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VALORACIóN DE MICRONUTRIENTES EN POBLACIóN DE ADULTOS JóVENES DEL ESTADO LARA VENEZUELA
Papale, Jham Frank,Mendoza Norelis,Berné Yelitza,Rodríguez Diolisbeth
Salud, Arte y Cuidado , 2011,
Abstract: The studies about the determination of the micronutrients copper, zinc and iron that carry out important functions in a variation of biological processes like the intermediary metabolism, cellular proliferation, oxygen transportation and storage, and in the oxide-reduction processes in developing countries with high levels of malnutrition are important. The aim of this research was to determine the serum levels of copper, zinc, iron and hemoglobin in a population of health adults. The sample was made up of 112 subjects (M: 55; F: 57) aged 17-42 yr. The micronutrients were determined by atomic-absorption flame photometry and the hemoglobin using a Coulter ACT-8. The values of copper, zinc, iron and hemoglobin obtained were, respectively, 1.04±0,20 ug/mL, 0,99 ± 0,14 ug/mL, 1,05 ±0,33 ug/mL, 14,28±1,36 g/dL. The average concentrations for zinc, iron and hemoglobin were higher for males, while the level of copper was higher for females. It was found statistically significant differences between both male and female for each one of these variables. By aged group, those who were over 30 showed the highest concentration of copper. In relation to zinc and hemoglobin, no significant differences were found among the groups. In order to carry out the monitoring of the serum or plasmatic levels of copper, zinc and iron, it is necessary to carry out studies of greater population scope that allows getting values for these micronutrients in most of the Venezuelan population. Also, include studies about consumption that allow knowing the intake of these micronutrients
Perception of Reality via Multi-media Communication in MBA Classrooms
Frank Lorne,Abhimanyu Jham,Anoop Kumar,Bhupinder Singh
Journal of Arts and Humanities , 2013,
Abstract: Using the mission goals of a business school in North America, and a series of multi-screen teaching experiments conducted on the campus of the school, this paper argues why reality perception can be an important feature in shaping decision making as well as for consumer appreciations in entertainment. The role of arts and humanity cannot be ignored in how our thinking paradigm will be shaped for the 21st century education.
Nutrición, base del desarrollo sustentable para el municipio Andrés Eloy Blanco del estado Lara
Torres,Mario; Mendoza,Norelis; Giménez,Johanna; Papale,Jham Frank; Suárez,Reyes; Rodríguez,Zuleima;
Anales Venezolanos de Nutrición , 2008,
Abstract: in the andrés eloy blanco municipality (aebm), lara state, malnutrition is not perceived as a public health problem, although it was the municipality where: the first case of kwashiorkor was described, the first center for nutritional recovery was founded and the locality in venezuela where the first national conference on nutrition in primary assistance took place. there, several institutions were developing nutritional programs on their own. the universidad centroccidental ?lisandro alvarado? (ucla) joined together their efforts forming an interinstitutional health team for the aebm, which designed the project: nutrition, basis of the sustainable development for the aebm whose aim is to reach the sustainable development of the aebm by using the nutrition as a base for that development. the backgrounds of its foundation is presented as well as the goals reached by the project in the promotion of the sustainable development of the municipality by the integration and participation of communities, the ucla and other institutions in the cooperative working. a joint diagnosis is made, it is prioritized, a problem is chosen and a community project is made, monitoring its development until the problem is solved. the project: nutrition, basis of the sustainable development for the aebm, solves health problems by team work, community participation and integration, producing changes in the lifestyles of the population and improving the quality of live of the participating communities.
Anemia, deficiencias de hierro y de vitamina A y helmintiasis en una población rural del estado Lara
Papale,Jham Frank; Nieves García,Maria; Torres,Mario; Berné,Yelitza; Dellan,Graciela; Rodríguez,Diolisbeth; Mendoza,Norelys;
Anales Venezolanos de Nutrición , 2008,
Abstract: the aim of this research was to determine the prevalence of anaemia, iron and vitamin a deficiencies and the level of helminthiasis in the rural community of la escalera, andres eloy blanco municipality, lara state, venezuela. the study subjects were 104 individuals between 1 and 14 years old. hemoglobin was measured with a coulter act 8; ferritin by elisa; plasmatic retinol by hplc and the coproparasitologic study by the cualitative kato method. statistical analyses were performed using spss 11.0 program by means of one way anova, followed by duncan, games-hoewel or kruskal-wallis tests. correlations analyses were done using pearson or spearman tests. the prevalence of anaemia was 14.42%, iron deficiency 59.62%, ferropenic anaemia 11.54% and vitamin a deficiency 84.54%. the prevalence of intestinal helminthiasis was 42.17% and the áscaris lumbricoides was the most frequent helminth. the group under two years old was the most affected in relation to all the parameters measured. the high prevalence of parasitic individuals, ferropenic anaemia and iron and vitamin a deficiencies, show an important problem of nutrition in relation to iron and vitamin a, it could be due to the insufficiency of nutrients and inappropriate life conditions.
Zinc sérico en menores de 15 a?os de una comunidad rural del estado Lara
Berné Pe?a,Yelitza; Papale,Jham Frank; Torres,Mario; Mendoza,Norelys; Dellan Rodríguez,Graciela; Rodríguez,Diolisbeth; Brice?o,Zuly; Moreno,José Miguel;
Anales Venezolanos de Nutrición , 2008,
Abstract: the aim of this research was to determine the levels of serum zinc in a rural population under 15 years old, in lara state, venezuela, in order to know the deficiencies of this oligoelement and start the nutritional intervention by the involved organizations. the sample was made up of 310 subjects (m: 163; f: 147) under 15 years old, with an average age of 86.39 months. the serum zinc was measured by atomic absortion spectrophotometry. the serum zinc level was 0.83 ± 0.18 μg/ml. deficiency of zinc (values = 0.72 μg/ml) was presented in 19.7% of the subjects; the most affected were those under two years old. likewise, the highest percentage of zinc deficiency was observed in subjects with nutritional deficit followed by those that had a normal nutritional condition. by splitting the group of subjects with zinc deficiencies by age and nutritional condition, it was observed that 55.6% of those under two years old had a normal nutritional condition and the remaining 44.4% showed nutritional deficiency. meanwhile, more than 70% of the subjects with zinc deficiency belonging to the groups aged 2-6 and 7-14 showed a normal nutritional condition. all the subjects with nutritional deficit belonged to families living in extreme poverty. due to the negative consecuences that imply the lack of zinc, it is necessary to make a more accurate diagnosis of its deficiency through indirect methods like the zinc tolerance test or oral supplementation of zinc, in order to identify population with risk of zinc deficiencies. likewise, to start intervention programs with this oligoelement, especially in the vulnerable child population like the one studied.
Purification of a Sinapine-Glucoraphanin Salt from Broccoli Seeds  [PDF]
Mark A. Berhow, Karl Vermillion, Gulab N. Jham, Brent Tisserat, Steven F. Vaughn
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2010.12015
Abstract: A sinapine (sinapoylcholine)-glucoraphanin salt has been isolated from broccoli seeds and characterized by NMR and mass spectrometry. This salt extraction method can be used to purify glucoraphanin free from contamination by glucoiberin.
Water Quality Parameters and Bird Diversity in Jagdishpur Reservoir, Nepal
Jham Bahadur Thapa,Tej Bahadur Saund
Nepal Journal of Science and Technology , 2012, DOI: 10.3126/njst.v13i1.7453
Abstract: Water quality parameters were analyzed seasonally to examine relationships with bird numbers and species richness in Jagdishpur reservoir. This wetland is a Ramsar site and an important bird area (IBA) of Nepal. The trophic status of the reservoir was categorized as eutrophic as assessed by Secchi disk transparency (1.45 ± 0.53 m), total alkalinity (220.94 ± 85.52 mg/l) and total nitrogen (884.19 ± 291.61 ?g/l) concentrations. Direct count method detected a total of 77 bird species belonging to 8 orders and 31 families of which 40 species were resident and 37 migrants. Species richness ranged from 21(summer) to 74 species (winter). Secchi disk transparency showed a significant positive correlation with bird numbers ((r = 1.00, p < 0.01) whereas significant negative correlation was found between water temperature and species richness (r = - 0.97, p < 0.05). Absolute positive correlation between species richness and seasons was established (r = 0.74). The seasonal distribution pattern showed two peaks of species richness, Shannon diversity, equitability and evenness index, one in winter and the other in autumn. Fulica atra (30.53%), Dendrocygna javanica (15.88%) and Anas strepera (9.58%) were the three most dominant bird species. Fourteen CITES species, 8 globally and 14 nationally threatened species were recorded. Conservation action plan for threatened species that focuses on population monitoring, protecting key habitats and habitat enhancement is urgently needed.
Complica??es bucais da radioterapia em cabe?a e pesco?o
Jham, Bruno Correia;Freire, Addah Regina da Silva;
Revista Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0034-72992006000500019
Abstract: radiotherapy is a treatment modality largely used for head and neck malignancies. however, high doses of radiation in large areas, including the oral cavity, maxilla, mandible and salivary glands may result in several undesired reactions. mucositis, candidosis, disgeusia, radiation caries, osteoradionecrosis, soft tissue necrosis and xerostomia are some of radiotherapy?s complications. aim: the aim of this study is to briefly review the side effects that may be seen in the oral cavity during or after radiotherapy treatment in the head and neck region. basic method used: review of relevant literature. study desing: literature review. results: radiotherapy is still associated with several side effects, significantly affecting patients? quality of life. conclusions: a multidisciplinary treatment, including physicians, dentists, speech therapits, nutritionists, and psychologists, is the best alternative to minimize, or even prevent such reactions.
Fish Diversity at Pancheshwar Multipurpose Project Area in Mahakali River
Tej B Saund,Jham B Thapa,Harish P Bhatt
Nepal Journal of Science and Technology , 2012, DOI: 10.3126/njst.v13i2.7741
Abstract: A study was carried out to prepare a baseline information on water quality and freshwater fish diversity at Pancheshwar Multipurpose Project area in Mahakali river. The study was conducted in autumn (October 2008) and summer (June 2009). A total of 24 fish species belonging to 3 orders, 4 families and 13 genera were recorded during the investigation period. Cypriniformes was the most dominant order accounting 75% of total fish species. Siluriformes and Synbranchiformes accounted for 21% and 4% of fish species composition respectively. Spawning and rearing areas in study sites were evenly distributed providing a suitable habitat for both cold and warm water fish species. The water quality parameters, i.e., water temperature (20.50-22.63 0C), DO (8.58-11.85 mg/l) and pH (6.93-7.20) were found within the suitable range supporting diverse fish species. Nepal Journal of Science and Technology Vol. 13, No. 2 (2012) 225-230 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/njst.v13i2.7741
Solution for Rational Expectation Models Free of Complex Numbers  [PDF]
Frank Hespeler
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2011.13011
Abstract: This paper approaches the problem of the potential for complex-valued solutions within linear macroeconomic models with rational expectations. It finds that these problems are associated with a specific solution method for the underlying model. The paper establishes that the danger of complex-valued solutions always can be eliminated by forcing those solutions to fulfill additional constraints. These constraints are essentially restrictions on the degrees of freedoms in indeterminate solutions.
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