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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 23567 matches for " Jiangang Shi "
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A Study on Credit Appraisal System of C2C E-Commerce
—Based on the Analysis of Taobao

Jiangang Pang, Zhiying Liu
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2014.412078
Abstract: In the virtual network environment, the C2C e-commerce has some problems in product quality, service, credit speculation. At present the credit appraisal system offered by domestic C2C e-commerce website ensures the network security to a certain extent while it has some problems in identity verification, evaluation rules and model, credit of buyers and sellers and so on. Focused on the largest national C2C shopping website—Taobao, this article mainly analyzes the present situations and problems of the credit appraisal system, puts forward some improved suggestions of the real-name authentication, credit and transaction appraisal rules and so forth, and then establishes improved credit appraisal system.
Foot Drop Caused by Lumbar Degenerative Disease: Clinical Features, Prognostic Factors of Surgical Outcome and Clinical Stage
Kun Liu, Wei Zhu, Jiangang Shi, Lianshun Jia, Guodong Shi, Yuan Wang, Ning Liu
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0080375
Abstract: Objective The purpose of this study was to analyze the clinical features and prognostic factors of surgical outcome of foot drop caused by lumbar degenerative disease and put forward the clinical stage. Methods We retrospectively reviewed 135 patients with foot drop due to lumbar degenerative disease. The clinical features and mechanism were analyzed. Age, sex, duration of palsy, preoperative muscle strength of tibialis anterior (TA), sensation defect of affected lower limb, affected foot, diagnosis and compressed nerve roots were recorded and compared with surgical outcome. Results Foot drop was observed in 8.1% of all inpatients of lumbar degenerative disease. L5 nerve root compression was observed in 126 of all 135 patients (93.3%). Single, double and triple roots compression was observed respectively in 43, 83, and 9 patients (31.9%, 61.5%, and 6.6%). But there was no significant relationship between preoperative muscle strength of TA and the number of compressed roots. The muscle strength of TA was improved in 113 (83.7%) patients after surgery, but it reached to >=4 in only 21 (15.6%) patients. Improvement of the muscle strength of TA was almost stable at the 6-month follow-up. At the last follow-up, the muscle strength of TA was 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 respectively in 28, 24, 62, 13, 8 patients. Multivariate logistic regression showed duration of palsy (p=0.0360, OR=2.543), preoperative muscle strength of TA (p=0.0064, OR=5.528) and age (p=0.0309, OR=3.208) were factors that influenced recovery following an operation. Conclusions L5 nerve root was most frequently affected. The muscle strength of TA improved in most patients after surgery, but few patients can get a good recovery from foot drop. Patients of shorter duration of palsy, better preoperative muscle strength of TA and younger age showed a better surgical outcome.
Minimally Invasive Surgical Versus Catheter Ablation for the Long-Lasting Persistent Atrial Fibrillation
Jiangang Wang, Yan Li, Jiahai Shi, Jie Han, Chunlei Xu, Changsheng Ma, Xu Meng
PLOS ONE , 2011, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0022122
Abstract: Objective To assess the efficacy of video-assisted minimally invasive surgical vs. catheter ablation for the long-standing persistent AF. Methods We performed a retrospective comparative analysis in a series of 166 long-standing persistent AF patients treated between 2006 and 2009 with either video-assisted minimally invasive ablation (83 patients), or catheter ablations (83 patients). The catheter group was screened using a ‘pair-matched case-control’ methodology in order to select appropriate statistical comparison candidates out of 169 long-standing persistent AF patients which were potentially suitable for surgery, but have been treated with catheter approaches in order to balance major prognostic factors between the two groups. Follow-up for all patients ranged from 1 to 3.6 years. Results No patient died postoperatively. One patient suffered from stroke in the surgical group but recovered before discharge. Freedom from AF was obtained in 59.0% and 74.7% during follow-up in the catheter group and the surgical group respectively (P = 0.047). Patients in the catheter group had a significantly higher rate of recurrent arrhythmia (P = 0.011, hazard ratio: 0.555, 95% CI: 0.354 to 0.872) compared with the surgically treated group. The freedom from antiarrhythmic drugs was 44.6% in the catheter group and 61.4% in the surgical group (P = 0.043). Conclusions The video-assisted minimally invasive ablation was safe and effective, and had an optimistic success rate for patients with long-standing persistent AF in our retrospective comparative study. Thus, further randomized studies addressing this issue seem to be justified.
Cytokinin-Induced Parthenocarpic Fruit Development in Tomato Is Partly Dependent on Enhanced Gibberellin and Auxin Biosynthesis
Jiangang Ding, Biwei Chen, Xiaojian Xia, Weihua Mao, Kai Shi, Yanhong Zhou, Jingquan Yu
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0070080
Abstract: Fruit set of plants largely depends on the biosynthesis and crosstalk of phytohormones. To date the role of cytokinins (CKs) in the fruit development is less understood. Here, we showed that parthenocarpic fruit could be induced by 1-(2-chloro-4-pyridyl)-3-phenylurea (CPPU, an active CK) in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum cv. Micro-Tom). The fresh weight of CPPU-induced parthenocarpic fruits was comparable with that induced by GA3. Importantly, CPPU-induced parthenocarpy was found to be compromised by simultaneous application of paclobutrazol (a GA biosynthesis inhibitor), and this effect could be restored by exogenous GA3. Like pollination, CPPU-induced fruit showed enhanced accumulation of GA1+3 and indole-3-acetic (IAA), which were accompanied by elevated expression of GA biosynthesis genes like SlGPS, SlGA20ox1, SlGA20ox2 and SlGA3ox1, and IAA biosynthesis gene ToFZY. Elevated GAs level in CPPU-induced fruits was also associated with down-regulation of GA inactivation genes, namely SlGA2ox1,2,3,4,5 in comparison with untreated control. These results suggested that CKs may induce parthenocarpy in tomato partially through modulation of GA and IAA metabolisms.
Obesity and Risk of Hip Fracture in Adults: A Meta-Analysis of Prospective Cohort Studies
Xianye Tang, Gang Liu, Jian Kang, Yang Hou, Fungui Jiang, Wen Yuan, Jiangang Shi
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0055077
Abstract: Background Many observational studies assessed the association between obesity and risk of hip fracture in adults, but reported controversial results. Our goal was to evaluate the association between obesity and risk of hip fracture in adults by conducting a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. Methods Three databases, PubMed, Embase and Web of Science, were searched through May 2012 to identify eligible cohort studies. Either a fixed- or a random-effects model was used to calculate the pooled relative risk (RR) with its 95% confidence interval (95%CI). Results Fifteen prospective cohort studies involving a total 3,126,313 participants were finally included into this meta-analysis. Overall, adults with obesity compared with the normal weight group had a significantly decreased risk of hip fracture (RR: 0.66, 95% CI 0.57 to 0.77, P<0.001). Meta-analyses by the adjusted status of RRs also suggested adults with obesity compared with the reference group had a significantly decreased risk of hip fracture (adjusted RR: 0.48, 95% CI 0.39 to 0.58, P<0.001; unadjusted RR: 0.66, 95% CI 0.56 to 0.78, P<0.001). Subgroup analyses by gender suggested individuals with obesity had a significantly decreased risk for developing hip fracture compared with the reference group in both men (RR 0.54, 95% CI 0.48 to 0.60, P<0.001) and women (RR 0.70, 95% CI 0.58 to 0.84, P<0.001). No evidence of publication bias was observed in this meta-analysis. Conclusions This meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies suggests that obesity significantly decreases the risk of hip fracture in adults, and obesity is probably a protective factor of hip fracture in adults.
Adsorption of Monobutyl Phthalate from Aqueous Phase onto Two Macroporous Anion-Exchange Resins
Zhengwen Xu,Yunlong Zhao,Jing Shi,Jiangang Lu,Ling Cheng,Mindong Chen
Journal of Chemistry , 2014, DOI: 10.1155/2014/689734
Abstract: As new emerging pollutants, phthalic acid monoesters (PAMs) pose potential ecological and human health risks. In the present study, adsorption performance of monobutyl phthalate (MBP) onto two macroporous base anion-exchange resins (D-201 and D-301) was discussed. It was found that the adsorption isotherms were best fitted by the Langmuir equation while the adsorption kinetics were well described by pseudo-first-order model. Analyses of sorption isotherms and thermodynamics proved that the adsorption mechanisms for DBP onto D-201 were ion exchange. However, the obtained enthalpy values indicate that the sorption process of MBP onto D-301 is physical adsorption. The equilibrium adsorption capacities and adsorption rates of DBP on two different resins increased with the increasing temperature of the solution. D-301 exhibited a higher adsorption capacity of MBP than D-201. These results proved that D-301, as an effective sorbent, can be used to remove phthalic acid monoesters from aqueous solution. 1. Introduction Water pollution by phthalic acid esters (PAEs) has attracted increasing attention in recent decades. They are widely used as plasticizers in the manufacture of polyvinyl chloride [1]. Phthalic acid monoesters (PAMs) as degradation products of PAEs or synthetic intermediates for the preparation of PAEs have attained more attention. They are mutagenic endocrine disrupting compounds, posing the adverse reproductive effects on humans and wildlife equal to PAEs. Some studies have shown that the hydrolytic breakdown products of some PAEs have higher toxicity than PAEs [2]. Recently, many PAMs have been detected in surface water, sea water, and landfill leachate [3]. Previous research proved that some PAMs have greater solubility than corresponding PAEs, especially for monomethyl phthalate (MMP, 3721?mg/L), monobutyl phthalate (MBP, 409?mg/L), and mono-ethyl-hexyl-phthalate (MEHP, 1.85?mg/L). Thus, some polluted aquatic environment may contain high concentration of PAMs [4, 5]. For instance, Jonsson found that, in landfill leachate, MBP appeared at a concentration of 2500?μg/L that was much higher than that of dibutyl phthalate (DBP) (50?μg/L) [6]. Therefore, as a new type of organic pollutants, how to effectively remove PAMs from aqueous solution is an important issue. Many previous studies have reported that PAMs can be removed from aqueous environment through different methods, such as activated sludge process [7] and adsorption [8, 9]. In the active sludge process, PAMs can be further broken down to phthalic acid, benzoic acid, and finally carbon
Energy functionals and killing transform
Jiangang Ying
Chinese Science Bulletin , 1997, DOI: 10.1007/BF02882564
Over-Expression of PUMA Correlates with the Apoptosis of Spinal Cord Cells in Rat Neuropathic Intermittent Claudication Model
Bin Ma, Jiangang Shi, Lianshun Jia, Wen Yuan, Jianfeng Wu, Zhiyi Fu, Yuan Wang, Ning Liu, Zhengmao Guan
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0056580
Abstract: Background Neuropathic intermittent claudication (NIC) is a typical clinical symptom of lumbar spinal stenosis and the apoptosis of neurons caused by cauda equina compression (CEC) has been proposed as an important reason. Whereas, the factors and the mechanism involved in the process of apoptosis induced by CEC remain unclear. Methodology and Results In our modified rat model of NIC, a trapezoid-shaped silicon rubber was inserted into the epidural space under the L5 and L6 vertebral plate. Obvious apoptosis was observed in spinal cord cells after compression by TUNEL assay. Simultaneously, qRT-PCR and immunohistochemistry showed that the expression levels of PUMA (p53 up-regulated modulator of apoptosis) and p53 were upregulated significantly in spinal cord under compression, while the expression of p53 inhibitor MDM2 and SirT2 decreased in the same region. Furthermore, CEC also resulted in the upregulation of Bcl-2 pro-apoptotic genes expression and caspase-3 activation. With the protection of Methylprednisolone, the upregulation of PUMA and p53 expression as well as the decrease of MDM2 and SirT2 in spinal cord were partially rescued in western bolt analysis. Conclusions These results suggest that over-expression of PUMA correlates with CEC caused apoptosis of spinal cord cells, which is characterized by the increase of p53, Bax and Bad expression. PUMA upregulation might be crucial to induce apoptosis of spinal cord cells through p53-dependent pathway in CEC.
Short Report of a Preliminary Open Study of Synofit-Containing Bio-Curcumin, Greenlipped Mussel and Blackcurrant Leaf Extract in Arthritis  [PDF]
Jiangang Qu, Christian Mélot, Thierry Appelboom
Open Journal of Rheumatology and Autoimmune Diseases (OJRA) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojra.2015.54018
Abstract: To evaluate the potential benefit of Synofit—an association of Curcumin, Perna canaliculus green-mussels and blackcurrant leaf extracts, a real life open study was performed among 86 adult out patients suffering from Fibromyalgia (n = 22), low back pain (n = 33) or knee osteoarthritis (n = 31) who accepted to take 3 tablets a day during 1 week then 2 capsules of Synofit during 2 months in addition to their conventional therapy (mainly analgesics and anti-inflammatory) and then to report their evaluation of this complementary treatment. Statistical analysis included paired t test and when possible Wilcoxon signed rank test. Accordingly, the intermediate analysis showed that already within 4 weeks of treatment, an improvement quoted as “light” was statistically reported in patients with low back pain and knee osteoarthritis but not among those with fibromyalgia on pain, physical condition, global assessment of a benefit, quality of life but not on joint stiffness (although joint stiffness considered for the whole group was statistically improved). The limited number of patients and time duration of the study and the absence of double blind controlled study do not allow concluding on the efficacy but these preliminary analyses obtained from an intermediate analysis are encouraging for further studies.
Registration of Brain MRI/PET Images Based on Adaptive Combination of Intensity and Gradient Field Mutual Information
Jiangang Liu,Jie Tian
International Journal of Biomedical Imaging , 2007, DOI: 10.1155/2007/93479
Abstract: Traditional mutual information (MI) function aligns two multimodality images with intensity information, lacking spatial information, so that it usually presents many local maxima that can lead to inaccurate registration. Our paper proposes an algorithm of adaptive combination of intensity and gradient field mutual information (ACMI). Gradient code maps (GCM) are constructed by coding gradient field information of corresponding original images. The gradient field MI, calculated from GCMs, can provide complementary properties to intensity MI. ACMI combines intensity MI and gradient field MI with a nonlinear weight function, which can automatically adjust the proportion between two types MI in combination to improve registration. Experimental results demonstrate that ACMI outperforms the traditional MI and it is much less sensitive to reduced resolution or overlap of images.
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