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We conducted this study to analyze the quality of life using the SF-36 health questionnaire and the MSTS scores depending on surgical method and the primary site of occurrence. On the surgical method, the limb salvage had more excellent outcomes (60.9) than the amputation (46.3). The tumor prosthetic replacement had notably higher scores (62.5) than any other methods. For the correlation coefficients on the MSTS and SF-36, the Physical Function had the highest degree of correlation. Excellent functions of the extremities would lead to a good quality of life.
The mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)
cascade is the most important mechanism in environmental responses and
developmental processes in plants. The OsMAPK2 gene has been found to function in plant tolerance to
diverse biotic/abiotic stresses. This
paper presents evidence that OsMAPK2 (Oryza sativa MAP kinase gene 2) is responsive to Pi deficiency and involved in Pi homeostasis. We found that full-length expression of OsMAPK2 was up-regulated in both rice
plants and cell culture in the absence of inorganic phosphate (Pi).
The transgenic rice and Arabidopsis plants overexpressing OsMAPK2 showed affected root development
and increased plant Pi content compared with wild-type plants.
Overexpression of OsMAPK2
controlled the expression of several Pi starvation-responsive genes.
Our results indicated that OsMAPK2 enables tolerance phosphate deficiency and is involved in Pi homeostasis.
Purpose: Osteosarcoma of limbs shows excellent therapeutic results due to development of diagnostic and treatment methods. However, osteosarcoma of pelvic bone is known to have lower incidence than those of limbs and poorer prognosis. This study is performed to research the diagnosis, treatment, treatment outcomes, and complications of osteosarcoma of pelvic bone and propose standards for adequate treatment. Objective and Method: 16 cases that were diagnosed as osteosarcoma of pelvic bone from January 1988 to October 2010 in Kosin University Gospel Hospital were analyzed. Follow-up periods were at least 2 months up to 60 months. There were 6 cases of male and 10 cases of female, and mean age was 44.3 (14 ~ 74) years old. 5 cases were accompanied by pulmonary metastasis at the time of the diagnosis. Surgical treatment including preoperative and postoperative chemotherapy was performed in 9 cases, and only chemotherapy and radiation were performed in 1 case. Among 9 cases having undergone surgical treatment, 3 cases were performed with biological reconstruction using autogenous bone graft and total hip replacement together, 1 case was performed with extracorporeal irradiated recycled autogenous bone graft, 1 case was performed with reconstruction using tumor prosthesis, and 4 cases were performed with wide excision. Retrospective review was done about diagnostic procedures, treatment methods and results, and complications. Results: Mean period from the onset of symptoms to the time of the diagnosis was 6.3 (3 ~ 12) months, and the symptoms were 7 cases of hip pain, each 3 cases of lumbar pain and radiating pain to lower limbs, pelvic mass, each 2 cases of inguinal pain, and each 1 case of thigh pain, Among the 9 cases performed with preoperative and postoperative chemotherapy and surgical treatment, there were 6 cases of T-10 protocol, 2 cases of T-20 protocol, and 1 case of IA (Intraarterial) Cis protocol. In the 1 case that haven’t undergone surgical treatment, T-10 protocol was performed. 13 of the 16 cases were expired, with the mean time of 15 (2 ~ 47 months) from the time of the diagnosis to death. Complications were 4