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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 6164 matches for " Jennifer FitzGibbons "
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Sleep structure and sleepiness in chronic fatigue syndrome with or without coexisting fibromyalgia
Fumiharu Togo, Benjamin H Natelson, Neil S Cherniack, Jennifer FitzGibbons, Carmen Garcon, David M Rapoport
Arthritis Research & Therapy , 2008, DOI: 10.1186/ar2425
Abstract: We compared sleep structures and subjective scores on visual analog scales for sleepiness and fatigue in CFS patients with or without coexisting fibromyalgia (n = 12 and 14, respectively) with 26 healthy subjects. None had current major depressive disorder, and all were studied at the same menstrual phase.CFS patients had significant differences in polysomnograpic findings from healthy controls and felt sleepier and more fatigued than controls after a night's sleep. CFS patients as a group had less total sleep time, lower sleep efficiency, and less rapid eye movement sleep than controls. A possible explanation for the unrefreshing quality of sleep in CFS patients was revealed by stratification of patients into those who reported more or less sleepiness after a night's sleep (a.m. sleepier or a.m. less sleepy, respectively). Those in the sleepier group reported that sleep did not improve their symptoms and had poorer sleep efficiencies and shorter runs of sleep than both controls and patients in the less sleepy group; patients in the less sleepy group reported reduced fatigue and pain after sleep and had relatively normal sleep structures. This difference in sleep effects was due primarily to a decrease in the length of periods of uninterrupted sleep in the a.m. sleepier group.CFS patients had significant differences in polysomnographic findings from healthy controls and felt sleepier and more fatigued than controls after a night's sleep. This difference was due neither to diagnosable sleep disorders nor to coexisting fibromyalgia but primarily to a decrease in the length of periods of uninterrupted sleep in the patients with more sleepiness in the morning than on the night before. This sleep disruption may explain the overwhelming fatigue, report of unrefreshing sleep, and pain in this subgroup of patients.Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a medically unexplained condition occurring mostly in women and is characterized by persistent or relapsing fatigue that lasts a
Teaching, Designing, and Organizing: Concept Mapping for Librarians
April Colosimo,Megan Fitzgibbons
Partnership : the Canadian Journal of Library and Information Practice and Research , 2012,
Abstract: Concept maps are graphical representations of relationships among concepts that can be an effective tool for teaching, designing, and organizing information in a variety of library settings. First, concept mapping can be used wherever training or formal teaching occurs as a visual aid to explain complex ideas. They can also help learners articulate their understanding of a subject area when they create their own concept maps. When using concept mapping as a teaching tool, students may have a more meaningful learning experience when they add information to a concept map that is based on their current knowledge. Next, concept maps are an effective design tool for librarians who are planning projects. They can also serve as a reference point for project implementation and evaluation. The same is true for the design of courses, presentations, and library workshops. A concept map based on the content of a course, for example, is valuable when selecting learning outcomes and strategies for teaching and assessment. Finally, concept mapping can used as a method for capturing tacit or institutional knowledge through the creation and organization of ideas and resources. Librarians can collaborate on concept maps with each other or with non-librarian colleagues to facilitate communication. Resulting maps can be published online and link to documentation and relevant resources. This paper provides an overview of the literature related to concept mapping in libraries. Concrete applications and examples of concept mapping for teaching and learning, designing, and organizing in library settings are then elaborated. The authors draw from their own success and experience with different concept mapping methods and software programs.
Premarital conceptions, postconception ("shotgun") marriages, and premarital first births: Education gradients in U.S. cohorts of white and black women born 1925-1959
Paula England,Emily Fitzgibbons Shafer,Lawrence L. Wu
Demographic Research , 2012,
Abstract: BACKGROUND In the U.S. today, premarital first births occur disproportionately to women with low education and income. We lack studies of whether this education gradient was present in cohorts born earlier. OBJECTIVE We examine education differences in the proportion of U.S. white and black women who: (a) experienced a premarital conception taken to term resulting in a first birth, and (b) had a premarital first birth by age 35. Among those experiencing a premarital conception, we examine the association between education and whether women married before the birth. We examine these patterns for birth cohorts born between 1925 and 1959. METHODS We use the 1980, 1985, 1990, and 1995 June Fertility Supplements from the U.S. Current Population Survey to examine cohorts of women born between 1925 and 1959. The survey asked women the dates of their first marriage and their first birth, allowing us to determine premarital conceptions taken to term, and whether the resulting first births occurred within or outside of first marriage. We present descriptive information on the proportion of black and white women in each cohort who experienced the events of interest by age 35. RESULTS For all cohorts, women with low education were generally more likely than their more educated counterparts to experience premarital conceptions and premarital first births. For blacks, but not whites, who experienced a premarital conception that was taken to term, those with more education were more likely to marry before the birth. CONCLUSIONS In the U.S., the concentration of premarital conceptions and premarital first births among less educated women was present for cohorts extending back to those born in 1925.
Auditory temporal processing and aging: implications for speech understanding of older people
S. Gordon-Salant,P.J. Fitzgibbons,G.H. Yeni-Komshian
Audiology Research , 2011, DOI: 10.4081/audiores.2011.e4
Abstract: Current estimates of the prevalence of age-related hearing loss among those over 65 years in the U.S. converge on an overall prevalence rate of approximately 50%, suggesting that there are currently 20 million senior citizens with significant hearing loss (Agrawal et al., 2008; Cruickshanks et al., 1998; Moscicki et al., 1985). Because the post-World War II baby generation (generally known as the Baby Boomers) is approaching retirement age (and hence known as the Golden Boomers), it is anticipated that the population of those over 65 years with age-related hearing loss will increase to 36 million by the year 2030. Perhaps the #1 communication challenge reported by older adults is difficulty understanding speech in less-than-ideal conditions. These conditions include poor acoustic environments (noise or reverberation) or speech that is produced by individuals with accents or fast speaking rates. The problems in speech understanding in demanding communication situations are reported by older people with hearing loss as well as those with normal hearing. One key challenge for researchers is to identify those aspects of the communication breakdown that are attributed to loss of hearing sensitivity vs. those that are associated with other factors that accompany aging...
Green Tea: A Potential Alternative Anti-Infectious Agent Catechins and Viral Infections  [PDF]
Jennifer Tran
Advances in Anthropology (AA) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/aa.2013.34028
Abstract:

Tea is the second most consumed beverage in the world, following water. Black, oolong, and green tea are products of a perennial tree or shrub called Camellia sinensis. Camellia sinensis is native to Mainland China and is referenced in Chinese literature at least 5000 years ago. Since its discovery, green tea has been heralded as having several health benefits associated with its consumption. Traditionally, green tea has been used for a variety of medicinal purposes, such as the prevention and treatment of a variety of cancers, mental alertness, weight loss, lowering cholesterol level, and UV protection. Studies have shown that catechins, the polyphenols found in tealeaves, are effective as anti-infectious agents by affecting the infection process instead of specifically targeting the virus. This treatment strategy has the potential of reducing the prevalence of drug-resistant viruses and the reliance on anti-viral drug therapies. This paper will explore the efficacy of green tea in preventing infections by the hepatitis B and C, influenza and human immunodeficiency virus.

Anaphylaxis and Undiagnosed Aspirin Exacerbated Respiratory Disease in the Ambulatory Surgery Center: A Case Report  [PDF]
Jennifer Wu
Open Journal of Anesthesiology (OJAnes) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojanes.2015.512043
Abstract: Severe bronchospasm and anaphylaxis are unanticipated emergencies that may occur in the ambulatory surgery setting. I present a case in which an asthmatic male with nasal congestion has anaphylaxis after induction, with severe bronchospasm as the primary manifestation. During the course of hospitalization, he was exposed to aspirin and a second episode of severe bronchospasm occurred. He was diagnosed with both anaphylaxis to an anesthetic medication and Aspirin Exacerbated Respiratory Disease, or Samter’s Triad.
Nanoparticle Technology as a Double-Edged Sword: Cytotoxic, Genotoxic and Epigenetic Effects on Living Cells  [PDF]
Mytych Jennifer, Wnuk Maciej
Journal of Biomaterials and Nanobiotechnology (JBNB) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jbnb.2013.41008
Abstract: Nanoparticles are considered as powerful tools in nanotechnological applications. Due to their unique physicochemical properties, their interactions with different biological systems have been shown. Nanomaterials have been successfully used as coating materials or treatment and diagnosis tools. Nevertheless, toxic effects of nanoparticles in vitro and in vivo have also been reported. Here, we summarize the current state of knowledge on exposure routes, cellular uptake and toxicological activities of the commonly used nanoparticles. In this context, we discuss the mechanisms of toxicity of nanoparticles involving perturbation of redox milieu homeostasis and cellular signaling pathways.
The Impact of Cervical Cancer Treatment on Sexual Function and Intimate Relationships: Is Anyone Listening?  [PDF]
Jennifer L. Hunter
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2014.48069
Abstract:

The purpose of this research was to describe women’s narrative accounts of the impact of cervical cancer treatment on their sexual function and intimate relationships, and to evaluate what changes in care and education are needed to enhance quality of life and intimacy after treatment. The research approach was a narrative design, using semi-structured, in-depth interviews. Narratives were examined within and across interviews, and thematic content analysis completed. The study was done in a gynecologic oncology clinic at a public hospital in the Midwest United States. The sample consisted of twelve women, ranging in age from 27 to 59, who had completed the cervical cancer treatment with chemo-radiation or radiation and surgery, and were now followed by their gynecologic oncologists. Across narratives, five major themes were identified, including unexpected physical complications, not “getting back to normal,” emotional pain and isolation, lack of available information, and inadequate health care provider response to treatment complications and sexual relationship problems. Women’s stories reveal that sex and intimacy issues for cervical cancer survivors remain within a culture of silence. In many situations, health professionals did not provide information that realistically prepared women and partners for probable consequences of treatment, did not assess sexual issues before or after treatment, did not recognize various symptoms as being complications of cancer treatment, did not make referrals, and/or recognized complications, but accepted them as “normal” and without solution. Ethical implications for health professionals and the need for education, communication, and the development of new lines of research are discussed.

Twiddler’s Syndrome in a Patient with Dystonic Tremor Treated with DBS  [PDF]
Jennifer Samuelsson, Patric Blomstedt
Open Journal of Modern Neurosurgery (OJMN) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojmn.2014.44034
Abstract: Background and Importance: Twiddler’s syndrome is a rare complication of DBS. This condition occurs when the IPG is consciously or inadvertently rotated in its pocket, resulting in torsion and possible dislodgement of implanted electrodes, with subsequent loss of function. Methods: Here we present a patient diagnosed with Twiddler’s syndrome. The patient presented with straining cables at the neck five months after bilateral Gpi DBS and an x-ray demonstrated Twiddler’s syndrome. Initial revision with preventive measures proved futile. After some time the condition recurred, now with dislocation of one of the intracerebral electrodes. In a second revision the IPG was placed under the pectoralis muscle, which has so far prevented further rotation. Results and Conclusion: While Twiddler’s syndrome is fairly uncommon, it remains to be a risk associated with DBS, recognizing the potential risks and signs might allow for preventive measures avoiding dislocation of the intracerebral electrodes.
Evaluation of Nutrition and Physical Activity Knowledge, Attitudes, Self Efficacy and Behaviors in Teachers and Children after Implementation of the “Healthy Active Kids” Online Program in Australian Elementary Schools  [PDF]
Jennifer A. O’Dea
Health (Health) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/health.2016.84031
Abstract: The aims were to examine change in nutrition and physical activity knowledge, self efficacy and attitudes in a cohort of 23 teachers and 304 year 5 and 6 children after the “Healthy Active Kids” online program and to assess any behavioral change in children’s self reported nutrition and physical activity behaviors and investigate the predictors of nutrition knowledge gain in teachers and children. Results found significant (p < 0.0001) increases in teacher and student knowledge of the five food groups; key nutrients provided by each food group, The Australian Guide to Healthy Eating; food labelling laws, identification of common names for fats, sugars and salts on food labels, food proportions on the Healthy Food Plate and the level and percentage of water in the human body and human brain. Teacher attitudes towards the importance of nutrition and diet and self efficacy related to teaching nutrition in class improved (p < 0.01). The final regression model for predictors of the dependent variable, knowledge gain in students was R = 0.53, Adjusted R square = 0.28 (F = 4.76, p < 0.01) indicating that 28% of the variation in knowledge gain was predicted by the negative (low) Time 1 knowledge. Changes to eating habits reported by children were “drinking more water each day” (89.1%) and “eating foods from the five food groups each day” (76.2%); “sharing information about food labels with your family” (52.4%); “reading food labels when you go shopping” (50.0%); “changing what is on your dinner plate each night” (44.2%); “vegetables that you eat now that you didn’t eat before” (42.1%) and “fruits that you eat now” (39%). Results suggest that the development of basic nutrition knowledge is still very important for both teachers and students, but that other factors such as self efficacy, empowerment and skill development also contribute to nutrition behavior change in children.
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