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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 944 matches for " Javed Mallick "
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Land Characterization Analysis of Surface Temperature of Semi-Arid Mountainous City Abha, Saudi Arabia Using Remote Sensing and GIS  [PDF]
Javed Mallick
Journal of Geographic Information System (JGIS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jgis.2014.66055
Abstract: This knowledge of land surface temperature and its spatial variations within a city environment is of prime importance to the study of urban climate and human-environment interactions. Few studies have examined the influence of land use and terrain on the surface temperature effects of semi-arid mountainous urban areas. This study investigates the urban environment characterization and its effects on surface temperature using remote sensing. The methodologies adapted for this study are geometric and radiometric corrections of satellite data, extraction of land use/land cover and digital elevation model, estimation of vegetation density using Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), and estimation of surface temperature and emissivity using temperature emissivity separation (TES) algorithm. Finally geospatial model and statistical techniques are used for assessing the overall impact of urban environmental characterization on urban climate of semi-arid region of Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Herein, results reveal that the spatial distribution of surface temperature was affected by land use/land cover (LULC) and topography. The high dense built-up and commercial/industrial areas display higher surface temperature in comparison with surrounding lands. There is gradual decrease of LULC classes’ surface temperature with the increase in altitude. The cooling effect towards the surrounding urban built-up area is found increasing at the hill located vegetated area, the downward slope and valley terrain inside the recreational park. Therefore the spatial variation in surface temperature also reflected the effects of topography on LULC classes. Suitable mountainous land use utilization would help to expand the cooling effect. In the future, the outcomes of this study could be used to build environmentally sustainable urban planning suitable to semi-arid regions and to create practices that consider the local weather environment in urban planning.
Applications of Satellite Data for Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD) Retrievals and Validation with AERONET Data  [PDF]
Sunil Bhaskaran, Neal Phillip, Atiqur Rahman, Javed Mallick
Atmospheric and Climate Sciences (ACS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/acs.2011.12007
Abstract: An understanding of the amount and type of aerosols present in the atmosphere is required for the atmospheric correction of satellite imagery. A sensitivity analysis of the atmospheric inputs to the MOD09 software has shown that uncertainty in the estimation of Aerosol Optical Depth (AOD) has the greatest impact on the accuracy of atmospheric correction of MODIS data. The MOD09 software used for the generation of surface reflectance products estimates the AOD of the atmosphere at the time of image acquisition. AOD measurements retrieved from MODIS were compared with near-simultaneous AErosol RObotic NETwork (AERONET) data over three sites in Australia, using time-series of MODIS surface reflectance products. The results of the study provide an important independent validation of ACRES MODIS Surface Reflectance Products. This procedure may be applied to long time series MODIS data for estimating the accuracy of MOD09 retrieved AOD.
Bathymetric and Geochemical Analysis of Lake Al-Saad, Abha, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Using Geoinformatics Technology  [PDF]
Javed Mallick, Mohd Abul Hasan, Yasser Alashker, Mohd Ahmed
Journal of Geographic Information System (JGIS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jgis.2014.65038
Abstract: This study investigates the potential for remote sensing of lake water bathymetry and geochemical by 1) examining the empirical based technique for retrieving depth information from passive optical image worldview-2 satellite data, 2) performing atmospheric correction, 3) assessing the accuracy of spectrally based depth retrieval under field condition via field measurement, 4) producing bathometry and geochemistry mapping by examining spectral variations for identifying pairs of wavelengths that produce strong linear correlation coefficient between the band ratio. The results indicate that optical remote sensing of bathymetry and geochemical investigation is not only feasible but more accurate under conditions of typical lake water, supporting field survey. The Pearson correlation matrix (R) between the examined water samples/depth and the TOA reflectance values of the worldview-2 (WV-2) satellite data have been investigated and found good correlation. The models developed using the combination of different band pairs also show high accuracy. Cartographical maps were generated depending on the linear correlation coefficient between the measured parameters and the TOA reflectance values of the worldview-2 data. The investigation shows that dissolved oxygen (DO) of the lake water is slight lower than the permissible limit of Saudi standards for lake water. The shallow water has high DO concentration, whereas the deeper shows significantly lower down. Electrical conductivity measurements serve as a useful indicator of the degree of mineralization in the water sample. All the samples which have EC exceed limit. The spatial distribution of EC and TDS inferred that the EC and TDS concentration is the highest at the eastern part of the lake whereas concentration drops down towards the southern side. This study confirms that remote sensing incorporated with GIS and GPS could afford an integrated scheme for mapping water quality and bathometry of the surface water.
3D-Analysis of Soil-Foundation-Structure Interaction in Layered Soil  [PDF]
Mohd Ahmed, Mahmoud H. Mohamed, Javed Mallick, Mohd Abul Hasan
Open Journal of Civil Engineering (OJCE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojce.2014.44032
Abstract: The analysis of building structure in contact with soil involves an interactive process of stresses and strains developed within the structure and the soil field. The response of Piled-Raft Foundation system to the structure is very challenging because there is an important interplay between the component of building structure and the soil field. Herein, soil-foundation-structure interaction of buildings founded on Piled-Raft Foundation is evaluated through 3D-Nonlinear Finite Element Analyses using PLAXIS3D FOUNDATION code. The soil settlements and forces demand of the high-rise building structures and foundation is computed. The parametric study affecting the soil-foundation-structure response has been carried out. The parameters such as construction phasing, sequential loading, building aspect ratios, soil failure models and thickness proportion of soil field stiff layer, are considered. It is concluded that the interaction of building foundation-soil field and super-structure has remarkable effect on the structure.
Optimal Separation of Twin Convex Sets under Externalities  [PDF]
Indrajit Mallick
Advances in Pure Mathematics (APM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/apm.2014.48049

This paper studies the outcomes of independent and interdependent pair-wise contests between economic agents subject to an optimal external decision problem for each pair. The external decision maker like the government or regulator is faced with the problem of how to devise rules and regulations regarding contests. In this paper, a decision problem is faced under negative and positive externalities. A pair of entities is represented by disjoint convex sets in a small area in a neighborhood. I assume that each entity imposes an equal externality on the other (and the other only) and thus they can be considered to be twins. Among the group of twins in any neighborhood, there is a set of twin pairs such that, for each pair in the set, each twin can impose a strictly negative externality on the other (and the other only), and this is a potential welfare loss which concerns the decision maker. A separating hyper-plane can block the negative externalities between any pair of twins given convexity. However, this can be costly if positive externality from the neighborhood is also blocked by the separation technology. Thus, this paper compares the pair-wise utility from separation to that of non-separation. A simple representation of the decision problem is developed with respect to a single and isolated neighborhood. A complete characterization of the decision problem is obtained with a large number of pair-wise intersecting neighborhoods.

Clinical Implications of Tumor Necrosis Factor-Alpha, Interleukin-6 and Resistin in Coronary Artery Disease  [PDF]
Qamar Javed
World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases (WJCD) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/wjcd.2014.49052

Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) are involved in the progression of coronary artery disease (CAD). The cytokines’ levels are associated with the severity of CAD. We have recently reported on the association of resistin, a relatively novel cytokine with the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Although the inflammatory cytokines’ impact on atherosclerosis is widely accepted, yet some controversy exists regarding the involvement of these factors in atherogenesis. The current review highlights the potential association of TNF-alpha, IL-6 and resistin SNPs (single nucleotide polymorphisms) with CAD. Molecular genetics data along with the intracellular signaling cascade mechanisms may have important clinical implications in the treatment of CAD.

Transthyretin—A Key Gene Involved in Regulating Learning and Memory in Brain, and Providing Neuroprotection in Alzheimer Disease via Neuronal Synthesis of Transthyretin Protein  [PDF]
Javed Iqbal
Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science (JBBS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jbbs.2018.82005
Abstract: Transthyretin (TTR), a carrier protein present in the liver and choroid plexus of the brain, has been shown to be responsible for binding thyroid hormone thyroxin (T4) and retinol in plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). TTR aids in sequestering of beta-amyloid peptides Aβ deposition, and protects the brain from trauma, ischemic stroke and Alzheimer disease (AD). Accordingly, hippocampal gene expression of TTR plays a significant role in learning and memory as well as in simulation of spatial memory tasks. TTR via interacting with transcription factor CREB regulates this process and decreased expression leads to memory deficits. By different signaling pathways, like MAPK, AKT, and ERK via Src, TTR provides tropical support through megalin receptor by promoting neurite outgrowth and protecting the neurons from traumatic brain injury. TTR is also responsible for the transient rise in intracellular Ca2+ via NMDA receptor, playing a dominant role under excitotoxic conditions. In this review, we tried to shed light on how TTR is involved in maintaining normal cognitive processes, its role in learning and memory, under memory deficit conditions; by which mechanisms it promotes neurite outgrowth; and how it protects the brain from Alzheimer disease (AD).
Potential Benefits and Challenges in Applying Regional EIA: A Case Study of Special Investment Regions in India  [PDF]
Masoom Mallick, Aditya Singh
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2014.51004

Development is an ever growing process and its impact is often detrimental to environment which in turn may lead to adverse consequences for human life. Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) is an anticipatory and participatory environment management tool which helps in the decision-making process for different upcoming development projects by analyzing the environmental consequences of the action. The large scale projects like setting up of Special Investment Regions (SIR), Special Economic Zones (SEZ) and Industrial Estates (IE) have cumulative impacts on the environmental condition of the region. This paper intends to describe different practices of impact assessment and seeks to direct this debate towards the potential benefits of applying Regional EIA over the project specific EIA to capture the cumulative impact of large development projects like SIRs and IE on the environmental condition of the region and underline the challenges often faced during the study. Regional EIA is a new concept in India and the process of development of an SIR is different from the other industrial projects such as SEZ or IE. Unlike SEZ which comprises of only industrial activity, SIR also includes residential commercial and other amenities over an area of more than 100 square kilometers. Further, the implementation of Regional EIA in Indian context is also constrained by problem in baseline data collection and lack of exhaustive ecological and socioeconomic indicators for impact assessment and restricted use of state of art technologies such as Geographical Information System due to many factors such as cost involved and lack of awareness among consultants. The whole process of Regional EIA should be made rapid and more participatory.

Subscription to Digital Libraries and Corresponding Journal Impact: A Value-Based Approach to Demand for Digital Research Data—Confucian Integration of Curricula and “Market String” Digital Education Systems  [PDF]
Soumitra K. Mallick
Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics (JAMP) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jamp.2018.610170
Abstract: This paper develops a functional relation between Digital Libraries and Confucion Integrated Curriculum Learning systems. We show that under certain properties of Learning Systems which can implement laissez-faire markets under uncertainty, the systems integration is possible in entropy space.
Spatio-Temporal Land Cover Dynamics in Open Cast Coal Mine Area of Singrauli, M.P., India  [PDF]
Imran Khan, Akram Javed
Journal of Geographic Information System (JGIS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jgis.2012.46057
Abstract: Singrauli is an opencast coal mining area where large scale mining activities are going on continuously, land use/land cover studies are of vital importance to observe the changes in the land use/land cover. The present study utilizes multi-spectral/multi-temporal data of Indian Remote Sensing Satellite (IRS) LISS II geocoded (FCC) of 4th May 1993 and LISS III of 4th May 2010 for thematic mapping. Survey of India toposheet 63L/12 on scale 1:50,000 were used for preparation of base map which was overlaid on the FCC for land use/land cover mapping through visual interpretation. Visual interpretation of satellite imagery led to the identification of 15 land use/land cover categories such as dense forest, open forest, open scrub, plantation, cultivated land, uncultivated land, mining pit, overburden dumps, wasteland and settlement. The ground truth verification was carried out in key areas to rectify the errors in generated maps and then land use/land cover maps were finalized. The comparative analysis of land use/land cover shows that dense forest has been degraded to open forest, open scrubs and mining pits due to the expansion of mining activity. Open scrubs has increased, overburden dumps has increased, settlement has also increased, cultivated land has decreased and changed into uncultivated land and wasteland. It has also been observed that the plantation has been done on overburden dumps and residential colonies of NCL and NTPC. It has been identified that the main drivers which has increased the rate of change in land use/land cover are mainly coal mining activities and industrial expansion.
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