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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 20250 matches for " Jiao Fu "
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Global Behavior for a Strongly Coupled Predator-Prey Model with One Resource and Two Consumers
Yujuan Jiao,Shengmao Fu
Abstract and Applied Analysis , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/183285
Abstract: We consider a strongly coupled predator-prey model with one resource and two consumers, in which the first consumer species feeds on the resource according to the Holling II functional response, while the second consumer species feeds on the resource following the Beddington-DeAngelis functional response, and they compete for the common resource. Using the energy estimates and Gagliardo-Nirenberg-type inequalities, the existence and uniform boundedness of global solutions for the model are proved. Meanwhile, the sufficient conditions for global asymptotic stability of the positive equilibrium for this model are given by constructing a Lyapunov function.
Analysis of Characteristics of the Forecast Jump in the NCEP Ensemble Forecast Products  [PDF]
Xiakun Zhang, Liping Zhang, Jiao Fu, Longxi Zhang
Atmospheric and Climate Sciences (ACS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/acs.2017.71011
Abstract: The limit of numerical prediction and ensemble prediction can be further understood by the study of the forecast jump. By using the ensemble average forecast and control forecast product output data for the United States National Environmental Prediction Center (NCEP) global ensemble forecast system (GEFS), and the concept of Jumpiness index from Zsoter et al., we analyzed the statistical characteristics of forecast jump. Results show that, on average, in the NCEP ensemble forecast product, the time average prediction jump index increases with the increase of the forecast aging, and the actual forecast experience can reflect this phenomenon. The consistency of ensemble average forecast is better than the corresponding control forecast. Also, in summer, the frequency of “forecast jump” phenomenon is fluctuating by 17.5%.
A Generalized Multiconductor Transmission Line Model and Optimized Method for the Solution of the MTL Equations
Chaoqun Jiao,Zhanjun Xia,W. N. Fu
International Journal of Antennas and Propagation , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/827240
Abstract: A generalized multiconductor transmission line (MTL) model is developed for modeling of wide frequency transient response on busbars, cables and core-type transformer windings. Different from the traditional MTL model, the equations of the generalized MTL model are built in the cylindrical coordinate system beside rectangular coordinate system. Based on further discussion, it is found that generalized MTL model could be changed to MTL model where all lines have the same length as to the core-type transformer windings. Then, the optimized solution based on Time domain finite element method (TDFEM) is developed for the above MTL equations. It avoids numerical oscillation of the finite difference time domain (FDTD) method. The numerical results are in agreement with ones calculated by Bergeron's method and FDTD method.
Photochemical Reaction of 7,12-Dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA) and Formation of DNA Covalent Adducts
Hongtao Yu,Jian Yan,Yuguo Jiao,Peter P. Fu
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health , 2005, DOI: 10.3390/ijerph2005010114
Abstract: DMBA, 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene, is a widely studied polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon that has long been recognized as a probable human carcinogen. It has been found that DMBA is phototoxic in bacteria as well as in animal or human cells and photomutagenic in Salmonella typhimurium strain TA102. This article tempts to explain the photochemistry and photomutagenicity mechanism. Light irradiation converts DMBA into several photoproducts including benz[a]anthracene-7,12-dione, 7-hydroxy-12-keto-7-methylbenz[a]anthracene, 7,12-epidioxy-7,12-dihydro-DMBA, 7-hydroxymethyl-12-methylbenz[a]anthracene and 12-hydroxymethyl-7-methylbenz[a]anthracene. Structures of these photoproducts have been identified by either comparison with authentic samples or by NMR/MS. At least four other photoproducts need to be assigned. Photo-irradiation of DMBA in the presence of calf thymus DNA was similarly conducted and light-induced DMBA-DNA adducts were analyzed by 32P-postlabeling/TLC, which indicates that multiple DNA adducts were formed. This indicates that formation of DNA adducts might be the source of photomutagenicity of DMBA. Metabolites obtained from the metabolism of DMBA by rat liver microsomes were reacted with calf thymus DNA and the resulting DNA adducts were analyzed by 32P-postlabeling/TLC under identical conditions. Comparison of the DNA adduct profiles indicates that the DNA adducts formed from photo-irradiation are different from the DNA adducts formed due to the reaction of DMBA metabolites with DNA. These results suggest that photo-irradiation of DMBA can lead to genotoxicity through activation pathways different from those by microsomal metabolism of DMBA.
Design and Simulation of a MEMS Control Moment Gyroscope for the Sub-Kilogram Spacecraft
Honglong Chang,Wenlong Jiao,Qianyan Fu,Jianbing Xie,Weizheng Yuan
Sensors , 2010, DOI: 10.3390/s100404130
Abstract: A novel design of a microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) control moment gyroscope (MCMG) was proposed in this paper in order to generate a torque output with a magnitude of 10-6 N?m. The MCMG consists of two orthogonal angular vibration systems, i.e., the rotor and gimbal; the coupling between which is based on the Coriolis effect and will cause a torque output in the direction perpendicular to the two vibrations. The angular rotor vibration was excited by the in-plane electrostatic rotary comb actuators, while the angular gimbal vibration was driven by an out-of-plane electrostatic parallel plate actuator. A possible process flow to fabricate the structure was proposed and discussed step by step. Furthermore, an array configuration using four MCMGs as an effective element, in which the torque was generated with a phase difference of 90 degrees between every two MCMGs, was proposed to smooth the inherent fluctuation of the torque output for a vibrational MCMG. The parasitic torque was cancelled by two opposite MCMGs with a phase difference of 180 degrees. The designed MCMG was about 1.1 cm × 1.1 cm × 0.04 cm in size and 0.1 g in weight. The simulation results showed that the maximum torque output of a MCMG, the resonant frequency of which was approximately 1,000 Hz, was about 2.5 × 10-8 N?m. The element with four MCMGs could generate a torque of 5 × 10-8 N?m. The torque output could reach a magnitude of 10-6 N?m when the frequency was improved from 1,000 Hz to 10,000 Hz. Using arrays of 4 × 4 effective elements on a 1 kg spacecraft with a standard form factor of 10 cm × 10 cm × 10 cm, a 10 degrees attitude change could be achieved in 26.96s.
Slim Discs with Varying Accretion Rates

JIAO Cheng-Liang,LU Ju-Fu,

中国物理快报 , 2009,
Abstract: It was revealed in our previous studies that there exists a maximal possible accretion rate for slim discs with constant accretion rates because the correctly calculated vertical gravitational force can only gather some limited amount of accreted matter. Here we show that when the accretion rate is not constant and instead decreases with decreasing radius because of outflows, such that the amount of accreted matter is adjusted to be within the allowed limit, global slim disc solutions can be constructed even for the case that accretion rates at large radii apparently exceed the maximal possible value. This result further demonstrates that outflows seem to be unavoidable for accretion flows with large accretion rates at large radii.
Efficient Multi-User Computation Offloading for Mobile-Edge Cloud Computing
Xu Chen,Lei Jiao,Wenzhong Li,Xiaoming Fu
Computer Science , 2015,
Abstract: Mobile-edge cloud computing is a new paradigm to provide cloud computing capabilities at the edge of pervasive radio access networks in close proximity to mobile users. In this paper, we first study the multi-user computation offloading problem for mobile-edge cloud computing in a multi-channel wireless interference environment. We show that it is NP-hard to compute a centralized optimal solution, and hence adopt a game theoretic approach for achieving efficient computation offloading in a distributed manner. We formulate the distributed computation offloading decision making problem among mobile device users as a multi-user computation offloading game. We analyze the structural property of the game and show that the game admits a Nash equilibrium and possesses the finite improvement property. We then design a distributed computation offloading algorithm that can achieve a Nash equilibrium, derive the upper bound of the convergence time, and quantify its efficiency ratio over the centralized optimal solutions in terms of two important performance metrics. We further extend our study to the scenario of multi-user computation offloading in the multi-channel wireless contention environment. Numerical results corroborate that the proposed algorithm can achieve superior computation offloading performance and scale well as the user size increases.
SCStore: Managing Scientific Computing Packages for Hybrid System with Containers
Wusheng Zhang,Jiao Lin,Weiping Xu,Haohuan Fu,Guangwen Yang
- , 2017, DOI: 10.23919/TST.2017.8195349
Abstract: Managing software packages in a scientific computing environment is a challenging task, especially in the case of heterogeneous systems. It is error prone when installing and updating software packages in a sophisticated computing environment. Testing and performance evaluation in an on-the-fly manner is also a troublesome task for a production system. In this paper, we discuss a package management scheme based on containers. The newly developed method can ease the maintenance complexity and reduce human mistakes. We can benefit from the self-containing and isolation features of container technologies for maintaining the software packages among intricately connected clusters. By deploying the SuperComputing application Strore (SCStore) over the WAN connected world-largest clusters, it proved that it can greatly reduce the effort for maintaining the consistency of software environment and bring benefit to achieve automation.
The Structure of a Typical Mei-yu Front Identified by the Equivalent Temperature
The Structure of Meiyu Front Identified by the Equivalent Temperture

FU Jiao-Lan,QIAN Wei-Hong,
FU Jiao-Lan
,QIAN Wei-Hong

大气和海洋科学快报 , 2011,
Abstract: In mainland China, the summer monsoon rainy band is referred to as the mei-yu precipitation front, which extends northward from South China to the Yangtze River, Huaihe River, and Yellow River, depending on the season. This paper describes the structure of the mei-yu front associated with a persistent heavy rainfall event that occurred in the summer of 2007. The mei-yu front occurs when the subtropical oceanic warm, moist air mass and the extra tropical continental dry, cold air mass converge on the lee side of the Tibetan Plateau. The authors defined the equivalent temperature using two terms of dry-air temperature and the specific humidity and calculated its horizontal gradient to indicate the mei-yu front. The vertical structure of the mei-yu front and the moist thermal winds surrounding it were examined based on the equivalent temperature.
Limit Cycle Bifurcations in a Class of Cubic System near a Nilpotent Center  [PDF]
Jiao Jiang
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/am.2012.37115
Abstract: In this paper we deal with a cubic near-Hamiltonian system whose unperturbed system is a simple cubic Hamiltonian system having a nilpotent center. We prove that the system can have 5 limit cycles by using bifurcation theory.
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