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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1352 matches for " Jamal Shams "
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The Agreement Rate about Unintended Pregnancy and Its Relationship with Postpartum Depression in Parents of Preterm and Term Infants  [PDF]
Maryam Ghorbani, Mahrokh Dolatian, Jamal Shams, Hamid Alavi-Majd
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2015.59084
Abstract: Introduction: Postpartum depression (PPD) affects women’s health and self-confidence, and infant’s social, emotional, cognitive and even physical development. Studies show that parents of preterm infants frequently experience symptoms of depression and anxiety. Women with unintended pregnancy are subjected to more risk of depression than women with planned pregnancy. Unintended pregnancy may lead to increased maternal exposure to psychosocial stressors, reduced social support by the spouse, increased levels of depressive symptoms and decreased life satisfaction. Findings: No significant difference was observed between term and preterm infants’ mothers (p = 0.85) in terms of postpartum depression. However, two groups of fathers in terms of depression showed a significant difference (p = 0.045). McNemar’s test showed that parents of term infants (K = 0.322, p = 0.077), and parents of preterm infants (k = 0.17, p = 0.144) agreed with each other on unintended pregnancy. Conclusion: Fathers of preterm infants are at higher risk for mental disorders than fathers of term infants and they need more attention in future studies.
Psychometric Properties of a Persian-Language Version of the Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory-Revised: OCI-R-Persian  [PDF]
Habibollah Ghassemzadeh, Giti Shams, Jamal Abedi, Narges Karamghadiri, Narges Ebrahimkhani, Mansoureh Rajabloo
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2011.23032
Abstract: The psychometric properties of the Persian-language version of Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory- Revised (OCI-R) were studied in a sample of Iranian college students (N = 450). The total and each of the subscales of OCI-R-Persian demonstrated very high internal consistency as well as high test-retest reliability. Convergent and divergent validity of the OCI-R-Persian total scale and subscales were satisfactory. In general, the OCI-R-Persian appears to be a reliable and valid measure of obsessive-compulsive symptoms in this non-clinical sample of Iranian college students.
Aqueous Extract of Saffron (Crocus sativus) Increases Brain Dopamine and Glutamate Concentrations in Rats  [PDF]
Hosseinali Ettehadi, Seyedeh Nargesolsadat Mojabi, Mina Ranjbaran, Jamal Shams, Hedayat Sahraei, Mahdi Hedayati, Farzad Asefi
Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science (JBBS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jbbs.2013.33031
Abstract: Recent studies involving human and animal models have identified that saffron helps in the improvement of depression. Antidepressants are known to function in part by increasing brain serotonin, norepinephrine and dopamine concentrations. Therefore, to identify the cellular and molecular mechanism(s) underlying this property of saffron, we measured changes in rat brain dopamine, serotonin, norepinephrine and glutamate concentrations after administration of varying doses of an aqueous extract of saffron stigma. Male Wistar rats (250 ± 30 g) were administered a single dose of saffron extract (5, 25, 50, 100, 150, and 250 mg/kg, i.p.), fluoxetine (10 mg/kg, i.p.), and/or desipramine (50 mg/kg, i.p.) and were sacrificed 30 min later. Brains were removed, homogenized, and centrifuged at 4?C. The supernatant was used for subsequent neurotransmitter detection by ELISA. Our results indicated that the aqueous extract of saffron (50, 100, 150 and 250 mg/kg, i.p.) increased brain dopamine concentration in a dose-dependent manner compared with saline. In addition, the brain glutamate concentration increased in response to the highest dose of the extract (250 mg/kg, i.p.). Interestingly, the extract had no effect on brain serotonin or norepinephrine concentration. Our findings show that the aqueous extract of saffron contains an active component that can trigger production of important neurotransmitters in brain, namely, dopamine and glutamate. In addition, these results provide a cellular basis for reports concerning the antidepressant properties of saffron extract in humans and animals.
The acqueous extract of Crocus sativus stigma reduce morphine tolerance
Jamal Shams,Safieh Molavi,Sedigheh Marjani,Mohammad Kamalinejad
Physiology and Pharmacology , 2009,
Abstract: Background: Previous studies have indicated that administration of saffron extract could induced reward and reduces morphine reward as investigated by place preference and behavioral sensitization in male and female mice. In the present study, the effects of water extract of Crocus sativus on the acquisition and expression of tolerance to morphine-induced hyperalgesia in female N-MRI mice (20-25 g) were investigated. Matherila and Methods: Tail Flick technique was implicated in the present study. Morphine tolerance achived by morphine (50 mg/kg twice daily) injections for three consecutive days. On the 4th day of the experiments, morphine tolerance was assesed in animals by injection of effective dose of morphine (10 mg/kg). The extract of the C. sativus was administered during (development of tolerance) or after induction of morphine tolerance (expression). Results: Results showed that administration of morphine (1, 5, 10 and 20 mg/kg), induced a significant analgesia in animals. Administration of the plant extract (1, 2.5, 5, 10, 50 and 100 mg/kg) also produced analgesia which was statistically significant in dose 10 mg/kg of the extract. Injection of the plant extract (1, 2.5 and 5 mg/kg) in the test day, 30 min before morphine (10 mg/kg) reduced the expression of morphine tolerance. Administration of the extract (1, 2.5 and 5 mg/kg) during the induction of morphine tolerance, have not any effect on the development of morphine tolerance . Conclusion: It could be concluded that injection of the extract of C sativus can inhibit the expression but can not altered the acquisition of morphine tolerance. In addition, the extract could induced analgesia by it-self.
The Efficacy and Safety of Add-on Ginko TD (Ginkgo Biloba) Treatment for PTSD: Results of a 12-Week Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Study
Jamal Shams,Sharokh S.P. Gudarzi,Ali Reza Norouzi,Behzad Ghorbani
Iranian Journal of Psychiatry , 2007,
Abstract: "nObjective: Exposure to traumatic stressors lead to activation of arousal responses mediated by serotonergic and noradrenergic systems and it may cause a change in numerous neurotransmitters and neuroendocrine systems. There is ample experimental and clinical evidence to suggest that Ginkgo biloba extract is neuroprotective and has antioxidant properties and can restore stress-induced elevation in brain levels of catecholamines, 5-HT and plasma corticosterone to normal level. "nMethod: In a 12-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, the efficacy and safety of adding-on a fixed-dose (200mg) of Ginkgo TD to the previous treatment regime of adults with PTSD were examined. Subjects were forty male and female outpatients from a public-owned psychiatric clinic who met criteria for PTSD seven month after a 6.3 Richter earthquake in Bam city on December 26, 2003. The changes in five symptom domains including posttraumatic stress, anxiety and affective symptoms, general health and subjective stress after trauma were ssessed at weeks 0, 12 and 16 to examine effectiveness of the added-on Ginkgo TD and stability of its effects. "nResults: Ginkgo TD was associated with a significantly greater improvement than placebo in PTSD patients as measured by five symptom domain scales including: GHQ-28; Watson PTSD Scale; HAM-D; HAM-A and IES (p= 0.02, 0.01, 0.001, 0.01, 0.02 respectively) Four weeks after the discontinuation of intervention, no significant difference was determined between the two groups in the five outcome measures (p= 0.005, 0.01, 0.004, 0.005, 0.01 respectively). No significant difference was observed between the two groups in terms of side effects. "nConclusions: We found Ginkgo TD to be superior to placebo as an adding-on in the treatment of PTSD. Although we did not examine the comparative efficacy of Ginkgo TD on the three main elements of PTSD, beneficial effects both on specific PTSD symptomatology and general conditions including anxiety, depression, general health and perceived stress were indicated.
Effects of Papaver rhoeas Extract on the Tolerance Development to Analgesic Effects of Morphine in Mice
Jamal Shams,Hedayat Sahraei,Zohreh Faghih-Monzavi,Seyed Hossein Salimi
Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research , 2008,
Abstract: Previous studies have shown that the extract of Papaver rhoeas reduces morphine dependence, locomotor activity and reward. In present study, the effects of hydro-alcohol extract of Papaver Rhoeas on the tolerance to analgesic effects of morphine in mice have been investigated using tail flick method. Subcutaneous (s.c.) administration of morphine (1, 2, 5 and 10 mg/kg) induced analgesia. However, intrapretoneal administration of the hydro-alcohol extract of Papaver rhoeas (25, 50 and 100 mg/kg) had not an effects on analgesia. Reduction of analgesic in mice pretreated with morphine (50 mg/kg, twice daily; for 3 days), alone, indicated that tolerance has been developed. Hydro-alcohol extract of Papaver rhoeas (25, 50 and 100 mg/kg, i.p.) administration, 30 min before each of three daily doses of morphine, attenuated the morphine tolerance dose-independently,indicating that administration of the extract reduces morphine tolerance in mice.
Olanzapine antagonizes the acquisition and expression of morphine-induced conditioned place preference in male and female mice
Parivash Hafez-Amini,Jamal Shams,Ali Shabahng-Saber-Tehrani,Ali Haeri-Rohani
Physiology and Pharmacology , 2006,
Abstract: Introduction: Several investigations have indicated that dopamine D receptors could influence morphine 2 eward. The influence of olanzapine (a D dopamine receptor antagonist) on the morphine-induced conditioned 2 lace preference (CPP) in male and female mice was investigated in the present study. Methods: The effects of olanzapine on the acquisition and expression of morphine CPP in male and female -MRI mice (W: 20-25 g) were investigated in the present study. Resultd: Subcutaneous (s.c.) injection of morphine (1-10 mg/kg, three drug sessions) induced place preference oth in male and female mice. Intraperitoneal (i.p.) administration of olanzapine (0.5-5 mg/kg) induced place version (CPA) in female mice but not in male mice. Administration of olanzapine (1, 2.5, 5 mg/kg, i.p.) reduced oth the acquisition and expression of morphine-induced CPP in male and female mice. However, olanzapine (5 g/kg, i.p.) caused more than 80% mortality in female but not male mice. The effects of olanzapine were reversed y L-arginine (20 mg/kg, i.p.) pre-administration. Conlusion: We conclude that olanzapine reduced morphine effects via different mechanism/s.
A Self-Optimization of the Dynamic Resource Management Based on the Cognitive Radio  [PDF]
Jamal Raiyn
Wireless Engineering and Technology (WET) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/wet.2011.22012
Abstract: This paper describes a novel self-optimized approach for resource management based on the cognitive radio in the cellular networks. The cognitive radio techniques offer several features like autonomy, sensing and negotiation. The use of cognitive radio approach gives greater autonomy to the base stations in the cellular networks. This autonomy allows an increase in flexibility to deal with new situations in the traffic load. The negotiation strategy is used to avoid conflicts in the resource allocation. The goal of the cognitive radio scheme is to achieve a high degree of resource usage and a low rate of call blocking in the cellular systems.
Developing E-society Cognitive Platform Based on the Social Agent E-learning Goal Oriented  [PDF]
Jamal Raiyn
Advances in Internet of Things (AIT) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ait.2011.11001
Abstract: In this paper we introduce the e-society cognitive approach based on the social agent. The social Agent is e-learning oriented. The e-society cognitive platform may consider different fields like e-learning, e-health, e-commerce, e-medicine, and e-government. In this paper we will introduce the e-society platform. The e-society platform supports the educational and pedagogical aspects. The e-society is based on the agent technologies. The social agents offer impressive, meaningful and several features as autonomy, manage ne-gotiation, and make decision. The e-society cognitive platform consists of three main layers: social agents, beliefs, and tools for application layer. The goal of the e-society platform is to increase the perceiving of the transportation education in the school.
Spectrum Efficiency Improvement Based on the Cognitive Radio Management  [PDF]
Jamal Raiyn
Int'l J. of Communications, Network and System Sciences (IJCNS) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/ijcns.2010.33036
Abstract: Interference and delay are considered as the major reasons limiting the capacity and increasing the new call blocking probability in cellular system. In this paper we introduce a novel strategy based on cognitive radio. Cognitive radio is defined as a radio or system that senses its environment and can dynamically and autonomously change its transmitter parameters based on interaction with the environment in which it operates, such as maximize throughput and reduce interference. The goal of the use of cognitive radio is to improve the spectrum efficiency in cellular system. Spectrum management based on radio cognitive plays thereby an important role to increase the capacity of the radio systems and spectrum utilization, especially in the context of open spectrum.
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