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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 297346 matches for " Jürgen "
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Operator Splitting Method for Coupled Problems:Transport and Maxwell Equations  [PDF]
Jürgen Geiser
American Journal of Computational Mathematics (AJCM) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ajcm.2011.13019
Abstract: In this article a new approach is considered for implementing operator splitting methods for transport problems, influenced by electric fields. Our motivation came to model PE-CVD (plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition) processes, means the flow of species to a gas-phase, which are influenced by an electric field. Such a field we can model by wave equations. The main contributions are to improve the standard discretization schemes of each part of the coupling equation. So we discuss an improvement with implicit Runge- Kutta methods instead of the Yee’s algorithm. Further we balance the solver method between the Maxwell and Transport equation.
Development of a computer vision system to monitor pig locomotion  [PDF]
Jrgen Kongsro
Open Journal of Animal Sciences (OJAS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojas.2013.33038
Abstract: Avoiding lameness or leg weakness in pig production is crucial to reduce cost, improve animal welfare and meat quality. Detection of lameness detection by the use of vision systems may assist the farmer or breeder to obtain a more accurate and robust measurement of lameness. The paper presents a low-cost vision system for measuring the locomotion of moving pigs based on motion detection, frame-grabbing and multivariate image analysis. The first step is to set up a video system based on web camera technology and choose a test area. Secondly, a motion detection and data storage system are used to build a processing system of video data. The video data are analyzed measuring the properties of each image, stacking them for each animal and then analyze these stacks using multivariate image analysis. The system was able to obtain and decompose information from these stacks, where components could be extracted, representing a particular motion pattern. These components could be used to classify or score animals according to this pattern, which might be an indicator of lameness. However, further improvement is needed with respect to standardization of herding, test area and tracking of animals in order to have a robust system to be used in a farm environment.
Treatment of chronic vulvovaginal candidiasis with posaconazole and ciclopiroxolamine  [PDF]
Hans-Jürgen Tietz
Health (Health) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/health.2010.26077
Abstract: Therapy of chronic recurrent vulvovaginal can- didiasis (VVC) caused by Candida glabrata is still rare in comparison to C. albicans infection, but therapy remains more difficult. Combination therapy with topical antifungals may improve therapy outcome, but still standard agents as fluconazole or itraconazole often fail. Posaconazole is a new systemic triazole with a wide antifungal spectrum including rare Candida species. Up to now, no clinical trials with posa- conazole in chronic recurrent VVC have been undertaken. Here, first results of the application of a new therapy regimen consisting of oral posaconazole in combination with topical ciclopiroxolamine are presented. 15 patients with chronic recurrent VVC caused by C. glabrata have been treated. 14 of these patients experienced successful therapy, clinical and mycological cure 30 days after begin of therapy has been observed. Long-term results are promising, as in 4 patients clinical and mycologic cure persists for more than 1 year up to now.
Periodic Signals of the Milky Way Concealed in Terrestrial Sedimentary Basin Fills and in Planetary Magmatism?  [PDF]
Heinz-Jürgen Brink
International Journal of Geosciences (IJG) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2015.68067
Abstract: Long periodic geodynamic processes with durations between 150 and 600 Million years appear to be in phase with similar galactic cycles, caused by the path of the solar system through the spiral arms of the Milky Way. This path is assumed by some authors to cause climate change due to cosmic ray fluctuations, affecting the cloud formation and the related albedo of the Earth, which periodically lead to glaciations every 150 Ma. With the glaciations, the sea level fluctuates accordingly. Subsequently, the varying sizes of shallow seas are causing periodic changes of the Moon’stidal dissipation, which affects presumably other geodynamic processes on the Earth. The Moonmay therefore synchronize directly or indirectly long periodic Phanerozoic cycles (sea level, orogeny, magmatism, sedimentation, etc.) with the Milky Way. As sea level fluctuations, orogeny, sedimentation and magmatism can be described as members of a geodynamic feedback system; no apparent reasons appear to be required to assign a cause of the cyclicity to agents outside of thegalactic-climatically synchronized Earth-Moon system. However, recent observations of youngvolcanism on the near Earth terrestrial planets may require a new understanding. Magmatic/volcanic episodes on Venus, Mars and Mercury as well as on the Earth’s Moon are apparently contemporaneous thermal events accompanying increased magmatic/volcanic activities on theEarth,following a 300 myr cycle. Therefore, a collateral galactic thermal source within the Milky Way
Magnesium intervention and blood pressure—A study on risk groups  [PDF]
Ragnar Rylander, Tommi Tallheden, Jürgen Vormann
Open Journal of Preventive Medicine (OJPM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2012.21004
Abstract: Hypothesis: Although mineral deficiency in particular magnesium is a known risk factor for cardiovascular disease intervention experiments with magnesium show only modest results. Previously published data suggest that there may be particular risk groups in the population. The study was undertaken to investigate if such risk groups could be identified. Experimental design: Subjects (n = 31) were 50 - 79 years old with no disease. The 24 hour urinary excretion of urea (proxy for acidity), magnesium, calcium, and potassium was measured at two week intervals, with and without intervention with mineral water. Intervention with mineral water comprised 75 mL daily, supplying 3.1 mmol Mg, 2.3 Ca, and 0.02 K. Major results: There was a significant relation between acidity and excretion of magnesium, calcium, and potassium, both at one occasion and regarding changes over time. Among subjects with a high secretion of urea there was an inverse relation between the excretion of magnesium and systolic blood pressure. After intervention with mineral water, there was a strong tendency to a decrease in the systolic blood pressure among those with an initial high excretion of urea and a low excretion of magnesium. Conclusions: The results demonstrate the importance of acid-base conditions for mineral homeostasis and suggest the presence of risk groups in the population, related either to a low intake or to a disorder in the reabsorbtion mechanisms. Mineral water decreased the systolic blood pressure in that particular risk group.
Small and Mid-Size Pump-Turbines with Variable Speed  [PDF]
Jürgen Krenn, Helmut Keck, Manfred Sallaberger
Energy and Power Engineering (EPE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/epe.2013.52A007

The stability of the grid is jeopardized with the large percentage of non-dispatchable renewables like wind power and also with increasing solar power. This creates various problems because these forms of energy are very volatile and difficult to predict. In most countries the in-feed of these sources must not be curtailed. In addition most of the renewables do not provide short circuit capacity and inertia in the same way as classical units and so further worsen the stability of the grid. The growing exploitation of wind and solar might be limited due to grid stability problems. In order to compensate those problems a large amount of reserve capacity is needed and therefore new technologies for electricity storage are required. Hydraulic pumped storage—the classical storage technology—has some disadvantages. These plants are in mountain regions often far away from wind farms. The distance to the wind farms mean additional loading for the already stressed grid and additional transmission losses. To compensate the very volatile wind energy, the pump input power should be varied continuously. This is so far only possible with variable speed units. Up to now double-fed asynchronous motor-generators are used which are rather expensive. In order to provide a solution for the described situation, ANDRITZ HYDRO has developed a new innovative concept of decentralized pump storage plants. Small standardized pump turbines are combined with a synchronous motor-generator and a full size converter which allows speed variation in pump and turbine mode over a wide range. These plants can be built locally close to wind farms and other sources to be balanced, allowing the increase of renewable energy without increasing the transmission line capacity. For the future smart grids this will be a key storage technology. This concept is reliable, innovative and more economic than other storage technologies.

In vivo prediction of intramuscular fat in pigs using computed tomography  [PDF]
Jrgen Kongsro, Eli Gjerlaug-Enger
Open Journal of Animal Sciences (OJAS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojas.2013.34048

One hundred and four pure-bred Norwegian Duroc boars were CT (computed tomography) scanned to predict the in vivo intramuscular fat percentage in the loin. The animals were slaughtered and the loin was cut commercially. A muscle sample of the m. Longissimus dorsi was sampled and analyzed by the use of near-infrared spectroscopy. Data from CT images were collected using an in-house MATLAB script. Calibration models were made using PLS (partial least square) regression, containing independent data from CT images and dependent data from near-infrared spectroscopy. The data set used for calibration was a subset of 72 animals. The calibration models were validated using a subset of 32 animals. Scaling of independent data and filtering using median filtering were tested to improve predictions. The results showed that CT is not a feasible method for in vivo prediction of intramuscular content in swine.

Indigenous knowledge of seasonal weather forecasting: A case study in six regions of Uganda  [PDF]
Joshua S. Okonya, Jürgen Kroschel
Agricultural Sciences (AS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/as.2013.412086

Indigenous knowledge of seasonal weather forecasting could be useful in decision making at village level to best exploit the seasonal distribution of rainfall in order to increase or stabilize crop yields. We examined existing indigenous knowledge by interviewing 192 households in six regions of Uganda. Twenty one distinctive indicators were mentioned by local communities for forecasting the start of the dry season, but only few of these indicators were more consistently and frequently used in the different districts. These included the appearance of bush crickets (Ruspolia baileyi Otte), winds blowing from the east to the west, the appearance and movement of migratory birds such as cattle egrets (Bubulcus ibis Linnaeus), and calling by the Bateleur eagle (Terathopius ecaudatus Lesson). For prediction of the start of the rainy season, 22 indicators were mentioned and these included winds blowing from the west to the east, cuckoo birds (Cuculiformes: Cuculidae) start to call, and winged African termite (Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki

Local infusion of low, but not high, doses of alcohol into the anterior ventral tegmental area causes release of accumbal dopamine  [PDF]
Elisabet Jerlhag, Jrgen A. Engel
Open Journal of Psychiatry (OJPsych) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojpsych.2014.41008

The mesolimbic dopamine system consisting of dopaminergic neurons projecting from the ventral tegmental area (VTA) to the nucleus accumbens (N.Acc.) mediates the reinforcing effects of addictive drugs including alcohol. Given that VTA is a heterogeneous area and that alcohol, in rather low doses, interacts directly with ligand-gated ion channels, we hypothesised that low, rather than high, doses of alcohol into the VTA activate the mesolimbic dopamine system and that alcohol may have different effects in the anterior and posterior parts of the VTA. The present study was undertaken to investigate this hypothesis. The present series of experiment show that infusion of a low dose of alcohol (20 mM) into the anterior, but not posterior, part of the VTA increases accumbal dopamine release in rats. In addition, higher doses of alcohol (100 or 300 mM) into the anterior or posterior part of the VTA do not affect the release of dopamine in the N.Acc., suggesting that low doses of alcohol can activate the mesolimbic dopamine system via mechanisms in the VTA. These data contribute to understanding the neuronal mechanisms underlying the dependence-producing properties of alcohol and could tentatively contribute to that new treatment strategies for alcohol use disorder can be developed.

Spatial Competition between Health Care Providers: Effects of Standardization  [PDF]
Bj?rn A. Kuchinke, Jürgen Zerth
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2015.53043
Abstract: In the international health care literature the impacts of competition in health care markets are discussed widely. But aspects of standardization in regional health care markets with no price competition received comparatively little attention. We use a typical Hotelling framework to analyze a regional health care market with two health care providers competing in (vertical) quality after the scope of medical treatment has been set (horizontal quality). We conclude that in the basic model both health care providers will use vertical quality to separate from each other. In the next step we introduce a standard in vertical quality of which one health care providerthe standard profiteer—could better cope with. In the standardization case a more homogeneous supply can be expected and there is a higher possibility that the standard follower has to leave the regional health care market. Therefore standardization of health care quality could strengthen monopolistic tendencies.
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