Abstract:
When the cohomology ring of a generalized Bott manifold with $\mathbb{Q}$-coefficient is isomorphic to that of a product of complex projective spaces $\mathbb{C}P^{n_i}$, the generalized Bott manifold is said to be $\mathbb{Q}$-trivial. We find a necessary and sufficient condition for a generalized Bott manifold to be $\mathbb{Q}$-trivial. In particular, every $\mathbb{Q}$-trivial generalized Bott manifold is diffeomorphic to a $\prod_{n_i>1}\mathbb{C}P^{n_i}$-bundle over a $\mathbb{Q}$-trivial Bott manifold.

Abstract:
In pedestrian navigation systems, the position of a pedestrian is computed using an inertial navigation algorithm. In the algorithm, the zero velocity updating plays an important role, where zero velocity intervals are detected and the velocity error is reset. To use the zero velocity updating, it is necessary to detect zero velocity intervals reliably. A new zero detection algorithm is proposed in the paper, where only one gyroscope value is used. A Markov model is constructed using segmentation of gyroscope outputs instead of using gyroscope outputs directly, which makes the zero velocity detection more reliable.

Abstract:
In an inertial sensor-based pedestrian navigation system, the position is estimated by double integrating external acceleration. A new algorithm is proposed to reduce z axis position (height) error. When a foot is on the ground, a foot angle is estimated using accelerometer output. Using a foot angle, the inclination angle of a road is estimated. Using this road inclination angle, height difference of one walking step is estimated and this estimation is used to reduce height error. Through walking experiments on roads with different inclination angles, the usefulness of the proposed algorithm is verified.

Abstract:
Recently Berman and Perry constructed a four-dimensional M-theory effective action which manifests SL(5) U-duality. Here we propose an underlying differential geometry of it, under the name `SL(5) U-geometry' which generalizes the ordinary Riemannian geometry in an SL(5) compatible manner. We introduce a `semi-covariant' derivative that can be converted into fully covariant derivatives after anti-symmetrizing or contracting the SL(5) vector indices appropriately. We also derive fully covariant scalar and Ricci-like curvatures which constitute the effective action as well as the equation of motion.

Abstract:
A quasitoric manifold is a $2n$-dimensional compact smooth manifold with a locally standard action of an $n$-dimensional torus whose orbit space is a simple polytope. In this article, we classify quasitoric manifolds with the second Betti number $\beta_2=2$ topologically. Interestingly, they are distinguished by their cohomology rings up to homeomorphism.

Abstract:
We construct a duality manifest gravitational theory for the special linear group, ${\mathbf{SL}(N)}$ with $N{\neq 4}$. The spacetime is formally extended, to have the dimension $\textstyle{\frac{1}{2}} N(N-1)$, yet is `gauged'. Consequently the theory is subject to a section condition. We introduce a semi-covariant derivative and a semi-covariant `Riemann' curvature, both of which can be completely covariantized after symmetrizing or contracting the ${\mathbf{SL}(N)}$ vector indices properly. Fully covariant scalar and `Ricci' curvatures then constitute the action and the `Einstein' equation of motion. For $N\geq 5$, the section condition admits duality inequivalent two solutions, one $(N-1)$-dimensional and the other three-dimensional. In each case, the theory can describe not only Riemannian but also non-Riemannian backgrounds.

Background: Cardiovascular
disease and sudden cardiac death are common in hemodialysis patients. These
cardiac complications are often associated with prolonged QTc interval (QTc)
and QTc dispersion (QTcd). Subclinical hypothyroidism (SH) can alter autonomic
modulation of heart rate and cause increased inhomogeneity of ventricular
recovery time. We aimed to evaluate the relationship between thyroid hormone
levels and QTc and QTcd in non-diabetic hemodialysis patients. Methods: We
enrolled 29 non-diabetic hemodialysis patients without thyroid disease. After
each hemodialysis session, a 12-lead ECG was recorded. Before each hemodialysis
session, routine laboratory tests and measurement of thyroid hormone levels
were performed. Patients were divided into 2 groups according to QTc(group
1 QTc < 430ms, group 2 QTc ≥ 430ms).
We examined the relationship between QTc or QTcd and thyroid hormone in the
respective groups and then compared the results from the 2 groups. Results: The
mean age was 54.06 ± 14.72 years and the means of QTc and QTcd were 433.82 ± 22.03 ms, 59.10 ± 28.29 ms, respectively.
Homocysteine levels were significant higher in group 2 than group 1 (p<0.05)
and QTcd was comparable between groups. In group 1, QTc
and QTcd were not significant correlated with TSH, T3, fT4 and biochemical
parameters. In group 2, QTc was significant positively correlated with TSH (p<0.05)
and QTcd was

Abstract:
Background While knowledge and risk perception have been associated with screening for second primary cancer (SPC), there are no clinically useful indicators to identify who is at risk of not being properly screened for SPC. We investigated whether the mode of primary cancer detection (i.e. screen-detected vs. non-screen-detected) is associated with subsequent completion of all appropriate SPC screening in cancer survivors. Methods Data were collected from cancer patients treated at the National Cancer Center and nine regional cancer centers across Korea. A total of 512 cancer survivors older than 40, time since diagnosis more than 2 years, and whose first primary cancer was not advanced or metastasized were selected. Multivariate logistic regression was used to examine factors, including mode of primary cancer detection, associated with completion of all appropriate SPC screening according to national cancer screening guidelines. Results Being screen-detected for their first primary cancer was found to be significantly associated with completion of all appropriate SPC screening (adjusted odds ratio, 2.13; 95% confidence interval, 1.36–3.33), after controlling for demographic and clinical variables. Screen-detected cancer survivors were significantly more likely to have higher household income, have other comorbidities, and be within 5 years since diagnosis. Conclusions The mode of primary cancer detection, a readily available clinical information, can be used as an indicator for screening practice for SPC in cancer survivors. Education about the importance of SPC screening will be helpful particularly for cancer survivors whose primary cancer was not screen-detected.

Abstract:
We have measured the electrical resistivity ($\rho$) and the thermoelectric power (TEP) of the perchlorate (ClO4^-) doped stretch oriented polyacetylene (PA) film. For the highly conducting samples ($\sigma_{RT} > 41000 S/cm$), the temperature dependence of the 4-probe resistivity shows positive temperature coefficient of resistivity (TCR) from T=1.5K to 300K. For the less conducting samples, the 4-probe resistivity data show the crossover of TCR with a broad minimum peak at T=T* > 200K. For samples of $\sigma_{RT}$$>$20000 S/cm, the $\rho (1.5K)/\rho (300K) <1$, i.e., the resistivity at 1.5K is lower than the room temperature resistivity value. The temperature dependence of the TEP shows diffusive linear metallic TEP becoming temperature independent below 40K. Unlike the others who used Cu(ClO_4)_2 for the ClO_4^- doping, the initial doping material we used is anhydrous Fe(ClO_4)_3 which is crucial to obtain the positive TCR from T=1.5K to 300K.

Abstract:
To the full order in fermions, we construct D=10 type II supersymmetric double field theory. We spell the precise N=2 supersymmetry transformation rules as for 32 supercharges. The constructed action unifies type IIA and IIB supergravities in a manifestly covariant manner with respect to O(10,10) T-duality and a pair of local Lorentz groups, or Spin(1,9) \times Spin(9,1), besides the usual general covariance of supergravities or the generalized diffeomorphism. While the theory is unique, the solutions are twofold. Type IIA and IIB supergravities are identified as two different types of solutions rather than two different theories.