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Preliminary Establishment of Cleft Palate Speech Articulation Scale of Uyghur Words

, Adilijiang·Saimaiti, Adili·Moming

- , 2016, DOI: 10.13701/j.cnki.kqyxyj.2016.09.010
Abstract: 摘要 目的:创建符合维吾尔语语音特点的语音清晰度词表,在此表基础上为维吾尔族腭裂术后语音障碍患者语音治疗奠定基础。方法:按照正常维吾尔语声学特征以及构词特征构建正常维吾尔语语音清晰度词表,由31名维吾尔语腭裂术后患者和正常人分别朗读或跟读正常语音清晰度词表,并同时录音,将内容录入电脑后,让2名审听者评分,计算清晰度;最终腭裂语音特征以及维吾尔语的特征相结合构建腭裂语音清晰度词表。结果:总结维吾尔语腭裂术后患者语音特征,首创维吾尔语腭裂语音清晰度测试词表。结论:维吾尔语腭裂语音清晰度测试词表为维吾尔语腭裂术后患者语音治疗奠定了理论基础,为语音病理学研究提供了必要的参考,开启了维吾尔语语音病理学的研究
Application of Materialise’s Interactive Medical Image Control System (Mimics) in the Mandibular Tumor Resection and Defect Reconstruction.

张永富, 居来提·吐尔逊, 买买提吐逊·吐尔地, 姚志涛, 阿迪力江·赛买提, 刘杨
ZHANG Yong-fu
, JULAITI Tuerxun, MAIMAITITUXUN Tuerdi, YAO Zhi-tao, ADILIJIANG Saimaiti, LIU Yang.

- , 2016, DOI: 10.13701/j.cnki.kqyxyj.2016.10.018
Abstract: 摘要 目的:探讨交互式医学图像控制系统(MIMICS)在下颌骨肿瘤切除,腓骨瓣修复重建下颌骨缺损的应用价值,为术前进行精确设计手术方案及达到术后良好的重建效果提供可靠依据。方法:选取2014年11月~2015年12月收治的下颌骨肿瘤需重建的10例患者。术前行上下颌骨及供区小腿螺旋CT扫描,将DICOM数据导入交互式医学图像控制系统(MIMICS),观察肿瘤确定安全范围、模拟肿瘤切除、镜像恢复患侧、腓骨瓣模拟重建、预测重建效果。术中按术前设计方案切除肿瘤、腓骨瓣制备塑形、钛板固定、腓骨瓣固定就位。结果:全部手术按术前模拟顺利完成,移植腓骨瓣术后全部成活。术后1、3、6、9、12 个月随访复查,行曲断或CT复查,结果示10例患者腓骨瓣位置良好,开口度2~3指,供区小腿腓骨创面愈合良好未见明显并发症。患者对术后面部外形及小腿功能的恢复均为满意。结论:在下颌骨肿瘤切除及缺损重建中利用CT影像资料,采用交互式医学图像控制系统(MIMICS)实现在计算机屏幕前制定手术方案,进行术前手术评估和术后重建效果预测,提高下颌骨肿瘤切除的准确性及腓骨重建颌骨的连续性和对称性
Eigenvalues of normalized Laplacian matrices of fractal trees and dendrimers: Analytical results and applications
Alafate Julaiti,Bin Wu,Zhongzhi Zhang
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1063/1.4807589
Abstract: The eigenvalues of the normalized Laplacian matrix of a network plays an important role in its structural and dynamical aspects associated with the network. In this paper, we study the spectra and their applications of normalized Laplacian matrices of a family of fractal trees and dendrimers modeled by Cayley trees, both of which are built in an iterative way. For the fractal trees, we apply the spectral decimation approach to determine analytically all the eigenvalues and their corresponding multiplicities, with the eigenvalues provided by a recursive relation governing the eigenvalues of networks at two successive generations. For Cayley trees, we show that all their eigenvalues can be obtained by computing the roots of several small-degree polynomials defined recursively. By using the relation between normalized Laplacian spectra and eigentime identity, we derive the explicit solution to the eigentime identity for random walks on the two treelike networks, the leading scalings of which follow quite different behaviors. In addition, we corroborate the obtained eigenvalues and their degeneracies through the link between them and the number of spanning trees.
Mean first-passage time for random walks in general graphs with a deep trap
Yuan Lin,Alafate Julaiti,Zhongzhi Zhang
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1063/1.4754735
Abstract: We provide an explicit formula for the global mean first-passage time (GMFPT) for random walks in a general graph with a perfect trap fixed at an arbitrary node, where GMFPT is the average of mean first-passage time to the trap over all starting nodes in the whole graph. The formula is expressed in terms of eigenvalues and eigenvectors of Laplacian matrix for the graph. We then use the formula to deduce a tight lower bound for the GMFPT in terms of only the numbers of nodes and edges, as well as the degree of the trap, which can be achieved in both complete graphs and star graphs. We show that for a large sparse graph the leading scaling for this lower bound is proportional to the system size and the reciprocal of the degree for the trap node. Particularly, we demonstrate that for a scale-free graph of size $N$ with a degree distribution $P(d)\sim d^{-\gamma}$ characterized by $\gamma$, when the trap is placed on a most connected node, the dominating scaling of the lower bound becomes $N^{1-1/\gamma}$, which can be reached in some scale-free graphs. Finally, we prove that the leading behavior of upper bounds for GMFPT on any graph is at most $N^{3}$ that can be reached in the bar-bell graphs. This work provides a comprehensive understanding of previous results about trapping in various special graphs with a trap located at a specific location.
Aortic ostia of the bronchial arteries and tracheal bifurcation: MDCT analysis
Julaiti Ziyawudong,Nobuyuki Kawai,Morio Sato,Akira Ikoma
World Journal of Radiology , 2012, DOI: 10.4329/wjr.v4.i29
Abstract: AIM: To explore the anatomical relationships between bronchial artery and tracheal bifurcation using computed tomography angiography (CTA). METHODS: One hundred consecutive patients (84 men, 16 women; aged 46-85 years) who underwent CTA using multi-detector row CT (MDCT) were investigated retrospectively. The distance between sites of bronchial artery ostia and tracheal bifurcation, and dividing directions were explored. The directions of division from the descending aorta were described as on a clock face. RESULTS: We identified ostia of 198 bronchial arteries: 95 right bronchial arteries, 67 left bronchial arteries, 36 common trunk arteries. Of these, 172 (87%) divided from the descending aorta, 25 (13%) from the aortic arch, and 1 (0.5%) from the left subclavian artery. The right, left, and common trunk bronchial arteries divided at -1 to 2 cm from tracheal bifurcation with frequencies of 77% (73/95), 82% (54/66), and 70% (25/36), respectively. The dividing direction of right bronchial arteries from the descending aorta was 9 to 10 o’clock with a frequency of 81% (64/79); that of left and common tract bronchial arteries was 11 to 1 o’clock with frequencies of 70% (43/62) and 77% (24/31), respectively. CONCLUSION: CTA using MDCT provides details of the relation between bronchial artery ostia and tracheal bifurcation.
Mean first-passage time for random walks on undirected networks
Zhongzhi Zhang,Alafate Julaiti,Baoyu Hou,Hongjuan Zhang,Guanrong Chen
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1140/epjb/e2011-20834-1
Abstract: In this paper, by using two different techniques we derive an explicit formula for the mean first-passage time (MFPT) between any pair of nodes on a general undirected network, which is expressed in terms of eigenvalues and eigenvectors of an associated matrix similar to the transition matrix. We then apply the formula to derive a lower bound for the MFPT to arrive at a given node with the starting point chosen from the stationary distribution over the set of nodes. We show that for a correlated scale-free network of size $N$ with a degree distribution $P(d)\sim d^{-\gamma}$, the scaling of the lower bound is $N^{1-1/\gamma}$. Also, we provide a simple derivation for an eigentime identity. Our work leads to a comprehensive understanding of recent results about random walks on complex networks, especially on scale-free networks.
Reversible Deposition and Dissolution of Magnesium from Imidazolium-Based Ionic Liquids
QingSong Zhao,Yanna NuLi,Tuerxun Nasiman,Jun Yang,JiuLin Wang
International Journal of Electrochemistry , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/701741
Abstract: The electrochemical performance of six imidazolium cation-based ionic liquids (ILs) containing 0.3?mol L?1 Mg(CF3SO3)2 as the electrolytes for magnesium deposition-dissolution was examined by cyclic voltammogramms and constant current discharge-charge techniques. Scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy measurements were conducted to characterize the morphologies and components of the deposits. The cathodic satiability of imidazolium cations can be improved by increasing the length of alkyls at the 1-position and introducing methyl group at the 2-position of the imidazolium cations. A reversible magnesium deposition-dissolution can be achieved at room temperature. After adding appreciate amount of tetrahydrofuran (THF) organic solvent, the conductivity and the peak currents for Mg deposition and dissolution can be significantly improved. The potential polarization of deposition-dissolution process is decreased using Mg powder electrode. 1. Introduction Increasing depletion of fossil resources, serious industrial pollution, and ecological destruction have cried for low-cost and high energy density rechargeable batteries for electric vehicles, load leveling, and storage of energy from renewable sources [1]. Due to higher theoretical capacity (2205?mAh/g), higher negative potential (about ?2?V versus standard hydrogen electrode in aprotic solutions), low cost, safe to handle and environmentally friendly nature, metallic magnesium is an attractive candidate for the active material of high energy density batteries [2–4]. But in many nonaqueous solutions, a reversible process of electrochemical deposition and dissolution of magnesium is hard to achieve because of the formation of compact passive film [5]. It is known that electrochemical Mg deposition is impossible from solutions containing simple ionic Mg salts (such as MgCl2, Mg(ClO4)2, etc.) in commonly used aprotic solvents (such as alkyl carbonates, esters, and acetonitrile) [6, 7]. However, magnesium can be reversibly deposited electrochemically in the systems without the passivating phenomena, such as ethereal solutions of Grignard reagents (RMgX, R = alkyl, aryl groups; X = halide: Cl, Br) [7–10], amidomagnesium halides [11, 12], Mg(BR2R′2)2 (R = alkyl and R′ = aryl group) [2, 11], Mg(AX4?n Rn′R′n′′)2 (A = Al, B; X = Cl, Br; R, R′ = alkyl or aryl groups, and n′ + n′′ = n) [13, 14], and PhMgCl-AlCl3 [15]. However, those electrolyte systems still suffer from the problems of safety and reliability due to the flammability and high vapor pressure of the ethereal solvents. As we
In vitro Assessment of Gossypol Induced Toxicity in Xinjiang Fine-Wool Sheep Leydig Cell
Tuerxun Paxia,Gao-Feng Wu,Xiao-Liang Pan,Zi-Rong Xu
Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/javaa.2012.4102.4107
Abstract: In this research, researchers assessed the gossypol induced toxicity on Xinjiang Fine-Wool sheep Leydig cell to get a better understand of the reproduction toxicity of gossypol on the male ruminant. The Leydig cells with high purity were separated successfully from a testicle of 3 months old Fine-Wool sheep through a method of Percoll Density Gradient Centrifugation. Cytotoxicity assays indicated mitochondrial is sensitive to gossypol induced toxicity. Hoechst staining and DNA-FCM with PI staining revealed gossypol mainly causes cell apoptosis of the Leydig cell. Cell cycle analysis by FCM indicated cell cycle arrest on G0/G1 phase. Leydig cell is the main site of testosterone biosynthesis and testosterone is the critical steroid hormone which determines the initiation and maintenance of spermatogenesis as well as expression of the male phenotype. Thus, cytotoxicity effects of gossypol on the Leydig cell revealed by this research indicated that the reduction of spermatogenesis induced by gossypol in male ruminant at least partially associated with the cytotoxicity effects of gossypol on the Leydig cell.
Expression and Significance of P53 and Ki67 in Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma and Relation to the Prognosis of Patients.

, Reziya·Aini, Muhetaer·Huojia.

- , 2016, DOI: 10.11839/kqyxzh.2016.01.022
Abstract: 摘要 目的:研究细胞周期相关蛋白P53和核蛋白抗原Ki67在口腔鳞癌组织中的表达及其与预后的相关性,寻找预后判断的有效生物标志物。方法:用免疫组织化学EnVision染色法的方法检测随访资料完整的132例口腔鳞癌患者术后石蜡切片中P53、Ki67蛋白的表达,研究口腔鳞癌组织中P53、Ki67与病理特征的相关性及口腔鳞癌预后的相关性。结果:132例口腔鳞癌标本蛋白检测和统计分析结果表明,P53和Ki-67蛋白在口腔鳞癌中的高表达与患者细胞分化程度,肿瘤T分期和肿瘤原发灶有关(P<0.05);P53蛋白的表达水平与口腔鳞癌术后生存率呈显著的相关性(P<0.05);Ki67蛋白的表达水平与口腔鳞癌术后生存时间并无显著的相关性。结论:口腔鳞癌患者癌组织标本的P53表达水平与预后呈正相关,P53有望成为口腔鳞癌预后判断的间接性生物标志物
Effect of cottonseed hull on growth performance and tissue residues of gossypol in fine-wool male sheep

TUERXUN Pa-xia,WEN Zheng-shun,PAN Xiao-liang,SHEN Si-jun,XU Zi-rong,

浙江大学学报(农业与生命科学版) , 2010,
Abstract: 选择3月龄断奶、平均体质量(19.22±1.20) kg的雄性细毛羊48只,随机分为3组,分别为对照组、试验一组、试验二组;对照组饲喂精料、青贮玉米、苜蓿和芦苇组成的基础日粮,试验一组饲喂由棉籽壳替代50%芦苇的日粮,试验二组饲喂由棉籽壳替代100%芦苇的日粮,进行为期8个月的饲养试验,并分别在5、7、9、11月龄时每组屠宰试验羊3只,共计36(3×3×4)只,按常规方法进行胴体分割,测定相关指标,研究棉籽壳对雄性细毛羊生长性能及组织中棉酚残留的影响.饲养试验表明,平均日增质量组间差异不显著(P>0.05);屠宰试验揭示,屠宰率和净肉率组间差异不显著(P>0.05),胴体质量和净肉质量随日龄增长有增加趋势,在11月龄时达到显著水平,即试验一组的胴体质量和净肉质量分别比对照组提高了13.4%(P<0.05)和13.6%(P<0.05),试验二组的胴体质量和净肉质量分别比对照组提高24.2%(P<0.05)和24.4%(P<0.05);体组织棉酚残留量显示,随着棉籽壳量的增加及时间的延长,试验羊组织中棉酚残留量均呈上升趋势,棉酚在体内的蓄积分布具有不同的组织亲和性,其残留量由高到低依次为:睾丸>肝脏>肾脏>脾脏>背长肌>臀肌.上述结果提示:一定比例的棉籽壳可安全有效地作为雄性细毛羊的饲料;睾丸棉酚含量可作为棉酚中毒状况的监测指标.
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