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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 34 matches for " Issoufou Ouarma "
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Characterization and Potential Recovery of Household Solid Waste in the City of Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso)  [PDF]
Kayaba Haro, Issoufou Ouarma, Bernard Nana, Antoine Bere, Jean Koulidiati
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2018.94021
Abstract: This study on physical and physicochemical characteristics of household solid waste (HSW) in the city of Ouagadougou by using MODECOM, “Method of Characterization of Household waste” was done fifteen (15) years after the first study. Special attention has been paid to waste sampled and also to estimate energy content, namely the higher heating value (HHV) and the lower heating value (LHV). As a general tendency, the results showed a sensitive evolution in the physical parameters of waste (composition by size and composition by category) and also in the physicochemical parameters (moisture content and energy content). The results of HSW composition study showed that regardless the seasons, fermentable fraction is dominant (39% in the rainy season and 20% in the dry season) followed by plastics (18% in the rainy season and 20% in the dry season). The moisture content is measured to be 56.69% and 37.69% respectively in the rainy season and dry season. The results analysis of the potential of recovery showed that the organic recovery is more important (60% in the rainy season and 55% in the dry season) than the matter recovery (43% in the rainy season and 46% in the dry season). These results highlight the need for organic recovery and matter recovery of HSW in the city of Ouagadougou. The results from the analysis of the energy content showed that the HHV is estimated to be 17.94 MJ/kg in the rainy season and 17.96 MJ/kg in the dry season. The LHV is calculated to be 6.38 MJ/kg in the rainy season and 10.27 MJ/kg in the dry season. These results suggest that incineration as treatment of HSW in the city of Ouagadougou is not economically an appropriate option.
Simulation and Evaluation of Dust Emission with Polair3D-SIREAM Model over West Africa Focused on Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso)  [PDF]
Bernard Nana, Oumar Sanogo, Issoufou Ouarma, Antoine Béré, Jean Koulidiati
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2019.101006
Abstract: The study of air pollution is recent in West Africa. There is a lack of data on air pollution. However, some studies conducted in West Africa show that air quality is a concern. Population growth and massive vehicles imports are contributing to the deterioration of this air quality. In this work, we present the modelling of desert aerosols using a CTM Polair3D-SIREAM. The objective is to evaluate the ability of Polair3D-SIREAM to reproduce observations of PM10 and Aerosol Optical Thicknesses (AOT). A simulation with Polair3D-SIREAM was carried out in West Africa, focused on Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso) for 2007. The model of Marticorena and Bergametti (1995), MB95, was used to estimate desert aerosols emissions. The total emission of dust modelled is 52.2 Tg. For the evaluation of PM10, the simulated averages remained within the same orders of magnitude as the observed averages. Correlations are low in all the observation sites. The other indicators are similar to those found by Schmechtig et al. (2011). Performance criteria of Boylan and Russel (2006) are met for the observation sites of Ouagadougou and Ilorin (Nigeria). For the AOTs, the correlations are significantly improved, in particular, at the sites of Ouagadougou and Ilorin. Performance criteria of Boylan are met for all observation sites. However, the performance goals are only achieved for Ouagadougou and Ilorin.
Boko Haram” In Nigeria: Religious Fanaticism As A Political Project
Issoufou Yahaya
Sfera Politicii , 2011,
Abstract: Depuis le 11 septembre 2001, l’expression de la violence islamiste a pris un nouveau tournant. Bandits pour les uns, vaillants pour les autres, ces prosélytes se servent de la barbarie à des fins politiques avec un sens de l’imagination hardi. En Afrique subsaharienne, on vit une de violence interreligieuse et intercommunautaire au quotidien comme c’est souvent le cas au Nigéria. Dans ce pays de cent cinquante millions d’habitants, l’irruption tragique en juillet 2009 de la secte Boko Haram , avec son lot de cruauté contre les symboles de l’état, demeure dans les esprits, dans ce pays pourtant riche mais où la manne pétrolière est confisquée par une poignée de bienheureux . L’écrasante majorité de la population vit ici dans la misère et n’a d’autre recours que le repli communautaire et confessionnel insidieux et périlleux qui revêt une dimension politique.
Inventory, Geographical Distribution of Caryedon Species in Burkina Faso, and Evaluation of Their Impact on Stored Groundnut  [PDF]
Issoufou Ouedraogo, Mbacke Sembene, Dona Dakouo
Advances in Entomology (AE) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ae.2017.52005
Abstract: To understand the mechanism of infestation of stored groundnut in farming areas, studies on the inventory and geographical distribution of Caryedon species were carried out in the tree savannah and in producers’ storage structures. The incidence of C. serratus in stored groundnut was evaluated. Inventory and geographical distribution of insects belonging to Caryedon genus was achieved through a sampling in the savannah and producers’ granaries. The inventory and geographical distribution of insects was made throughout Burkina Faso whereas the evaluation of the perforations of groundnut pods was made in the western zone of the country. The results of the inventory showed the presence of two species belonging to Caryedon genus which are C. serratus and C. crampelii. These species are found on the agro-ecological zones of the country. The survival and maintenance of Caryedon species genus are ensured by the presence of plants belonging to various families such as Caesalpiniceae and Mimosaceae. The evaluation of the losses caused by C. serratus in producer’s stored groundnut revealed that the pods perforation rate varied according to the locality. In?Toussiana, the rate of perforated pods ranged from 53.72% to 100% in five months while in?Karangasso Sembla, for the same conservation time, the rate was in the range from 2.8% to 35%. However it is C. serratus which is responsible for the losses observed in the stored groundnut. Indeed, in the western area of Burkina Faso where more than 25% of the production is realized, 70% of
Application of resistant starch in bread: processing, proximate composition and sensory quality of functional bread products from wheat flour and African locust bean (Parkia biglobosa) flour  [PDF]
Abdoulaye Sankhon, Issoufou Amadou, Wei-Rong Yao
Agricultural Sciences (AS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/as.2013.45B023
Abstract:

Application of resistant starch prepared from parkia flour was produced by replacement of wheat flour with 0, 5%, 10%, 15%, 20%, 30% and 40% Parkia flour. Processing, proximate composition, digestibility of resistant starch in bread and sensory quality were evaluated. Resistant starch was significantly (p < 0.05) increased as Parkia flour level increase in all breads. The resistant starch prepared from Parkia flour was 47.21%. However, wheat bread was 1.47% and Parkia bread 18.52% to 22.28% baked of (200℃ at 45 min) with 2.16% wheat bread and 31.74% to 35.05% Parkia bread baked of (130℃ at 90 min). Supplementation of wheat flour with Parkia flour 0 - 40% increased the crude protein content significantly (p < 0.05) from (7.89% - 15.68%), ash from (0.91% - 2.54%) and crude fiber (1.41% - 4.97%). Color of the bread treatments was remarkably affected by addition of different levels of Parkia flour. Therefore, Parkia flour could be added to wheat flour up to 15% without any observed detrimental effect on bread sensory properties. Sensory evaluation results indicated that bread with 5% to15% Parkia flour were rated the most acceptable and there was no significant difference in terms of acceptability compared to the control. This could be used to improve the nutritional quality of bread especially in developing countries were malnutrition is prevalent.

Influence of Re-Greening on the Infiltrability of Soils in South-Central Niger  [PDF]
Adamou Mahaman Moustapha, Issoufou Baggnian, Nazoumou Yahaya, Toudou Adam
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2014.619155
Abstract: In the Sahel, the climate and the agricultural practices are the main factors used to observe regreening process. But the extension of the latter not being uniform in the farming fields, we can suppose that there are other factors that contribute to the re-greening of certain zones and not others. The infiltrability of soils is considered as an important factor for these changes in the last decades. The influence of re-greening on the infiltrability of soils in the southern strip of Niger was studied through a comparison of zones according to the type of sandy soils (Jigawa/Rerey), siltyclay (Guiéza), silty-sandy (Hako) and clay-silty-sandy (Laka). The evaluated parameters are the texture, the infiltrability and the ecological characteristics (specific index of regeneration “SIR” and the Importance Value Index “IVI”). The main conclusions were: the soils of Niger South-Central are characterized by a sandy texture for more than 80%. The soils which are very sandy (“Jigawa”, “Rerey” and “Guieza”) are more permeable and have more trees contrary to the soil Hako and Laka. Their encrusting has the tendency to reduce the vegetation cover on the soil. The infiltration measurements indicated that the rate of initial and stationary infiltration diminishes while going down towards the South. In fact, it has been recorded a rate of 123 mm/min of initial infiltration and 87 mm/min stationary in Dan Saga on the sandy soils against 76 mm/min and 65 mm/min in Daré respectively for the initial and stationary rate. Therefore, the infiltration seems to influence the density, the SIR and the IVI of the trees from the North towards the South. Some additional work is necessary in order to determine the contribution of Farmer Managed Natural Regeneration (FMNR) in the improvement of the quality of soils and the movement of water in the superficial zones of the soil.
Influence of Host Plants on the Development of Caryedon serratus Olivier (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae, Bruchinae), Insect Pest of Groundnut Stocks in Burkina Faso  [PDF]
Issoufou Ouedraogo, Sacamba Aimé Omer Hema, Wendgoundi Guenda, Dona Dakouo
Advances in Entomology (AE) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ae.2016.45029
Abstract:
The beetle Caryedon serratusOlivier is a major insect pest responsible for the infesta-tion and damage on groundnut during storage. To understand the infestation mecha-nism of groundnut stocks, studies have been carried out on this insect biology under laboratory conditions in relation with its host plants. The results have demonstrated that the pre-oviposition on groundnut lasts on average 1.28 days. The oviposition pe-riod is 12.04 days, during which 80.42 eggs on average are laid. From hatching to adult stage, C. serratus larvae development goes through four stages with variable durations according to the stage. Three families of host plants (Papilionaceae; Caesalpiniaceae and Mimosaceae) were selected for females C. serratusto lay on their seeds. The re-sults showed that more eggs were laid on the seeds of Papilionaceae (98.75% of in-fested seeds) followed by Caesalpiniaceae (28.59% of infested seeds). Studies were carried out on the laying behavior of C. serratus under laboratory conditions and have revealed that whatever the conditions, C. serratus?females lay on all the plant species seeds exposed. Insects’ development duration has varied according to the plant species seeds used.
A Chiral Three Dimensional Potassium(I)/Strontium(II)/Chromium(III) Oxalato-Bridged Coordination Polymer: Synthesis, Characterization and Thermal Analysis  [PDF]
Justin Nenwa, Issoufou Kaboré, Yves A. Mbiangué, Patrick L. Djonwouo, Peter T. Ndifon
Crystal Structure Theory and Applications (CSTA) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/csta.2014.34008
Abstract: A new compound of general formula {[(H2O)2K(μ-H2O)Sr]@[Cr(C2O4)3]}n (1) has been synthesized in water and characterized by elemental and thermal analyses, EDX, IR and UV-Vis spectroscopies and by single crystal X-ray structure determination. Compound 1 crystallizes in the chiral space group Fdd2 of orthorhombic system with a = 14.110 (4) ?, b = 36.074 (11)?, c =11.034 (3)? and Z = 16. Compound 1 is a coordination polymer in which the three-dimensional lattice framework is realized by the interconnectivity between K+ cations, Sr2+ cations, aqua ligands and [Cr(C2O4)3]3 complex anions. The asymmetric unit of 1 consists of one cationic motif formally written [(H2O)2K(μ-H2O)Sr]3+ and one anionic entity, [Cr(C2O4)3]3. The K+ and Sr2+ ions in the cationic motif are both eight-coordinate while the Cr3+ ions in the anionic complex are six-coordinate in a distorted octahedral geometry. Coulombic interactions between the ionic motifs and the three-dimensional H-bonding involving aqua ligands help to consolidate the bulk structure. Thermogra-vimetric analysis (TGA) shows that compound 1 is stable to heat up to ca. 80.
Inventory and Distribution of Mango Mealybugs Species in Western Burkina Faso: Relative Abundance and Population Fluctuation  [PDF]
Karim Nébié, Souleymane Nacro, Issoufou Ouédraogo, Dona Dakouo, Lenli Claude Otoidobiga
Advances in Entomology (AE) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ae.2016.43020
Abstract: Rastrococus invadens was the only reported mealybug species on the mango tree in Western Burkina Faso. This study aimed at carrying out the inventory and showing the importance and distribution of other mealybug species associated with the mango tree. It was also important to determine the periods of abundance of these species vis-a-vis R. invadens. For this purpose, the density of mealybugs was assessed in three study sites (Toussiana, Bérégadougou and Orodara) in Western Burkina Faso. The observations were made from June 2014 to June 2015 at a frequency of 15 ± 1 days. They focused on 20 leaves (5 leaves/cardinal point) levied on each mango tree. The species identified as Ferrisia virgata Cockerell and Icerya aegyptiaca Douglas were collected from mangos infested by R. invadens representing 98% - 99% of the density of the observed mealybug species. The periods of abundance of F. virgata and I. aegyptiaca were respectively the dry season and the rainy season. The effect of temperature, relative humidity and rainfall on the populations of F. virgata and I. aegyptiaca was also discussed. These results highlight the distribution range of F. virgata and I. aegyptiaca worldwide including Burkina Faso. R. invadens was the main mealybug species on mango in Burkina Faso in general and in the Western region of the country in particular.
Intrathymic Parathyroid Adenoma  [PDF]
Ibrahim Issoufou, Laila Belliraj, Sani Rabiou, Jamal Ghalimi, Meryem Rchachi, Marouane Lakranbi, Farida Ajdi, Yassine Ouadnouni, Mohamed Smahi
Case Reports in Clinical Medicine (CRCM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/crcm.2015.48059
Abstract: Introduction: Mediastinal parathyroid adenoma localization is a rare entity. We report a case of excision by manubriotomy of intrathymic parathyroid adenoma detected by Computed Tomography scan of the chest and neck and confirmed by Technetium-99 m-sestamibi scan (99 mTc-MIBI). Case Presentation: A 68 years old woman with history of hypercalcaemia, PTH elevation and operation for pathological fracture of the left femur 7 days before was presented to our service. The patient underwent manubriotomy and the adenoma was found within the right lobe of the thymus gland. Conclusion: The Technetium-99 m-sestamibi scan evaluation can be useful in the preoperative localization of ectopic parathyroid adenomas. The surgical approach by manubriotomy is privileged when the ectopic adenoma is in the upper part of anterior mediastinum.
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