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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 96 matches for " Jesuloba Abiola "
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Unilateral versus bilateral thyroarytenoid Botulinum toxin injections in adductor spasmodic dysphonia: a prospective study
Tahwinder Upile, Behrad Elmiyeh, Waseem Jerjes, Vyas Prasad, Panagiotis Kafas, Jesuloba Abiola, Bryan Youl, Ruth Epstein, Colin Hopper, Holger Sudhoff, John Rubin
Head & Face Medicine , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1746-160x-5-20
Abstract: Data were gathered prospectively on voice improvement (self-rated 6 point scale), length of response and duration of complications (breathiness, cough, dysphagia and total voice loss). Injections were performed under electromyography (EMG) guidance. NPS scale was used to describe the EMG response. Dose and unilateral/bilateral injections were determined by clinical judgment based on previous response. Time intervals between injections were patient driven.Low dose unilateral Dysport injection was associated with no significant difference in the patient's outcome in terms of duration of action, voice score (VS) and complication rate when compared to bilateral injections. Unilateral injections were not associated with any post treatment total voice loss unlike the bilateral injections.Unilateral low dose Dysport injections are recommended in the treatment of adductor spasmodic dysphonia.Adductor spasmodic dysphonia (ADSD) is a focal dystonia of the laryngeal musculature, causing abrupt, intermittent and involuntary vocal folds spasms producing a strained and strangled speech pattern. It is idiopathic in nature and may reflect abnormalities in central motor processing [1].The cardinal signs of ADSD are effortful vocal straining and harshness, quaver and voice arrest due to laryngospasm in the midst of non-effortful phonatory periods. It is described as "speaking whilst being strangled". Examination of the larynx may reveal true and false vocal folds hyper-adduction with laryngeal elevation and its attendant effects on speech. ADSD, a disabling disorder of voice, is characterised by involuntary disruption of phonation with functional, social and emotional consequences [1].Botulinum toxin is the treatment of choice for ADSD and has been in use since the late 1980's [2-5]. It improves the patients' perception of dysphonia, mental health and their social function [6]. The American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery recognizes treatment with Botulinum toxin as t
Spatial Analysis of Hotspots and Coldspots of Poverty in Nigeria  [PDF]
Fatai Abiola Sowunmi
Journal of Geographic Information System (JGIS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jgis.2016.82026
Abstract: The study identified the hotspots and coldspots of poverty as well as the determinants of poverty of each identified group. Data were obtained from National Living Standard Survey and Core Welfare Indicators Questionnaire Survey conducted by National Bureau of Statistics. Spatial econometrics technique was used to analyze data. The result of the analysis identified the hotspots and coldspots of poverty with average poverty rates of 82.6% and 31.8% respectively. The positive significance of spatial dependence of hotspots (r= 0.34) and coldspots (r= 0.21) indicated that spillover of poverty existed in significant proportion among senatorial districts in the two groups. Percentage of people employed in agriculture, type of soil, annual rainfall, household membership of association and access to credit are found to be important determinants of poverty in hotspots of poverty in Nigeria. Incorporation of poverty spillover when designing poverty alleviation programme, increased productivity of people employed in agriculture and the need to bridge the infrastructural gap between the hotspot and coldspots could play a significant role in reducing poverty incidence significantly in Nigeria.
Saddle Point Solution for System with Parameter Uncertainties  [PDF]
Abiola Bankole, T. C. Obiwuru
Advances in Pure Mathematics (APM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/apm.2013.38092

In this paper, we consider dynamical system, in the presence of parameter uncertainties. We apply max-min principles to determine the saddle point solution for the class of differential game arising from the associated dynamical system. We also provide sufficient condition for the existence of this saddle point.

Stable control for contaminated aquifer in an uncertain environment
B Abiola
Science World Journal , 2009,
Abstract: This paper considered contamination of aquifer resulting from petroleum spillage, which is a common phenomenal in the Niger Delta area of Nigeria. We used the model given by Bestman (1987) and assumed that some endogenous variables are built into the system. To achieve a level of desirable state, we expect the state of water and that of petroleum to be as close as possible within some ε - neighbourhood. A method to compute a stable control u (.) that will minimise the cost of achieving this desirable state was considered in this paper. We apply the result to a second order system.
Distribution Management and Economic Enhancement of Agricultural Input Services: Oysadep X-Rayed
Idowu Abiola
International Business Management , 2012,
Abstract: This study examined the distribution management pattern adopted by the OYSADEP that pay off and has helped in reducing the loopholes of diversion of agricultural inputs, as well as analyzing the effectiveness and impact of agricultural input distribution on farmers productivity. Data analyses involved the use of both descriptive and F statistic to examine the significance of input distribution on the performance of agricultural sector and the effect of OYSADEP s extension service on agricultural development in Oyo State. Major findings revealed that the farmers financial status improved as a result of the activities of the agency and this led to expansion in farm s output.
Impact Analysis of Microfinance in Nigeria
Babajide Abiola
International Journal of Economics and Finance , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/ijef.v3n4p217
Abstract: This paper applies the financing constraints approach to study whether microfinance institutions improved access to credit for microenterprises in Nigeria or not. According to this approach, microenterprises with improved access to credit rely less on internal funds for their investments. Thus, investment sensitivity to internal funds of micro enterprises in Lagos State (a municipal with significant presence of Microfinance Banks (MFBs) was compared to that of micro enterprises in Ekiti State (a municipal with no (or limited) presence of MFBs) using a cross sectional survey method and Microfinance Institutions (MFI) branch location data. Results indicate that MFBs alleviated micro businesses’ financing constraints. This approach is applicable to evaluating microfinance impact in other countries.
Patronage and clientelism in the fourth gospel
Abiola Mbamalu
In die Skriflig , 2013, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4102/ids.v47i1.657
Abstract: Patronage and clientelism as a social-scientific model is used in this article to read the fourth gospel. It is the contention of the article that this model affords the reader fresh vistas of meaning that otherwise would have remained unexplored. It is a reading amongst other readings and does not make pretensions to illuminate every segment of the fourth gospel. Rather, it selectively looks at areas where reading against the backdrop of a patron-client model illuminates the text. This reading sheds light on the greatest gift Jesus came to give, the gift of life as a beneficium, and affirms that the signs that Jesus performed are commendationes. Jesus brokers the blessings of the kingdom to those who believe in him on behalf of the father who is the ultimate patron. Jesus also challenges popular notions of patronage by performing acts reserved for slaves by, for example, washing the feet of his disciples.
Effects of Microfinance on Micro and Small Enterprises (MSEs) Growth in Nigeria
Abiola Babajide
Asian Economic and Financial Review , 2012,
Abstract: This paper investigates the effects of microfinance on micro and small business growth in Nigeria. The objectives are: one, to examine the effects of different loan administration practices (in terms of loan size and tenor) on small business growth criteria. Second, to examine the ability of Microfinance-Banks (MFBs) (given its loan-size and rates of interest charged) towards transforming micro-businesses to formal small scale enterprises. The paper employed panel data and multiple regression analysis to analyze a survey of 502 randomly selected enterprises finance by microfinance banks in Nigeria. We find strong evidence that access to microfinance does not enhance growth of micro and small enterprises in Nigeria. However, other firm level characteristics such as business size and business location, are found to have positive effect on enterprise growth. The paper recommends a recapitalization of the Microfinance banks to enhance their capacity to support small business growth and expansion.
Runge-Kutta Schemes Coefficients Simulation for Comparison and Visual Effects  [PDF]
Tajudeen Abiola Ogunniyi Salau, Olusegun Olufemi Ajide
Engineering (ENG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2013.55063
Abstract: Runge-Kutta scheme is one of the versatile numerical tools for the simulation of engineering systems. Despite its wide and acceptable engineering use, there is dearth of relevant literature bordering on visual impression possibility among different schemes coefficients which is the strong motivation for the present investigation of the third and fourth order schemes. The present study capitalise on results of tedious computation involving Taylor series expansion equivalent supplemented with Butcher assumptions and constraint equations of well-known works which captures the essential relationship between the coefficients. The simulation proceeds from random but valid specification of two out of the total coefficients possible per scheme. However the remaining coefficients are evaluated with application of appropriate function relationship. Eight and thirteen unknown coefficients were simulated respectively for third and fourth schemes over a total of five thousand cases each for relevant distribution statistics and scatter plots analysis for the purpose of scheme comparison and visual import. The respective three and four coefficients of the slope estimate for the third and fourth schemes have mix sign for large number of simulated cases. However, none of the two schemes have above three of these coefficients lesser than zero. The percentages of simulation results with two coefficients lesser than zero dominate and are respectively 56.88 and 77.10 for third and fourth schemes. It was observed that both popular third and fourth schemes belong to none of the coefficients being zero classification with respective percentage of 0.72 and 3.28 intotal simulated cases. The comparisons of corresponding scatter plots are visually exciting. The overall difference between corresponding scatter plots and distribution results can be used to justify the accuracy of fourth scheme over its counterpart third scheme.
Diversity and Distribution of Spiders in Southwestern Nigeria  [PDF]
Oyeniyi Abiola Oyewole, Oyeseyi Joshua Oyelade
Natural Resources (NR) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/nr.2014.515079
Abstract: The study of diversity and distribution of spiders was carried out at Obafemi Awolowo University, Southwestern Nigeria, in wet and dry seasons between October 2012 and April 2014. Spiders were collected from five different sampling sites in the study area: cultivated land, open field, hill area, house dwelling and aquatic habitat. We found 1824 individuals belonging to 19 different spider families in the study area. 9 families of spiders were present in the hill habitat; 12 families of spiders were present in the open field habitat; 6 families of spiders were present in house habitat; 9 families of spider were present in aquatic habitat. All the 19 families of spiders were present in cultivated habitat. Therefore, cultivated habitat hosted the largest number of spider families in the area of study while house dwellers hosted the least number of spider families. Spiders are evenly distributed among the five habitats in this study and the fifth habitat, teaching and research farm representing cultivated area has the highest distribution of spider species. All the species recorded in Southwestern Nigeria were found in this habitat. In conclusion, 19 different spider families are recorded in Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria, during this study. These have enriched the collection of spider in Natural History Museum, Obafemi Awolowo University, Southwestern Nigeria.
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