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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 877 matches for " Indian parishes "
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Legitimidad política y organización social en las comunidades indígenas de la provincia de Chayanta (siglo XVIII)
Serulnikov, Sergio
Anuario de Estudios Americanos , 2004,
Abstract: This article explores the relationship between the indigenous hierarchies of government, the ethnic organization, and the shifting notions of political legitimacy in the Upper Peruvian province of Chayanta during the eighteenth century. It argues that the crisis of Andean chieftainships resulting in the 1780 insurrection was originated in that the caciques continued to play a central role in the functioning of the rural society —a role that could not be diminished unless drastic changes in the ayllus’ traditional patterns of ecological verticality and distribution of economic resources among their members occurred—, at the same time that that their ideological legitimacy was no longer subjected to somewhat rigid aristocratic principles. Peasant protests affected interim and hereditary caciques alike and tried to bridge the gap between the economic and political rationality of the communities’ authorities. The work seeks to locate these developments within the general context of the Andean area. El artículo explora la relación entre las jerarquías comunales de autoridad, la estructuración étnica y los criterios de legitimidad política en la provincia altoperuana de Chayanta durante el siglo XVIII. Se postula que la crisis de autoridad cacical que desembocaría en la sublevación de 1780 radicó en que la institución continuó jugando un papel primordial en la reproducción social andina —un papel que no podía ser suprimido de no mediar cambios drásticos en las tradicionales formas de verticalidad ecológica y en los modos de distribución de los recursos y obligaciones materiales entre los miembros de los ayllus—, al tiempo que su legitimidad dejó de estar sometida a rígidos principios nobiliarios. Las protestas campesinas afectaron tanto a los caciques “interinos” como a los hereditarios y estuvieron orientadas a cerrar la brecha entre la racionalidad económica y la racionalidad política de los jefes étnicos. El trabajo procura situar estos desarrollos en el contexto general del área andina.
Northwest Indian Ocean’s Spring Cooling  [PDF]
Kern E. Kenyon
Natural Science (NS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ns.2014.610076

A major cooling down of the northwestern Indian Ocean’s surface, including the Arabian Sea, starts in May, according to a well-known world atlas of SSTs. This is before the southwest monsoon which usually begins in June. Also within one year, there are two surface temperature maxima and two minima, which is not typical for the northern hemisphere. A surface current, cooler than the surrounding water, crosses the equator in April and May heading north and east on the western side of the ocean. That proposal is consistent with the given SST information. The warmer surrounding water is then moved to east and south as a consequence. Since wind driving is not available for initiation, the relatively cool northeastward current is thought to be caused by a thermohaline force related to the unstable northward temperature gradient in the west, which is of constant sign right across the equator beginning in May: cool in the south monotonically increasing to warm in the north.

Un salvavidas de plomo: Los curas rurales de Buenos Aires y la reforma eclesiástica de 1822
Barral,María Elena;
Prohistoria , 2010,
Abstract: the available interpretations of the ecclesiastical reform of 1822 stretch from the idea of "expropriation" of the church wealth to the idea of "saving" part of the clergy. this article analyzes the impact of this reform -and others beyond the ecclesiastical sphere- on the rural parishes of buenos aires. here we show that the budget allocated to the church, one of the main innovations of this reform, hardly modified the income of parish priests. in addition, other measures of the program of rivadavia leading to reinforce the institutional order sought to subordinate these priests to the new local "jefes políticos" -the judges of peace
Challenges Associated with Serving the Diverse Needs of American Indian Families through Current Provisions of the Indian Child Welfare Act  [PDF]
Sonya Smith, Yanyi K. Djamba
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2015.51003
Abstract: Historical reviews of American Indian Culture reveal an indigenous population rooted in the dichotomy of societal misunderstanding and victimization. This dichotomy illustrates repeated occurrence of incidents involving the removal, assimilation or extinction of American Indian children. This analysis of the Indian Child Welfare Act focuses on the heart of American Indian culture which is the well-being of American Indian children. Information used in this paper comes from the review of literature, census data and oral narratives obtained through a convenience sample of American Indian people interviewed in Alabama. The results of this study reveal the diversity of American Indian people seen throughout the United States, as well as in the state of Alabama. Unfortunately, the provisions of the Indian Child Welfare Act are only intended for American Indian children from federally recognized tribes and exclude American Indian children from state recognized tribes. This study concludes with a discussion of the contributions and limitations of the Indian Child Welfare Act and calls for expanded services to serve all American Indian populations in the United States.
Deep-Sea Benthic Foraminiferal Distribution in South West Indian Ocean: Implications to Paleoecology  [PDF]
Nadimikeri Jayaraju, Balam Chinnapolla Sundara Raja Reddy, Kambham Reddeppa Reddy, Addula Nallappa Reddy
International Journal of Geosciences (IJG) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2010.12011
Abstract: Five grab samples from the southwestern part of the Indian ocean were collected by ORV Sagar Kanya during the third expedition to the southern Indian ocean in June 2009. The sediment samples have been analyzed and recorded 36 benthic foraminiferal species belonging to 21 genera and 3 suborders. All the species were taxonomically identified, SEM photographed and illustrated. Deep sea-benthic foraminiferal species at different locations of South of West India Ocean (3150-4125 m water depth) is examined in terms of number of species (n) and diversity (d). The observed depth ranges of benthic foraminifera have been documented to recognize their bathymetric distribution. The valves of these parameters reached their maximum at 3190 m water depth. Productivity continued in the Indo-Pacific Ocean (the biogenic boom) and the Oxygen minimum zone (OMZ) intensified over large parts of Indian Ocean continually. The diversity values show more abrupt trend as depth increases. Species like Epistominella exigua and Pullenia bulloides occur at both 3150 m & 3465 m depths indicating depth persistence. Further, Oridorsalis umbonatus and Melonis sphaeroides occur at both 3150 m & 3465 m depths. Species like Gyroidina sp an indicate of low oxygen environment and Uvigerina hispida-costata indicative of high organic carbon are found to occur at 3150 m & 3740 m respectively. Factor analysis and Pearson correlation matrix was performed on foraminiferal census data of 10 highest ranked species which are present in at least one sample. 3 factors were obtained accounting for 72.81% of the total variance. Thus the study suggests that fluctuations in species diversity at the locations of the present study were related to changes in productivity during the geological past. Further, the faunal data do indicate the early Holocene Indian Ocean was influenced by increased ventilation perhaps by North Atlantic deep water and or circumpolar deep waters.
Rhododendrons in Indian Himalayan Region: Diversity and Conservation  [PDF]
K. Chandra Sekar, Sunil Kumar Srivastava
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2010.12017
Abstract: The genus Rhododendron of Indian Himalayan Region (IHR) has been enumerated in the present paper. A total of 87 species, 12 subspecies and 8 varieties of Rhododendrons recorded in IHR, among these 6 species and one subspecies are reported from Western Himalaya. The maximum concentration of 86% observed in Arunachal Pradesh (75 species). The species of Rhododendrons exhibit significant diversity in habit and broad range of distribution from the altitude of 800-6000 m. and the best range is observed in 3001-3500 m altitudes. In analysis revealed 20 taxa are endemic, 30 are rare, 24 are threatened / endangered, 3 are vulnerable and 47 taxa have to be assessed. The major threats to rhododendrons are deforestation and unsustainable extraction for firewood and incense by local people has been discussed.
Role of Knowledge in Supporting Growth across Indian States: A Co-Integration and Causality Approach  [PDF]
Arindam Banik, Rabia Khatun
Modern Economy (ME) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/me.2012.33045
Abstract: This paper uses cointegration and vector error-correction models to analyse the causal relationship between education and development across select Indian states using annual data from 1980-81 to 2008-09. Expenditure on education per capita is used as the proxy for education, while State domestic product per capita is the proxy for development. The empirical results provide some evidence of bi-directional causality in Indian States such as Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu. There is also evidence of causation running from per capita expenditure on education to per capita State domestic product in either the short or long run in states such as Bihar, Arunachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Punjab, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Haryana and Punjab. Thus, there is some indication that the observed positive correlation across states between expenditure on education and growth reflects primarily the influence of government effective intervention in the education sector.
Multidisciplinary approach in child and adolescent depression: Experience from a tertiary mental health institution in India  [PDF]
Deepak Kumar, Uday K. Sinha, Amit Khanna, Sujit Kumar Kar
Open Journal of Psychiatry (OJPsych) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojpsych.2013.33A002

The concept of Multidisciplinary approach is not new to Medical Science. It is an evolving concept that is widely appreciated and adopted in most of the disciplines of medicine. It’s rational and applicable in the management of Child and Adolescent Depression,which needs to be revisited focusing on the interplay of various contextual factors that are entwined and tend to affect the course of the illness. The limitations of any one mental health professional in envisioning all possible dimensions of Child and Adolescent Depression make this approach all the more important wherein Psychiatrists, Clinical Psychologists, Psychiatric Social Workers collaborate with each other and other allied professionals in the treatment and management of the disorder. India, being a heavily populated country, where multidisciplinary management approach is in a phase of expansion and is practiced in many leading institutes to meet the quality needs of patients. This article focuses on the Indian scene of multidisciplinary management approach in child and adolescent depression.

Pleistocene Radiolaria from Leg 119 Site 738B (Sections 1H1-1H2): Systematics and Biostratigraphy  [PDF]
Girish Kumar Sharma, Sheetal Kanojia
Open Journal of Geology (OJG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojg.2013.38048

This paper presents a record of radiolarian species from the sections (1H1-1H2) Leg 119 Site 738B of Southern Ocean region. Well diversified taxa of typical Antarctic assemblage are present in the sections. Thirty species were identified and illustrated from twenty-nine samples. On the basis of appearance, disappearance and abundance of taxa, viz. Omega and Psi zones are established and systematics of stratigraphically important species is described. These zones are equivalent to NR1 and NR2 of Upper Quaternary.

Hacia un nuevo clero en los Andes a finales del siglo XVIII: la ordenación A título de lengua en el Arzobispado de Lima
Lavallé, Bernard
Revista de Indias , 2011,
Abstract: In the archbishopric of Lima, as well as in others, there is a significant change in the recruitment of secular clergy for parishes towards the end of the 18th century. The lenguaraces, those who know the indigenous language, are granted privilege by favoring that prerequisite above all others. This had notable consequences on their preparation, as well as the social and ethnic background of these priests, who were forced to work with a fragile status, with no possibility of relocation or promotion, all of which led to the appearance of a true lower clergy. En el arzobispado de Lima, como en otros, a finales del siglo XVIII se nota un cambio sustancial en el reclutamiento del clero secular para las doctrinas. Se privilegia entonces a los lenguaraces, conocedores de la lengua indígena, pasando ese requisito por encima de los demás. Eso tuvo consecuencias notables sobre la preparacion pero también el origen social y étnico de esos sacerdotes, obligados a trabajar con estatuto fragilizado, sin posibilidad de promocion ni cambio de destino, desembocando todo eso en la aparicion de un verdadero bajo clero.
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