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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 50567 matches for " Jian Liang "
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Progress on Research for the Treatment of HIV/AIDS with Traditional Chinese Medicine in China  [PDF]
Jian Wang, Bi Yan Liang
World Journal of AIDS (WJA) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/wja.2011.13016
Abstract: The mortality rate associated with HIV/AIDS has decreased dramatically after highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). However, issues such as viral reservoirs, drug resistance and side effects have led to a significant crisis in the management of HIV/AIDS. It has become evident that HAART does not offer a complete solution to the problem. Therefore, additional and alternative therapeutic strategies urgently need to be explored. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is one of the mainstays of complementary and alternative medicine, and its use has aroused increasing attention. This paper reviews the recent progress in the use of TCM, from single herbs, herbal ingredients, compound Chinese herbal medicine, acupuncture and medical care, for the treatment of HIV/AIDS in China. We also review evaluation systems that assess the efficacy of TCM.
Efficacy and safety of Deanxit combined with Wuling Capsule in treating post-stroke depression: A randomized controlled trial
Jian-liang FU
Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao , 2008,
Abstract: Objective: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of Wuling Capsule combined with Deanxit in treating post-stroke depression (PSD).Methods: One hundred and fourteen patients with PSD were randomly divided into Wuling Capsule-treated group (n=39), Deanxit-treated group (n=37) and Wuling Capsule plus Deanxit-treated group (n=38). Patients in Wuling Capsule-treated group were administered with three Wuling Capsules three times a day, and patients in Deanxit-treated group were administered with Deanxit 10.5 mg twice daily, while patients in the Wuling Capsule plus Deanxit-treated group were administered with both Wuling Capsule and Deanxit. Patients in the three groups were all treated for six weeks. Treatment efficacy was evaluated with Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD) and the side effects were evaluated with Treatment Emergent Symptom Scale (TESS) before treatment and after 2-, 4-, and 6-week treatment. The blood and urine routine examinations were performed, and the hepatorenal functions and electrocardiogram were examined as well.Results: There was no statistical difference in the total efficacy rate between Wuling Capsule-treated group and Deanxit-treated group (64.1% vs 64.9%, P>0.05), but the total efficacy rate of Wuling Capsule plus Deanxit-treated group was higher than that of the monotherapy (89.5% vs 64.1%, 89.5% vs 64.9%, P<0.05). There were no significant side effects in Wuling Capsule-treated group, while the incidence of side effects was 9% in both groups administered with Deanxit.Conclusion: The efficacy of Wuling Capsule plus Deanxit is better than that of the monotherapy in treating PSD.
Hall Resistivity in Ferromagnetic Manganese-Oxide Compounds
Liang-Jian Zou
Physics , 1996, DOI: 10.1016/S0375-9601(96)00811-0
Abstract: Temperature-dependence and magnetic field-dependence of the Hall effect and the magnetic property in manganese-oxide thin films are studied. The spontaneous magnetization and the Hall resistivity are obtained for a various of magnetic fields over all the temperature. It is shown that the Hall resistivity in small magnetic field is to exhibit maximum near the Curie point, and strong magnetic field moves the position of the Hall resistivity peak to much high temperature and suppresses the peak value. The change of the Hall resistance in strong magnetic field may be larger than that of the diagonal ones. The abnormal Hall resistivity in the ferromagnetic manganese-oxide thin-films is attributed to the spin-correlation fluctuation scattering.
Effect of Level Statistics on Local Magnetism in Nanoscale Metallic Grains
Liang-Jian Zou
Physics , 1998, DOI: 10.1143/JPSJ.67.1313
Abstract: Effect of level statistics on local electronic states and local magnetism in nanoscale metallic grains with transition-metal impurity in the ballistic regime is studied. It is shown that the mean occupation of local electron and the local magnetic moment in nanoscale metallic grains with odd conduction electrons are larger than those with even conduction electrons. The effect of even-odd parity on the condition for the occurrence of local magnetic moment is also discussed, it is found that the critical value $\rho_{d}(0)U_{c}$ for the formation of local moment in nanoscale metallic grains is much smaller than that in bulks. The dependences of the local spin susceptibility on size and the Coulomb interaction are obtained. These results show that the level statistics plays an important role for the local magnetism, it distinguishes the properties of nanoscale metallic grains from those of small clusters and bulks.
Operator-Valued Kirchberg Theory
Jian Liang,Sepideh Rezvani
Mathematics , 2014,
Abstract: In this paper, we will follow Kirchberg's categorical perspective to establish new notions of WEP and QWEP relative to a C$^*$-algebra, and develop similar properties as in the classical WEP and QWEP. Also we will show some examples of relative WEP and QWEP to illustrate the relations with the classical cases. Finally we will apply our notions to recent results on C$^*$-norms.
Reinforcing a Matroid to Have k Disjoint Bases  [PDF]
Hong-Jian Lai, Ping Li, Yanting Liang, Jinquan Xu
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/am.2010.13030
Abstract: Let denote the maximum number of disjoint bases in a matroid . For a connected graph , let , where is the cycle matroid of . The well-known spanning tree packing theorem of Nash-Williams and Tutte characterizes graphs with . Edmonds generalizes this theorem to matroids. In [1] and [2], for a matroid with , elements with the property that have been characterized in terms of matroid invariants such as strength and -partitions. In this paper, we consider matroids with , and determine the minimum of , where is a matroid that contains as a restriction with both and . This minimum is expressed as a function of certain invariants of , as well as a min-max formula. These are applied to imply former results of Haas [3] and of Liu et al. [4].
The Effects of All-Trans Retinoic Acid on Vasculogenic Mimicry Formation Ability in CD133+ Glioma Stem Cells and Its Mechanisms  [PDF]
Ronghua Tang, Chen Liang, Jian Shangguan, Shiwen Guo
Journal of Biosciences and Medicines (JBM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jbm.2017.54005
Abstract: Objective: to investigate the effects of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) on vasculogenic mimicry formation in glioma stem cells. Methods: U87 stem cells were harvested through a suspension culture assay from the U87 cells, identified by CD133 and nestin, and counted by a flow cytometry. To investigate the VM formation ability of U87 stem cells with the treatment of various concentrations of ATRA, a Matrigel-based tube formation assay was used in the present study in vitro and tube-like structure (typical tube, TT; atypical tube AT) was observed and counted. Then the expressions of VEGF, VEGFR-2 and CD133 were measured throughout real time q-PCR, western blotting and immunofluorescence techniques. The data, presented as the mean ± standard deviation, were analyzed using SPSS software. One-way analysis of variance was used to compare groups and Fisher’s least significant difference tests were performed for subsequent comparisons between groups. P < 0.01 was considered to indicate a statistically significant difference. Results: Most of the harvested spheroid cells were positive for nestin and 88.4% were positive forCD133. The CD133+ U87 cells were cultured into tube like structure loaded on the top of Matrigel and the quantity of tubes was decreased under the treatment of ATRA. In addition, the expressions of VEGF, VEGFR-2 and CD133 were significantly reduced under the treatment of ATRA, particularly in the higher concentration groups (20 and 40 μmol, P < 0.01). Conclusions: ATRA may inhibit the establishment of VM differing from stem cells in glioma, and these effects may attribute to the effects of ATRA’s promotion of the differentiation of stem cells and/or down regulation of the expressions of proangiogenic factors VEGF and its receptor VEGFR-2. Thus, the results of the present study indicated a novel idea for the treatment of GBM and enriched the anti-glioma mechanisms of ARTA.
Application of Handle System in Chinese DOI System
Handle System在中文DOI系统中的应用

Liang Jian,
徐健

现代图书情报技术 , 2008,
Abstract: This paper firstly outlines the history of DOI and its application. Secondly it introduces the core of DOI——Handle System and explains its concepts about namespace, data model and architecture. It also analyses Chinese DOI System(CDS) including explaining the relations among CDS, Global Handle Register(GHR) and Local Handle System(LHS), describing system design and researching the principle of DOI resolution. At last, the author points out the existing problems in CDS.
Multiconductor Reduction Method for Modeling Crosstalk of Complex Cable Bundles in the Vicinity of a 60 Degree Corner
Jian Yan;Zhuo Li;Liang Liang Liu;Chang Qing Gu
PIER M , 2013, DOI: 10.2528/PIERM12121904
Abstract: This paper presents a multiconductor reduction method for modeling electromagnetic crosstalk of complex cable bundles in the vicinity of a 60 degree corner. Based on the image theory and wide separation assumption, the per-unit-length parameters of the cable bundle can be obtained analytically. A modified six-step procedure is established to define the electrical and geometrical characteristics of the reduced cable bundle model compared with the original equivalent cable bundle method (ECBM). Numerical simulations are performed to demonstrate the viability and effectiveness of the method. This work can find wide applications in real environments.
Simplification Method for Modeling Crosstalk of Multicoaxial Cable Bundles
Liang Liang Liu;Zhuo Li;Jian Yan;Chang Qing Gu
PIER , 2013, DOI: 10.2528/PIER12111404
Abstract: In this work, a new efficient simplification method is proposed for crosstalk prediction of multicoaxial cable bundles (MCCB). The purpose of the new simplification method is to reduce the simulation time by reducing the complexity of the complete cable bundle model. A modified five-step procedure is established to define the electrical and geometrical characteristics of the reduced cable bundle by making the outer and inner conductor of the coaxial cable participate in the equivalence procedure respectively. After a short presentation of the MCCB coupling problem, the theory fundamentals of the new simplification method and numerical simulations performed on a simple MCCB are presented to demonstrate the efficiency and the advantages of the new simplification method.
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