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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 137498 matches for " Ivan V.;Blobel "
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"Cara inchada" of cattle, an infectious, apparently soil antibiotics-dependant periodontitis in Brazil
D?bereiner, Jürgen;Dutra, Iveraldo S.;Rosa, Ivan V.;Blobel, Hans;
Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-736X2000000200001
Abstract: the objective of this review on the investigation of "cara inchada" in cattle (ci), pursued over the last 30 years, was to elucidate the pathogenicity of the disease and come to proper conclusions on its etiology. ci has been widely considered to be of nutritional origin, caused primarily by mineral deficiency or imbalance. however, the disease consists of a rapidly progressive periodontitis, affecting the periodontal tissues at the level of the premolars and molars during the period of tooth eruption generally starting in young calves. the disease led to great economic losses for farmers in central-western brazil, after the occupation of new land for cattle raising in the 1960s and 1970s. the lateral enlargement of the maxillary bones of affected calves gave the disease the popular name of "cara inchada", i.e., swollen or enlarged face. the enlargement was found to be due to a chronic ossifying periostitis resulting from the purulent alveolitis of ci. black-pigmented non-saccharolytic bacteroides melaninogenicus, always together with actinomyces (corynebacterium) pyogenes, were isolated in large numbers from the periodontal lesions. b. melaninogenicus could be isolated in small numbers also from the marginal gingiva of a few healthy calves maintained on ci-free farms. "in vitro"-assays showed that streptomycin and actinomycin, as well as the supernatants of cultivates of actinomycetes from soils of ci-prone farms, applied in subinhibitory concentrations to the bacteria tested, enhanced significantly (up to 10 times) the adherence of the black-pigmented b.melaninogenicus to epithelial cells of the bovine gingiva. the antibiotics are apparently produced in large quantities by the increased number of soil actinomycetes, including the genus streptomyces, that develop when soil microflora are modified by cultivating virgin forest or "cerrado" (tree-savanna) for the first time for cattle grazing. the epidemiology of ci now provides strong evidence that the ingestion with
"Cara inchada" of cattle, an infectious, apparently soil antibiotics-dependant periodontitis in Brazil
D?bereiner Jürgen,Dutra Iveraldo S.,Rosa Ivan V.,Blobel Hans
Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira , 2000,
Abstract: The objective of this review on the investigation of "cara inchada" in cattle (CI), pursued over the last 30 years, was to elucidate the pathogenicity of the disease and come to proper conclusions on its etiology. CI has been widely considered to be of nutritional origin, caused primarily by mineral deficiency or imbalance. However, the disease consists of a rapidly progressive periodontitis, affecting the periodontal tissues at the level of the premolars and molars during the period of tooth eruption generally starting in young calves. The disease led to great economic losses for farmers in central-western Brazil, after the occupation of new land for cattle raising in the 1960s and 1970s. The lateral enlargement of the maxillary bones of affected calves gave the disease the popular name of "cara inchada", i.e., swollen or enlarged face. The enlargement was found to be due to a chronic ossifying periostitis resulting from the purulent alveolitis of CI. Black-pigmented non-saccharolytic Bacteroides melaninogenicus, always together with Actinomyces (Corynebacterium) pyogenes, were isolated in large numbers from the periodontal lesions. B. melaninogenicus could be isolated in small numbers also from the marginal gingiva of a few healthy calves maintained on CI-free farms. "In vitro"-assays showed that streptomycin and actinomycin, as well as the supernatants of cultivates of actinomycetes from soils of CI-prone farms, applied in subinhibitory concentrations to the bacteria tested, enhanced significantly (up to 10 times) the adherence of the black-pigmented B.melaninogenicus to epithelial cells of the bovine gingiva. The antibiotics are apparently produced in large quantities by the increased number of soil actinomycetes, including the genus Streptomyces, that develop when soil microflora are modified by cultivating virgin forest or "Cerrado" (tree-savanna) for the first time for cattle grazing. The epidemiology of CI now provides strong evidence that the ingestion with the forage of such antibiotics could possibly be an important determinant factor for the onset and development of this infectious periodontitis. The antibiotic enhanced adherence of B.melaninogenicus to the sulcus-epithelium of the marginal gingiva, is thought to allow it to colonize, form a plaque and become pathogenic. There is experimental evidence that this determinant factor for the development of the periodontitis is present also in the milk of the mothers of CI-diseased calves. It has been shown that the bacteria isolated from the periodontal CI-lesions produce enzymes and endotoxins c
An Unfolding Method for High Energy Physics Experiments
Volker Blobel
Physics , 2002,
Abstract: Finite detector resolution and limited acceptance require to apply unfolding methods in high energy physics experiments. Information on the detector resolution is usually given by a set of Monte Carlo events. Based on the experience with a widely used unfolding program (RUN) a modified method has been developed. The first step of the method is a maximum likelihood fit of the Monte Carlo distributions to the measured distribution in one, two or three dimensions; the finite statistic of the Monte Carlo events is taken into account by the use of Barlows method with a new method of solution. A clustering method is used before to combine bins in sparsely populated areas. In the second step a regularization is applied to the solution, which introduces only a small bias. The regularization parameter is determined from the data after a diagonalization and rotation procedure.
Dyscirculatory Angiopathy of Alzheimer's Type  [PDF]
Ivan V. Maksimovich
Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science (JBBS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jbbs.2011.12008
Abstract: Purpose: We assess the significance of dyscirculatory angiopathy of Alzheimer’s type (DAAT) in identify- ing the predisposition to the development and diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) different stages. Meth- ods: 108 patients took part in the research:1) 49 aged 34-79 suffering from AD or running an increased risk of its development (those not diagnosed with AD but having growing memory disorders without any mani- festations of dementia or specific cognitive impairments, and having 2 or more immediate relatives with AD) - Test Group; 2) 59 aged 28-78 suffering from different types of brain lesions accompanied by dementia but not suffering from AD or corresponding to their age norm - Control Group. All the patients underwent MRI, CT with subsequent calculation of the temporal lobes atrophy degree, brain scintigraphy (SG), rheoencepha- lography (REG), and MUGA. Results: Characteristic features of patients with an increased risk of AD as well as at its various stages are: 1) Temporal lobes and hippocampus atrophy ranging from 4% among those with an increased risk of AD to 62% among those at its advanced stages; 2) DAAT manifestations: reduction of the capillary bed in the temporal and frontoparietal regions with the development of multiple arterioven- ous shunts of the same localization and correspondent early venous discharge accompanied by venous stasis on the border of the frontal and parietal region; 3) DAAT phenomena equally develop both among those with an increased risk of developing AD and those at various AD stages. Similar changes are not observed among Control Group patients with other brain lesions, regardless of the severity of dementia, as well as among practically healthy people of the corresponding age group. Conclusion: Timely identification of the above- mentioned changes can reveal a predisposition to AD development long before its initial manifestations, and it allows differentiating AD from other diseases attended by dementia. In both cases, timely diagnosis allows beginning timely treatment and thus achieving more stable results.
Endovascular Application of Low-Energy Laser in the Treatment of Dyscirculatory Angiopathy of Alzheimer’s Type  [PDF]
Ivan V. Maksimovich
Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science (JBBS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/jbbs.2012.21008
Abstract: Purpose: We propose an analysis of dyscirculatory angiopathy of Alzheimer’s type (DAAT) endovascular treatment method based on transcatheter revascularization and recovery of collateral and microvascular bed of the brain by means of low-energy transluminal laser irradiation as well as its comparison with traditional Alzheimer’s disease (AD) treatment methods. Methods: The research involved 81 patients aged 34 - 79 (average age 67). 46 (46.8%) patients were treated using endovascular method—Test Group. 35 (43.2%) patients were given conventional treatment—Control Group. Patients were subdivided: Group (CDR-0): 9 (11.1%), pre-clinical stage or increased AD risk; Group (CDR-1): 24 (29.6%), mild dementia and cognitive impairment; Group (CDR-2): 31 (38.3%), moderate dementia and persistent cognitive impairment; Group (CDR-3): 17 (21.0%), severe dementia and cognitive impairment. Research plan included CT or MRI with subsequent temporal lobes volume calculation, brain scintigraphy (SG), rheoencephalography (REG), and cerebral MUGA. There were indications and contraindications for treatment in Test Group. In Group CDR-0, endovascular intervention was prophylactic, against the background of increasing memory impairment; in Groups CDR-1, CDR-2, CDR-3, it was conducted in 1 to 12 years period from AD symptoms appear-ance. Conservative treatment with Memantin and Rivastigmine was carried out in Control Group. Results: In Test Group, positive outcome accompanied by prolonged dementia decline, cognitive impairment decrease, and patients’ transition to CDR group of an earlier stage, was obtained in all cases. In Control Group, patients’ temporary stabilization in their own CDR group was achieved. Conclusions: Endovascular treatment of patients with AD different stages can not only reduce DAAT phenomena but can also cause AD regression possibly accompanied by regenerative processes in the cerebral tissue. Conservative treatment only allows stabilizing the patient’s condition for a while.
The tomography dementia rating scale (TDR)—The rating scale of Alzheimer’s disease stages  [PDF]
Ivan V. Maksimovich
Health (Health) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/health.2012.429111
Abstract: The purpose of this research is to develop a morphologically determined scale—the Tomography Dementia Rating scale (TDR) to diagnose AD stages, based on the measurement of the severity of voluminal atrophic changes of the temporal lobes of the brain detected among patients during CT and MRI at various stages of the disease. The research included 140 patients aged 28 - 79. Test Group comprised 81 patients aged 34 - 79 suffering from various AD stages. Control Group consisted of 59 patients aged 28 - 78 who had various types of brain lesions with manifestations of dementia and cognitive impairment but who did not suffer from AD. CT and MRI data obtained has made it possible to create a scale that allows determining the severity of atrophic changes in the temporal lobes at each stage of AD development: 1) Pre-clinical AD stage—TDR-0: temporal lobes atrophy with a 4% - 8% decrease in tissue mass (corresponds to 26 - 28 MMSE points); 2) Early AD Stage—mild dementia—TDR-1: temporal lobes atrophy with a 9% - 18% decrease in tissue mass (corresponds to CDR-1 and to 20 - 25 MMSE points); 3) Middle AD stage—moderate dementia—TDR-2: temporal lobes atrophy with a 19% - 32% decrease in tissue mass (corresponds to CDR-2 and to 12 - 19 MMSE points); 4) Late AD stage—heavy dementia—TDR-3: temporal lobes atrophy with a 33% - 62% decrease in tissue mass (corresponds to CDR-3 and to 7 - 11 MMSE points). Thereby, the developed Tomography Dementia Rating scale (TDR) complements the Clinical Dementia Rating scale (CDR) and allows a correct and objective determination of AD stages as well as an easy differentiation of existing lesions with neurodegenerative changes characteristic for other diseases accompanied by dementia and cognitive impairment.
Vascular factors in Alzheimer’s disease  [PDF]
Ivan V. Maksimovich
Health (Health) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/health.2012.429114
Abstract: The vascular factor in Alzheimer’s disease (AD), affecting its development and progression, is one of the most urgent problems of modern neuroangiology. The research investigates the characteristics of cerebral angioarchitectonics identified at different stages of AD. The research included 106 patients: 1) The Test Group—47 patients suffering from various stages of AD; 2) The Control Group—59 patients suffering from the most common lesions of the brain accompanied by neurodegenerative changes, the development of dementia and cognitive impairment, but not having AD. All the patients underwent: the testing of cognitive functions (MMSE), the determination of severity of dementia (CDR) and AD stages (TDR), computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), scintigraphy of the brain (SG), rheoencephalography (REG), and cerebral multigated angiography (MUGA). Patients with AD different stages showed the following changes in angioarchitectonics and microcirculation: Absence of pronounced atherosclerotic lesions of intracranial vessels, reduction of the capillary bed in the temporal and temporo-parietal regions, development of multiple arteriovenous shunts in the same areas, early venous discharge, abnormal expansion of venous trunks that receive blood from arteriovenous shunts, venous congestion at the border of the frontal and parietal region, increased looping of intracranial arteries. Control Group patients had no combination of the abovementioned changes. These vascular changes are specific for AD and are in fact the vascular factor of this disease; they may also be called dyscirculatory angiopathy of Alzheimer’s type (DAAT). Patients suffering from other diseases that are accompanied by neurodegenerative changes in the brain, dementia and cognitive impairment do not have them.
Transcatheter treatment of atherosclerotic lesions of the brain complicated by vascular dementia development  [PDF]
Ivan V. Maksimovich
World Journal of Neuroscience (WJNS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/wjns.2012.24031
Abstract: The research focuses on the effectiveness of transluminal laser revascularization of the brain in the treatment of atherosclerotic lesions accompanied by vascular dementia development. 1125 patients aged from 29 to 81 (average age 75) suffering from various kinds of atherosclerotic lesions of cerebral vessels were examined during the research. The examination plan included: computed tomography of the brain (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), scintigraphy of the brain (SG), rheoencephalography (REG), cerebral multi-gated angiography (MUGA). 665 (59.11%) patients suffered from diseases accompanied by the development of vascular dementia. To perform transcatheter treatment, 639 patients were selected: Group 1 (CDR-1)—352 patients, Group 2 (CDR-2)—184 patients, Group 3 (CDR-3)—103 patients. To conduct revascularization of main intracranial arteries high-energy laser systems were used; for revascularization of the distal intracranial branches low-energy laser systems were used. The clinical outcome depended on the severity of dementia and the timing of the intervention. A good clinical outcome in Group 1 was obtained in 281 (79.82%) cases, in Group 2 in 81 (44.02%) cases, in Group 3 in 9 (8.73%) cases. A satisfactory clinical outcome in Group 1 was obtained in 53 (15.34%) cases, in Group 2 in 62 (33.70%) cases, in Group 3 in 31 (30.09%) cases. A relatively satisfactory clinical outcome in Group 1 was obtained in 17 (4.83%) cases, in Group 2 in 41 (22.28%) cases, in Group 3 in 63 (61.16%) cases. No negative effect was observed after the intervention. Evaluating the data obtained it can be concluded that the method of transluminal laser revascularization of cerebral blood vessels is an effective one for the treatment of atherosclerotic lesions of the brain accompanied by dementia.
Certain new aspects of etiology and pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease  [PDF]
Ivan V. Maksimovich
Advances in Alzheimer's Disease (AAD) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/aad.2012.13009
Abstract: The research focuses on the possibility of early detection of AD-specific vascular and atrophic brain changes in families which have a tendency to inherit the disease. The research includedthree families with AD inheritance. All patientsunderwent: cognitive function assessment(MMSE),determination of dementia severity(CDR) and AD stages (TDR), computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), scintigraphy of the brain (SG), rheoencephalography (REG), and cerebral multigated angiography (MUGA). All patients with different AD stages, as well as their descendants, have specific atrophic changes in the temporal lobes of the brain. The degree of these changes increases as AD becomes more severe and ranges from 4% - 8% (TDR-0) to 33% - 62% (TDR-3) of the total mass of a healthy person’s temporal lobes. Simultaneously, thepatients examined have changes of microcirculation manifested by reduction of the capillarybed in the temporal and frontalparietal regions,the development of multiple arteriovenousshunts in the same areas, early venous dumping, anomalous expansion of venoustrunks that receive blood from the arterialvenous shunts, venous stasis on the frontoparietal boundary. Similar changes are found among AD patients’ descendants aged 8 - 11, the only difference being in the degree of temporal lobes atrophy which is 4.7%. This proves that microcirculatory disorders are primary and atrophic changes of the temporal lobes are secondary in AD development. The data obtained indicate that the examination of AD patients’ relatives should begin well before the possible manifestations of the disease, even in childhood. It will allow to reveal the possibility of inheritance and the signs of the disease at the earliest possible stage and to begin its treatment in time.
Possibilities of transcatheter treatment of patients after extensive ischemic stroke  [PDF]
Ivan V. Maksimovich
World Journal of Neuroscience (WJNS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/wjns.2013.33022
Abstract:

The research investigates the efficacy of brain transcatheter laser revascularization in patients who have had extensive ischemic stroke. 1125 patients aged 29 - 81 (average age 75) with cerebral atherosclerosis were examined. The examination plan included: CT brain scan, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), brain scintigraphy (SG), rheoencephalography (REG), cerebral multi-gated angiography (MUGA), laboratory tests, assessment of severity of dementia (CDR), cognitive impairment (MMSE) and activities of daily living (IB). 93 patients suffered extensive ischemic stroke of whom 7 (7.53%) had 10 - 15 IB points, 25 (26.88%)—20 - 30 IB points, 61 (65.59%)—35 - 45 IB points. 69 patients underwent transcatheter treatment (Test Group). 24 patients underwent conservative treatment (Control Group). High-energy laser systems were used for revascularization of major intracranial arteries; lowenergy laser systems were used for revascularization of distal intracranial branches. Test Group: 67 (97.10%) patients had good immediate angiographic outcome manifested in the restoration of lumen and patency of the affected vessels as well as in collateral revascularization. 12 - 24 months later the following positive trend was observed: 14 (20.59%) patients demonstrated good clinical outcome (IB 90 - 100); 26 (38.24%) patients had satisfactory clinical outcome (IB 75 - 85); 28 (41.18%) patients showed relatively satisfactory clinical outcome (IB 60 - 70); relatively positive clinical outcome (IB < 60) was not obtained in any case. Control Group: 4 (16.67%) patients showed relatively satisfactory clinical outcome (IB 60 - 70), relatively positive clinical outcome (IB < 60) was achieved in 20 (83.33%) cases. Evaluating the data obtained, it can be concluded that the method of transluminal laser revascularization of cerebral blood vessels is an effective one for the treatment of extensive ischemic strokes. The effect is maintained for a long time; it causes regression of mental, intellectual and motor disorders, promotes regression of

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