eleven DGGE bands recovered were re-amplified, sequenced. Phylogenetic analysis of the representative DGGE fingerprints identified four groups of the prokaryotic communities in the soil by returning wheat residues and fertilizing under field conditions. The bacterial communities belonged to gamma proteobacterium, Cupriavidus sp, halophilic eubacterium, Acidobacterium sp, Sorangium sp, delta proteobacterium, Streptococcus sp and Streptococcus agalactiae were main bacterial communities. Principal Component Analysis (PCA) showed that there were the differences in DNA profiles among the six treatments. It showed that wheat residue returning, maize residue returning and fertilizing all can improve bacterial diversity in varying degrees. As far as improvement of bacterial diversity was concerned, wheat residue returning was higher than fertilizing, and fertilizing higher than maize residue returning.
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