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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3550 matches for " Hyung-Joo Kwon "
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ASB9 interacts with ubiquitous mitochondrial creatine kinase and inhibits mitochondrial function
Sanghoon Kwon, Dongbum Kim, Jae Rhee, Jeong-A Park, Dae-Won Kim, Doo-Sik Kim, Younghee Lee, Hyung-Joo Kwon
BMC Biology , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1741-7007-8-23
Abstract: We found that a variant of ASB9 that lacks the SOCS box (ASB9ΔSOCS) was naturally detected in human cell lines but not in peripheral blood mononuclear cells or normal hepatocytes. We also identified ubiquitous mitochondrial creatine kinase (uMtCK) as a new target of ASB9 in human embryonic kidney 293 (HEK293) cells. The ankyrin repeat domains of ASB9 can associate with the substrate binding site of uMtCK in a SOCS box-independent manner. The overexpression of ASB9, but not ASB9ΔSOCS, induces ubiquitination of uMtCK. ASB9 and ASB9ΔSOCS can interact and colocalise with uMtCK in the mitochondria. However, only expression of ASB9 induced abnormal mitochondrial structure and a decrease of mitochondrial membrane potential. Furthermore, the creatine kinase activities and cell growth were significantly reduced by ASB9 but not by ASB9ΔSOCS.ASB9 interacts with the creatine kinase system and negatively regulates cell growth. The differential expression and function of ASB9 and ASB9ΔSOCS may be a key factor in the growth of human cell lines and primary cells.The largest family of suppressor of cytokine signalling (SOCS) box-containing superfamily proteins are the ankyrin repeat and SOCS box proteins (Asbs; ASBs in humans). Although 18 members of the Asb family have been identified in mice and humans, the function of Asbs has not been clearly defined. The Asbs have two functional domains, a SOCS box and a variable number of N-terminal ankyrin (ANK) repeats [1]. The SOCS box of Asb proteins has two subdomains: a BC box and a Cul2/Cul5 box. Highly conserved amino acid sequences of the BC box and the Cul5 box, which are essential for ensuring that the interaction with elongins B/C and Cullin 5-Rbx2 forms E3 ubiquitin (Ub) ligase complexes, are important in a ubiquitination-mediated proteolysis pathway [2-6]. While SOCS family members use the SH2 domain to recruit substrates, the ANK repeat regions of Asb family members serve as specific protein-protein interaction platforms to recr
Immunization with a Hemagglutinin-Derived Synthetic Peptide Formulated with a CpG-DNA-Liposome Complex Induced Protection against Lethal Influenza Virus Infection in Mice
Jae Won Rhee,Dongbum Kim,Byung Kwon Park,Sanghoon Kwon,Sunhee Cho,Ilseob Lee,Man-Seong Park,Jae-Nam Seo,Yong-Sun Kim,Hong Seok Choi,Younghee Lee,Hyung-Joo Kwon
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0048750
Abstract: Whole-virus vaccines, including inactivated or live-attenuated influenza vaccines, have been conventionally developed and supported as a prophylaxis. These currently available virus-based influenza vaccines are widely used in the clinic, but the vaccine production takes a long time and a huge number of embryonated chicken eggs. To overcome the imperfection of egg-based influenza vaccines, epitope-based peptide vaccines have been studied as an alternative approach. Here, we formulated an efficacious peptide vaccine without carriers using phosphodiester CpG-DNA and a special liposome complex. Potential epitope peptides predicted from the hemagglutinin (HA) protein of the H5N1 A/Viet Nam/1203/2004 strain (NCBI database, AAW80717) were used to immunize mice along with phosphodiester CpG-DNA co-encapsulated in a phosphatidyl-β-oleoyl-γ-palmitoyl ethanolamine (DOPE):cholesterol hemisuccinate (CHEMS) complex (Lipoplex(O)) without carriers. We identified a B cell epitope peptide (hH5N1 HA233 epitope, 14 amino acids) that can potently induce epitope-specific antibodies. Furthermore, immunization with a complex of the B cell epitope and Lipoplex(O) completely protects mice challenged with a lethal dose of recombinant H5N1 virus. These results suggest that our improved peptide vaccine technology can be promptly applied to vaccine development against pandemic influenza. Furthermore our results suggest that potent epitopes, which cannot be easily found using proteins or a virus as an antigen, can be screened when we use a complex of peptide epitopes and Lipoplex(O).
Production of antibodies with peptide-CpG-DNA-liposome complex without carriers
Dongbum Kim, Sanghoon Kwon, Jae Rhee, Kwang Kim, Young-Eun Kim, Cheung-Seog Park, Myeong Choi, Jun-Gyo Suh, Doo-Sik Kim, Younghee Lee, Hyung-Joo Kwon
BMC Immunology , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2172-12-29
Abstract: We present that a particular form of natural phosphodiester bond CpG-DNA encapsulated in a specific liposome complex (Lipoplex(O)) induces potent immunomodulatory activity in humans as well as in mice. Additionally, Lipoplex(O) enhances the production of IgG2a specific to antigenic protein in mice. Most importantly, immunization of mice with several peptides co-encapsulated with Lipoplex(O) without carriers significantly induces each peptide-specific IgG2a production in a TLR9-dependent manner. A peptide-specific monoclonal antibody produced against hepatocellular carcinoma-associated antigen has functional effects on the cancer cells.Our overall results show that Lipoplex(O) is a potent adjuvant and that complexes of peptide and Lipoplex(O) are extremely useful for B cell epitope screening and antibody production without carriers. Therefore, our strategy may be promptly used for the development of therapeutic antibodies by rapid screening of potent B cell epitopes.Synthetic oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) and bacterial DNA containing unmethylated CpG dinucleotides flanked by specific base sequences (CpG-DNA) have significant immunomodulatory effects on B lymphocytes, macrophages, dendritic cells, and natural killer cells [1-4]. Experimental evidence suggests that CpG-DNA induces the regulation of Th1/Th2 immune responses, antigen-presenting cell activity, and immunoglobulin (Ig) isotype switching [5-7]. Therefore, CpG-DNA has gained attention for its potential use as an immune adjuvant and in therapeutics for allergic and infectious diseases [8,9].Phosphorothioate-modified types of CpG-DNA (PS-ODN), which are resistant to nuclease activity and can be efficiently delivered into cells [10,11], have been utilized in clinical applications [9]. The immunomodulatory activities of PS-ODN are enhanced by liposome-encapsulation [12-14]. However, several studies have suggested that PS-ODN induces backbone-related side effects, such as transient splenomegaly [15], lymphoid folli
Prevention and Therapy of Hepatocellular Carcinoma by Vaccination with TM4SF5 Epitope-CpG-DNA-Liposome Complex without Carriers
Sanghoon Kwon, Dongbum Kim, Byoung Kwon Park, Sunhee Cho, Kwang Dong Kim, Young-Eun Kim, Cheung-Seog Park, Hyun-Jong Ahn, Jae-Nam Seo, Kyung-Chan Choi, Doo-Sik Kim, Younghee Lee, Hyung-Joo Kwon
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0033121
Abstract: Although peptide vaccines have been actively studied in various animal models, their efficacy in treatment is limited. To improve the efficacy of peptide vaccines, we previously formulated an efficacious peptide vaccine without carriers using the natural phosphodiester bond CpG-DNA and a special liposome complex (Lipoplex(O)). Here, we show that immunization of mice with a complex consisting of peptide and Lipoplex(O) without carriers significantly induces peptide-specific IgG2a production in a CD4+ cells- and Th1 differentiation-dependent manner. The transmembrane 4 superfamily member 5 protein (TM4SF5) has gained attention as a target for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) therapy because it induces uncontrolled growth of human HCC cells via the loss of contact inhibition. Monoclonal antibodies specific to an epitope of human TM4SF5 (hTM4SF5R2-3) can recognize native mouse TM4SF5 and induce functional effects on mouse cancer cells. Pre-immunization with a complex of the hTM4SF5R2-3 epitope and Lipoplex(O) had prophylactic effects against tumor formation by HCC cells implanted in an mouse tumor model. Furthermore, therapeutic effects were revealed regarding the growth of HCC when the vaccine was injected into mice after tumor formation. These results suggest that our improved peptide vaccine technology provides a novel prophylaxis measure as well as therapy for HCC patients with TM4SF5-positive tumors.
Differential expression of cell surface markers in response to 2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene in RAW 264.7 and primary immune cells
Dongbum Kim1, Min Chul Park1, Byoung Kwon Park1, Sanghoon Kwon2, Joon-Ho Choi3, Hyun-Jong Kim4, Soo-Young Choi5, Jinseu Park5, Younghee Lee6 & Hyung-Joo Kwon1,2,*
BMB Reports , 2012,
Abstract: We evaluated the expression of the costimulatory moleculesCD80 and CD83 and major histocompatibility (MHC) class IIinduced by 2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene (DNFB) in the RAW264.7 macrophage cell line. In contrast to the previously reportedeffect of DNFB on dendritic cells, CD86 expression didnot change. Furthermore, we observed that the CD83 expressionlevel transiently increased and then decreased.Induction of CD80 and MHC class II molecule expression anda decrease in CD83 expression by DNFB in vitro were alsoconfirmed in splenocytes of BALB/c and NC/Nga mice.However, DNFB did not influence CD83 expression in peritonealCD11b+ cells from BALB/c or NC/Nga mice. Detailedin vivo experiments and further studies on the possible contributionof CD11b+ cells to induce atopic dermatitis (AD)would be helpful to attain a better understanding of ADpathogenesis.
Age-hardening by grain interior and grain boundary precipitation in an Au-Ag-Pt-Zn-In alloy for multipurpose dental use
Joo-Hee Park,Mi-Hyang Cho,Mi-Gyoung Park,Yong Hoon Kwon,Hyung-Il Kim,Hyo-Joung Seol
Gold Bulletin , 2010, DOI: 10.1007/BF03215001
Abstract: The complex precipitation mechanisms related to the age-hardening of Cu-free Au-Ag-Pt-Zn-In alloy for multipurpose dental use was studied by means of hardness test, X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies, field emission scanning electron microscopic (FE-SEM) observations, energy dispersive spectrometer (EDS) analysis, and electron probe microanalysis (EPMA). The early diffusion and then clustering of the In-concentrated phase in the grain interior, together with the early diffusion and then ordering of the PtZn phase in the grain boundary, introduced the internal strains in the Au-Ag-rich α1 matrix, resulting in the hardening process. As the Au-Ag-rich α 1 ’ and PtZn β lamellarforming grain boundary reaction progressed, the phase boundaries between the solute-depleted face-centered cubic (FCC) α 1 ’ matrix and the face-centered tetragonal (FCT) PtZn β precipitate reduced, resulting in softening. In the particlelike structures composed of the major Pt-Au-rich α2 phase and the minor Pt-Zn-rich α3 phase, the separation of In and Zn progressed producing the In-increased Pt-Au-rich α 2 ’ phase and the Zn-increased PtZn α3′ phase with aging time without restraining the softening. The miscibility limit by complex systems of Au-Pt, Ag-Pt, Au-In and In-Zn resulted in the phase transformation and related microstructural changes.
Age-hardening by miscibility limit in a multi-purpose dental gold alloy containing platinum
Hyo-Joung Seol,Joo-Hee Park,Ri-Mo Ku,Mi-Gyoung Park,Yong Hoon Kwon,Hyung-Il Kim
Gold Bulletin , 2010, DOI: 10.1007/BF03214965
Abstract: This study examined the age-hardening by miscibility limit in a multi-purpose dental gold alloy containing platinum. The hardness increased rapidly in the initial stage of the aging process, reached the maximum value, then decreased continuously with aging time. The significant hardness increase resulted from the heterogeneous precipitation of the Pt-rich β phase from the grain boundary of the Au-rich α1 matrix due to the miscibility limit of Au-Pt system. With increasing aging time, the fine Pt-rich β precipitates covered almost the whole matrix, and by further aging, the precipitates grew coarse. The microstructural coarsening reduced the interface between the Au-rich α1 matrix and the Pt-rich β precipitates, which released the lattice strains between the two phases, resulting in a softening effect. In the later stage of aging process, the Au-containing Pt3In particle-like structure was transformed into the Au-depleted particle-like structure containing relatively large amounts of Cu resulting from the overlapping miscibility limit of both Au-Pt and Ag-Cu systems, which was responsible for the slow decreasing rate in hardness in the later stage of aging.
Natural Killer Cells from Patients with Chronic Rhinosinusitis Have Impaired Effector Functions
Ji Heui Kim, Gye Eun Kim, Gye Song Cho, Hyung-Joon Kwon, Chul Hyun Joo, Hun Sik Kim, Yong Ju Jang
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0077177
Abstract: Natural killer (NK) cells are multicompetent lymphocytes of the innate immune system that play a central role in host defense and immune regulation. Although increasing evidence suggests that innate immunity plays a key role in the pathogenesis of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS), the role of NK cells in CRS has been poorly studied. This study aimed to characterize the peripheral blood NK cells from patients with CRS, and to compare the functions of these cells with those from non-CRS controls. The correlation between NK cell functional activity and prognosis was also assessed. Eighteen CRS patients and 19 healthy non-CRS controls were included. The patients with CRS were classified into two subgroups, namely a treatment-responsive group and recalcitrant group. NK cell degranulation was determined by measuring the cell surface expression of CD107a against 721.221 and K562 cells. Intracytoplasmic cytokine production was determined by flow cytometry. Compared to the controls, the NK cells of CRS group had an impaired ability to degranulate and to produce cytokines such as IFN-γ and TNF-α. The recalcitrant subgroup showed the most severe defects in NK cell effector functions. Moreover, the decreased NK cell functions in patients with CRS were associated with poor prognostic factors such as concomitant asthma and peripheral blood eosinophilia. NK cells, which were originally named for their ability to mediate spontaneous cytotoxicity towards diseased cells including infected cells, may play an important role in regulating the inflammatory process in CRS pathogenesis.
Comparison of the antibody responses to Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum antigens in residents of Mandalay, Myanmar
Tong-Soo Kim, Hyung-Hwan Kim, Jung-Yeon Kim, Yoon Kong, Byoung-Kuk Na, Khin Lin, Sung-Ung Moon, Yeon-Joo Kim, Myoung-Hee Kwon, Youngjoo Sohn, Hyuck Kim, Hyeong-Woo Lee
Malaria Journal , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1475-2875-10-228
Abstract: Malaria parasites were identified by microscopic examination. To test the antibodies against P. vivax and P. falciparum in sera, an indirect immunofluorescence antibody test (IFAT) was performed using asexual blood parasite antigens. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was performed with circumsporozoite protein (CSP), Pvs25 and Pvs28 recombinant proteins of transmission-blocking vaccine candidates for P. vivax, and liver stage specific antigen-1 and -3 (PfLSA-1, PfLSA-3) for P. falciparum.Fourteen patients among 112 were found to be infected with P. vivax and 26 with P. falciparum by thick smear examination. Twenty-three patients were found to be infected with P. vivax, 19 with P. falciparum and five with both by thin smear examination. Blood samples were divided into two groups: Group I consisted of patients who were positive for infection by microscopic examination, and Group II consisted of those who showed symptoms, but were negative in microscopic examination. In P. falciparum, IgG against the blood stage antigen in Group I (80.8%) was higher than in Group II (70.0%). In P. vivax, IgG against the blood stage antigen in Group I (53.8%) was higher than in Group II (41.7%). However, the positivity rate of the PvCSP VK210 subtype in Group II (40.0%) was higher than in Group I (23.1%). Similarly for the PvCSP VK247 subtype, Group II (21.7%) was higher than that for Group I (9.6%). A similar pattern was observed in the ELISA using Pvs25 and Pvs28: positive rates of Group II were higher than those for Group I. However, those differences were not shown significant in statistics.The positive rates for blood stage antigens of P. falciparum were higher in Group I than in Group II, but the positive rates for antigens of other stages (PfLSA-1 and -3) showed opposite results. Similar to P. falciparum, the positive rate of pre-blood stage (CSP VK210 and 247 subtype) and post-blood stage (Pvs25 and 28) antigens of P. vivax were higher in Group II than in Group I. The
Histopathology and TB-PCR kit analysis in differentiating the diagnosis of intestinal tuberculosis and Crohn’s disease
Xian Ji Jin, Joon Mee Kim, Hyung Kil Kim, Lucia Kim, Suk Jin Choi, In Suh Park, Jee Young Han, Young Chae Chu, Ju Young Song, Kye Sook Kwon, Eun Joo Kim
World Journal of Gastroenterology , 2010,
Abstract: AIM: To compare the histopathologic features of intestinal tuberculosis (ITB) and Crohn’s disease (CD) and to identify whether polymerase chain reaction for Mycobacterium tuberculosis (TB-PCR) would be helpful for differential diagnosis between ITB and CD.METHODS: We selected 97 patients with established diagnoses (55 cases of ITB and 42 cases of CD) who underwent colonoscopic biopsies. Microscopic features of ITB and CD were reviewed, and eight pathologic parameters were evaluated. Nine cases of acid fast bacilli culture-positive specimens and 10 normal colonic tissue specimens were evaluated as the positive and negative control of the TB-PCR test, respectively. PCR assays were done using two commercial kits: kit detected IS6110 and MPB64, and kit detected IS6110 only; a manual in-house PCR method was also performed on formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded colonoscopic biopsy specimens.RESULTS: Statistically significant differences were noted between ITB and CD with regard histopathologic criteria: size of granulomas (P = 0.000), giant cells (P = 0.015), caseation necrosis (P = 0.003), confluent granulomas (P = 0.001), discrete granulomas (P = 0.000), and granulomas with lymphoid cuffs (P = 0.037). However, 29 cases (52.7%) of ITB showed less than five kinds of pathologic parameters, resulting in confusion with CD. The sensitivities and specificities of the TB-PCR test by kit , kit , and the in-house PCR method were 88.9% and 100%, 88.9% and 100%, and 66.7% and 100% in positive and negative controls, respectively. The PCR test done on endoscopic biopsy specimens of ITB and CD were significantly different with kit (P = 0.000) and kit (P = 0.000). The sensitivities and specificities of TB-PCR were 45.5% and 88.1%, 36.4% and 100%, and 5.8% and 100%, for kit and kit and in-house PCR method on endoscopic biopsy specimens. Among the 29 cases of histopathologically confusing CD, 10 cases assayed using kit and 6 cases assayed using kit were TB-PCR positive. A combination of histologic findings and TB-PCR testing led to an increase of diagnostic sensitivity and the increase (from 47.3% to 58.2) was statistically significant with kit (P = 0.000).CONCLUSION: The TB-PCR test combined with histopathologic factors appears to be a helpful technique in formulating the differential diagnosis of ITB and CD in endoscopic biopsy samples.
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