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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 285 matches for " Issoufou Amadou "
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Application of resistant starch in bread: processing, proximate composition and sensory quality of functional bread products from wheat flour and African locust bean (Parkia biglobosa) flour  [PDF]
Abdoulaye Sankhon, Issoufou Amadou, Wei-Rong Yao
Agricultural Sciences (AS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/as.2013.45B023
Abstract:

Application of resistant starch prepared from parkia flour was produced by replacement of wheat flour with 0, 5%, 10%, 15%, 20%, 30% and 40% Parkia flour. Processing, proximate composition, digestibility of resistant starch in bread and sensory quality were evaluated. Resistant starch was significantly (p < 0.05) increased as Parkia flour level increase in all breads. The resistant starch prepared from Parkia flour was 47.21%. However, wheat bread was 1.47% and Parkia bread 18.52% to 22.28% baked of (200℃ at 45 min) with 2.16% wheat bread and 31.74% to 35.05% Parkia bread baked of (130℃ at 90 min). Supplementation of wheat flour with Parkia flour 0 - 40% increased the crude protein content significantly (p < 0.05) from (7.89% - 15.68%), ash from (0.91% - 2.54%) and crude fiber (1.41% - 4.97%). Color of the bread treatments was remarkably affected by addition of different levels of Parkia flour. Therefore, Parkia flour could be added to wheat flour up to 15% without any observed detrimental effect on bread sensory properties. Sensory evaluation results indicated that bread with 5% to15% Parkia flour were rated the most acceptable and there was no significant difference in terms of acceptability compared to the control. This could be used to improve the nutritional quality of bread especially in developing countries were malnutrition is prevalent.

Influence of Process Conditions on Digestibility of African Locust Bean (Parkia biglobosa) Starch
Abdoulaye Sankhon,Wei-Rong Yao,Issoufou Amadou,Heya Wang
American Journal of Food Technology , 2012,
Abstract: This study describes the isolation, digestibility and effect of process conditions on the Parkia biglobosa (African locust bean) starch digestibility. Parkia starch fractions are: Total Starch (TS), Rapidly Digestible Starch (RDS), Slowly Digestible Starch (SDS) and Resistant Starch (RS). The results indicate that processing conditions can be changed to effectively control the relative content of SDS and RS in Parkia starch products. Amylose is the molecular basis of RS while amylopectin is the main constituent of SDS and plays a key role in the structure and digestibility of SDS. This methodology may enable process modifications to influence the functional digestibility properties of prepared Parkia starch products.
Application of Water Evaluation and Planning (WEAP): A Model to Assess Future Water Demands in the Niger River (In Niger Republic)
Zakari Mahamadou Mounir,Chuan Ming Ma,Issoufou Amadou
Modern Applied Science , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/mas.v5n1p38
Abstract: Water resources management in Niger River basin is an issue of very high significance because of great socio-cultural, ecological and economic values. The basin comprises biospheres reserves, parks with a variety of wildlife, a significant livestock activity, a very fertile land for agriculture and a growing industry. In the territory of Niger, the Niger River Basin covers mostly all regions of Tillabéry (including the city of Niamey), Dosso, Tahoua and some of the regions of Maradi and Agadez. This area is composed of an active part, including the river valley and its major tributaries and some inactive area. Water Evaluation And Planning (WEAP) provides a seamless integration of both the physical hydrology of the region and water management infrastructure that governs the allocation of available water resources to meet the different water needs. It is a priority driven software, employs priority based optimization algorithm as an alternative to hierarchal rule based logic that uses a concept of Equity Group to allocate water in time of inefficient supply. There is need for optimization of Niger River resources future need of its population.
Functionality, in Vitro Digestibility and Physicochemical Properties of Two Varieties of Defatted Foxtail Millet Protein Concentrates
Tabita Kamara Mohamed,Kexue Zhu,Amadou Issoufou,Tarawalie Fatmata,Huiming Zhou
International Journal of Molecular Sciences , 2009, DOI: 10.3390/ijms10125224
Abstract: Two varieties of foxtail millet protein concentrates (white and yellow) were characterized for in vitro trypsin digestibility, functional and physicochemical properties. Millet protein concentrate was easily digested by trypsin in vitro. Essential amino acids were above the amounts recommended by the Food Agricultural Organization/World Health Organization (FAO/WHO/UNU) for humans. Yellow millet protein concentrate (YMPC) possessed the highest differential scanning calorimetry result (peak temperature of 88.98 °C, delta H = 0.01 J/g), white millet protein concentrate (WMPC) had the lowest (peak temperature 84.06 °C, delta H = 0.10 J/g). The millet protein concentrates had molecular sizes around 14.4 and 97.4 kDa. They have U-shape solubility curves. Waterbinding capacity was in the range of 5.0 and 7.0 g/g, while oil absorption capacity ranged between 4.8 and 5.9 g/g. WMPC had higher bulk density (0.22 g/mL) and emulsifying capacity than YMPC and Soy Protein Concentrate (SPC). Foam capacity and foam stability ranged from 137 to 73 g/mL for WMPC, from 124 to 61 g/mL SPC and from 124 to 46 g/mL for YMPC. Millet protein concentrates are potential functional food ingredients.
Functionality and Antioxidant Properties of Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) as Influenced by the Degree of Hydrolysis
Mohamed Beva Kelfala Foh,Issoufou Amadou,Betty Mabel Foh,Mohamed Tabita Kamara,Wenshui Xia
International Journal of Molecular Sciences , 2010, DOI: 10.3390/ijms11041851
Abstract: Freeze dried protein powders (Fresh minced meat, FMM and Hot water dip, HWD) from tilapia ( Oreochromis niloticus) were hydrolyzed by Alcalase 2.4 L (Alc), Flavourzyme (Flav) and Neutrase (Neut), and investigated for antioxidant activity and their functional properties. FMM and HWD hydrolysed by Alc, exhibiting superior antioxidant activity, had estimated degrees of hydrolysis (DH) of 23.40% and 25.43%, respectively. The maximum values of the 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), 2,2-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diammonium salt (ABTS), 3-(2-pyridyl) 5,6-bis(4-phenyl-sulphonic acid)-1,2,4-triazine (ferrozine), radical scavenging activities and metal chelating properties were 86.67%, 91.27% and 82.57%, and 84.67%, 92.60% and 78.00% for FMM and HWD, respectively, with a significant difference (P < 0.05) between the samples. Essential amino acids were above the amounts recommended by the Food and Agricultural Organization/World Health Organization (FAO/WHO/UNU) for humans. Lower molecular weight sizes <3,000 Da were more predominant in FMM and HWD hydrolysed by Alc, while in hydrolysed by Flav and Neut they were >8,000 Da. At pH 2, FMM and HWD hydrolysates have varying solubilities above 85% (Alc FMM; 91.33%, Flav FMM; 79.5%, Neut FMM; 83.8% and Alc HWD; 90.45%, Flav HWD; 83.5%, and Neut HWD; 85.8%). They have ‘U’ shaped solubility curves, water holding capacity was in the range of 2.77 and 1.77 mL/g, while oil holding capacity ranged between 3.13 and 2.23 mL/g. FMM and HWD have the highest bulk density of 0.53 and 0.53 for Neutrase and Alcalase 2.4 L, respectively. Foam capacity and stability ranged from 125.5 to 61.4, 138.5 to 45.2, 130.0 to 62.5, and 124.5 to 55.0, 137.5 to 53.3, 129.6 to 62.7 for FMM and HWD hydrolyzed with Alcalase 2.4 L, Flavourzyme and Neutrase, respectively. Tilapia fish protein hydrolysates are thus potential functional food ingredients.
Chemical and Nutrient Analysis of Gingerbread Plum (Neocarya macrophylla) Seeds
Tidjani Amza,Issoufou Amadou; Mohamed T. Kamara; Kexue Zhu; Huiming Zhou
Advance Journal of Food Science and Technology , 2010,
Abstract: The proximate composition of gingerbread plum (Neocarya macrophylla) seeds, mineral, fatty acid and amino acid compositions were evaluated. The proximate analysis revealed the following composition: moisture 10.57 and 10%, ash 4.43 and 6.43%, fat 47.28 and 2.14%, crude protein 20.37 and 61.71%, carbohydrates 8.64 and 12.10% and crude fiber 8.70 and 7.37% for Gingerbread Plum Seed Flour (GPSF) and Defatted Gingerbread Plum Seed Flour (DGPSF) respectively. Oleic, linoleic and arachidonic acids were the major unsaturated fatty acids with 47.15, 19.10 and 17.64% respectively. Saturated fatty acids accounted for 14.72% of total fatty acids. The main saturated fatty acids were palmitic and stearic, with minute amounts of arachidic. Magnesium, potassium and calcium were the predominant elements present in the seeds. Copper, iron and manganese were also detected in appreciable amounts. Essential amino acids were above the recommended amount by Food Agricultural Organization/W orld Health Organization (FAO/WHO) for humans. The results of the present investigation showed that gingerbread plum seeds are a rich source of many important nutrients that appear to have a very positive effect on human health.
Boko Haram” In Nigeria: Religious Fanaticism As A Political Project
Issoufou Yahaya
Sfera Politicii , 2011,
Abstract: Depuis le 11 septembre 2001, l’expression de la violence islamiste a pris un nouveau tournant. Bandits pour les uns, vaillants pour les autres, ces prosélytes se servent de la barbarie à des fins politiques avec un sens de l’imagination hardi. En Afrique subsaharienne, on vit une de violence interreligieuse et intercommunautaire au quotidien comme c’est souvent le cas au Nigéria. Dans ce pays de cent cinquante millions d’habitants, l’irruption tragique en juillet 2009 de la secte Boko Haram , avec son lot de cruauté contre les symboles de l’état, demeure dans les esprits, dans ce pays pourtant riche mais où la manne pétrolière est confisquée par une poignée de bienheureux . L’écrasante majorité de la population vit ici dans la misère et n’a d’autre recours que le repli communautaire et confessionnel insidieux et périlleux qui revêt une dimension politique.
Inventory, Geographical Distribution of Caryedon Species in Burkina Faso, and Evaluation of Their Impact on Stored Groundnut  [PDF]
Issoufou Ouedraogo, Mbacke Sembene, Dona Dakouo
Advances in Entomology (AE) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ae.2017.52005
Abstract: To understand the mechanism of infestation of stored groundnut in farming areas, studies on the inventory and geographical distribution of Caryedon species were carried out in the tree savannah and in producers’ storage structures. The incidence of C. serratus in stored groundnut was evaluated. Inventory and geographical distribution of insects belonging to Caryedon genus was achieved through a sampling in the savannah and producers’ granaries. The inventory and geographical distribution of insects was made throughout Burkina Faso whereas the evaluation of the perforations of groundnut pods was made in the western zone of the country. The results of the inventory showed the presence of two species belonging to Caryedon genus which are C. serratus and C. crampelii. These species are found on the agro-ecological zones of the country. The survival and maintenance of Caryedon species genus are ensured by the presence of plants belonging to various families such as Caesalpiniceae and Mimosaceae. The evaluation of the losses caused by C. serratus in producer’s stored groundnut revealed that the pods perforation rate varied according to the locality. In?Toussiana, the rate of perforated pods ranged from 53.72% to 100% in five months while in?Karangasso Sembla, for the same conservation time, the rate was in the range from 2.8% to 35%. However it is C. serratus which is responsible for the losses observed in the stored groundnut. Indeed, in the western area of Burkina Faso where more than 25% of the production is realized, 70% of
Comparative Study of the Parallelization of the Smith-Waterman Algorithm on OpenMP and Cuda C  [PDF]
Amadou Chaibou, Oumarou Sie
Journal of Computer and Communications (JCC) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jcc.2015.36011
Abstract: In this paper, we present parallel programming approaches to calculate the values of the cells in matrix’s scoring used in the Smith-Waterman’s algorithm for sequence alignment. This algorithm, well known in bioinformatics for its applications, is unfortunately time-consuming on a serial computer. We use formulation based on anti-diagonals structure of data. This representation focuses on parallelizable parts of the algorithm without changing the initial formulation of the algorithm. Approaching data in that way give us a formulation more flexible. To examine this approach, we encode it in OpenMP and Cuda C. The performance obtained shows the interest of our paper.
Improving Global Performance on GPU for Algorithms with Main Loop Containing a Reduction Operation: Case of Dijkstra’s Algorithm  [PDF]
Amadou Chaibou, Oumarou Sie
Journal of Computer and Communications (JCC) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jcc.2015.38005
Abstract: In this paper, we study the impact of copying data in GPU computing. GPU computing allows implementing parallel computations at low cost: a GPU can be purchased at under USD 500. Many studies have shown that GPU can be used to speed up the calculations. But for algorithms requiring doing a part of the calculations on GPU and another part on CPU, alternately, latency due to the copy of the data is a performance degradation factor. To illustrate this, we consider the Dijkstra’s algorithm on the shortest path used in solving optimization problems. This algorithm is very heavy to run on sequential machine. So, we are considering a parallel approach on GPU. Note that Dijkstra’s algorithm has been subject of many implementations on GPU. In the present work, we use two platforms with external GPU. Graphs are represented in adjacency matrix. During the computation of this algorithm, intermediates results are copied from GPU to CPU or from CPU to GPU. The purpose of this work is to measure the impact of these copies in the overall performance of the algorithm. For that we calculate time due to the copying data’s implementation; then we compare results with implementation computing only on CPU memory (zero-copy). The real impact shown by experiments demonstrates the interest of this study. GP-GPU programmers have to think that they will use either memory zero-copy or GPU memory. The challenge for GPU’s manufacturers is how to reduce this impact.
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