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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 14281 matches for " Jan Nilsen "
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Evidence-Based Physiotherapy Culture—The Influence of Health Care Leaders in Sweden  [PDF]
Petra Dannapfel, Per Nilsen
Open Journal of Leadership (OJL) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojl.2016.53006
Abstract: Research in physiotherapy has increased rapidly over the last decade, yet studies have shown that many practice decisions continue to be based on knowledge obtained during initial physiotherapy education and/or personal experience, rather than findings from research. Both barriers and facilitators to achieving a more evidence-based practice (EBP) in physiotherapy have been identified. Leadership is a facilitator that has been recognized to have an important influence on the implementation of EBP in various settings. Our aim was to explore how physiotherapy leaders in Sweden influence the culture for implementation of evidence-based physiotherapy practice. Nine interviews with managers of physiotherapy clinics were conducted in various settings in Sweden. Data were analysed using qualitative analysis and a framework developed by Schein (Schein, 2010). Organizational Culture and Leadership (4th ed.). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass) was applied. The framework identifies a number of mechanisms by which leaders can influence the culture of an organization and/or groups within an organization. The mechanisms of paying attention to, measuring and controlling on a regular basis as well as deliberate role modelling, teaching and coaching did have some relevance. However, EBP issues seemed to depend on committed individuals, often younger physiotherapists, who were interested in research. Overall, there was limited relevance for most of the embedding mechanisms. The findings suggest that physiotherapy leaders in Sweden contribute to a modest degree to establishing a culture conducive to implementation of an evidence-based physiotherapy practice.
The National Library of Norway, Oslo Division: Is it Possible to Make a 1913-Building Accessible for the Library User of 2005?
Sissel Nilsen
Liber Quarterly : The Journal of European Research Libraries , 2000,
Abstract: National Libraries are mostly regarded as important national institutions, but very few people outside the school and academic circles believe that there can be anything of interest for them inside such an institution.
Rhythmos. Heidegger on Language
Cathrin Nilsen
Prolegomena , 2003,
Abstract: According to Martin Heidegger language is the “house of Being”. It is the language that allows us to be in the world, and at the same time it is the language which throws light upon how we are there. The air of Being is called with the ancient Greek Rhythmos as a first measurement of time, and thus the articulation of our speech points out the articulation of time. With reference to the musicologist Thrasybulos Georgiades the two formations of language will be shown as articulations of time that are most decisive for the Occident: the archaic rhythm of quantity which originates from a “filled time”, and the rhythm of accentuation that belongs to the arythmic principle of counting. The counting-principle of “empty time” is the allincluding reality (truth) of the present world. Heidegger calls it the “Gestell”. In this connection we have to repeat the question about the Rhythmos. The problem of Being in an epoch of an all dragging away processuality means nothing else than the question about the historical dimension of Rhythmos as a first measure of time.
The Library Visit Study: user experiences at the virtual reference desk
Nilsen Kirsti
Information Research: an international electronic journal , 2004,
Abstract: This paper discusses the methodology and reports on initial findings of a study examining the perceptions of users of digital reference services. It is part of a long-term research project, The Library Visit Study, which has been conducted in three phases at the University of Western Ontario for more than a decade. Phases One and Two examined perceptions of users who approached physical reference desks in libraries with reference questions. Phase Three of the research considers reference encounters at virtual reference desks and compares users' experiences at the physical reference desk with experiences at the virtual reference desk. The findings suggest that, from the viewpoint of the enquirer, the virtual reference desk suffers from the same problems as the physical reference desk: inadequate reference interviewing, referral to alternative sources without a subsequent check on their suitability, and a lack of follow-up to determine satisfaction in general.
Er tverrprofesjonell samhandling noe annet enn ut velse av fag?
Ragnhild Nilsen
Nordisk Tidsskrift for Helseforskning , 2010,
Abstract: Forfatteren viser til at WHO i en fersk rapport (2010) fremholder tverrprofesjonell utdanning og oppl ring som et viktig grep for endre et helsesystem i krise, samtidig som det skjer en utfasing av samarbeidsl ring p tvers av profesjoner ved norske universitet og h gskoler. Med utgangspunkt i rammeplanenes Felles innholdsdel for helse- og sosialfagutdanningene diskuterer forfatteren om tverrprofesjonell samhandling blir sett p som et eget fag, en del av en faglig aktivitet, eller en separat funksjon. Og videre, om ikke helsefaglig ledelse og helsefaglig samhandling kan sees p som to sider av samme sak, og ikke to funksjoner som st r i motsetning til hverandre.
Integrated Pest Management as European standard – is it possible?
Lisa Nilsen
Journal of Entomological and Acarological Research , 2011, DOI: 10.4081/jear.2011.e13
Abstract: As part of the work within the European Committee for Standardization (CEN), standards for conservation of cultural property are being developed in CEN/TC (Technical Committee) 346, Conservation of Cultural Property. In Working Group 4 Environment, a draft is being prepared to create a proposal for standardised Integrated Pest Management. The author of this paper welcomes delegates to the Meeting on Cultural Heritage Pests in Piacenza to contribute to the discussion regarding standardised methods for pest control in the cultural heritage sector.
W/Z+Jets and W/Z+Heavy Flavor Jets at the Tevatron
Henrik Nilsen
Physics , 2009,
Abstract: The associated production of jets and vector bosons is an important process at hadron colliders. An overview over recent Tevatron vector boson+jets measurements is given with an emphasis on comparisons between data and the predictions of various theory models.
A Qualitative Study of Individual and Organizational Learning through Physiotherapists’ Participation in a Research Project  [PDF]
Petra Dannapfel, Anneli Peolsson, Per Per Nilsen
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2014.59071
Abstract:

The need for evidence-based practice has been recognized by physiotherapy organizations over the past decades. Earlier studies have documented facilitators and barriers that affect the use and implementation of evidence-based practice. Less is known about what kind of interventions might be useful to implement evidence-based practice. This study explores what physiotherapists learn through participation in a research project relevant to their professional development towards achieving a more evidence-based physiotherapy practice. To what extent this learning was transferred to colleagues for organizational learning is also examined. This study was set in Sweden, where health care is publicly funded. Patients do not need a referral from a physician to consult a physiotherapist. Eleven interviews were conducted with physiotherapists who had participated in a randomized, controlled, multicenter, physiotherapy intervention investigating neck-specific exercise for patients with whiplash disorder. Gadamer’s hermeneutics was used to analyze the data. The physiotherapists described a range of learning experiences from their project participation, including instrumental learning (the concrete application of knowledge to achieve changes in practice) and conceptual learning (changes in knowledge, understanding or attitudes). The research project enabled the physiotherapists to develop new treatment techniques for broader application and extend their competence in techniques already known (instrumental learning). The physiotherapists believed that project participation enhanced their overall competence as physiotherapists, increased their job motivation and strengthened their self-confidence and self-efficacy (conceptual learning). Physiotherapists’ participation in the research project yielded many individual learning experiences, fostered positive attitudes to research and was conducive to achieving a more research-informed physiotherapy practice. Participation was associated with a deeper understanding of the challenges involved in conducting research. The transfer from individual learning to the wider organization in terms of organizational learning was limited.

The Significance of Irony as a Master Trope
Don L. F. Nilsen,Alleen Pace Nilsen
Israeli Journal of Humor Research , 2012,
Abstract: Linguists make a distinction between Surface Structure (Phonology, Graphology, Morphology, and Syntax) and Deep Structure (Semantics and Pragmatics). Rhetoricians make a similar distinction which they call Schemes (Alliteration, Assonance, Rhyme, Slant Rhyme, Eye Rhyme, Scansion, etc.), and Tropes (Metaphor, Metonymy, Synecdoche, Irony, etc.). This article makes the claim that for humor scholars, Irony is the most significant of the four Master Tropes. It makes this argument first by comparing and contrasting Irony not only with Metaphor, Metonymy and Synecdoche, but also with Satire, Paradox, and Contradiction. Second, the article compares and contrasts the different types of Irony (Stable vs. Observable Irony, Linguistic vs. Situational Irony, and Accidental, Dramatic, Socratic, and Tragic Irony). And finally, the article explains the historical significance of Irony, and its ubiquity in contemporary society
Oslo government district bombing and Ut?ya island shooting July 22, 2011: The immediate prehospital emergency medical service response
Stephen JM Sollid, Rune Rimstad, Marius Rehn, Anders R Nakstad, Ann-Elin Tomlinson, Terje Strand, Hans Heimdal, Jan Nilsen, M?rten Sandberg, Collaborating group
Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1757-7241-20-3
Abstract: A retrospective and observational study was conducted based on data from the EMS systems involved and the public domain. The study was approved by the Data Protection Official and was defined as a quality improvement project.We describe the timeline and logistics of the EMS response, focusing on alarm, dispatch, initial response, triage and evacuation. The scenes in the Oslo government district and at Ut?ya island are described separately.Many EMS units were activated and effectively used despite the occurrence of two geographically separate incidents within a short time frame. Important lessons were learned regarding triage and evacuation, patient flow and communication, the use of and need for emergency equipment and the coordination of helicopter EMS.On July 22, 2011, Norway was struck by two terrorist attacks. In the first attack, a car bomb exploded in the Oslo government district. The bomb comprised an ammonium nitrate/fuel oil (ANFO) mixture or "fertiliser bomb". Eight people were killed in the explosion. Two hours later, a lone gunman attacked a political youth camp on Ut?ya island, approximately 40 kilometres from Oslo, and killed 69 civilians. A single perpetrator carried out both attacks.The scale of the July 22, 2011 attacks and the resulting emergency medical service (EMS) response was unprecedented in Norway. The massive EMS response crossed jurisdictional lines and involved responders from multiple agencies throughout the region. In this paper, we describe the immediate prehospital EMS response to the July 22, 2011 attacks.The backbone of the Norwegian EMS is provided by on-call general practitioners (GPs) and ground ambulances [1]. According to national regulations, all ambulance units must be staffed by at least one certified emergency medical technician (EMT) [2]. However, most units are staffed by two EMTs, and in most urban systems, at least one EMT is a trained paramedic. The ambulance service is government-funded and organised under local healt
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