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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 270 matches for " IO Omomowo "
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Aerobic decolourization of two reactive azo dyes under varying carbon and nitrogen source by Bacillus cereus
IO Ola, AK Akintokun, I Akpan, IO Omomowo, VO Areo
African Journal of Biotechnology , 2010,
Abstract: Bacillus cereus isolated from dye industrial waste, that is, effluent and soil samples was screened for its ability to decolourize two reactive azo dye – cibacron black PSG and cibacron red P4B under aerobic conditions at pH 7 and incubated at 35°C over a five day period. Different carbon and nitrogen sources were used for the decolourization study. B. cereus was able to decolourize cibacron red P4B by (81%) using the combination of ammonium nitrate and sucrose, while it decolourizes cibacron black PSG by (75%) using yeast extract and lactose.
Invasive cancer
IO Ellis
Breast Cancer Research , 2002, DOI: 10.1186/bcr483
The African Union and Conflict Management
IO Albert
Africa Development , 2007,
Abstract: This paper reflects on the ability of the African Union (AU) to implement its conflict management mechanism. The response of the AU to the ‘military coup’ in Togo and its mission in Sudan are used as case studies. The emerging picture is that African leaders are now alive to their responsibilities for making, building and keeping peace in Africa. African leaders know that the days of non-interference and expecting the rest of the world to resolve conflict situations created by them are over. The AU would, however, achieve better results if the member states are more committed to removing the problems faced by the organisation. The most salient include the poor commitment of some African leaders to positive peace, the regional organisation is still as under funded as the former OAU, and the problem of weak national armies in some member states compromises efficiency of peace support operations.
The incidence and antibiotics susceptibility of Escherichia coli O157:H7 from beef in Ibadan Municipal, Nigeria
IO Olatoye
African Journal of Biotechnology , 2010,
Abstract: The incidence of Escherichia coli 0157: H7 was assessed in meat samples from slaughtered cattle in Ibadan metropolis by culturing on sorbitol MacConkey agar and confirmed using serological agglutination kits. The isolates were tested for susceptibility to seven commonly used antimicrobial agents. Out of the total of the 116 non-sorbitol fermenting (NSF) E. coli isolated from the samples, 71 (comprising of 18.4, 2.0, 3.2 and 4.8% from Bodija abattoir, Bashorun, Apata and Iwo Road slaughter slabs, respectively) were confirmed as E. coli O157:H7 serotype. Antibiotics susceptibility profile showed that all the isolates were resistant to one or multiple antibiotics, resulting in eight different resistance patterns. Tetracycline resistant isolates were the highest with 91.4% incidence. The results are of public health significance confirming cattle as major reservoir of EHEC and antimicrobialresistant organisms. The high level of carcass contamination with microorganisms may be due to unhygienic slaughtering and meat processing engaged in these abattoir and slabs. Indiscriminate and misuse of antimicrobials on livestock in Nigeria could also be responsible for the multiple resistance pattern of the organism. Application of food hygiene practices such as HACCP is recommended for high quality farm to fork wholesome and safe meat for public consumption in Nigeria.
The Consultation Style Of Doctors At An Outpatient Clinic In Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria, And Nigeria: Are Patients Participating?
IO Ajayi
Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice , 2003,
Abstract: Objectives: Family Medicine (FM) training started two decades ago in Nigeria. The influence of FM training on the consultation style of practitioners in Nigeria is not known. This study examined the consultation style of family physicians in an outpatient clinic, the amount of information provided by the physicians to their patients and the level of their patients' participation in the consultation process Methods: A systematic sample of 212 adult patients was interviewed using semi – structured questionnaire. Chi square test was used to test significance of differences in proportions. Result: The consultation style of the physicians was predominantly doctor- centred. Doctors provided information on nature, plan of management, prognosis and prevention of illness to 38.7% 16.5%, 5.5% and 49.5% of the patients respectively. 34.3%, 21.4% and 16.7% of the patients sought information on nature, plan of management and prognosis of illness respectively. The commonest reason for patients not seeking such information from their doctors is that “they did not know they could ask such questions.” Patients who asked doctors about plan of management significantly reported that they had their expectations met. The level of education of the patients determined to a great extent the information sought for and that provided by the doctors (p< 0.05) Conclusion: Patients' participation during consultation is inadequate and there is a suggestion that patients would welcome more involvement in the care of their of their illness practitioners need to be taught the patients centered clinical method, a key distinguishing characteristic of Family Medical, which emphasize patients' expression of their illness experience(s) and participation in clinical decision making KEY WORDS: Patients, participation, consultation, style outpatient, clinic Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice Vol.6(1) 2003: 10-16
International Peace-Keeping Operation: A Breach of International Law on Sovereignty of States?
IO Obijiaku
Nnamdi Azikiwe University Journal of International Law and Jurisprudence , 2011,
Abstract: This article examines the legal implications of the international peace keeping operation on the sovereignty of states under International Law with insight into the meaning, origin, nature and structure of peace keeping operations. This work chronicled many peacekeeping operations already undertaken by the United Nations including the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) peace keeping operation in Yugoslavia. It further examines whether the sovereignty principle accorded every independent state in International Law had been infringed by such peace keeping operations and came to conclusion that the peace keeping operation is legally justified under Article 51 of the United Nations Charter, Selfdefence; Resolution of the United Nations and Humanitarian intervention principle among others.
Effects of Storage Methods and Lenght of Storage on some Quality Parameters of Japanese Quail Eggs
Dudusola, IO.
Tropicultura , 2009,
Abstract: Quality parameters of Japanese quail eggs, as affected by storage method and length in 21days, were assessed using 140 eggs collected from 7-week old birds. Eggs were stored using refrigeration, oiling, black polythene bag or on a tray at room temperature (30 oc) as a control. This study determines the best storage condition and optimum storage length storage for quail eggs. Egg quality parameters measured included egg weight, shell weight, yolk height, albumen height, yolk index, haugh unit and egg weight loss. Effects on the chemical composition of eggs were determined with proximate analysis. Data were analysed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) with storage method and duration as the two main effects. There were progressive increases in weight losses with increased length of storage for all storage methods. Haugh units decreased progressively per storage method as length of storage increased (P< 0.05). Control and refrigeration methods do not differ significantly in all proximate composition except for protein. There were significant differences (P< 0.05) in length of storage for all proximate composition. Eggs maintained desired internal quality when stored for 4 days at room temperature. Refrigeration could be used for storage of eggs up to 7 days; where it is unavailable oiling could be used.
Options for Sustaining Small and Medium Scale Enterprises in Nigeria: Emphasis On Edo State
IO Osamwonyi, AE Tafamel
African Research Review , 2010,
Abstract: Small and Medium Scale Enterprises (SMEs) generate growth and development for any economy. These enterprises are faced with diversity of problems in Nigeria due to numerous domestic and global economic problems, and policy inconsistencies. The result is a high mortality rate. The objective of this paper therefore is to critically examine the problems facing the SMEs in Nigeria and identify the option strategies utilised by these SMEs as demonstration alternatives. The manufacturing sector’s contribution to national income till today remains low. For industrialisation, this picture has to be changed quickly. The paper therefore focuses on three business activities in manufacturing: poultry farming, Garri processing and bakery industries in Edo State of Nigeria. Major findings include lack of management skill, poor record keeping, weak access to financing, multiple taxation, and inconsistent policies. Seminars and workshops are recommended to improve SMEs’ management capabilities, as well as the institutional co-ordination of the efforts of relevant agencies and institutions, and the streamlining of the myriad of taxes stifling SMEs.
Lipid profile of adult Nigerians attending medical outpatient clinic of Baptist medical center Ogbomoso
IO Amole, DA OlaOlorun
Benin Journal of Postgraduate Medicine , 2010,
Abstract: Background: Economic development and urbanization in many developing countries has led to a nutritional transition characterized by a shift to a higher caloric content of diet and/or to the reduction of physical activity, and whose consequences are changes in the body composition of the individuals and elevated blood lipid levels. This study's aim was to determine the lipid profile and to determine if there is any association between lipid profile and abdominal obesity among adults attending the outpatient clinic at the Baptist Medical Centre, Ogbomoso, a semi urban environment. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study of 400 adults aged 18 years and above was carried out. Participants were administered a standardized questionnaire and had measurements of waist circumference and serum lipids taken. Results: Four hundred subjects were randomly selected (221 females and 179 males) with a mean age of 48.65 ± 16.56 years. The mean total cholesterol, LDL- cholesterol, Triglycerides and HDL-cholesterol were 3.78 ± 1.07 mmol/L, 1.18 ± 1.02 mmol/L, 0.97 ± 0.58 mmol/L and 2.15 ± 0.86 mmol/L respectively. The prevalence of abdominal obesity among the study population was 33.75%. The subjects who had abdominal obesity had the highest mean values for total cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL-cholesterol and HDL-cholesterol. The mean values of total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, triglycerides and LDL-cholesterol obtained among the physically inactive subjects were higher than those of the subjects who were physically active. Conclusion: Higher mean values for total cholesterol, triglycerides and LDLcholesterol were found among the subjects who had abdominal obesity and those who were physically inactive in Ogbomoso.
A simple and rapid nucleic acid preparation method for reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RTPCR) in dormant potato tubers
H Bostan, IO Elibuyuk
African Journal of Biotechnology , 2010,
Abstract: In order to shorten and facilitate the preparation of nucleic acid (without using tuber slicer, santurugation, vacuum devices and nanocalorimeter (NCM)) for reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), pieces of tuber were placed directly into eppendorf tubes containing 30 ìl of detergent (0.5% Triton XL-80 N) buffers, vortexed for 3 min and then 2.5 ìl of this aliquots was used in RT-PCR. Alternatively, evaluation of the efficiency of different buffers (sodium sulphite buffer, 0.1 M HCl, 0.1 M NaOH, 0.1 M Tris, 0.1 M EDTA, 0.1 M phosphate buffer, 0.1 M LiCl, 0.1 M KCl, 1 M NaCl and water (H2O)) was carried out. The strongest band was obtained from sodium chloride (NaCl), potassium chloride (KCl), sodium sulphite buffer (SSB), phosphate buffer and lithium chloride (LiCl), respectively. To determine the minimum concentration and delectability of potato leafroll virus (PLRV) and potato virus S (PVS) that can be assessed by RT-PCR, the sap obtained from tubers known to be infected with PLRV and PVS were diluted (1:1, 1:2, 1: 4, 1:8, 1:16 1:32 and 1:64) and tested in RT-PCR. PLRV and PVS bands were observed up to 1:8 in NaCl and phosphate buffer, 1:4 in KCl, SSB and LiCl. However, except NaCl, no difference between the intensity of band obtained from other buffers was observed. On the other hand, increasing the cut surfaces of tuber pieces increased the dilution rate of nucleic acid. To determine the efficiency of the NaCl buffer, when a total of 60 dormant tubers (60 days after the harvest) were tested, PLRV and PVS were detected at the rate of 57/60 and 54/60, respectively.
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