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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 26386 matches for " InterPARES3 "
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The long-term preservation of the digital heritage: the case of universities institutional repositories La conservazione a lungo termine del patrimonio digitale: il caso degli archivi istituzionali delle università
Luciana Duranti
JLIS.it , 2010, DOI: 10.4403/jlis.it-12
Abstract: L'articolo affronta le tematiche legate ai problemi della conservazione a lungo termine del contenuto degli archivi digitali. Il materiale d'archivio richiede un'attenzione speciale ad aspetti quali la credibilità, il valore giuridico, i diritti morali e legali e la privacy. La necessità di assicurare accessibilità e integrità ai dati informatici è tuttavia una problematica che attraversa tutti i campi dell'informatizzazione ed è strettamente legata a fattori come la frequente duplicazione e la corretta scelta dei metadadi. Attraverso l'analisi del caso di studio rappresentato da cIRcle, l'istitutional digital repository della University of British Columbia (UBC), il contributo mostra problemi, rischi e soluzioni utili nella gestione di un archivio digitale, mostrando che l'esperienza degli archivisti può essere utile per sviluppare sistemi legati a depositi di informazione non prettamente archivistici. The article faces the problems related to long-term preservation of the digital archives content. Archival material requires a special attentio due to credibility, juridical value, moral and legal rights, and privacy. The need to ensure accessibility and integrity of informatic data is a problem that involves all aspects and fields of informatization, and it is closely related to metadata choice and duplication. Through the analysis of the case-study represented by cIrcle, the istitutional digital repository della University of British Columbia (UBC), the article shows problems, risks, and solutions in managing a digital archive, showing that the professional experience of archivists can be useful in order to develop technological systems for non-archivistic contents.
A Foundation for Developing Digital Preservation Policy: The InterPARES Policy Framework
SHERRY LXIE,

现代图书情报技术 , 2008,
Abstract: The InterPARES 2 project(2001-2006)is an international research collaboration on long-term digital preservation and the world largest project of its kind.It brought together 100 researchers from 21 countries,who joined the project with their respective disciplinary expertise,and a large number of graduate research assistants,who contributed to various kinds of research activities.By investigating cases in complex digital environment,where digital information is generated and used to support the conduct of artistic,scientific,and governmental activities,the project has developed both theoretical and methodological knowledge essential to effective preservation of reliable,accurate,and authentic digital records.The InterPARES policy framework,which contains two sets of complementary principles,is one of the core products of the project.It provides a sound foundation on which preservation policies and procedures can be formulated.Although it is produced based on research examining digital records,for which archival institutions are usually the legitimate preservers,some of them are applicable to other types of digital information such as digital publications,which libraries are charged to maintain.It is believed that the exchange of research findings between libraries and archival institutions-the two major players in the field of digital preservation-will facilitate the preservation of societal documentary heritage and ensure the collective accountability of the memoy profession.
Elektronik Belge Y netimi üzerine InterPARES Projesi ve Türkiye Tak m Faaliyetleri InterPARES Project on the Electronic Records Management and Team Turkey Activities
Külcü, ?zgür,?akmak, Tolga
Bilgi Dünyas? , 2009,
Abstract: InterPARES, 1999 y l nda ba lat lm ve ü a amadan olu an bir projedir. Projeninü üncü a amas olan InterPARES 3, Türkiye’nin de i inde yer ald 15 tak mlager ekle tirilmektedir. Daha nce tamamlanan InterPARES projelerinin (InterPARES1, 1999-2001; InterPARES 2, 2002-2007) ortaya koydu u kuramsal ve metodolojikyakla mlar, kü ük organizasyonlardan büyük te kilatlara kadar elektronik bilgi vebelge y netimi sistemlerinin geli tirilmesinde geni bir alanda uygulama potansiyelita maktad r. Ancak zellikle daha nce gü lü bir bilgi/belge sistemi ile yap land r lmam organizasyonlarda elektronik bilgi ve belge y netimi uygulamalar n n geli tirilmesikonusunda ciddi profesyonel desteklere gereksinim duyulmaktad r. Bu do rultudaInterPARES 3 Projesi, daha nceki projelerde say sal koruma üzerine geli tirilen kuram vemetodolojiyi, ar iv kayna olarak uzun d nemli saklama gere i duyulan belgelere sahipkurumlara y nelik uygulama modellerini geli tirmek i in kullanmay ama lamaktad r.InterPARES Project was started in 1999 and it has three stages. Today, InterPARES 3Project studies are carried with 15 teams that contain Turkey. While the conceptual andmethodological findings of InterPARES 1 and InterPARES 2 (InterPARES 1/ 1999-2001;InterPARES 2/ 2002-2007) are equally applicable to larger and smaller organizationsand programs, archives with limited resources, which often have the greatest need forassistance, will result in the outcomes of the research difficult to apply without specificdirections on how to move forward. This research project will translate the theory andmethod of digital preservation drawn from research to date into concrete action plans for existing bodies of records that are to be kept over the long term by archives and archivalrecord units within organizations endowed with limited resources.
Autenticitet i en digital v rld: L ngsiktsbevarande av allm nna handlingar [Authenticity in a Digital World: Long Term Preservation of Public Records]
Kenneth H?nstr?m
Human IT: Tidskrift f?r Studier av IT ur ett Humanvetenskapligt Perspektiv , 2007,
Abstract: Long term preservation of electronic records has been an object of debate in the archival community for many years. The increasing use of digital technology by governmental agencies means that current public records often have exclusively electronic form. Long term preservation of electronic records implies new problems, for instance because the information content and the media carrying the information can be separated. Thus traditional means of securing the preservation of records, primarily focusing on physical arrange-ment and physical custody, have become insufficient. This has practical implications for the handling of records, and has also generated new theoretical models in the archival domain.This study focuses on the problem of authenticity concerning long term preservation of electronic official documents. The aim is to find out whether authenticity problems can occur when governmental agencies create and later transfer electronic records to the National Archives for long term preservation. The study consists of three parts: a literature review aiming at identifying and analysing central theoretical concepts; an analysis of Swedish legislation to identify the legal requirements on electronic official documents relevant according to the concept of authenticity; and finally, testing these legal re-quire-ments against the InterPares project’s analytical model for authentic electronic records. The findings show that there are scarce possibilities to establish and maintain long term authenticity within the current legal framework. The study also shows that international theoretical concepts to a large extent are applicable on Swedish conditions, which enables the use of general theoretical models and international standards. However, some differences in the interpretation of the concept of records and records’ evidential value can be recognized.
The Interdisciplinary Deficit
Sasa Lada
Intellectum , 2007,
Abstract: The interdisciplinary deficit and mono-scientific tradition of Greek university function as a powerful brake to the development of sciences. The crucial question which emerges is how exactly can the development and promotion of novel scientific fields be possible, which explicitly question the existing scientific delimitation and composition within the Greek universities’ arteriosclerotic structures.
An antibody present in everybody that attacks malaria infected erythrocytes  [PDF]
James Kennedy
Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering (JBiSE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jbise.2013.67A1001
Abstract: These malaria targeting antibodies are band 3 antibodies and they recognize a special configuration of a molecule called band 3 that is present on erythrocytes. The special band 3 configuration is present on the surface of senescent erythrocytes, malaria infected erythrocytes, the erythrocytes of certain hemoglobinnopathies such as sickle cell disease and on the erythrocytes of some metabolic disorders such as G6PD. Note that these hemoglobinopathies and metabolic disorders all aid in the survival of falciparum malaria to such an extent that their incidence is increased in falciparum endemic areas [1-3]. Though there are many adhesive molecules involved in the pathology of falciparum malaria and sickle cell anemia, the focus here is on the band 3 molecules.
Structural and Conductivity Studies of Poly(Ethylene Oxide) – Silver Triflate Polymer Electrolyte System  [PDF]
Nirali Gondaliya, Dinesh Kumar Kanchan, Poonam Sharma, Prajakata Joge
Materials Sciences and Applications (MSA) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/msa.2011.211218
Abstract: Film of PEO containg AgCF3SO3 were prepared by the solution casting technique. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy have been carried out on a series of complexes containing poly (ethylene oxide) PEO and silver triflate (AgCF3SO3) salt. Spectral analysis of all the samples has revealed the complexation of silver ions with oxygen in PEO. The ac conductivity and electrical modulus of the samples prepared have been analyzed. The ac conductivity was observed to obey the Universal power law. The temperature dependence of the power law exponent n is reasonably interpreted by the overlapping large polaron tunneling (OLPT) model. The imaginary part, M” of electrical modulus shows the formation of dispersion peak. The plot of log conductivity relaxation times and log sigma as a function of salt concentration was in accordance with each other.
Cytotoxicity of seven recent dentine bonding agents on mouse 3T3 fibroblast cells  [PDF]
Annette Olivier, Sias R. Grobler, Yusuf Osman
Open Journal of Stomatology (OJST) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojst.2012.24043
Abstract: Today it is generally accepted that most bonding agents are cytotoxic. In this study the relative cytotoxicity of seven recent dentine bonding agents on mouse 3T3 fibroblast cells were investigated. Materials and Methods. Near-confluent mouse 3T3 fibroblast cells were exposed to Dulbecco Modified Eagle’s Medium containing extractions from the seven different bonding agents. The cell survival rate was then determined using the standard MTT assay. Results. The cell survival rate ranking is: iBond (94%) < Gbond (78%) < Xeno V (71%) < Adper Easy Bond (63%) < Xeno V+ (61%) < Adper Scotchbond SE (33%) < XP Bond (32%). Part A of Adper Scotchbond SE had a survival rate of 35% and part B 38%. These two parts did not differ significantly. Adper Scotchbond SE and XP Bond do not differ significantly. While Xeno V+, Xeno V and Adper Easy Bond do not differ. (p < 5%; Tukey-Kramer Multiple-Comparison Test). Conclusion. All of the tested adhesive bonding agents were cytotoxic with survival rate of 3T3 cells between 94% to 31%. Of the 7 bonding agents tested iBond was found to be only slightly toxic and by far the least toxic. The two bonding agents (XP Bond and Adper Scotchbond SE) containing UDMA plus TEGDMA plus HEMA plus camphorquinone were found to be the most toxic.
Osteogenesis of MC3T3 Preosteoblasts on 3D Bioactive Peptide Modified Nano-Macroporous Bioactive Glass Scaffolds  [PDF]
Colin Przybylowski, Mohamed Ammar, Courtney LeBlon, Sabrina S. Jedlicka
Journal of Biomaterials and Nanobiotechnology (JBNB) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jbnb.2015.63015
Abstract: Biointerface design that targets osteogenesis is a growing area of research with significant implications in biomedicine. Materials known to either support or stimulate osteogenesis are composed of a biomimetic ceramic material, such as bioactive glass. Bioactive glass is osteoproductive, and the potential for osteoproductivity can be enhanced by the addition of proteins or other additives designed to alter functionality. In addition, soluble growth factors are often added to osteogenic culture on bioactive glasses, further intensifying the effects of the material. In this paper, synthetic peptide combinations, covalently bound to a three-dimensional bioactive glass network, are used to mimic the effects of the whole fibronectin and bone morphogenetic proteins (BMP) 2 and 9. Peptide-silanes possessing critical binding sequences from each of these proteins are synthesized and used to decorate the surface of three-dimensional (3D) nano-macroporous bioactive glass. MC3T3 preosteoblast cells are then assessed for differentiation on the materials in the absence of soluble differentiation cues. MC3T3 preosteoblasts undergo enhanced differentiation on the peptide-silane samples over the standard nano-macroporous bioactive glass, and the differentiation capacity of the cells exposes only to peptide-silane surfaces approaches that of cells grown in chemical differentiation induction media.
Assessment of Climate Change for Precipitation and Temperature Using Statistical Downscaling Methods in Upper Godavari River Basin, India  [PDF]
Vidya R. Saraf, Dattatray G. Regulwar
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2016.81004
Abstract: In the present study SDSM downscaling model was used as a tool for downscaling weather data statistically in upper Godavari river basin. Two Global Climate Models (GCMs), CGCM3 and HadCM3, have been used to project future maximum temperature (Tmax), minimum temperature (Tmin) and precipitation. The predictor variables are extracted from: 1) the National Centre for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) reanalysis dataset for the period 1961-2003, 2) the simulations from the third-generation Hadlycentre Coupled Climate Model (HadCM3) and Coupled Global Climate Model (CGCM3) variability and changes in Tmax, Tmin and precipitation under scenarios A1B and A2 of CGCM3 model and A2 and B2 of HadCM3 model have been presented for future periods: 2020s, 2050s and 2080s. The scatter-plots and cross-correlations are used for verifying the reliability of the simulation. Maximum temperature increases in future for almost all the scenarios for both GCMs. Also downscaled future precipitation shows increasing trends for all scenarios.
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