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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 6271 matches for " In-Jang Choi "
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Reply: Anomalous Muscles in Carpal Tunnel Associated with Neurovascular Variation: Case Report and Brief Review  [PDF]
Kiwook Yang, Hyunsu Lee, Jae-Ho Lee, In-Jang Choi
Forensic Medicine and Anatomy Research (FMAR) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/fmar.2015.31005
Abstract: Gantzer’s muscle is an additional muscle in the forearm. We studied the incidence and the morphology of Gantzer’s muscle and its relation with neurovascular structures. However, unlike the previous suggestion by Eid et al., there is no significant difference in the frequency of the variations of these nerves whether Gantzer’s muscle is present or not.
The Pectoral Branch Arising from the Subscapular Artery: Case Report of a Rare Variation  [PDF]
Jae-Hee Park, Jae-Ho Lee, In-Jang Choi
Forensic Medicine and Anatomy Research (FMAR) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/fmar.2016.44008
Abstract: Variations in the upper limbs are common and are the main causes for iatrogenic injury during invasive procedures. A rare division of the axillary artery was found on the left side of a Korean cadaver during an educational dissection. The subscapular artery originated from the second part of the axillary artery. And then it gave off an aberrant branch to the pectoralis major muscle, as pectoral branch. The author describes this previously unreported case and discusses its prevalence and the clinical implications.
Photosensitizer-Conjugated Gold Nanorods for Enzyme-Activatable Fluorescence Imaging and Photodynamic Therapy
Boseung Jang, Yongdoo Choi
Theranostics , 2012,
Abstract: We report on the development of photosensitizer-conjugated gold nanorods (MMP2P-GNR) in which photosensitizers were conjugated onto the surface of gold nanorods (GNR) via a protease-cleavable peptide linker. We hypothesized that fluorescence and phototoxicity of the conjugated photosensitizers would be suppressed in their native state, becoming activated only after cleavage by the target protease matrix metalloprotease-2 (MMP2). Quantitative analysis of the fluorescence and singlet oxygen generation (SOG) demonstrated that the MMP2P-GNR conjugate emitted fluorescence intensity corresponding to 0.4% ± 0.01% and an SOG efficiency of 0.89% ± 1.04% compared to free pyropheophorbide-a. From the in vitro cell studies using HT1080 cells that overexpress MMP2 and BT20 cells that lack MMP2, we observed that fluorescence and SOG was mediated by the presence or absence of MMP2 in these cell lines. This novel activatable photosensitizing system may be useful for protease-mediated fluorescence imaging and subsequent photodynamic therapy for various cancers.
A combinatorial proof of a formula for Betti numbers of a stacked polytope
Suyoung Choi,Jang Soo Kim
Mathematics , 2009,
Abstract: For a simplicial complex $\Delta$, the graded Betti number $\beta_{i,j}(k[\Delta])$ of the Stanley-Reisner ring $k[\Delta]$ over a field $k$ has a combinatorial interpretation due to Hochster. Terai and Hibi showed that if $\Delta$ is the boundary complex of a $d$-dimensional stacked polytope with $n$ vertices for $d\geq3$, then $\beta_{k-1,k}(k[\Delta])=(k-1)\binom{n-d}{k}$. We prove this combinatorially.
Combinatorial rigidity of 3-dimensional simplicial polytopes
Suyoung Choi,Jang Soo Kim
Mathematics , 2010,
Abstract: A simplicial polytope is combinatorially rigid if its combinatorial structure is determined by its graded Betti numbers which are important invariant coming from combinatorial commutative algebra. We find a necessary condition to be combinatorially rigid for 3-dimensional reducible simplicial polytopes and provide some rigid reducible simplicial polytopes.
Distributed Sensor Network Based on RFID System for Localization of Multiple Mobile Agents  [PDF]
Byoung-Suk Choi, Joon-Woo Lee, Ju-Jang Lee, Kyoung-Taik Park
Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/wsn.2011.31001
Abstract: This paper presents a distributed wireless sensor network for multiple mobile agents localization. Localization of mobile agents, such as mobile robots, humans, and moving objects, in an indoor space is essential for robot-robot interaction (RRI) and human-robot interaction (HRI). The standard localization system, which is based on sensors installed in the robot body, is not suitable for multiple agents. Therefore, the concept of sensor network, which uses wireless sensors distributed in a specified space, is used in this study. By analyzing related studies, two solutions are proposed for the localization of mobile agents including humans: a new hardware system and a new software algorithm. The first solution focuses on the architectural design of the wireless sensor network for multiple agent localization. A passive RFID system is used, and then the architecture of the sensor network is adapted to suit the target system. The second solution centers on a localization algorithm based on the sensor network. The proposed localization algorithm improves the accuracy in the multiple agent localization system. The algorithm uses the displacement conditions of the mobile agents and the recognition changes between the RFID tags and RFID reader. Through experiments using a real platform, the usefulness of the proposed system is verified.
Renal cell carcionoma with synchronous metastases to the bladder and lung  [PDF]
Won Seok Jang, In Sang Hwang, Eu Chang Hwang, Seung Il Jung, Dong Deuk Kwon, Chan Choi
Case Reports in Clinical Medicine (CRCM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/crcm.2013.22026

Renal cell carcinoma can metastasize to virtually any organ, yet synchronous metastasis to the bladder is extremely rare. A 77-year-old woman presented with gross hematuria. Abdominal and chest computed tomography showed a bilateral renal masses, bladder dome mass, and multiple lung metastasis. Transurethral resection of the bladder tumor and sonography guided renal biopsy were performed. Both pathology diagnoses were clear cell renal cell carcinoma. Targeted therapy using pazopanib was administered to the patient without surgical resection of primary tumors and metastatic lung lesions. Herein, we report the synchronous metastasis of renal cell carcinoma to the bladder and lung.

Synergistic Effect between Fucoidan and Antibiotics against Clinic Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus  [PDF]
Sung-Mi Choi, Eun-Jin Jang, Jeong-Dan Cha
Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology (ABB) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/abb.2015.64027
Abstract: Fucoidan is a sulfated polysaccharide that is primarily extracted from brown seaweeds which has been broadly studied in recent years due to its numerous biological properties, including anticoagulant, antithrombotic, antitumor, and antiviral activities. In this study, fucoidan was evaluated against clinic isolated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) 1 - 20, either alone or with antibiotics, via broth dilution method and checkerboard and time kill assay. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs)/Minimum bactericidal concentrations (MBCs) values for the fucoidan against all the tested bacteria ranged between 64 - 512/256 - 2048 microg/mL, for ampicillin 32 - 1024/64 - 1024 microg/mL and for oxacillin 8 - 64/16 - 256 microg/mL respectively. Furthermore, the MIC and MBC were reduced to one half-eighth as a result of the combination of the fucoidan with antibiotics. 2 - 6 hours of treatment with 1/2 MIC of fucoidan with 1/2 MIC of antibiotics resulted from an increase of the rate of killing in units of CFU/mL to a greater degree than was observed with alone. These results suggest that fucoidan could be employed as a natural antibacterial agent against multi-drug bacteria.
Successful Treatment of a Case of First Bite Syndrome without Any Cause  [PDF]
Seong Ho Chang, Byung Sun Jun, Jong Ouck Choi, Jung Jun Kim, Young Jang
World Journal of Neuroscience (WJNS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/wjns.2015.55031
Abstract: Background: For the first bite syndrome (FBS), various causes were suggested such as parapharyngeal space surgery, resection of styloid process, carotid endarterectomy, parotid gland tumor, submandibular gland tumor, and upper cervical surgery. Actually, the real cause of FBS is still not clear. Also, suggested methods of treatment for the FBS are botulinum toxin injection, laser tympanic plexus ablation, pharmacologic approach, and no treatment. The results of those treatments were not satisfactory. Aim: The authors tried to find out the adequate method of treatment for the FBS and also tried to figure out pathologic cause of the FBS through observation of the patient response to the treatment. Case Presentation: A 38-year-old male was presented at head and neck surgery clinic with a sharp pain on the left parotid area especially at the first bite of eating food for two days. There was no cause. The patient was given trigger point injections on his left sternocleidomastoid, masseter, and temporal muscles with left mandibular nerve block five times 3 - 4 days apart. Also small amount of oral anticonvulsants were added for four weeks. Before finishing taking oral medication, the pain was gone completely. Conclusion: The authors experienced a case of FBS with no detectable cause, and treated successfully with the methods of trigger point injection, mandibular nerve block, and oral antiepileptic medication.
One-Dimensional Oxide Nanostructures as Gas-Sensing Materials: Review and Issues
Kyoung Jin Choi,Ho Won Jang
Sensors , 2010, DOI: 10.3390/s100404083
Abstract: In this article, we review gas sensor application of one-dimensional (1D) metal-oxide nanostructures with major emphases on the types of device structure and issues for realizing practical sensors. One of the most important steps in fabricating 1D-nanostructure devices is manipulation and making electrical contacts of the nanostructures. Gas sensors based on individual 1D nanostructure, which were usually fabricated using electron-beam lithography, have been a platform technology for fundamental research. Recently, gas sensors with practical applicability were proposed, which were fabricated with an array of 1D nanostructures using scalable micro-fabrication tools. In the second part of the paper, some critical issues are pointed out including long-term stability, gas selectivity, and room-temperature operation of 1D-nanostructure-based metal-oxide gas sensors.
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