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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 626133 matches for " Isabelle Christine Fonsêca G. A. Silva "
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Assessment of Comprehensive Health Care of the Elderly in Primary Health Care  [PDF]
Fábia Barbosa de Andrade, Iris do Ceu Clara Costa, Tainara L?rena dos Santos Ferreira, Isabelle Christine Fonsêca G. A. Silva, íngrid Katianne Marques Araújo, Dídia de Oliveira Pereira, Joymara Railma Gomes de Assun??o, Jéssica Isabelle dos Santos Dutra, Aline de Lima Cabral
Health (Health) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/health.2015.73041
Abstract: Objective: To assess comprehensive care in the elderly population, as well as the quality of care in Primary Health Care. Methods: This is an exploratory descriptive study with a quantitative approach, conducted from July to December 2012, in the city of Santa Cruz, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. A sample of 130 subjects chosen by drawn was calculated, and data collection was performed at their homes. Results: There were interviewed 130 people, 92 (70.8%) women and 38 men (29.2%), with a minimum age of 60 and maximum of 96 years, with a mean of 72.8, median of 72.0 and a standard deviation of 8.3. Regarding the quality of care ratings of the PHC team, 48.5% (n = 63) of respondents stated this to be good, while 32.3% (n = 42) rated this as fair. Conclusions: In this perspective, one of the most appreciated meanings that were given to comprehensive care by health care professionals refers to holistic knowledge of each patient, resulting in the non-fragmentation of care. Thus, it is noticed that comprehensiveness has some weaknesses that need to be corrected, which shows the need for education and training of professionals assigned to primary health care services.
Senior Citizens’ Cultural Activity and Participation in Community Life  [PDF]
Fábia Barbosa de Andrade, Tainara L?rena dos Santos Ferreira, Dídia de Oliveira Pereira, íngrid Katianne Marques Araújo, Joymara Railma Gomes de Assun??o, Isabelle Christine Fonsêca G. A. Silva, Jéssica Isabelle dos Santos Dutra, Aline de Lima Cabral
Health (Health) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/health.2015.77101
Abstract: Objective: This study has the objective to know the cultural activities of the senior citizen and their participation in community life as encouraged by Primary Health Care professionals. Methods: This is a quantitative study that was performed on 130 senior citizens in the city of Santa Cruz, in the Brazil state of Rio Grande do Norte. Results: The participation of senior citizens in groups is very beneficial because it increases their autonomy and self-esteem, socialization, well-being and consequently, which leads to a higher quality of life. However, there were some failures in the promotion of healthy aging and the adoption of strategic activities. Conclusions: Based on this observation, it is expected that this study can provide resources for the primary health care professionals to try to stimulate senior citizens by carrying out cultural activities that value and increase their potential, quality of life and self-esteem and, thus, promote active and healthy aging.
Maternal and Child Care Assessment Focused on Prenatal Care and Birth  [PDF]
Isabelle Christine Fonsêca G. A. Silva, Tainara L?rena dos Santos Ferreira, Dídia de Oliveira Pereira, Joymara Railma Gomes de Assun??o, Paloma Batista Costa, Jovanka Bittencourt Leite de Carvalho, Iris do Ceu Clara Costa, Fábia Barbosa de Andrade
Health (Health) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/health.2015.71019
Abstract: Objective: This study aims at assessing maternal and child care provided from prenatal to birth, so that it can reveal the weaknesses and potentialities of prenatal program in order to guide the development of strategic plans. Methods: This is an exploratory descriptive study with a quantitative approach, conducted in the city of Santa Cruz, state of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil, from November 2012 to February 2013. The sample consisted of 200 women, chosen by draw, mothers of children under two years old who had attended the Primary Health Care System. The study used a semi-structured questionnaire used by the Ministry of Health. Our research project was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte, under the approval No. 311.613. Results: It was found that most mothers were rated from good to very good in the quality of care during prenatal and birth. As to the performance of prenatal and birth care services, most women performed those services under the municipality’s Public Health System, and the prenatal care primarily under Basic Health Care Units. Conclusion: In this assessment study, indicators regarding maternal and child care provided during the prenatal period were found to be positive, which contributes to the reduction of maternal and child mortality. The study also shows that Primary Health Care is essential to ensuring an effective, humane and comprehensive health care.
Papanicolaou na terceira idade: conhecimento e atitude das idosas cadastradas em uma estratégia de saúde da família da cidade de Itapor - MS
Wanaline Fonsêca,Silvana Dias Corrêa Godoi,Janaina Venira Bonfim Silva
Revista Brasileira de Ciências do Envelhecimento Humano , 2010,
Abstract: A senelitude brasileira compreende-se em maior quantidade de mulheres, devido há inúmeros fatores biopsiquicosociais, o cancer de colo uterino pune as mulheres desde os tempos mais remotos, porém é passível de preven o e cura. Sendo assim objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o conhecimento das mulheres idosas sobre o exame de papanicolaou e quais as atitudes frente ao exame tanto sobre a realiza o como também do conhecimento, a pesquisa foi desenvolvida na cidade de Itapor localizada no interior do Mato Grosso do Sul, trata-se de uma pesquisa quantitativa, foi realizada por meio de um questionário semi estruturado, contendo perguntas sobre o exame de papanicolaou, e a amostra retirada do número de idosas que estavam cadastradas na unidade, sendo um total de 73 entrevistas e a coleta de dados realizada por meio da visita de rotina das agentes de saúde nas residências das pesquisadas, os resultados desta pesquisa evidenciaram que maioria das pesquisadas sabiam o que era o exame 90,5% foi possível observar que 78% das idosas realizam em auto cuidado em promo o de sua saúde, com a realiza o e o conhecimento da citologia oncótica, e as que n o realizam 60% n o o fazem por vergonha, seguido de falta de tempo 26,5%, e por ultimo um fator curioso a virgindade 13,5%. Concluiu-se a maioria das mulheres sabem/aderem o exame de colpo citologia oncótica gra as a promo o a saúde realizada pelos profissionais da área.
Fungos micorrízicos no crescimento e na extra??o de metais pesados pela braquiária em solo contaminado
Silva, Silvana da;Siqueira, José Oswaldo;Soares, Cláudio Roberto Fonsêca Sousa;
Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-204X2006001200009
Abstract: the influence of 14 arbuscular mycorrhiza fungal isolates (amf) on brachiariagrass growth and extraction of zn, cd, cu and pb from a contaminated soil was evaluated in a greenhouse experiment. mycorrhizal and nonmycorrhizal brachiaria decumbens plants were grown in pots with 0.92 kg of soil containing (mg kg-1): zn, 3,300; cu, 60; cd, 29; pb, 73. the amf increased dry matter yield in 84%. plant heavy metal concentrations were high and were inversely related to dry matter yield. isolates caused no effect on pb, but reduced shoot zn, cd and cu concentrations by 20, 28 and 63%, respectively. it was observed effect of mycorrhiza on cu accumulation in roots (over 1,000%). isolates enhanced the total amount of soil extracted metals by 845, 142, 68 and 54% for cu, pb, zn and cd, respectively. only acaulospora spinosa, acaulospora morrowiae-ufla and gigaspora gigantea enhanced simultaneous soil extraction of all the four metals. the amf increase the capacity of b. decumbens to extract contaminant heavy metals from soil, with differentiated effects amongst species.
Atributos físicos, químicos e biológicos do solo em ambientes de vo?orocas no município de Lavras - MG
Gomide, Plínio Henrique Oliveira;Silva, Marx Leandro Naves;Soares, Cláudio Roberto Fonsêca Sousa;
Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-06832011000200026
Abstract: in the southern region of minas gerais large areas are affected by gully erosion. the evaluation of soil properties in these environments is extremely important, in view of their sensitivity to changes in soil quality. the objectives of this study were to evaluate physical, chemical and biological soil properties and their relationship with vegetation in the gullies. the study examined three gullies, one on an inceptisol and two on oxisols- lva1 and lva2, in lavras, minas gerais (se brazil). different environments of the gullies were evaluated including the river bed, an intermediate position without vegetation (tmsv) and an intermediate position with vegetation (tmcv) that were common to the three gullies. other environments found in two gullies on lva2 were also assessed: an intermediate position with eucalyptus (tmeucalypt) and an intermediate position with candeia (eremanthus incanus) (tmcandeia), as well as areas under native vegetation (nv), adjacent to each gully, as reference. of the physical properties, the most affected were the total pore volume, macro and microporosity and bulk density (ds). water erosion has caused a sharp decrease in soil fertility, expressed by the reduction of ca2+, mg2+, k+, p, and organic matter contents, as well as increases in the levels of al3+, h + al and al saturation (m). of the biological properties, microbial biomass c decreased more than 80 % in the environments tmsv in lva1, inceptisol gullies and river bed under lva2, compared to their respective reference areas. the qco2 proved to be a sensitive index to environmental changes; highest values ?were found in the bed, caused by excess moisture and in tmsv, due to low organic matter content and absence of vegetation. the decrease in the number of spores of mycorrhizal arbuscular fungi was greater than 75 % in most degraded environments. results show the sensitivity of the analyzed soil properties to environmental changes in gullies and can serve as indicators for monitoring
Questionário de percep o dos pais: evidências de uma medida de estilos parentais Cuestionario de Percepción de los Padres: evidencias de una medida de estilos parentales Perceptions of Parents questionnaire: evidence of a measure of parenting styles
Luiz Pasquali,Valdiney Veloso Gouveia,Walberto Silva dos Santos,Patrícia Nunes da Fonsêca
Paidéia (Ribeir?o Preto) , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/s0103-863x2012000200002
Abstract: Os estilos parentais s o investigados há várias décadas, sendo considerados preditores de comportamentos dos jovens. O presente estudo teve como objetivo principal elaborar uma vers o reduzida de uma medida brasileira que pode ser empregada para avaliar tais estilos, isto é, o Questionário de Percep o dos Pais - QPP. Participaram 386 estudantes do ensino fundamental, com idade média de 12,7 anos (DP = 1,60), que responderam duas vers es do QPP, cada uma com 20 itens, que avaliavam a percep o dos jovens em rela o ao seu pai (QPP-20-P) e sua m e (QPP-20-M). Por meio de análise de componentes principais, identificou-se uma estrutura com dois componentes (responsividade e exigência) para ambas as vers es, explicando cerca de 40% da variancia total. Tais componentes apresentaram Alfas de Cronbach superiores a 0,70. Concluiu-se que existem evidências de validade fatorial e consistência interna desta medida. Los estilos parentales han sido investigados por décadas, siendo considerados predictores de comportamientos de los jóvenes. El objetivo principal de este estudio fue producir una versión reducida de una medida brasile a que se puede utilizar para evaluar estos estilos, el Cuestionario de Percepción de los Padres (CPP-20), un instrumento útil para evaluar tales estilos parentales. Participaron 386 estudiantes de primaria (208 varones) con edad promedia de 12.7 a os (dt = 1.60). Dos versiones del CPP, cada una con 20 ítems, fueron contestadas, evaluando la percepción de los jóvenes con respecto a sus padres (CPP-20-P) y madres (CPP-20-M). Un análisis de componentes principales (rotación varimax) reveló una estructura de dos factores (receptividad y exigencia) para las dos versiones, explicando alrededor de un 40% de la varianza total. Estos componentes presentaron alfas de Cronbach superiores a 0.70. Se concluyó que existen evidencias de validez factorial y fiabilidad de esta medida, que incluye dos dimensiones principales de los estilos parentales. Parenting styles have been investigated for several decades and are considered predictors of behavior among young individuals. This study's objective was to produce a reduced version of a Brazilian measure that can used to evaluate such styles, the Parental Perception Questionnaire (PPQ-20), an instrument that is useful in assessing parenting styles. The participants were 386 elementary-school students (208 men) with a mean age of 12.7 years (sd = 1.60). The participants answered two versions of the PPQ, each one composed of 20 items to assess the young individuals' perceptions concerning their fathers (PPQ-2
Trabalho docente: que aspectos sociodemográficos e ocupacionais predizem o bem-estar subjetivo?
Chaves, Sandra Souza da Silva,Fonsêca, Patrícia Nunes da
Psico , 2006,
Abstract: Este estudo objetivo conhecer quais os aspectos sociodemográficos e ocupacionais que melhor predizem o bem-estar subjetivo de professores das escolas públicas e privadas do estado da Paraíba que est o cursando pedagogia em regime especial. Participaram 313 professores, que responderam a escala de afetos positivos e negativos, a escala de vitalidade, o questionário de saúde geral - QSG-12 e a escala de satisfa o com a vida e perguntas socioocupacionais. Dentre os resultados encontrados, destacam-se o grau de satisfa o no trabalho, o grau de percep o de reconhecimento da equipe escolar e dos pais dos alunos e estado civil como variáveis preditoras de bem-estar. Sugerem-se replica o do estudo com estudantes de pedagogia que n o estejam realizando o curso em regime especial, e ainda, com professores já estabilizados no mercado de trabalho, com forma o superior que n o necessitem buscar um título para manter-se no emprego.
Genomic Analysis of the Necrotrophic Fungal Pathogens Sclerotinia sclerotiorum and Botrytis cinerea
Joelle Amselem equal contributor ,Christina A. Cuomo equal contributor ,Jan A. L. van Kan equal contributor ,Muriel Viaud equal contributor ,Ernesto P. Benito,Arnaud Couloux,Pedro M. Coutinho,Ronald P. de Vries,Paul S. Dyer,Sabine Fillinger,Elisabeth Fournier,Lilian Gout,Matthias Hahn,Linda Kohn,Nicolas Lapalu,Kim M. Plummer,Jean-Marc Pradier,Emmanuel Quévillon,Amir Sharon,Adeline Simon,Arjen ten Have,Bettina Tudzynski,Paul Tudzynski,Patrick Wincker,Marion Andrew,Véronique Anthouard,Ross E. Beever ?,Rolland Beffa,Isabelle Benoit,Ourdia Bouzid,Baptiste Brault,Zehua Chen,Mathias Choquer,Jérome Collémare,Pascale Cotton,Etienne G. Danchin,Corinne Da Silva,Angélique Gautier,Corinne Giraud,Tatiana Giraud,Celedonio Gonzalez,Sandrine Grossetete,Ulrich Güldener,Bernard Henrissat,Barbara J. Howlett,Chinnappa Kodira,Matthias Kretschmer,Anne Lappartient,Michaela Leroch,Caroline Levis,Evan Mauceli,Cécile Neuvéglise,Birgitt Oeser,Matthew Pearson,Julie Poulain,Nathalie Poussereau,Hadi Quesneville,Christine Rascle,Julia Schumacher,Béatrice Ségurens,Adrienne Sexton,Evelyn Silva,Catherine Sirven,Darren M. Soanes,Nicholas J. Talbot,Matt Templeton,Chandri Yandava,Oded Yarden,Qiandong Zeng,Jeffrey A. Rollins ?,Marc-Henri Lebrun ?,Marty Dickman ?
PLOS Genetics , 2011, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1002230
Abstract: Sclerotinia sclerotiorum and Botrytis cinerea are closely related necrotrophic plant pathogenic fungi notable for their wide host ranges and environmental persistence. These attributes have made these species models for understanding the complexity of necrotrophic, broad host-range pathogenicity. Despite their similarities, the two species differ in mating behaviour and the ability to produce asexual spores. We have sequenced the genomes of one strain of S. sclerotiorum and two strains of B. cinerea. The comparative analysis of these genomes relative to one another and to other sequenced fungal genomes is provided here. Their 38–39 Mb genomes include 11,860–14,270 predicted genes, which share 83% amino acid identity on average between the two species. We have mapped the S. sclerotiorum assembly to 16 chromosomes and found large-scale co-linearity with the B. cinerea genomes. Seven percent of the S. sclerotiorum genome comprises transposable elements compared to <1% of B. cinerea. The arsenal of genes associated with necrotrophic processes is similar between the species, including genes involved in plant cell wall degradation and oxalic acid production. Analysis of secondary metabolism gene clusters revealed an expansion in number and diversity of B. cinerea–specific secondary metabolites relative to S. sclerotiorum. The potential diversity in secondary metabolism might be involved in adaptation to specific ecological niches. Comparative genome analysis revealed the basis of differing sexual mating compatibility systems between S. sclerotiorum and B. cinerea. The organization of the mating-type loci differs, and their structures provide evidence for the evolution of heterothallism from homothallism. These data shed light on the evolutionary and mechanistic bases of the genetically complex traits of necrotrophic pathogenicity and sexual mating. This resource should facilitate the functional studies designed to better understand what makes these fungi such successful and persistent pathogens of agronomic crops.
New imidazolidinic bioisosters: potential candidates for antischistosomal drugs
Pitta, Maira GR;Silva, Andréa CA;AL Neves, Juliana Kelle;Silva, Poliana G;Irm?o, Jo?o I;Malague?o, Elizabeth;Santana, José V;Lima, Maria CA;Galdino, Suely L;Pitta, Ivan R;Albuquerque, M?nica CPA;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02762006000900049
Abstract: the emergence of strains of schistosoma resistant to praziquantel has drawn attention to the search for new schistosomacide drugs. imidazolidinic derivatives have performed outstandingly against adult s. mansoni worms when evaluated in vitro. the molecular modification of imidazolidine by way of bioisosteric replacement gives rise to variations in its biological response. this study verifies the potential of substituent groups in the derivatives (z)3-benzyl-5-(2-fluoro-benzylidene)-imidazolidine-2,4-dione ne4, 3-benzyl-5-(4-chloro-arylazo)-4-thioxo-imidazolidin -2-ona pt5, 3-benzyl-5-(3-fluoro-benzylidene)-1-methyl-2-thioxo-imidazolidin-4-one jt53; 3-benzyl-1-methyl-5-(4-methyl-benzylidene)-2-thioxo-imidazolidin-4-one jt63; 3-benzyl-1-methyl-5-(4-methoxi-benzylidene)-2-thioxo -imidazolidin-4-one jt68; 3-(4-chloro-benzyl)-1-methyl-5-(4-methoxi-benzylidene)-2-thioxo-imidazolidin-4-one jt69; 3-(4-phenyl-benzyl)-1-methyl-5-(4-methoxi-benzylidene)-2-thioxo-imidazolidin-4-one jt72 by determining the viability in vitro of adult s. mansoni worms in the presence of these derivatives. the susceptibility of the worms obtained from mice and kept in culture in the presence of different concentrations was determined by way of schistosomacide kinetic, observed every 24 h over a period of eight days. the results show that the worms were more sensitive to the pt5 derivative at a concentration of 58 μm which killed 100% of the worms after 24 h of contact, also giving rise to alterations in the tegument surface of the worms with the formation of bubbles and peeling. these observations suggest a strong electronic contribution of the arylazo grouping in the biological response.
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