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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3262 matches for " Irene Gazquez "
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High Prevalence of Systemic Autoimmune Diseases in Patients with Menière's Disease
Irene Gazquez, Andres Soto-Varela, Ismael Aran, Sofia Santos, Angel Batuecas, Gabriel Trinidad, Herminio Perez-Garrigues, Carlos Gonzalez-Oller, Lourdes Acosta, Jose A. Lopez-Escamez
PLOS ONE , 2011, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0026759
Abstract: Background Autoimmunity appears to be associated with the pathophysiology of Meniere's disease (MD), an inner ear disorder characterized by episodes of vertigo associated with hearing loss and tinnitus. However, the prevalence of autoimmune diseases (AD) in patients with MD has not been studied in individuals with uni or bilateral sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). Methods and Findings We estimated the prevalence of AD in 690 outpatients with MD with uni or bilateral SNHL from otoneurology clinics at six tertiary referral hospitals by using clinica criteria and an immune panel (lymphocyte populations, antinuclear antibodies, C3, C4 and proinflammatory cytokines TNFα, INFγ). The observed prevalence of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and ankylosing spondylitis (AS) was higher than expected for the general population (1.39 for RA, 0.87 for SLE and 0.70 for AS, respectively). Systemic AD were more frequently observed in patients with MD and diagnostic criteria for migraine than cases with MD and tension-type headache (p = 0.007). There were clinical differences between patients with uni or bilateral SNHL, but no differences were found in the immune profile. Multiple linear regression showed that changes in lymphocytes subpopulations were associated with hearing loss and persistence of vertigo, suggesting a role for the immune response in MD. Conclusions Despite some limitations, MD displays an elevated prevalence of systemic AD such as RA, SLE and AS. This finding, which suggests an autoimmune background in a subset of patients with MD, has important implications for the treatment of MD.
Polymorphisms of CD16A and CD32 Fcγ receptors and circulating immune complexes in Ménière's disease: a case-control study
José A Lopez-Escamez, Pablo Saenz-Lopez, Irene Gazquez, Antonia Moreno, Carlos Gonzalez-Oller, Andrés Soto-Varela, Sofía Santos, Ismael Aran, Herminio Perez-Garrigues, águeda Iba?ez, Miguel A Lopez-Nevot
BMC Medical Genetics , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2350-12-2
Abstract: The functional CD16A (FcγRIIIa*559A > C, rs396991) and CD32A (FcγRIIa*519A > G, rs1801274) SNPs were analyzed using PCR-based TaqMan Genotyping Assay in two cohorts of 156 mediterranean and 112 Galicia patients in a case-control study. Data were analyzed by χ2 with Fisher's exact test and Cochran-Armitage trend test (CATT). CIC were measured by ELISA for C1q-binding CIC.Elevated CIC were found in 7% of patients with MD during the intercrisis period. No differences were found in the allelic frequency for rs396991 or rs1801274 in controls subjects when they were compared with patients with MD from the same geographic area. However, the frequency of AA and AC genotypes of CD16A (rs396991) differed among mediterranean and Galicia controls (Fisher's test, corrected p = 6.9 × 10-4 for AA; corrected p = 0.02 for AC). Although genotype AC of the CD16A receptor was significantly more frequent in mediterranean controls than in patients, [Fisher's test corrected p = 0.02; OR = 0.63 (0.44-0.91)], a genetic additive effect for the allele C was not observed (CATT, p = 0.23). Moreover, no differences were found in genotype frequencies for rs396991 between patients with MD and controls from Galicia (CATT, p = 0.14). The allelic frequency of CD32 (rs1801274) was not different between patients and controls either in mediterranean (p = 0.51) or Galicia population (p = 0.11).Elevated CIC are not found in most of patients with MD. Functional polymorphisms of CD16A and CD32 genes are not associated with onset of MD.Ménière's disease (MD) is a chronic disease defined by recurrent spells of vertigo associated with sensorineural hearing loss and tinnitus or aural fullness. Different autoimmune diseases share susceptibility loci, but consistent associations with multiple autoimmune disorders have been restricted to three genes: the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) DRB1 gene, the PTPN22 gene encoding lymphoid tyrosine phosphatase LYP and the gene encoding cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated 4 (CTL
Black Mn-Fe crusts as markers of abrupt palaeoenvironmental changes in El Soplao Cave (Cantabria, Spain)
Gazquez Fernando,Calaforra José Maria,Forti Paolo
International Journal of Speleology , 2011,
Abstract: Peculiar iron and manganese deposits coating walls, floors and ceilings of many galleries are one of the special features of the ElSoplao Cave (Cantabria, Spain). These speleothems appear to have been deposited over wall clay deposits, as well as formingpart of flowstones. Structure of crusts is essentially amorphous but several manganese and iron oxides were identified like goethiteand birnessite, though all occur with a low degree of crystallinity. In the outer layer of the crusts, alteration iron minerals appear thatderive from previous minerals in a process probably mediated by microorganisms. EDX microanalyses report fairly high values of Feand Mn in the crusts, though the Mn/Fe ratio varies considerably as a function of distance from the substrate/bedrock. The presentstudy proposes a genetic model for crust speleothems in El Soplao, based on oscillations of the phreatic level. The origin of thesedeposits is related to mobilization, under phreatic conditions, of polymetallic sulfides in the host rock. Metal ions (including Fe2+ andMn2+) released into the cave under reducing conditions, are oxidized and fixed in a process mediated by bacteria, giving rise to oxidesand hydroxides of low crystallinity. The presence of various black intercalated layers in aragonite flowstones indicate periods whencave conditions suddenly changed from vadose, when aragonite is precipitated, to phreatic and epiphreatic conditions, when theMn-Fe deposits are precipitated. Subsequently, vadose conditions were re-established, leading to the final stages of precipitation ofaragonite recorded in the flowstone and recent aragonite helictites on the surface of the Mn-Fe crusts.
Lattice mismatch accommodation via oxygen vacancy ordering in epitaxial La0.5Sr0.5CoO3-δ thin films
J. Gazquez,Shameek Bose,M. Sharma,M. A. Torija
APL Materials , 2013, DOI: 10.1063/1.4809547
Abstract: The properties of complex oxide films depend sensitively on epitaxial strain. This strain affects bond lengths and angles, and defect types and densities, thus impacting physical properties. In this work we perform detailed characterization of depth-dependent strain in epitaxial La0.5Sr0.5CoO3-δ (LSCO) films on SrTiO3(001), SrTiO3(110), and LaAlO3(001) substrates, combining high resolution x-ray diffraction and scanning transmission electron microscopy, in addition to geometric phase analysis. We elucidate a fundamental link between strain state and O vacancy ordering in LSCO films, where lattice mismatch and crystallographic orientation can be used to manipulate the modulation vector of the long-range vacancy order, thus providing a new approach to tailor the properties of such films.
La Corporación Universitaria Lasallista participa en el VII Encuentro de la RedCOLSI con diez proyectos de investigación
María de los ángeles Rodríguez Gazquez
Revista Lasallista de Investigación , 2004,
Abstract:
Primera Jornada Lasallista de Investigación
María de los ángeles Rodríguez Gazquez
Revista Lasallista de Investigación , 2004,
Abstract:
Nace nuestra revista de investigación
María de los ángeles Rodríguez Gazquez
Revista Lasallista de Investigación , 2004,
Abstract:
Hibridación in situ del virus respiratorio syncytial bovino en pulmón de cordero a diferentes tiempos postinfección Bovine respiratory syncytial virus in-situ hybridization from sheep lungs at different times postinfection
E. REDONDO,L. GOMEZ,C. L. KELLING,A. GAZQUEZ
Archivos de medicina veterinaria , 2003,
Abstract: Se estudió, mediante la técnica de hibridación in situ, la distribución del ARN viral del virus respiratorio Sincicial Bovino (VRSB) en pulmón de corderos infectados en forma experimental, a diferentes tiempos postinoculación. La sonda usada para la hibridación in situ se preparó mediante transcripción reversa del ARN del VRSB, seguida de la amplificación mediante PCR de cADN. 25 corderos de raza Merino de ambos sexos y de un peso vivo de 55 (+/- 10) Kg, fueron inoculados por vía intratraqueal con 40 ml de solución salina que contenía 1.26 x 10(6) DIM50 por ml (cepa viral NMK7). Los corderos se sacrificaron los días 1, 3, 7, 11 y 15 postinoculación. Las células epiteliales bronquiales y bronquiolares resultaron positivas a los ácidos nucleicos de VRSB los días 1, 3, 7 y 11 postinoculación. A su vez, el epitelio alveolar contenía células positivas los días 1, 3, y 7 postinoculación. Se detectaron células que contenían el ARN viral en las luces bronquiales y bronquilares del día 1 al 11 postinoculación, y en el exudadado alveolar en los días 3 y 7 postinoculación. Se identificaron se ales positivas de hibridación desde el día 3 al 11 postinoculación, tanto en las células intersticiales mononucleares como en el tejido linfoide asociado a los bronquios. Las se ales de hibridación más intensas se detectaron a los días 3 y 7 postinoculación, lo que coincidió con las lesiones histopatológicas de mayor consideración We studied the distribution of bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV) RNA in lungs of experimentally infected sheep by in situhybridization at different times postinfection. The probe used for in-situ hybridization was prepared by reverse transcription of BRSV RNA, followed by PCR amplification of the cDNA. Twenty five Merino sheeps of both sexes with a live weight of 55± 10 Kg, received a intratracheal inoculation of 40 ml saline solution containing 1.26 x 10(6) TCID50 BRSV (strain NMK7) per ml. Sheep were slaughtered 1,3,7,11 and 15 postinoculation days (PID). Bronchial and bronchiolar epithelial cells were positive for BRSV nucleic acid by ISH at 1, 3, 7 and 11 PID. However, alveolar epithelial cells contained positive hybridization signals cells at 1,3 and 7 PID. Cells containing viral RNA were detected from 1 to 11 PID, in exudate within bronchial and bronchiolar lumina; and from 3 to 7 PID in alveolar exudates. Positive hybridization signals were identified in interstitial mononuclear cells and in bronchi associated lymphoid tissue from 3 to 11 PID. The highest signal intensity of positive cells were observed at 3 and 7 PID, coinciding with
The role that oilseeds, including new hi-oleic varieties can play in improving the profile of fat intake by the UK population  [PDF]
Janice Irene Harland
Agricultural Sciences (AS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/as.2014.53024
Abstract:


The production in the EU of the oilseeds, rapeseed and sunflower, has increased dramatically over the last 20 years. Much of the oil produced after crushing is used for culinary purposes; this enhanced intake of vegetable oil has led to a substantial change of fatty acid (FA) supply. This has been conclusively demonstrated by taking the UK oil supply data and by use of the FA profile of the key oils converting the supply data into a FA profile of the UK market place for 2008-2012. The most marked changes are a reduction in saturated fat (SFA) and an increase in monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) available for consumption. Furthermore the introduction of varieties of hi-oleic sunflower oil can further affect the market FA profile. The fat profiles of rapeseed and sunflower oils are considered healthy and they can have a positive impact when included in the diet, particularly as a replacement for oils or fats rich in SFA. In the UK and much of Europe, adult SFA intake continues to exceed recommendations. While reductions in the UK population’s SFA intake have occurred over the last 20 years, these are modest and it may be timely to identify ways in which SFA intake can be further reduced. To do this, the UK market FA supply data has been analysed alongside the profile of FA intake from adults recording their intake in national dietary surveys in order to identify if the market supply affects overall FA consumption. There is an indication that market oil supply is reflected in adults dietary intake of the main groups of FA. Consequently changes made to the oil profile of oilseeds by plant breeders and use of the resulting healthier oils by food manufacturers could have important roles to play in helping adults to achieve the recommended intake of SFA and also improve the overall fat quality in their diet leading to enhanced long-term health and well-being. Thus changes made in pri

The Relationship between Access to Mass Media and HIV/AIDS Related Knowledge, Beliefs and Behaviours in Kenya  [PDF]
Irene Muli, Stephen Lawoko
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2014.57084
Abstract:

Aim: We scrutinized the association between access to mass media and HIV/AIDS related knowledge, beliefs and behaviours in Kenya. Methods: Data on a representative sample of Kenyan women between 15 - 30 years of age (n = 3909) was retrieved from the Kenyan demographic and health survey (DHS 2008) and analyzed using Chi-square tests and binary logistic regression. Results: Media use was common with over 70% of participants using radio at least once a week. Between 3% - 30% of participants had poor to inadequate knowledge/beliefs about HIV/AIDS, with variations depending on demographic and social factors such as age, education, literacy, wealth and residential area. HIV/AIDS knowledge, beliefs and behaviours were associated with exposure to media, even after control for possible co-variation with social and demographic factor. Conclusion: Despite wide exposure to media among young Kenyan women, substantial proportions have poor to inadequate knowledge of the aetiology, risk/protective factors and control measures of HIV/AIDS. Yet, such knowledge was positively associated with media use. Media thus could ideally be used to implement a comprehensive awareness campaign in the general population about the aetiology, risk/protective factors and control measures in HIV/AIDS.

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