Abstract:
Transverse surface plasmon resonances (SPR) in Au–Ag and Ag–Au core–shell structure nanowires have been investigated by means of quasi-static theory. There are two kinds of SPR bands resulting from the outer surface of wall metal and the interface between core and wall metals, respectively. The SPR corresponding to the interface, which is similar to that of alloy particle, decreases and shifts obviously with increasing the wall thickness. However, the SPR corresponding to the outer surface, which is similar to that of pure metal particle, increases and shifts slightly with increasing the wall thickness. A mechanism based on oscillatory surface electrons under coulombic attraction is developed to illuminate the shift fashion of SPR from bimetallic core–shell interface. The net charges and extra coulombic force in metallic wall affect the SPR energy and the shift fashion.

Abstract:
In WSNs’ applications, not only the reliable end-to-end communications are must be ensured, but also the reduction of energy consumption and the entire network’s lifetim e should be optimized. All of the above have become to be an important way to evaluate the performance of routing protocols. In this paper, an op-timization model for WSNs’ lifetime is firstly advanced. Secondly, the shortage of ETX based routing metric is solved with the help of the optimization model. Thirdly, an energy balanced routing metric is advanced which is called EBRM in this paper. The result of simulation in NS-2 shows that, the EBRM metric can not only prolong the network’s lifetime, but also can ensure the reliable end-to-end communication.

Abstract:
‘Social Research Methods’, as a methodology course, combines theories and practices closely. Based on the synergy theory, this paper tries to establish an integrated multi-level bilingual teaching mode. Starting from the transformation of teaching concepts, we should integrate interactions, experiences, and researches together and focus on cultivating innovative and practical international talents.

Abstract:
Electrostatic gyrokinetic absolute equilibria with continuum velocity field are obtained through the partition function and through the Green function of the functional integral. The new results justify and explain the prescription for quantization/discretization or taking the continuum limit of velocity. The mistakes in the Appendix D of our earlier work [J.-Z. Zhu and G. W. Hammett, Phys. Plasmas {\bf 17}, 122307 (2010)] are explained and corrected. If the lattice spacing for discretizing velocity is big enough, all the invariants could concentrate at the lowest Fourier modes in a negative-temperature state, which might indicate a possible variation of the dual cascade picture in two-dimension magnetized plasma turbulence.

Abstract:
Two global invariants of two dimensional gyrokinetics are shown to be "rugged" (still conserved by the dynamics) concerning both Fourier and Hankel/Bessel Galerkin truncations. The truncations are made to keep only a finite range of wavenumber $\textbf{k}$ and the Hankel variable $b$ (or $z$ in the Bessel series). The absolute equilibria are used for the discussion of the spectral transfers in the configuration-velocity scale space of kinetic magnetized plasma turbulence. Some interesting aspects of recent numerical results, which were not well understood, are explained with more satisfaction.

Abstract:
This paper demonstrates a dynamical evolution model of the black hole (BH) horizon. The result indicates that a kinetic area-cells model of the BH's horizon can model the evolution of BH due to the Hawking radiation, and this area-cell system can be considered as an interacting geometrical particle system. Thus the evolution turns into a problem of statistical physics. In the present work, this problem is treated in the framework of non-equilibrium statistics. It is proposed that each area-cell possesses the energy like a microscopic black hole, and has the gravitational interaction with the other area-cells. We consider both a non-interaction ideal system, and a system with small nearest-neighbor interactions, and obtain an analytic expression of the expected value of the horizon area of a dynamical BH. We find that, after a long enough evolution, a dynamical BH with the Hawking radiation can be in equilibrium with a finite temperature radiation field. However, we also find that, the system has a critical point, and when the temperature of the radiation field surrounding the BH approaches the critical temperature of the BH, a critical slowing down phenomenon occurs.

Abstract:
The magnetic flux dependence of order parameter and supercurrent is studied in a hollow d-wave superconducting cylinder. It is shown that the existence of line nodal quasiparticles in a pure $d_{x^2-y^2}$ pairing state gives rise to an $hc/e$ periodicity in the order parameter and a first-order quantum phase transition for a large system size. We demonstrate that the flux periodicity in the supercurrent is sensitive to the detailed electronic band structure and electron filling factor. In particular, we find that, in cooperation with the increase of the cylinder circumference, the $hc/2e$ periodicity can be restored significantly in the supercurrent by avoiding the particle-hole symmetry point. A similar study of a $d_{x^2-y^2}+id_{xy}$ pairing state verifies the peculiarity of unconventional superconductors with nodal structure.

Abstract:
A new theoretical model is presented to study the nanoscale electronic inhomogeneity in high-$T_c$ cuprates. In this model, we argue that the randomly distributed out-of-plane interstitial oxygen dopants induces locally the off-diagonal (i.e., hopping integral) disorder. This disorder modulates the superexchange interaction resulting from a large-$U$ Hubbard model, which in turns changes the local pairing interaction. The microscopic self-consistent calculations shows that the large gap regions are registered to the locations of dopants. Large gap regions exhibit small and broader coherence peaks. These results are qualitatively consistent with recent STM observations on optimally doped Bi$_2$Sr$_2$CaCu$_2$O$_{8+\delta}$.

Abstract:
The principles of restricted superposition of circularly polarized arbitrary-amplitude waves for several hydrodynamic type models are illustrated systematically with helical representation in a unified sense. It is shown that the only general modes satisfying arbitrary-amplitude superposition to kill the generic nonlinearity are the mono-wavelength homochiral Beltrami mode and the one-dimensional-two-component stratified vorticity mode, which we call the XYz flow/wave; while, there are other special superposition principles for some specific cases. We try to remark on the possible connections with the geo- and/or astro-physical fluid and magnetohydrodynamic turbulence issues, such as the rotating turbulence, dynamo and solar atmosphere turbulence, especially with the introduction of disorder locally frozen in some (randomly distributed) space-time regions. Recent disagreements about exact solutions of Hall and fully two-fluid magnetohydrodynamics are also settled down by such a treatment. This work complements, by studying the modes which completely kill the triadic interactions or the nonlinearities, previous studies on the thermalization purely from the triadic interactions, and in turn offers alternative perspectives of the nonlinearities.