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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 173107 matches for " Jeffrey E. Korte "
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Post Approval Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Uptake Is Higher in Minorities Compared to Whites in Girls Presenting for Well-Child Care
Jennifer Young Pierce,Jeffrey E. Korte,Laura A. Carr,Catherine B. Gasper,Susan C. Modesitt
Vaccines , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/vaccines1030250
Abstract: Since introduction of the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine, there remains low uptake compared to other adolescent vaccines. There is limited information postapproval about parental attitudes and barriers when presenting for routine care. This study evaluates HPV vaccine uptake and assesses demographics and attitudes correlating with vaccination for girls aged 11–12 years. A prospective cohort study was performed utilizing the University of Virginia (UVA) Clinical Data Repository (CDR). The CDR was used to identify girls aged 11–12 presenting to any UVA practice for a well-child visit between May 2008 and April 2009. Billing data were searched to determine rates of HPV vaccine uptake. The parents of all identified girls were contacted four to seven months after the visit to complete a telephone questionnaire including insurance information, child’s vaccination status, HPV vaccine attitudes, and demographics. Five hundred and fifty girls were identified, 48.2% of whom received at least one HPV vaccine dose. White race and private insurance were negatively associated with HPV vaccine initiation (RR 0.72, 95% CI 0.61–0.85 and RR 0.85, 95% CI 0.72–1.01, respectively). In the follow-up questionnaire, 242 interviews were conducted and included in the final cohort. In the sample, 183 (75.6%) parents reported white race, 38 (15.7%) black race, and 27 (11.2%) reported other race. Overall 85% of parents understood that the HPV vaccine was recommended and 58.9% of parents believed the HPV vaccine was safe. In multivariate logistic regression, patients of black and other minority races were 4.9 and 4.2 times more likely to receive the HPV vaccine compared to their white counterparts. Safety concerns were the strongest barrier to vaccination. To conclude, HPV vaccine uptake was higher among minority girls and girls with public insurance in this cohort.
Quantifying the Impact of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, Maternal Weight and Race on Birthweight via Quantile Regression
Caitlyn N. Ellerbe, Mulugeta Gebregziabher, Jeffrey E. Korte, Jill Mauldin, Kelly J. Hunt
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0065017
Abstract: Background Quantile regression, a robust semi-parametric approach, was used to examine the impact of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) across birthweight quantiles with a focus on maternal prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG). Methods Using linked birth certificate, inpatient hospital and prenatal claims data we examined live singleton births to non-Hispanic white (NHW, 135,119) and non-Hispanic black (NHB, 76,675) women in South Carolina who delivered 28–44 weeks gestation in 2004–2008. Results At a maternal BMI of 30 kg/m2 at the 90th quantile of birthweight, exposure to GDM was associated with birthweights 84 grams (95% CI 57, 112) higher in NHW and 132 grams (95% CI: 104, 161) higher in NHB. Results at the 50th quantile were 34 grams (95% CI: 17, 51) and 78 grams (95% CI: 56, 100), respectively. At a maternal GWG of 13.5 kg at the 90th quantile of birthweight, exposure to GDM was associated with birthweights 83 grams (95% CI: 57, 109) higher in NHW and 135 grams (95% CI: 103, 167) higher in NHB. Results at the 50th quantile were 55 grams (95% CI: 40, 71) and 69 grams (95% CI: 46, 92), respectively. Summary Our findings indicate that GDM, maternal prepregnancy BMI and GWG increase birthweight more in NHW and NHB infants who are already at the greatest risk of macrosomia or being large for gestational age (LGA), that is those at the 90th rather than the median of the birthweight distribution.
A Comparison of Blind and Laryngoscopic Insertion of the EasyTube  [PDF]
Julia C. Caldwell, David P. De Korte, Renee E. Doll, Sonia J. Vaida
Open Journal of Anesthesiology (OJAnes) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojanes.2015.58035
Abstract: Introduction: The EasyTube is a disposable, polyvinyl-chloride, double-lumen, supraglottic airway device, which allows ventilation in either esophageal or tracheal position. The EasyTube may be positioned into the esophagus blindly or using a laryngoscope. Methods: Our study compared blind versus laryngoscopic-guided esophageal EasyTube insertion. Thirty two anesthesiologists inserted an EasyTube, size 41 Fr, into a mannequin, by using a blind and a laryngoscopic technique in a 2 × 2 crossover design. Results: No statistically significant difference in the time to achieve an effective airway was found: 23.9 ± 6 seconds for the blind and 29.5 ± 7.6 seconds for the laryngoscopic-guided technique. Conclusion: EasyTube insertion was equally successful with or without a laryn-goscope in a mannequin when used by anesthesia providers.
Triangular buckling patterns of twisted inextensible strips
A. P. Korte,E. L. Starostin,G. H. M. van der Heijden
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1098/rspa.2010.0200
Abstract: When twisting a strip of paper or acetate under high longitudinal tension, one observes, at some critical load, a buckling of the strip into a regular triangular pattern. Very similar triangular facets have recently been observed in solutions to a new set of geometrically-exact equations describing the equilibrium shape of thin inextensible elastic strips. Here we formulate a modified boundary-value problem for these equations and construct post-buckling solutions in good agreement with the observed pattern in twisted strips. We also study the force-extension and moment-twist behaviour of these strips by varying the mode number n of triangular facets.
Response to Haskell's "Academic Freedom ... & Student Evaluation"
Jeffrey E. Stake
Education Policy Analysis Archives , 1997,
Abstract: Haskell (1997) argued that the administrative practice of student evaluation of faculty is a threat to academic freedom. However, before that claim can be substantiated, several prior questions must be addressed: To whom does academic freedom belong? Individual faculty? The academy? Whose actions can violate the right? Can any lines be drawn based on whether the substance or form of classroom behavior is influenced? And still another crucial point is whether a body can violate academic freedom without any intent to interfere with or control the substance of what is said to students.
Note on the Lattice Fermion Chiral Symmetry Group
Jeffrey E. Mandula
Physics , 2007,
Abstract: The group structure of the variant chiral symmetry discovered by Luscher in the Ginsparg-Wilson description of lattice chiral fermions is analyzed. It is shown that the group contains an infinite number of linearly independent symmetry generators, and the Lie algebra is given explicitly. CP is an automorphism of the chiral group, and the CP transformation properties of the symmetry generators is found. Features of the currents associated with these symmetries are discussed, including the fact that some different, non-commuting symmetry generators lead to the same Noether current. These strange features occur in all implementations of lattice fermions based on the Ginsparg-Wilson relation, including overlap, domain-wall, and perfect-action chiral fermions. The conclusions are illustrated in a solvable example, free overlap fermions.
Numerical Analysis of the Quark Fraction of the Proton Spin
Jeffrey E. Mandula
Physics , 1992,
Abstract: We report on a lattice QCD estimate of the quark spin fraction of the proton spin. The estimate is arrived at by means of a lattice QCD simulation of the polarized proton matrix element of the Adler-Bell-Jackiw anomaly. The preliminary result of the simulation is that this fraction is rather small. This is in accord with the interpretation of the EMC experiment that the quark spins are responsible for very little, if any, of the proton spin. (Talk given at the Adriatico Research Conference on Polarization Dynamics in Nuclear and Particle Physics, Trieste, January, 1992) NOTE: This paper is available only in postscript form.
Gauge Fixing and the Gibbs Phenomenon
Jeffrey E. Mandula
Physics , 1998, DOI: 10.1016/S0920-5632(99)85233-5
Abstract: We address the question of why global gauge fixing, specifically to the lattice Landau gauge, becomes an extremely lengthy process for large lattices. We construct an artificial "gauge-fixing" problem which has the essential features encountered in actuality. In the limit in which the size of the system to be gauge fixed becomes infinite, the problem becomes equivalent to finding a series expansion in functions which are related to the Jacobi polynomials. The series converges slowly, as expected. It also converges non-uniformly, which is an observed characteristic of gauge fixing. In the limiting example, the non-uniformity arises through the Gibbs phenomenon.
Symmetries of Ginsparg-Wilson Chiral Fermions
Jeffrey E. Mandula
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.80.085023
Abstract: The group structure of the variant chiral symmetry discovered by Luscher in the Ginsparg-Wilson description of lattice chiral fermions is analyzed. It is shown that the group contains an infinite number of linearly independent symmetry generators, and the Lie algebra is given explicitly. CP is an automorphism of this extended chiral group, and the CP transformation properties of the symmetry generators are found. The group has an infinite-parameter invariant subgroup, and the factor group, whose elements are its cosets, is isomorphic to the continuum chiral symmetry group. Features of the currents associated with these symmetries are discussed, including the fact that some different, non-commuting symmetry generators lead to the same Noether current. These are universal features of lattice chiral fermions based on the Ginsparg-Wilson relation; they occur in the overlap, domain-wall, and perfect-action formulations. In a solvable example, free overlap fermions, these non-canonical elements of lattice chiral symmetry are related to complex energy singularities that violate reflection positivity and impede continuation to Minkowski space.
Heavy Quarks on the Lattice
Jeffrey E. Mandula
Physics , 1998,
Abstract: This lecture describes the treatment of heavy quarks in lattice QCD by implementing the Isgur-Wise limit. The method is briefly discussed, and some of the special features of the resulting theory are highlighted. We emphasize issues of the renormalization of the effective theory. The formulation permits a calculation of heavy quark processes even when the momentum transfers are much larger than the inverse lattice spacing. Applications include semi-leptonic heavy quark decay and scattering processes, including the computation of the nonperturbative part of the Isgur-Wise universal function.
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