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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 287 matches for " JK Krugu "
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Knowledge, attitude and practices study on reproductive health among secondary school students in Bolgatanga, Upper East Region, Ghana
S Rondini, JK Krugu
African Journal of Reproductive Health , 2009,
Abstract: This study was conducted within the secondary school student population of the Bolgatanga community, in Northern Ghana, to learn about knowledge, attitude and practices of reproductive health of this adolescent student population. Both quantitative and qualitative data were collected on adolescence perception, STIs and HIV/AIDS, family planning, male-female relationship, and vulnerability to sexual violence. The data collected show a concerning low familiarity of the student population with family planning methods and HIV/AIDS transmission, which, combined with minimal contraceptive use, pose them at high risk for unwanted pregnancies and sexual infections transmission. We argue that poor infrastructures and low accessibility of these rural areas in Northern Ghana may have led to uneven distribution of reproductive health educational programs in the country, urging more programs and interventions aimed particularly at these high risk groups (Afr J Reprod Health 2009; 13[4]:51-66).
Additive genetic, heterosis and maternal effects on production traits in a crossing experiment between Dutch Friesian and Holstein Friesian cattle
JK Oldenbroek
Genetics Selection Evolution , 1980, DOI: 10.1186/1297-9686-12-1-116c
Abstract:
Influence of Maternal Health Literacy on Healthy Pregnancy and Pregnancy Outcomes of Women Attending Public Hospitals in Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria
JK Mojoyinola
African Research Review , 2011,
Abstract: The present study investigated the influence of maternal health literacy on healthy pregnancy and pregnancy outcomes. It was carried out among 231 pregnant women and nursing mothers using the descriptive survey research design of the expost-facto type. Three hypotheses were tested by using pearson product moment correlation. The study established that there were significant relationships between maternal health literacy and antenatal care (r = .445, df = 229, p<.05) and healthy pregnancy (r = .367, df = 229, P<.65). However, it established that there was no significant relationship between maternal health literacy and pregnancy outcomes (r = .006, df = 229, P> .05). Based on the above findings it was recommended that, the health care-givers should encourage the pregnant women and nursing mothers to enroll in adult education programmes to improve their level of literacy, and become better educated on what to do when they perceive danger signs during pregnancy.
External Degree Programme Graduates’ Perception of Students’ Support Services in the Faculty of External Studies, University of Nairobi
JK Kiumi
African Research Review , 2009,
Abstract: The first locally organized external Bachelor of Education (BEd) degree programme in Kenya was started in 1986 in the Faculty of External Studies (FES) of the University of Nairobi. Five components of students’ support services were incorporated in to the programme so as to enhance the teaching- learning process. These were: continuous assessment tests, face-toface tutorials, provision of study materials to the learners, guidance and counselling services and library facilities in the Regional Study Centres. However, students’ performance in the first semester exams was dismal in some subjects which seemed to suggest that the support services had not achieved their intended objectives. This study was, therefore carried out to determine the way the first graduates of the BEd programme perceived the effectiveness of the support services and whether these perceptions were influenced by marital status and the subjects the students had studied in the BEd course. Using a mailed questionnaire, data were collected from 170 graduates who were selected from a total population of 200 graduates through simple and systematic random sampling techniques. Data were analysed through, frequency counts, percentages, t-test and ANOVA. The key findings revealed that marital status and the subjects studied were not significant determinants of graduates’ perception of the effectiveness of the support services. However, on the whole, face-to-face tutorials were rated more favourably by married graduates and those who had studied either mathematics or combinations in which one of the subjects was mathematics Similarly, library facilities were rated more favourably by linguistic graduates compared to their non-linguistic counterparts. However, humanities graduates rated learning materials less favourably compared to their non-humanities counterparts. These findings may give insight to the FES and other distance teaching institutions with a similar support system into those aspects of students’ support services to improve on in order for students to achieve the desired learning outcomes, irrespective of their marital status and subjects they have registered for.
Social Support and Recovery from Bereavement: A Study among Bereaved Persons in Oyo and Oke-Ogun Areas of Oyo State, Nigeria
JK Mojoyinola
African Research Review , 2010,
Abstract: Bereavement engenders different reactions. Some individuals are able toreturn to normal fairly soon, while, others struggle for a long time. During this period of struggle, the bereaved persons need the presence of supporting relationships which will help them to cope successfully with bereavement crisis and recover quickly from it. The study, therefore, investigated how social support helps in reducing symptoms of emotional feelings associated with bereavement and how it enhances recovery from bereavement. The study was carried out among 250 bereaved persons using the descriptive survey research design of the expost-facto type. The instruments used for the study are Social Support Assessment Questionnaire, Emotional Feelings Assessment Questionnaire, and Recovery Assessment Questionnaire. Two hypotheses were tested in the study, using analysis of variance. The study established that social support had a significant impact on symptoms of emotional feelings associated with bereavement (F = 9.82, df = 1/198, P < .05), and also had a significant impact on recovery from bereavement (F = 5.94, df = 1/198, P <.05). Based on the above findings it was recommended that, the bereaved persons should ask for help, get the loss off their chest,and engage in some activities that can divert their mind from their loss.
The African Public Space of Dangarembga’s Neria: A Site forAutochthonous Feminist Agency
JK Kapasula
Africa Development , 2010,
Abstract: The public space is a place where anybody has a right to occupy without being excluded for economic or social reasons. This paper is an attempt to illustrate the ‘westocentricity’ and inapplicability of the term ‘public space’ to the African context. This term is steeped in the discourse of capital, one that profits from proliferating labels like ‘public’, ‘free’, ‘open’, masquerading in appearances that gloss over the hegemonic forces like global patriarchy, capitalism and neo-colonialism that largely govern twenty-first century Africa. An interrogation of the spaces that can be called the ‘commons’ in Dangarembga’s Neria (1986) and Nervous Conditions (1988), (Zimbabwe) and Sene Absa’s Madame Brouette (2002) (Senegal), shows that such spaces are fraught with social constraints that discriminate against access at class and gender levels, just to mention a few. I will illustrate how language constrains poor and illiterate Africans, especially women, from accessing places such as the river, and legal and entertainment public spaces in the literary works outlined above. It is important for scholarship on Africa to emphasize that ‘The African public space’ is an oxymoron, a fallacy that does not exist. There is no space that can legitimately be called ‘public’ in Africa, especially for rural, poor, uneducated, non-Christian/Muslim women.
Obstetric Hysterectomy in Rural Democratic Republic of the Congo: An Analysis of 40 Cases at Katwa Hospital
JK Mathe
African Journal of Reproductive Health , 2008,
Abstract: The objective of this study was to determine the incidence, indication, and outcome of obstetric hysterectomy at an Eastern DRC rural hospital. This was a seven year retrospective study. The incidence was 0.28%. Mean age and parity of patients was 35.8 and 7 respectively. Trend to have Obstetric Hysterectomy increased with an age of = 35 years and parity of = 5. The main indications were Post-Partum Hemorrhage (PPH) (40%) and Ruptured Uterus (27.5%). Maternal mortality was 5% compared to 0.18% for Caesarean practiced at the same study period; and perinatal mortality 35.5%. Most indications could be avoided by improvement of Obstetric care.
Religious Factors in the Nigerian Public Sphere: Burdens and Prospects
JK Ayantayo
Africa Development , 2009,
Abstract: The main thrust of this paper is that religious factors in the Nigerian public sphere have not received much scholarly attention. This is the gap the paper fills as it highlights religious factors in the Nigerian public sphere, which are exemplified in the spiritualisation of politics and election, the interpretation of political manifestoes, voting patterns, the choice of candidates and party leadership, oath swearing into office; the design and execution of political policy, to mention but a few. Attention is also paid to the implications of the above variables for the promotion of political ethics and ideologies. Data obtained from interviews with randomly selected political functionaries along with political historical documents were analysed and discussed within the ambit of functional theory of religion. Having examined the burdens and prospects inherent in the discourse, the paper recommends ways of making religion a continuous veritable tool for promoting good governance in Nigeria. Résumé Cette étude vise essentiellement à démontrer que les facteurs religieux dans la sphère publique nigériane ont peu intéressé les intellectuels. Elle se propose donc à combler ce vide, en mettant en relief les facteurs religieux dans la sphère publique du Nigeria, à en juger par la spiritualisation de la politique et des élections, l’interprétation des manifestes des partis politiques, les modes de scrutin, le choix des candidats et des dirigeants du parti, les cérémonies d’investiture, la conception et la mise en oeuvre des mesures de politique, parmi d’autres exemples. Les implications de ces variables pour la promotion de l’éthique et des idéologies politiques ont été également abordées. Les données obtenues à partir d’interviews menées avec des personnalités politiques sélectionnées au hasard aussi bien que des documents historiques politiques ont été analysés et débattus dans le cadre de la théorie fonctionnelle de la religion. Après examen des fardeaux et perspectives inhérents aux discours, l’étude fait des recommandations sur les voies et moyens de transformer la religion en un véritable outil permanent de promotion de la bonne gouvernance au Nigeria.
Editorial Sexual behaviour
JK Tumwine
African Health Sciences , 2003,
Abstract: (African Health Sciences: 2003 3(3): 106-107)
Editorial It's now official: we are on MEDLINE and Index Medicus
JK Tumwine
African Health Sciences , 2003,
Abstract: (African Health Sciences: 2003: 3(1): 1-2)
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