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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 532 matches for " Inge Ringmets "
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Alcohol consumption patterns during transition and economic growth in Estonia: results from the 1996 and 2006 health interview surveys  [PDF]
Kersti P?rna, Inge Ringmets
Open Journal of Preventive Medicine (OJPM) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2011.13012
Abstract: Aims: To investigate alcohol consumption patterns in Estonia in 1996, which represents the transition period after the collapse of the Soviet Union, and in 2006, which is characterized by economic growth. Methods: Data from all 25 – 64 year olds from the nationally representative 1996 and 2006 Estonian Health Interview Surveys were analysed. The frequency of alcohol consumption and heavy episodic drinking (HED) were examined. The odds ratios of at least weekly alcohol consumption and HED according to socio-demographic characteristics were calculated using logistic regression models. Results: In comparison with 1996, at least weekly alcohol consumption was nearly twice as high among men in 2006. No association between HED and the study year was found. Alcohol consumption was lower among respondents in the oldest age group. Weekly alcohol consumption was lower among non-Estonian men in both study years. HED was higher among non-Estonian men and women in 1996 but this difference disappeared in 2006. Weekly alcohol consumption was lower among less educated men in 1996 but not in 2006. No clear tendency in weekly alcohol consumption by education was found among women. HED was higher among less educated men in both study years; however, this association was weaker in 2006. While HED was not associated with education among women in 1996, an inverse relationship was found in 2006. Conclusions: The study confirmed that rapid societal changes had an effect on alcohol consumption patterns in Estonia. Estonia needs the implementation of a comprehensive alcohol policy to decrease harmful alcohol consumption in the whole society.
Cigarette and waterpipe smoking among adolescents in Estonia: HBSC survey results, 1994–2006
Kersti P?rna, Janika Usin, Inge Ringmets
BMC Public Health , 2008, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-8-392
Abstract: This study was based on a four-yearly HBSC survey of health behaviour among school-aged children conducted in 1994–2006 in Estonia. It was a school-based survey of a nationally representative sample using standardized methodology. The target group of the survey were 11-, 13-, and 15-year-old schoolchildren (N = 13826), 6656 boys and 7170 girls. Cigarette and waterpipe smoking was determined on a 4-stage scale: every day, at least once a week, less than once a week, not smoking. Logistic regression analysis was applied to examine gender- and age-specific smoking trends and to study the association between cigarette and waterpipe smoking.Prevalence of smoking was higher among boys than girls in all age groups during the whole study period. The prevalence of cigarette smoking increased in 1994–2002 and then slightly decreased in both genders. The increase in smoking was larger among girls. Among girls, daily smoking increased during the whole study period. Among 15-year-old schoolchildren one-third of the boys and one quarter of the girls were cigarette smokers, 21% of the boys and 12% of the girls were daily smokers in 2006. One fourth of the boys and one sixth of the girls were waterpipe smokers. A logistic regression analysis revealed a strong association between cigarette and waterpipe smoking among schoolchildren.The results of this study can significantly enhance the capacity to develop and implement tobacco prevention and control programmes among the youth in Estonia.Since the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Estonia, one of the Baltic countries, has experienced major political, economic and social changes. This transition was accompanied by an immediate increase in mortality, which only reversed in 1995 [1,2]. Also, the gross national product per capita started to rise again from the mid-1990s. In 2004, Estonia became a member of the European Union associated with introduction of the single European market and the general pressure towards convergence in ma
Obesity, High-Molecular-Weight (HMW) Adiponectin, and Metabolic Risk Factors: Prevalence and Gender-Specific Associations in Estonia
Triin Eglit, Inge Ringmets, Margus Lember
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0073273
Abstract: Background The metabolic consequences of obesity are associated with an imbalance of adipocytokines, e.g. adiponectin. However, some obese subjects remain metabolically healthy and have adiponectin levels similar to normal body weight subjects. Current estimates of the prevalence of obesity in Estonia have relied only on self-report data. Objectives To estimate the prevalence of obesity in Estonia, to test for associations between HMW adiponectin and metabolic risk factors and to test if HMW adiponectin levels differentiate metabolically healthy and metabolically unhealthy subjects. Methods We conducted a population-based cross-sectional multicentre study to gather history, examination and blood test results for 495 subjects aged 20–74. Metabolically healthy subjects were free from hypertension, dyslipidaemia, impaired glucose regulation and insulin resistance. Metabolically unhealthy subjects had at least one of these four metabolic abnormalities. Results The prevalence of obesity was 29% in men and 34% in women. HMW adiponectin was positively correlated with HDL cholesterol and negatively correlated with triglycerides, obesity, insulin resistance and blood glucose. This effect was driven by metabolically unhealthy subjects in men, but by both metabolically healthy and metabolically unhealthy subjects in women. Metabolically healthy women had higher HMW adiponectin levels than metabolically unhealthy women. 12% of all obese subjects were metabolically healthy, and their HMW adiponectin levels were similar to normal weight subjects. Conclusions Obesity is more prevalent in Estonian adults than previously thought. HMW adiponectin levels were associated with various metabolic risk factors in metabolically healthy women but not in metabolically healthy men. For both genders, HMW adiponectin differentiates metabolically healthy obese subjects from metabolically unhealthy obese subjects.
Editorial
Inge Angevaare
Liber Quarterly : The Journal of European Research Libraries , 2008,
Abstract:
Book Review: Business Planning for Digital Libraries: International Approaches
Inge Angevaare
Liber Quarterly : The Journal of European Research Libraries , 2011,
Abstract:
Editorial
Inge Angevaare
Liber Quarterly : The Journal of European Research Libraries , 2012,
Abstract:
Taking Care of Digital Collections and Data: ‘Curation’ and Organisational Choices for Research Libraries
Inge Angevaare
Liber Quarterly : The Journal of European Research Libraries , 2008,
Abstract: This article explores the types of digital information research libraries typically deal with and what factors might influence libraries’ decisions to take on the work of data curation themselves, to take on the responsibility for data but market out the actual work, or to leave the responsibility to other organisations. The article introduces the issues dealt with in the LIBER Workshop ‘Curating Research’ to be held in The Hague on 17 April 2009 ( http://www.kb.nl/curatingresearch) and this corresponding issue of LIBER Quarterly.
Editorial: Quantity versus Quality and Changes in Scholarly Communication
Inge Angevaare
Liber Quarterly : The Journal of European Research Libraries , 2008,
Abstract:
Editorial
Inge Angevaare
Liber Quarterly : The Journal of European Research Libraries , 2008,
Abstract:
Editorial
Inge Angevaare
Liber Quarterly : The Journal of European Research Libraries , 2010,
Abstract:
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