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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 772 matches for " Ideology "
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The Impact of the American English Learning upon Chinese College Students’ Ideology  [PDF]
Xiao Yue
Creative Education (CE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2012.31026
Abstract: In recent decades, many researchers have devoted themselves to the study of the impact of American ideology upon Chinese college students. However, few of researches have been made in this area in view of language attrition. This thesis mainly analyses the transfer of Chinese college students’ ideology caused by the language attrition during the process of American English learning, such as the regression of Chinese language in different degrees and the decline of self-identities in Chinese culture. The transfer of ideology is manifested in the aspects of Chinese college students’ ideas, values, self-identities, etc. This thesis also provides evidence for the current situations that Chinese college students’ ideology was transferred by the first language attrition. Language attrition is a method different from other traditional research methods, and it is a whole new point of view at a cultural level.
Critique of ideology and skepticism
Rom?evi? Branko
Theoria, Beograd , 2012, DOI: 10.2298/theo1201071r
Abstract: This text is concerned with possibility of critique of ideology. Since ideology is usually explained as omnipresent, its critique should be taken as ideological too. In order to examin the possibility of avoiding such consequence, we are analysing few powerful solutions to that problem (Marx, Althusser, i ek, Paul de Man). At some point, we are proposing Levinas’ discourse on skepticisim and its refutation as a model for understanding the relations of ideology and its critique.
Is Globalization Changing the Culture from Movie Perspectives?  [PDF]
Fang-Mei Tai, Po-Yao Chuang
iBusiness (IB) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ib.2014.64017
Abstract: In survey of marketing, there are important issues as “Is globalization changing cultures?”, “Are different cultures becoming more alike?”, and “If cultures are becoming more alike, how does this affect global marketing strategies?” One of the most popular cultural practices is movie-watching; Movies and/or TV dramas are greater information sources and part of popular culture. Culture is essential to success in marketing; it is important to explore if a culture is impacted by globalization through analyzing the perspectives of movie viewers [1]. The study is designed to investigate culture using the perspectives on a film randomly chosen from 1980s Taiwan early times. First of all, the method of the study is fundamentally described through Dunning and Hofstede’s theories and basic concepts of the qualitative methodologies as storytelling etc. [2]. Then, the study articulated and described the movie’s story, techniques, the similarities or differences between US and Taiwanese cinema, critic on the film and praised or suggested other films, at the same time, examined and analyzed if each perspective matched the dimensions of Hofstede’s Cultural theory. Finally, the analysis of the study both qualitative and quantitative provides with a significant indication of identifying the present culture in the measurement of movie perspectives, which have been the focus of mainstream strategy researchers, such as social, or reputational capital [3] and it comes into the conclusion that it is difficult and slow process for globalization changing cultures of Taiwan.
Facts or Ideology: What Determines the Results of Econometric Estimates of the Deterrent Effect of the Death Penalty? A Meta-Analysis  [PDF]
Berit Gerritzen, Gebhard Kirchg?ssner
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2016.46020
Abstract: Given that as a whole the literature on the deterrent effect of capital punishment is inconclusive, the fact that individual authors persistently claim to have found solid evidence in one or the other direction raises two questions. Firstly, what are the causes of these different results? Do different data samples, estimation methods or time periods lead to different results or do the outcomes merely reflect prior convictions on the part of the authors? Secondly, to what extent is it possible to derive such divergent results by slightly changing the specification of the test equations without violating scientific standards? After conducting a survey of the more than forty available reviews of this literature, we present a meta-analysis of 102 deterrence studies published between 1975 and 2011. The only statistically significant explanatory variable in these studies turned out to be the profession of the author: Economists claimed significantly more often than members of legal or other social science departments to have found a significant deterrent effect. Furthermore, using a panel data set of U.S. states, we show how easy it is to derive contradictory results by employing alternative specifications. Thus, our results reinforce the claim that the empirical evidence presented to date is far too fragile to provide a basis for political decisions.
Why 16 Million Bonded Labourers Remain Invisible: What Althusser Has to Say  [PDF]
Kevin Brinkmann
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2018.81003
Abstract: Seventy years after the UN Declaration of Human Rights, sixteen million bonded labours remain largely unnoticed in South Asia. Why? The most fundamental reason may not lie within economics or politics but in ideology.
The Generation and Development of International Law Ideology in China  [PDF]
Yuanzhen Ji
Chinese Studies (ChnStd) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/chnstd.2018.71010
Abstract: The earliest International Law was based on the foundation of treaties among European countries. China began to communicate with the United Kingdom and other countries at the late Qing Dynasty. From then on, a large number of translated books concerning western International Law were published in China. This article points out, the concept of “Wanguogong fa” or “Gongfa” (International Law) had a great impact on the intellectuals and from the point of view of them, peace, fairness and justice should be excellently achieved only if they could master and apply International Law. However, Japan’s aggression made China’s dream broken, which directly prompted some intellectuals to reflect on the nature and function of International Law. Since then, China had no choice but to study the core knowledge of International Law from Japan, gradually realizing that the essence of International Law should observe the law of jungle, therefore a reconsideration of the International Law came into being. With the process of globalization, the contemporary International Law ideology in China has been enriched and the content of contemporary International Law has been extended. This paper attempts to return to the long-term perspective to search for the path of International Law ideology and provide a useful reference for the current construction of the rule of law.
Ideology and its Critique L’ideologia e la sua critica
Maurizio Ricciardi,Luca Scuccimarra
Scienza & Politica : per una Storia delle Dottrine , 2013, DOI: 10.6092/issn.1825-9618/3835
Abstract: The thematic section of this issue of Scienza & Politica is focused on the problem of ideology. It is assumed that, though in the last decades its end has been repeatedly announced, ideology is still alive. Within the processes of globalization, the references to ideology and its critique regain a central place both in historical research and in political theory. Ideology and its critique seems to be strictly bounded with each other since the origin of the concept, which aimed to pave the way for a new understanding of the world and of the language adopted to name it. The critique of ideology, therefore, has historically been a contestation - performed by particular subjects - of a way of interpreting the world scientifically, thus legitimating the existing relationships of power. La sezione monografica di Scienza & Politica è dedicata al problema dell’ideologia. Il punto di partenza è la sua vitalità, nonostante negli ultimi decenni ne sia stata annunciata più volte la fine. Con i processi di globalizzazione i riferimenti all’ideologia e alla sua critica hanno riacquistato una posizione centrale tanto nella ricerca storica quanto nella teoria politica. L’ideologia e la sua critica sembrano essere indissolubilmente legati fin dall’origine di un concetto, che voleva inaugurare una nuova modalità di comprensione del mondo e di creazione del linguaggio che lo nomina. La critica dell’ideologia si è perciò presentata storicamente come contestazione da parte di specifici soggetti di una modalità di interpretare scientificamente il modo, legittimando di conseguenza il potere in esso presente.
Primul concept de ideologie elaborat de Marx -intre praxis si religie
Sandu Frunza
Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies , 2002,
Abstract: Ideology is an extremely comprehensive, yet ambiguous concept. Several aspects of the ideological thought are made obvious through discussing Marx's first view on ideology, which is the one elaborated in The German Ideology. Here, ideology is understood as an imaginary construction that can be suggestively described as a distorted image in camera obscura. Despite the objectivity and scientifity claimed by Marx's vision (and especially by the subsequent Marxism-Leninism), various interpretative perspectives brought into discussion argue that, in order to gain in persuasion and to mobilize masses conscience, Marxist discourse uses, in its very heart, mythological and imaginary structures. In this way, Marxist discourse is proved to be much more closer to the fictional discourse and to the forms of religiosity, than to the science, in spite of Marx's belief that the critique of religion is the model of any other critique.
From the Trap of Difference to That of Excellence: The Women Artists, Their Works and the Artistic Field  [PDF]
Lourdes Méndez
Art and Design Review (ADR) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/adr.2014.21001
Abstract:

The works produced both by ethnic artists and by women artists lead us to suspect that either the aesthetic sensibility of art experts has not evolved sufficiently or that it is not “pure” enough to free them from the load of prejudices surrounding such works and those who produce them. To illustrate this problem, we will first offer two substantially different examples. The first concerns Report No. 8 commissioned by Emakunde, the Basque Women’s Institute (Spain) and published in the mid-nineteen nineties. The second refers to the Kunstkompass, a tool used to establish the ranking of the one hundred most internationally recognised artists. Next, we will examine the four clearly ranked circles of recognition existing in the artistic field. Finally, to demonstrate up to what point the position of women artists in the artistic field is that of inside yet out, we will analyse the content of two articles published in mid-February 2008 in the Babelia supplement of the El País spanish newspaper about two exhibitions of works by women artists.

HANNAH ARENDT: LA LóGICA DEL PENSAMIENTO IDEOLóGICO O LA RADICALIDAD DEL MAL
Pinardi,Sandra;
EPISTEME , 2007,
Abstract: in this article we examine one of the theses proposed by hannah arendt in her book: the origins of totalitarianism. hannah arendt asserts that xxth century totalitarianism can be distinguished from other forms of tyrannical governments, because its foundation and action are based on the logic of ideological thought; a particular kind of ?ideology?, privileging technical and mechanical movement, processes and systems, over meanings, therewith canceling every possible reflexive or free individual action. to understand this logic of ideological thought and its consequences, it is necessary to consider some phenomena analyzed by arendt in her text, such as, ?impermanence? and ?society of the one?.
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