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Status of Rohingya Refugees in Bangladesh: A Comparative Study with Emphasis on Aspects of Women and Girls in Camps of Kutupalong, Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh  [PDF]
Shahnam Karin, Md. Arif Chowdhury, Ishrat Shamim
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2020, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105831
A continuous flow of Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh because of violence in Rakhine State in Myanmar causes consequence to the world’s largest refugee camp where most of the refugees are women and children. This study was conducted in 2018 in Bangladesh to understand the comparative status of registered and newly arrived Rohingya people in Kutupalong camps of Cox’s Bazar focusing the present conditions of women and girls. This research explores the comparative information of registered and newly arrived Rohingya refugee from different perspectives: basic demographic and socio-economic characteristics, shelter, food, water and sanitation, safety and security concerns, knowledge and education. In addition, this research also addressed the urgency of coping strategies of refugees in camps and all of the identified issues in this paper were also analysed from gender perspective too. This study will help different level stakeholders to take proper steps regarding the management of Rohingya refugees in Kutupalong of Cox Bazar, Bangladesh.
Remediation of Arsenic Toxicity in the Soil-Plant System by Using Zinc Fertilizers  [PDF]
Ishrat Jahan Sanchary, Shah Muhammad Imamul Huq
Journal of Agricultural Chemistry and Environment (JACEN) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jacen.2017.61002
Abstract: Availability of soil arsenic (As) and plant As at various levels of zinc (Zn) and As applications were examined. A pot-culture experiment with a leafy vegetable, Kalmi (Ipomoea aquatica), on an Inceptisols, was conducted where As was applied with irrigation water at the rates of 0 mg/L (As control), 0.5 mg/L, 1 mg/L and 2 mg/L and Zn was added to the soil as ZnCl2 solution at the rate of 0 mg/L (Zn control), 1 mg/L, 2 mg/L and 3 mg/L during pot preparation. The experiment was conducted in triplicates for 45 days till the plants were grown to maturity. At the end of the experiment the remedial effect of Zn on As toxicity was examined and as such, yield parameters, As and Zn accumulation in Kalmi plants, residual concentrations of As and Zn in soils and plants were measured. It appeared from the present study that there exists an antagonistic relationship between Zn and As i.e., Zn in soils was found to reduce As availability in soils as well as its accumulation in plants, particularly at an elevated application rate of 3 mg/L Zn. The findings could be used as a strategy to mitigate arsenic toxicity in As contaminated soils.
Structure Elucidation of Benzhexol-β-Cyclodextrin Complex in Aqueous Medium by 1H NMR Spectroscopic and Computational Methods  [PDF]
Syed Mashhood Ali, Shazia Shamim
Journal of Encapsulation and Adsorption Sciences (JEAS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jeas.2014.43007
Abstract: Complexation of benzhexol and β-cyclodextrin was studied in aqueous medium. The formation of inclusion complex and its stoichiometry were determined by NMR titration method. ROESY spec-trum, recorded with a mixing time of 0.5 s in few minutes, displayed crosspeaks between phenyl ring of benzhexol and β-cyclodextrin cavity protons established the inclusion of phenyl ring into the cavity. No inference about the distances between interacting protons could be drawn due to spin diffusion. However, analysis of peak intensity ratios of intermolecular crosspeaks suggested partial penetration of phenyl ring from wider side. Molecular mechanics studies supported these conclusions and the lowest energy conformation was proposed as the probable structure of 1:1 benzhexol-β-cyclodextrin complex.
Oriental Research Library of Kashmir: A Treasure Trove
Rosy Jan,Ishrat Majeed
Trends in Information Management , 2009,
Abstract: The study carries out subject and linguistic analysis of manuscript collection of Oriental Research library (Srinagar) through examining various hand lists to estimate contents and standardizing subject terms employing international vocabulary tools. The findings reveal that majority of manuscripts belong to religious text or literary works. Few of the manuscripts deal with Pure or Applied Sciences. Meager number is written in local languages and major portion of the collection is in West Asian languages.
Syeda Ishrat Bukhari
The Professional Medical Journal , 1995,
Abstract: Estimation of glycated hemoglobin, the so called glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA Ic) in the blood is a betterindex of elevation of blood sugar level as well as duration of hyperglycemic state in diabetics. Vascularcomplications in diabetics are attributed to an elevated levels of HbA Ic so the study was planned to correlateHbA Ic's concentrations with other biochemical indices indicated in the subject. Eighty adult diabetics andtwenty normal subjects were included in our study. The diabetics dividedinto four groups i^ cording to thetreatment they received, were measured for HbA Ic serum immunoreacMve insulin (SIRI), total cholesterol,triacylglycerols (TAG) and fasting plasma glucose (FPG). The values found were significantly higher tothose found in normal subjects. The HbA Ic levels well correlate with FPG and SIRI. Similarly totalcholesterol and TAG levels are increased significantly in all the groups.
Nora, Damini and Stella: A Comparative Study of Female Predicaments
Fariha Ishrat Chowdhury
International Journal of Social Sciences and Education , 2011,
Abstract: Much has been talked in literature about femininity and feminism. In a patriarchal society, females are expected to be enriched with feminine qualities; this is a universal urge of majority of people all over the world. As literature reflects life, in many literary pieces we notice that most of the time, it is the womankind who are generally the victims of social injustice, man made rules, fundamentalism and malpractices, Henrik Ibsen’s Nora in A Doll’s House (1879), Damini in Rabindranath Tagore’s Quartet (1916) and Stella in Tennessee Williams’ A Streetcar Named Desire (1947) are the three female characters from three different literary pieces whom we would like to discuss here with a view to demonstrating their actions under certain circumstances that ultimately prove that women’s suffering is universal, no matter time, race and geographical boundaries. When we introduce Nora, Damini and Stella, we find that Nora’s story is told against European background in the 1870s, Damini is from Indian setting before the First World War and Stella is from post World War II American society. These three women are different individuals but their position in their own society does not vary too much. My paper aims at illustrating how these three married ladies have to undergo domestic troubles when they are dependent on their male-counterparts in patriarchal society; also it highlights their level of self-realization arisen from their contextual surroundings.
Impact of Global Trade Liberalization on Regional Trade Balances
Shamim Shakur
International Journal of Economics and Finance , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/ijef.v4n1p48
Abstract: General equilibrium effects of trade liberalization on trade balances remain an important consideration for trade policy makers as welfare- improving trade liberalization initiatives may fail if it is perceived to have negative consequences on trade balance. Further, composition of trade balance matters in that a food imbalance is viewed as less tolerable than imbalances in other sectors. Potential trade imbalances from a multilateral trade accord are one of the most contentious issues stalling WTO’s Doha Round. Using the GTAP applied general equilibrium model this paper evaluates alternative approaches to further liberalizing global food and non-food trade. By creating a separate textile and clothing sector from within manufacturing sector, the paper highlights the conflicts among developing and developed country interests. Finally, by extending tariff cuts to all sectors and regions, the paper demonstrates the interactions between reformed sectors, and the advantages offered by a comprehensive round of trade negotiations.
Critical Language Awareness in Pedagogic Context
Shamim Ali
English Language Teaching , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/elt.v4n4p28
Abstract: This study was designed to investigate the significance of developing students’ critical language awareness through explicit teaching methodology of some procedures of critical discourse analysis. The researcher integrated critical activities into her teaching and students’ learning process. The study was planned prudently to discover the procedure of encoding and decoding of the writer’s message and to teach students the skill of inferencing evaluating and explaining through higher-order thinking processes. The participants of this study were 18 Mphil students of English Linguistics studying in NUML. The post-test revealed that the participants’ power of critical thinking increased in comparison to the pre-test. Their motivation level was also enhanced and they were able to decode the message of the text. They were able to deal with challenging tasks rather than mere passive tasks. It was concluded that about 90? of the students’ critical language awareness rose after becoming familiar with CDA techniques.
Teaching Reading and Spelling to Adult Learners: The Multisensory Structured Language Approach
Shamim Ali
English Language Teaching , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/elt.v5n3p40
Abstract: All over the World most effective methods for teaching reading to beginning-level adults have been applied. My continuing challenge has been to determine how reading acquisition research can be applied to teaching reading to adults. In this article, I describe the techniques I have found most useful; I hope other teachers working with beginning readers will find them helpful. This year my class includes 18 students all were men six men. Their ages range from late 20s to late 50s and all are employed. Their educational experiences range from completing four to 12 years of school; 12 students have a high secondary school certificate, 03 students have Higher. Secondary School Certificate and 03 students were graduates.
Geochemistry of Palaeoproterozoic Rocks of Aravalli Supergroup: Implications for Weathering History and Depositional Sequence  [PDF]
Pavanesh K. Singh, M. Shamim Khan
International Journal of Geosciences (IJG) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2017.810074
The Paleoproterozoic Aravalli Supregroup of rocks, hosted in Aravalli Craton of NW shield, is deposited in shallow and deep water conditions. The major lithologies are phyllites and quartzites with significant components of greywacks and dolomite. Geochemical indices in particular, CIA (Chemical Index of Alteration) values (avg. phyllites: 51.6 - 81.5, avg. quartzites: 57.4 - 95.5) calculated from the data of clastic rocks of ASG suggest minimum to highly intense weathering in the source region. Other indices including PIA, CIW and ICV along with plot patterns on the A-CN-K diagram also nearly endorse CIA based interpretation. These rocks possess relatively high Th/U ratios compared to that found in fresh igneous rocks or their high grade metamorphic equivalents. This high Th/U ratio is neither a source inheritance nor a result of oxidation state rather a manifestation of Th hosting mineral accumulation through sorting. Viewed in the context of present stratigraphic succession, the weathering history adduced from geochemistry does not seem compatible but matches well with earlier classification scheme wherein the evolution of Aravalli Supergroup was considered episodic.
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