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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 11582 matches for " Javaid Iqbal and Ghu1am Akbar1 "
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AN OUTBREAK OF FOOT AND MOUTH DISEASE IN A HERD OF CROSSBRED CATTLE
Rashid Ahmad, Javaid Iqbal and Ghu1am Akbar1
Pakistan Veterinary Journal , 2002,
Abstract: During the months of December 200 I and January 2002, an outbreak of Foot and Mouth disease (Foot and Mouth Disease type-A virus) was recorded in a crossbred dairy herd at Livestock Experiment Station, Qadirabad. The sick animals showed only the oral lesions except one, which developed foot lesions after 10 days. The overall morbidity rate was 52.13% while the same was recorded as 7.95, 14.06, 97.36, 80.14, 62.68, 62.68, 62.50, and 7.14% in milking cows, dry cows, male young stock, female young stock, male sucklers, female sucklers and bullocks, respectively. Recovery was noticed on seventh day from the onset of out break. No mortality was recorded.
Effect of Oxytocin Administration before Milking on Milk Production, Somatic Cells Count and fat Contents in Milk of Nili-Ravi Buffaloes
Muhammad Saleem Akhtar*, Laeeq Akbar Lodhi1, Abdul Asim Farooq, M. Mazhar Ayaz, Maqbool Hussain, Mushtaq Hussain Lashari and Zafar Iqbal Chaudhary
Pakistan Veterinary Journal , 2012,
Abstract: This study was escorted to know the effect of oxytocin administration before milking on milk production, somatic cells count and fat contents in milk of buffaloes. Twenty lactating Nili-Ravi buffaloes were randomly divided into two groups. Group A (n = 10) buffaloes were treated intramuscularly with 30 IU of oxytocin daily before the start of milking for the period of 7 days, whereas group B (n = 10) buffaloes were given no treatment and served as control. Milk samples were collected from all buffaloes 7 days before (Phase I), during (Phase II) and after (Phase III) the treatment. There were significantly higher (P<0.05) milk production (liters) during phase-II in group A (8.57±0.07 liters) buffaloes as compare to group B (8.40±0.04 liters) whereas non-significant differences were recorded in the mean milk production between group A and B during phase-I (8.46 vs 8.43 liters) and III (8.54 liters). Somatic cells count varied from 72.96 to 97.01 × 103 and 71.86 to 77.14 × 103 cells per ml in group A and B, respectively. Mean somatic cells count were significantly higher (P<0.05) in group A as compared to group B during phases II of study. During phase I, II and III, there were non-significant differences in fat percentage between two groups of buffaloes. It was concluded that milk production and somatic cells count in milk of Nili-Ravi buffalo were affected by oxytocin injection before milking whereas there was no effect of oxytocin on milk fat percentage.
SIFAT FUNGSIONAL PRODUK INTERAKSI FRAKSI GLOBULIN 7S KOMAK (Dolichos lablab) DAN GUM XANTAN [Functional Properties of the Interaction Product Between Globulin of 7S Fraction of Lablab Bean (Dolichos lablab) with Xantan Gum]
Sukamto1)*,Aulanni’am2),Sudiyono1)
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan , 2009,
Abstract: Lablab bean (Dolichos lablab) seeds is a potential source of protein globulin.The bean’s protein content is 20.86 %, and the amount of globulin was more than 60% from the total protein, having major fractions of 7S and 11S. The objectives of this research were to explore the 7S globulin fractions, to study interaction between 7S globulin fractions with xanthan gum, and to observe the functional properties of the product of the interaction. The research was conducted in 2 steps. The first step was to fractionate the 7S fractions from globulin. The second steps was to interact 7S globulin fraction with xanthan gum. The yield of these interaction were examined for its physicochemical and functional properties. The results showed that the 7S globulin fractions could be interacted by xanthan gum at pH 7. The interacted product of globulin 7S fraction 10 % with xanthan gum 0,75 % had good functional properties than globulin 7S fraction, such as oil holding capacity, foaming capacity, and emulsion activity. Water holding capacity could not be detected because the yield became soluble. However,the foaming and emulsifying stability were still lower than those of soybean protein isolates. The research concluded that xanthan gum could be used to improve the physicochemical and functional properties of globulin 7S fraction.
Q-LEACH: A New Routing Protocol for WSNs
B. Manzoor,N. Javaid,O. Rehman,M. Akbar,Q. Nadeem,A. Iqbal,M. Ishfaq
Computer Science , 2013,
Abstract: Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) with their dynamic applications gained a tremendous attention of researchers. Constant monitoring of critical situations attracted researchers to utilize WSNs at vast platforms. The main focus in WSNs is to enhance network life-time as much as one could, for efficient and optimal utilization of resources. Different approaches based upon clustering are proposed for optimum functionality. Network life-time is always related with energy of sensor nodes deployed at remote areas for constant and fault tolerant monitoring. In this work, we propose Quadrature-LEACH (Q-LEACH) for homogenous networks which enhances stability period, network life-time and throughput quiet significantly.
Advanced LEACH: A Static Clustering-based Heteroneous Routing Protocol for WSNs
A. Iqbal,M. Akbar,N. Javaid,S. H. Bouk,M. Ilahi,R. D. Khan
Computer Science , 2013,
Abstract: Wireless Sensors Networks (WSNs) have a big application in heterogeneous networks. In this paper, we propose and evaluate Advanced Low-Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy (Ad-LEACH) which is static clustering based heterogeneous routing protocol. The complete network field is first divided into static clusters and then in each cluster separate Ad-LEACH protocol is applied. Our proposed protocol is inherited from LEACH with a cluster head selection criteria of Distributed Energy-Efficient Clustering (DEEC). This enables Ad-LEACH to cope with the heterogeneous nature of nodes. Due to small static clusters, each node reduces its broadcast message power because it only has to cover a small area. We perform simulations in MATLAB to check the efficiency of Ad-LEACH. The Simulation results show that Ad-LEACH outperforms LEACH and DEEC in energy efficiency as well as throughput.
Biometric and Ultrasonographic Evaluation of the Testis of One-humped Camel (Camelus dromedarius)
Riaz Hussain Pasha, Anas Sarwar Qureshi*, Laeeq Akbar Lodhi1 and Huma Jamil1
Pakistan Veterinary Journal , 2011,
Abstract: Twenty four adult clinically healthy one-humped male camels (Camelus dromedarius) were examined three times (beginning, mid and end) in each season (winter, spring, summer and autumn) for establishing the normal ultrasonic appearance and seasonal changes in the testicular parenchyma in the natural ecology of Punjab, Pakistan. The testes of each camel were scanned by using a B-mode real time ultrasound scanner fitted with a 7.5-MHz linear-array transducer. Scrotal biometry was done with the measuring tape during all the seasons of year. The tunics of the testes appeared as hyperechoic lines surrounding the homogenous, moderately echogenic parenchyma of the testis. The mediastinum testis was visualized as hyperechoic central line and a spot, in longitudinal and transverse sections, respectively. During winter season, the parenchyma was hyperechoic and mediastinum testis was seen as thin hyperechoic line. In spring, the echogenicity of parenchyma was moderate and mediastinum appeared relatively thick central hyperechoic line. In summer and autumn, less echoic parenchyma and thick band of mediastinum was recorded. Biometric studies showed significantly (P<0.01) higher scrotal length and width of the testis during winter and spring season as compared to summer and autumn. Present study revealed that the ultrasonic structure of camel testis resembles other mammals and season has an apparent effect on the testicular size and echogenicity of the testicular parenchyma in the one-humped camel.
COMPARATIVE EFFICIENCY OF SOME INDIRECT DIAGNOSTIC TESTS FOR THE DETECTION OF SUB-CLINICAL MASTITIS IN COWS AND BUFFALOES
M. IQBAL, M. AMJED1, M. A. KHAN, M. S. QURESHI1 AND U. SADIQUE1
Pakistan Veterinary Journal , 2006,
Abstract: The present study was undertaken to compare five laboratory diagnostic tests for sub-clinical mastitis in cattle and buffaloes and to compute cost, time taken by each test and its ranking for availability, adoptability, interpretability and sensitivity. There were 352 cases with each test type viz. California Mastitis Test (CMT), White Side Test (WST), White Side + Dye (WSTD), Surf Test and Surf + Dye, and 880 cases with each species type (cattle and buffaloes). Result scores (1760 ) for sub-clinical mastitis in each category of negative, trace, single positive, double positive and triple positive by species, and laboratory tests, were analyzed using nonparametric tests. Chi-square statistics showed that CMT was equally effective at both locations (farm vs. laboratory). Correlation further suggested that the association was highly significant. Moreover, cases in category of negative, trace and single positive strongly differed (P<0.05) amongst the laboratory tests. But differences were found vague in double and triple positive categories. However, Chi-square statistics of overall sub-clinical mastitis cases showed that the laboratory tests were significantly different for detecting various categories of sub-clinical mastitis of a cross-tabulation. The present findings uncovered stronger (P<0.05) positive correlation of both the WST and WSTD with CMT, while of Surf Test and Surf + Dye with CMT. Results also suggested that WSTD and Surf + Dye were equally associated with CMT in strength and direction as their counterpart tests WST and Surf Test with CMT and thus its response in efficacy to added dye was not distinct. Species effect on result scores was found negligible (P>0.05). The study further suggested that CMT was the most sensitive test, followed by WST/WSTD and Surf/Surf + Dye. Although, the five tests showed slight discrepancy in the trace category reaction, a strong relationship of Surf Test to CMT, its low cost, easy availability and readily adoptable qualities should spur the relevant authorities to recommend the use of Surf test as a routine practice in dairy farming and add this test in the curriculum of diploma and degree programmes.
DISPOSITION KINETICS AND DOSAGE REGIMEN OF INTRAVENOUSLY INJECTED KANAMYCIN IN BUFFALOES
T. Saeed, R. Ahmad, M. Nawaz1 and T. Iqbal
Pakistan Veterinary Journal , 2000,
Abstract: Genetical variations in the local population apprise of the need for describing biodisposition and fate of drug in indigenous species and environments. Kanamycin is one of the extensively used antibiotics in veterinary clinics. Its disposition kinetics was investigated in local female buffaloes following intravenous dose of 5 mg/kg body weight. The blood samples collected at different time intervals were analyzed for kanamycin concentration by a microbiological assay. Two compartment model kinetics analysis of plasma kanamycin concentration versus time data revealed its rapid distribution and elimination with half life (t 1/2) 5.42 ± 0.39 hours (Mean ± SE). Total body clearance of Kanamycin in buffaloes was 2.59 ± 0.17 ml/min./kg body weights. To maintain the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 2 μg/ml of plasma, optimal dosage regimen of 11.8 mg/kg body weight for primary and 9.4 mg/kg body weight for maintenance to be repeated after 12 hours interval has been suggested in buffaloes.
Morphometric Analysis of Shaliganga Sub Catchment, Kashmir Valley, India Using Geographical Information System
Mohd Iqbal1 , Haroon Sajjad1 , F.A. Bhat 2
International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology , 2013,
Abstract: The quantitative analysis of drainage system is an important aspect of characterization of watersheds. Using watershed as a basic unit in morphometric analysis is the most logical choice because all hydrologic and geomorphic processes occur within the watershed. Shaliganga Sub catchment comprises of two watersheds with a total area of 354 km2 and has been selected for the present study. Various linear parameters (Stream order, Stream number, Stream length, stream length ratio, Bifurcation ratio, Drainage density, Texture ratio, Stream frequency) and shape factors (Compactness coefficient, Circularity ratio, Elongation ratio, Form factor) of the Sub catchment were computed at watershed level. This was achieved using GIS to provide digital data that can be used for different calculations
LAPAROSCOPIC V/s OPEN CHOLECYSTECTOMY
JAVAID IQBAL
The Professional Medical Journal , 2002,
Abstract: O BJECTIVE: To find out the morbidity and its determinants with L.C and to compare it with that OC. STUDYDESIGN: Surgical unit-IV, DHQ Hospital, Punjab Medical College, Faisalabad; the study of both OC and LC groupswas conducted from January 1 to December 31 , 2000 and from January 1 to December 31 2001 respectively. st st st stSUBJECT & METHODS: 123 patients underwent surgical treatment for gallstones disease by LC and 58 patientswere subject to elective OC. The patients of two groups were matched regarding their age, sex Anesthetic risks, anddifficulties during surgery, postoperative complications and hospital stay. RESULTS: Average age of the patients was44.13 years and 42.90 years in LC and OC groups with female to male ratio 91.06% : 8.94% and 93.10% : 6.9% in LCand OC groups, respectively. Per-operatively, 3.45% (two) patients developed common bile duct injury in OC group andmorbidity due to this complication remained 0% in LC group. 4.06% (five) patients of LC and 5.17% (three) cases of OChad non-significant hemorrhage and slight bile leak from gall bladder bed. In laparoscopic group, conversion to OC wasrequired in 7.31% (nine) patients. Post operatively, morbidity due to pain, fever, nausea and vomiting, respiratory andwound complications were significantly less in LC group as compared to OC group. Mean durations for tolerating oralfeedings and post-operative hospital stay were found to be shorter in LC group than in OC group. CONCLUSION: Weconclude that with low threshold of conversion laparoscopic cholecystectomy is the safe choice than open cholecystectomywith low morbidity and shorter hospital stay. It is replacing the OC as a new gold standard against which new therapieswill be compared in future.
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