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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 241 matches for " Ibrahima Sangare "
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Pulmonary Embolism in Hospitalization in the Department of Cardiology of Gabriel Toure University Hospital  [PDF]
Ichaka Menta, Souleymane Coulibaly, Hamidou Oumar Ba, Djénébou Traore, Mougnon Walbane, Youssouf Camara, Ibrahima Sangare, Illo Bela Diall, Samba Sidibé, Noumou Sidibé, Mamadou Diakité, Coumba Thiam, Kassoum Sanogo
World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases (WJCD) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/wjcd.2018.81003
Abstract: Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiological, clinical and Para clinical characteristics in patients hospitalized for pulmonary embolism in the cardiology department of Gabriel Toure University Hospital. Methodology: It was a retrospective and descriptive study from January 2011 to December 2014 and involved all patients hospitalized during the study period. Results: The study included 21 patients out of 1738 hospitalized patients, with a prevalence of 1.21%. The mean age was 38.57 years with extreme ages of 18 and 64 years. The sex ratio was 0.40. Risk factors found in the study were oral contraception (19.05%), overweight (19.05%), smoking (14.28%), HIV (4.76%) and heart failure (4, 76%). 61.90% (n = 13) had isolated pulmonary embolism, 38.09% (n = 8) had venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism association. Through the chest angio-CT, 28.57% of obstructions were located at the left branch of the pulmonary artery, 9.52% at the right branch and 61.90% were bilateral obstructions. Four deaths were recorded, all in a context of massive pulmonary embolism, with a fatality rate of 19.05%. Conclusion: Pulmonary embolism is a serious and common disease, often difficult to diagnose. It is a cardiovascular emergency and requires immediate and adequate care.
Hypertension in Clinical Practice: Control Rate in Short Term and Associated Factors in the Cardiology Department of the University Hospital Gabriel Touré (UH-GT) in Bamako (Mali)  [PDF]
Hamidou Oumar Ba, Ichaka Menta, Ibrahima Sangare, Youssouf Camara, Noumou Sidibe, Souleymane Coulibaly, Djénébou Traoré, Réné Dakouo, Samba Samaké, Aladji Traoré, Samba Sidibé, Mamadou Cissouma, Cheick Hamala Fofana, Lamine Sidibe, Kassoum Mamourou Sanogo
World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases (WJCD) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/wjcd.2018.86028
Abstract: Introduction: Hypertension (HTN) is for many decades a worldwide major risk factor for cardiovascular disease.However, hypertension control rates are globally low in the world. Studies on observance have been published in Mali but there is to our knowledge no published data about HTN control rate. We therefore conducted this study to assess the control rate in short term after 3 months management and to look for factors associated with HTN control. Materials and Methods: This study designed as prospective was conducted in the cardiology department of the University Hospital Gabriel Touré (UH-GT) from March 24 to September 24, 2017. All outpatients aged 18 years and more who came for visit and with hypertension as diagnose were involved. All patients have consented to participate in the study. Sociodemographic and data on physical examination including measures for BP, height, weight, waist circumference (WC) and direct costs as reported by the patients were recorded. Patients were asked about medication discontinuation and if yes why and then they were informed about the need to take regularly medication. The concept of chronic disease was explained to them. A formulary served to collect data that were inserted into a Microsoft Access database and analyzed using SPSS version 18. After describing of sociodemographics and continuous variables, crosstabs and finally a logistic regression was performed to look for blood pressure control predictors. Results: There was no statistical difference in sociodemographics between older and newly diagnosed patients. At 3 months globally 40.90% (31.1 for old Patients and 09.8% for newPatients) of the sample
High Blood Pressure in External Consultation in Cardiology of Kati  [PDF]
Ichaka Menta, Hamidou Oumar Ba, Souleymane Coulibaly, Ibrahima Sangare, Djénébou Traore, Coumba Thiam, Yacouba Fofana, Ilo Bella Diall, Youssouf Camara, Samba Sidibe, Mamadou Diakite, Massama Konate, Kassoum Mamourou Sanogo
World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases (WJCD) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/wjcd.2018.812052
Abstract: Objective: To study hypertension and its manifestations inOut-patients’ Department of Cardiology of Kati. Methods: The study was traversal and it was based on a sample of 300 patients, reached during the interval of 12 (twelve) months (from June 2012 to June 2013). Results: The predominance was among the females with 68.7%. The average age was about55.8 ± 12.2 years old. The extreme ages wereabout 21 and 90 yearsold. In the set,?66% of the patients lived in the town of Kati.The symptoms of Dieulafoy were predominantly the reasons for consultation with 55.7%. The cardiac frequency in the vast majority of cases was normal (85.3%). The left ventricular hypertrophy in the electrocardiogram was observed in more than half of the cases,?that is to say,?51.3%. In a bit higher proportion,?the echocardiography Doppler became normal,?that is to say,?54%. Brain scanner done on 9 patients found out signs of cerebrovascular stroke in 8 patients,?that is to say,?a frequency of 88.9%. In 76% of casesof orthostatic hypotension,?the patients were hypertensive.The blood pressure was normal during the
Prognostic Factors for Acute Heart Failure (AHF) in the Cardiology Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of the University Hospital Point G (UH Pt G)  [PDF]
Camara Youssouf, Ba Hamidou Oumar, Sangare Ibrahima, Toure Karamba, Coulibaly Souleymane, Sacko Abdoul Karim, Coulibaly Alfousseyni, Diallo Nouhoum, Sidibe Samba, Daou Adama, Menta Ichaka, Diall Ilo Bella, Diallo Boubakar Abdoulaye
World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases (WJCD) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/wjcd.2019.91005
Abstract: Background and Aim: The absence of data in our context motivates this study aiming to determine the frequency of AHF at the ICU, assess the in-hospital evolution of the disease and to find out poor prognosis.Material and Methods: It was an observational and descriptive study covering the time from January 1, 2014 to March 30, 2017 involving all inpatient records in ICU. From January 2014 to December 2017, collected data included those on socio-demographic, history of diseases and physical examination, and some labor dataincluding Pro BNP, serum creatinine, blood ionogram,?cardiac enzymes and blood count. Also data electrocardiography, echocardiography and in-hospital evolution were collected. Statistical Analysis:Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS (IBM Inc) version 18. Results: AHF occured in 47.36% with a mean age of 58.74 ± 18.407 and extremes of 17 and 90 years, women representing 53.1% (sex ratio Male:Female = 0.88). Hypertension and diabetes were the predominant cardiovascular risk factors with respectively 67.4% and 18.4%. At admission?44%, 37.7% and 17.9% of patients were respectively hypertensive,?normotensive and hypotensive. The clinical expression was mainly global heart failure with 42.6% followed by left heart failure and right heart failure with respectively 37% and 20.4%. The coronary syndromes (all forms) was the first cause of ICA with 34% of cases followed by pulmonary embolism and hypertension
Modified atomic orbital theory applied to the calculation of high-lying 2(K,T)n±1,3P° rydberg series of he-like ions  [PDF]
Ibrahima Sakho
Natural Science (NS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ns.2012.41011
Abstract: The 2(1,0)n-1P°, 2(1,0)n +3P°, 2(0,1)n+1P°, and 2(0,1)n-3P° intershell Rydberg series of the helium-like ions are investigated in the framework of the modified Atomic Orbital Theory (MAOT). High-lying energy resonances of He and excitation energy of the he- lium-like Li+ up to n = 10 are tabulated. In addition, total energy positions for low-lying states (n<4) of the heliumisoelectronic sequence with Z = 2, 3, ...,10 are also presented. All the current results agreed well with the published values. The data listed in this paper may be useful guideline for future experimental and theoretical studies in high-lying 1,3P° autoionizing states of two-electron systems.
Controllability Approach for a Fluid Structure Interaction Problem  [PDF]
Ibrahima Mbaye
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/am.2012.33034
Abstract: The present paper presents a new method to solve fluid structure interaction problem. Our computational method is based on controllability approach. Given a target structural displacement we will find a control steering the displacement of the structure u to . We need to define a payoff functional (J): where u solves the structure equation for the control and is a fixed value. Our aim is to find a control which minimizes the payoff criterion. And therefore we find u the beam displacement, v the velocity of the fluid and p the pressure of the fluid.
ECG and Echocardiographic Findings of Athletes in Bamako—A Study among 227 Footballers  [PDF]
Ibrahima Sangare, Hamidou Oumar Ba, Youssouf Camara, Ichaka Menta, Noumou Sidibé, Souleymane Coulibaly, Aladji Traoré, Fousseyni Coulibaly, Ilo Diall, Lydie Bérenice S. Sangaré, Hamidou Camara, Adama Sogodogo, Mohamed A. C. Cissé, Mamadou Bocary Diarra, Massama Konaté, Kassoum M. Sanogo, Boubakar A. Diallo
World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases (WJCD) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/wjcd.2019.91004
Abstract: Background: A cardiovascular assessment is rarely performed among athletes despite more and more frequently reported fatal events. Most of these accidents are of cardiovascular origin. Moreover, data on ECG or Echocardiography are rare in our context justifying our study to assess electrical and echocardiographic pattern among high-level footballer in Bamako. Methods: It was a cross-sectional study conducted in Bamako from April 2015 to?March 2016 among high-level footballers aged 14 to 35 years old without distinction of sex with at least 10 hours weekly training since one year. The ECG and echocardiographies were recorded respectively with a 12-lead CONTEC and an ATL 5000 echocardiographic machine. Each ECG record was analyzed by a cardiologist in accordance with the Seattle 2013 criteria and those pathological reviewed by a second cardiologist according to the same criteria and definitively classified as normal (physiological) or abnormal ECG (requiring complementary explorations). A third cardiologist was associated in case of discordance of the first results. The collected data were inserted in a Microsoft Excel sheet and analyzed with SPSS version 20. Chi Square and Fisher statistical tests were used to compare our results. The significance level was set at 0.05. Results: We collected data of 227 top footballers with male sex represented in 90.3% giving a sex ratio of 3.04. Means for age, weight, height, body mass index (BMI) were respectively 22 years, 69.90 kg, 177.21 cm and 22.21 kg/m2. Sinus bradycardia was found in a proportion of 45.8% more represented in the age group of 30 and more years (p = 0.275). First-degree atrioventricular block (AVB) was present in 19.4%. Short PR was found in 0.4% of the
The African Single Currency: Putting in Place the Missing Link for a Complete Regional Integration Scheme in Africa  [PDF]
Ibrahima Thione Diop
Modern Economy (ME) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/me.2015.610103
Abstract: Facing the threat of globalization, Africa is more than ever forced to lift as soon as possible the factors blocking the integration process which is too long deadlocked. Indeed, Africa remains on the margins of world trade, FDI flows and the ICT revolution, while suffering the brunt of the repercussions of globalization, including the food crisis. This article is a contribution to the issue of economic integration of African countries through the introduction of a single currency. However, the latter seems to be a decisive contribution to permanently overcome the issue of borders but also the divisions in terms of language differences. The main conclusion from this research is that we need to overcome the many constraints faced by the advent of the single currency, which are essentially institutional, but also economic.
Assessment of the Impact of WAEMU Common External Tariff (CET) in Senegal  [PDF]
Ibrahima Thione Diop
Modern Economy (ME) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/me.2015.612115
Abstract: The adoption of the common external tariff (CET) by ECOWAS member countries is a further step towards the realization of the Customs Union and to the harmonization of trade programs. Senegal has joined the CET in 2000 to boost its trade with neighboring countries and the rest of the world. At the WAEMU level, the CET establishes a delicate equilibrium between member countries with divergent interests on certain products. However, it is criticized for being unable to provide sufficient protection to production branches and promote the emergence of a real community market. A key challenge of the ECOWAS-CET is to manage to reconcile the concerns of countries that require modifications in some elements of the WAEMU-CET. It is thus important to assess the implementation of the WAEMU-CET in Senegal, to bring out its strengths and weaknesses, in order to better tackle the negotiations on the ECOWAS-CET. The main objective of this study is to engage in such an exercise by focusing on the impact of the CET on public finance. In this paper, we examine the impact of recently implemented Common External Tariff (CET) by ECOWAS on the Senegalese economy. Using a partial equilibrium framework, we have undertaken simulations of CET application on key macroeconomic variables. Our results suggest very strong negative impact on fiscal revenue, inflation, but a dramatic change in tax structure, mainstreaming consumption taxes and VAT at the detriment of collected duties. Our conclusion calls for structural reforms beyond external tariff alignment in order to increase competitiveness and boost exports. A forecasting and simulation model has been developed to measure the impact of the CET on some key macroeconomic variables. Simulations show that a decrease in customs duty rate had a depressive effect on fiscal revenues. The estimated decline in fiscal revenues amounted to nearly CFA F 41 billion and 51.75 billion respectively in 2007 and 2013. However, overall, the positive effect of VAT and consumption taxes outweighs the depressive effect of lower customs duties on fiscal revenues. Thus, the overall impact of the reforms on total fiscal revenues is positive and amounts to 63.78 billion in 2007 and is expected to rise to 79.9 billion in 2013. Regarding price simulations, the findings show that the increase of indirect taxation subsequent to WAEMU reforms led to inflation. Compared to the baseline (unchanged fiscal legislation), consumer price indices and the manufacturing sector price indices grew faster. This upward effect increased over time. In terms of consumer prices,
Conjugate Gradient Method to Solve Fluid Structure Interaction Problem  [PDF]
Mamadou Diop, Ibrahima Mbaye
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/am.2017.84036
Abstract: In this paper, we propose a method to solve coupled problem. Our computational method is mainly based on conjugate gradient algorithm. We use finite difference method for the structure and finite element method for the fluid. Conjugate gradient method gives suitable numerical results according to some papers.
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