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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 94 matches for " Ijeoma Nwaefere Oguike "
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Growth Responses of Some Bacterial Isolates to Some Environmental Parameters  [PDF]
Esther Aanuoluwa Ekundayo, Olayinka Temitayo Ogunmefun, Ijeoma Nwaefere Oguike, Fred Coolborn Akharaiyi, Oluwakemi Sola Asoso
Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology (ABB) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/abb.2018.911039
Abstract: This study was carried out to investigate the antimicrobial activities of bacterial isolates of maize against plant pathogens as well as their growth responses to some environmental parameters. Twenty four bacterial isolates were obtained from maize plants collected from the Department of Biological Sciences, AfeBabalola University, Ado-Ekiti. The isolates were characterized by their biochemical and physiological characteristics and were identified as Kurthiazopfu, Morganellamorganic, Rhodococcusequi, Bacillus subtilis, Catabaterhongkongensis, Brevibacteriumotitidis, Lactobacillus coleohominis, Staphylococcus aureus, Propionibacterium acnes among others. Their responses to different NaCl concentrations, sugars, temperature as well as antibiotics were determined. Most of the isolates were able to withstand various environmental parameters in which they were subjected to. Also, eight isolates were able to ferment sucrose. The bacterial isolates showed a degree of resistance to the antibiotics tested. There was a high prevalence of multidrug resistant bacteria showing resistance to 3 - 8 drugs. The antagonistic effect of the bacterial isolates against selected fungi was determined. None of the isolates showed antagonistic potential against the fungal pathogens. However, the supposed antagonistic bacterial species can be genetically modified to produce secondary metabolites that will result in biocontrol.
Corrosion Studies on Stainless Steel (FE6956) in Hydrochloric Acid Solution  [PDF]
Raphael Shadai Oguike
Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry (AMPC) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ampc.2014.48018
Abstract: The effect of hydrochloric acid concentration on stainless steel (Fe6956) at temperature range 303 - 333 ± 1 K has been studied using weight loss, thermometric and electrochemical polarization techniques. The corrosion rate of the stainless steel was found to be dependent on both temperature variation and acid concentration. The potentiostatic study showed that the active passive transition depends strongly on acid concentration while the weight loss measurements revealed that 2 M HCl at temperature 333 K had an appreciable corrosion rate which corresponds to 14.04 × 10﹣3 reaction number (RN) got from thermometric monitoring. Arrhenius equation and transition state theory were used to calculate kinetic and thermodynamic parameter such as Ea, ΔH* and ΔS*. Results obtained showed that corrosion reaction of Fe6956 in HCl is spontaneous and there is good agreement between the data got from the techniques employed.
The use of infant feeding tube as a combined nephrostomy and stent in Anderson-Hynes Pyeloplasty
TC Oguike
Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice , 2007,
Abstract: No s. Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice Vol.10(2) 2007: pp.166-168
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome in Man and Animals—A Review  [PDF]
Maduike C. O. Ezeibe, Ijeoma J. Ogbonna
World Journal of AIDS (WJA) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/wja.2015.51006
Abstract: The paper defined acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) as a hematological abnormality rather than a clinical abnormality. Viruses that cause AIDS in man and animals are reviewed. Suggestion that human immune deficiency virus (HIV) which causes HIV/AIDS in man is a mutant of simian immune deficiency virus (SIV) which causes SIV/AIDS in nonhuman primates is also re-viewed. For a simple test to enable researchers in the developing countries which have the highest incidences of HIV/AIDS, join the global search for more effective treatment for the pandemic, direct passive hemagglutination test has been developed for in vitro testing of drugs, herbs and minerals that may have antiretroviral effects. Also reviewed are the similarities in pathogenesis of HIV infection in man and pathogenesis of infectious bursa disease virus (IBDV) in chicks to assess possibility of developing vaccine for HIV/AIDS. Finally, antiretroviral effects of medicinal synthetic aluminum-magnesium silicate as cure for HIV/AIDS were reviewed.
In Vivo Antiretroviral Effects of the Medicinal Synthetic Aluminum-Magnesium Silicate  [PDF]
Maduike C. O. Ezeibe, Ijeoma J. Ogbonna
World Journal of AIDS (WJA) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/wja.2015.52007
Abstract: Viral loads (copies of RNA per ml of plasma) of HIV/AIDS patients, who volunteered for clinical trial of the Medicinal synthetic Aluminum-magnesium silicate, were assessed, before and after they were treated. The treatment lasted 4 weeks, 8 weeks and 12 weeks respectively. A patient who could not access approved laboratory for viral load test on time, continued the treatment?for 24 weeks. Following treatment with the medicine, mean viral load of HIV/AIDS patients reduced (P < 0.05) from 18875.00 ± 17059.18 to 327.50 ± 226.84. Rates of the viral load reduction were: 86% after 4 weeks, 96% after 8 weeks and 99.71% after 12 weeks. Clinical signs complained of, by the patients during the treatment, included, fever, dermatitis, boils, joint pain, leg edema and sore throat. These clinical signs ceased when they were treated, so that the antiretroviral treatment was completed. The patient who was on the medication for 24 weeks had no adverse drug reaction.
Medicinal Synthetic Aluminum-Magnesium Silicate
{Al4(SiO4)3 + 3Mg2SiO4 → 2Al2Mg3(SiO4)3} —A Highly Active Anti-Retroviral Medicine
 [PDF]

Maduike C. O. Ezeibe, Ijeoma J. Ogbonna
World Journal of AIDS (WJA) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/wja.2016.62006
Abstract: Medicinal synthetic Aluminum-magnesium silicate (MSAMS), which has inhibited Human immune deficiency virus (HIV), in vitro, was used for trial-treatment of HIV/AIDS patients. Their plasma were tested for viral loads (VL): before and repeatedly during the treatment. The regimen was: MSAMS (50 mg/kg), MSAMS-stabilized Ampicillin trihydrate (7.5 mg/kg)?and immunace extra protection?. After 4 weeks, it was reduced to 50 mg/kg (MSAMS) and the immune stimulant. When VL decreased bellow 50/ml, the treatment continued, 4 weeks before stopping. Mean-VL of four patients increased (P = 0.006) from 498.50 ± 33.37 to 1,072.50 ± 184.55, after 3.75±2.06 weeks and decreased (P = 0.040) to 407.33 ± 297.27 (18.29%) when the treatment-duration increased to 6.67 ± 2.31 weeks. Prolonging the duration to 12.00 ± 2.83 weeks led to 98.68% decrease of mean-VL of four other patients, from 24,250.00 ± 15,939.34 to 321.00 ± 229.38(P = 0.045). Two HIV positive persons treated for 4 weeks after their VL reduced bellow 50/ml have remained healthy, 10 and 16 months respectively, without routine antiretroviral medication.
Transurethral Resection of the Prostate: A 3 Year Experience
NO Chukwujama, T Oguike, J Azike
Nigerian Journal of Surgery , 2011,
Abstract: Background: Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) is considered the 'gold standard' in the surgical management of bladder outlet obstruction secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia and advanced carcinoma of the prostate. The procedure is however still not routinely available in most public health institutions in Nigeria. We present our experience with this treatment modality over a three year period Methods: The records of patients who underwent TURP over a period of three years (April 2006 May 2009) were examined. The biodata, Laboratory investigations, detail of the surgical procedure and outcome were extracted and analysed Results: The records of forty three patients were examined. The age range was 49 76yrs (mean 65yrs +/- 5.8 SD). The prostate specific antigen ranged from 1.3 50.3ng/ml (mean 13.3 +/- 12.8). The mean prostate size was 59g +/- 20 SD (range 27 98grams). The indications for the surgery included refractory acute urinary retention 48.8%, failed medical treatment 21%, recurrent UTI 16%, recurrent haematuria 9%, chronic urinary retention 2%. The mean duration of surgery was 80.5mins +/- 14 SD (range 60 120mins). The period of hospital stay ranged from 3 32 days (mean 8.7 days +/- 7.7 SD). Complications included capsular perforation in 2 patients, TURP syndrome in 2 patients, total incontinence in 1 patient and failure to void in 2 patients. Most patients (93%) had satisfactory voiding and insignificant post void residual urine volume during subsequent follow up visits. Conclusion: Transurethral resection of prostate is a safe and effective treatment modality in the surgical management of men with bladder outlet obstruction secondary to BPH and advanced CAP in our environment. Key Words: Transurethral, Resection, Prostate, Experience
Safe and suitable return for women fleeing conflict in Liberia
Victoria Ijeoma Nwogu
Forced Migration Review , 2010,
Abstract: When women migrants return, they can face daunting challenges to re-integration but can also contribute to development and transforming societies.
Impact of Hydrophobic Pollutants' Behavior on Occupational and Environmental Health
Ijeoma Kanu,Ebere Anyanwu
The Scientific World Journal , 2005, DOI: 10.1100/tsw.2005.28
Abstract:
Forms of Dishonesty Amongst Academic Staff and the Way Forward
Ijeoma Aniedi Archibong
Canadian Social Science , 2013, DOI: 10.3968/j.css.1923669720130901.1057
Abstract: This study sets out to investigate the forms of academic dishonesty prevalent among academic staff and the reason for their prevalence. The study used academic staff in two tertiary institutions in Cross River State, Nigeria. The survey research design was adopted. Three research questions guided the study. A questionnaire was developed, face validated and used for data collection from a convenient sample of 105 academic staff. Findings show that collectionof money to change grades for students, inclusion of name in a published paper one did not contribute to, taking adjunct lectureship in more than one place at a time and covering up examination malpractice cases are some examples of the academic dishonesty exhibited by the teaching staff. Desperation for promotion, get rich quick mentality and corruption in the society, laxity in punishing “culprit” lecturers and pressure from students and their parents or guardians were cited as contributory factors to the prevalence of academic dishonesty amongst the teaching staff. Suggested strategies for curbing the menace include ethical re-orientation seminars for academic staff, proper supervision of academic staff by heads of departments and appropriate sanctioning of guilty lecturers. Key words: Academic dishonesty; Academic staff; Prevalence; Academic integrity; Moral value
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