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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 20948 matches for " Jean Coté "
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An in-Depth Investigation of a Model Sport Program for Athletes with a Physical Disability  [PDF]
Jennifer Turnnidge, Matthew Vierimaa, Jean Coté
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2012.312A167

While previous research highlights the important benefits that sport participation can have for youth development, limited research has examined the sport experiences of athletes with disabilities (Martin, 2006). The purpose of this study was to describe the sport experiences of athletes with physical disabilities in a model swim program that has been widely recognized for the development of positive values in athletes. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with eight athletes with a physical disability. Participants were both male (n = 3) and female (n = 5), between 9 - 19 years of age, and averaged 5.9 years of swimming experience. Interviews were transcribed verbatim and were subjected to a content analysis procedure in which raw meaning units were grouped into salient themes (Coté, Salmela, Baria, & Russell, 1993; Tesch, 1990). Athletes’ responses regarding the outcomes derived from this program revealed four themes: 1) Redefined capabilities, 2) affirmed sense of self, 3) strengthened social connection, and 4) enhanced acceptance. Social and contextual processes facilitating the development of these outcomes are also discussed. Practical implications for programmers, coaches, and athletes are presented along with recommendations for future sport research.

Anti-malarial prescriptions in three health care facilities after the emergence of chloroquine resistance in Niakhar, Senegal (1992–2004)
Aline Munier, Aldiouma Diallo, Michel Cot, Ousmane Ndiaye, Pascal Arduin, Jean-Philippe Chippaux
Malaria Journal , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1475-2875-8-83
Abstract: The aims of the study were to assess the evolution of anti-malarial prescriptions in three health care facilities between 1992 and 2004, in parallel with increasing CQ resistance in the region.The study was conducted in the area of Niakhar, a demographic surveillance site located in a sahelo-sudanese region of Senegal, with mesoendemic and seasonal malaria transmission. Health records of two public health centres and a private catholic dispensary were collected retrospectively to cover the period 1992–2004.Records included 110,093 consultations and 292,965 prescribed treatments. Twenty-five percent of treatments were anti-malarials, prescribed to 49% of patients. They were delivered all year long, but especially during the rainy season, and 20% of patients with no clinical malaria diagnosis received anti-malarials. Chloroquine and quinine represented respectively 55.7% and 34.6% of prescribed anti-malarials. Overall, chloroquine prescriptions rose from 1992 to 2000, in parallel with clinical malaria; then the CQ prescription rate decreased from 2000 and was concomitant with the rise of SP and the persistence of quinine use. AQ and SP were mainly used as bi-therapy after 2003, at the time of national treatment policy change.The results show the overall level of anti-malarial prescription in the study area for a considerable number of patients over a large period of time. Even though resistance to CQ rapidly increased from 1992 to 2001, no change in CQ prescription was observed until the early 2000s, possibly due to the absence of an obvious decrease in CQ effectiveness, a lack of therapeutic options or a blind follow-up of national guidelines.One of the main issues in worldwide management of malaria is the occurrence of chemoresistance and its rapid spread. Efforts to control and treat malaria have already been seriously compromised, particularly by the resistance of Plasmodium falciparum to chloroquine (CQ), then to other drugs, such as sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (S
Creating Central Sulawesi. Mission Intervention, Colonialism and ‘Multiculturality’
J. Coté
BMGN : Low Countries Historical Review , 2011,
Abstract: Creating Central Sulawesi: Mission Intervention, Colonialism and ‘Multiculturality’ Central Sulawesi provides an example of how, under colonialism, non-state bodies contributed to the creation of new political identities in the Indonesian archipelago, and how the modern Indonesian state came to be based on these. Arguably, at the beginning of the twentieth century, the region was poised to be incorporated into the structure of one or other of the existing powerful Central and Southern Sulawesi political entities. As such, as just another ‘region’ in the sprawling archipelagic colony subjected to standard colonial policy, it should have been readily incorporated into the Indonesian state, albeit through the ‘Sulawesi Permesta’. Instead, in seeking to establish what one writer has described as a ‘volkskerk’ [people’s church], the ‘Poso mission’ established with colonial support by the Nederlandsche Zendinggenootschap [Netherlands Missionary Society] in 1892, was instrumental in defining new religious, cultural and linguistic boundaries. These acted to effectively isolate the Pamona people from adjacent Christian communities established by other missionary endeavours; from their Islamic neighbours and, arguably, from the ‘nation’. As elsewhere in the archipelago, the subsequent process of this region’s reintegration has formed part of the difficult postcolonial legacy inherited by the Indonesian nation.
J. Thomas Lindblad, Alicia Schrikker (eds.), Het verre gezicht. Politieke en culturele relaties tussen Nederland en Azi , Afrika en Amerika. Opstellen aangeboden aan Leonard Blussé
J. Coté
BMGN : Low Countries Historical Review , 2012,
Relation between Plasmodium falciparum asymptomatic infection and malaria attacks in a cohort of Senegalese children
Agnès Le Port, Michel Cot, Jean-Fran?ois Etard, Oumar Gaye, Florence Migot-Nabias, André Garcia
Malaria Journal , 2008, DOI: 10.1186/1475-2875-7-193
Abstract: The study was conducted in a cohort of 569 Senegalese children, who were investigated for Plasmodium falciparum asymptomatic carriage at two different times of the transmission season, the beginning (September) and the end (November). The occurrence of MMA was investigated in asymptomatic carriers and non-carriers, every three days for nine consecutive days. Survival analysis was performed and risk estimates were calculated by Cox proportional hazards model.At the beginning of the transmission season, 27.8% (147/529) of the children were asymptomatic carriers (ACs) and 5.4% (8/147) of MMA occurred among these, versus 1% (4/382) among non-carriers (RR = 5.32; IC = [1.56–18.15], p = 0.008). At the end of the transmission season, the frequency of asymptomatic carriers was similar to that observed at the beginning of the season (31.9%, p = 0.15), but no MMA was detected during this period.A significant association between P. falciparum asymptomatic carriage and the occurrence of MMA at the beginning of the transmission season was demonstrated, with a five-fold increase in the risk of developing a MMA in ACs. In the context of a possible distribution of IPTc in the future, drug strategies may have dramatic consequences due to the existence of ACs (both long term and short term), as they seem to play an important role in the individual protection to malaria, in the most exposed age groups.Plasmodium falciparum asymptomatic carriers (ACs), i.e., individuals harbouring parasites without clinical signs, are numerous in areas of high transmission. The consequences and significance of such asymptomatic infections have both been studied in diverse situations and from complementary approaches, but these studies led to contradictory results [1-4]. According to a few authors, long term asymptomatic carriage may represent a form of tolerance to the parasite in children building up their immune response. In this way, asymptomatic carriage would protect these children from developing
Evolution of malaria mortality and morbidity after the emergence of chloroquine resistance in Niakhar, Senegal
Aline Munier, Aldiouma Diallo, Adama Marra, Michel Cot, Pascal Arduin, Ousmane Ndiaye, Balla Mboup, Barnabé Gning, Jean-Philippe Chippaux
Malaria Journal , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1475-2875-8-270
Abstract: The retrospective study took place in the demographic surveillance site (DSS) of Niakhar. Data about malaria morbidity were obtained from health records of three health care facilities, where diagnosis of malaria was based on clinical signs. Source of data concerning malaria mortality were verbal autopsies performed by trained fieldworkers and examined by physicians who identified the probable cause of death.From 1992 to 2004, clinical malaria morbidity represented 39% of total morbidity in health centres. Mean malaria mortality was 2.4‰ and 10.4‰ among total population and children younger than five years, respectively, and was highest in the 1992-1995 period. It tended to decline from 1992 to 2003 (Trend test, total population p = 0.03, children 0-4 years p = 0.12 - children 1-4 years p = 0.04- children 5-9 years p = 0.01).Contrary to what has been observed until 1995, mortality attributable to malaria did not continue to increase dramatically in spite of the growing resistance to chloroquine and its use as first-line treatment until 2003. Malaria morbidity and mortality followed parallel trends and rather fluctuated accordingly to rainfall.While childhood mortality is decreasing in Africa, malaria-specific mortality remains an alarming public health issue [1,2]. Moreover, resistance to chloroquine (CQ), which emerged in the 1980s, was considered responsible for a dramatic increase of malaria-specific mortality since the 1990s [3]. In the Senegalese Demographic Surveillance Site (DSS) of Niakhar, located in the region and department of Fatick, Trape et al [3,4] showed that malaria mortality among children of less than five years of age increased from 5.4‰ in 1988-1991 to 12.4‰ in 1992-1995, and attributed it to the emergence of CQ resistance in 1992.In the DSS of Niakhar, in vivo tests conducted in 1993, 1994 and 1995 in Diohine village (Figure 1) showed 10-17% resistance rates of RII and RIII types at day 7 after CQ treatment, and 30-42% resistance rates at day 1
Resolution Process of Therapeutic Alliance Ruptures: A Review of the Literature  [PDF]
Pierre Baillargeon, Robert Coté, Lyne Douville
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2012.312156
Abstract: Adolescents living in youth centers often comply with therapeutic treatment against their will. We think that this forced environment ruptures the therapeutic alliance between adolescents and their therapists and, as such, influences the therapeutic results. It has been reported, however, that therapies evoking rupture of the alliance with its later restoration are more effective than therapies without rupture. We review the literature on models of therapeutic alliance rupture resolution. This review is limited to experimentally- tested models. Firstly, we define the concepts of therapeutic alliance and its rupture. Then, we explore experimental models that quantify therapeutic alliance rupture resolution, describing methods of experimental validation, the results of models applied for experimental validation, and analysis of the data thus obtained.
Génétique des populations diplo?des naturelles dans le cas d'un seul locus. III. – Parenté, mutations et migration
G Malécot
Genetics Selection Evolution , 1973, DOI: 10.1186/1297-9686-5-3-333
Génétique des populations diplo?des naturelles dans le cas d'un seul locus. I. - évolution de la fréquence d'un gène. étude des variances et des covariances
G Malécot
Genetics Selection Evolution , 1971, DOI: 10.1186/1297-9686-3-3-255
Génétique des populations naturelles dans le cas d'un seul locus. II. – étude du coefficient de parenté
G Malécot
Genetics Selection Evolution , 1972, DOI: 10.1186/1297-9686-4-3-385
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