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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 180 matches for " Hungary "
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The Regional Competitiveness of Hungary  [PDF]
Lu Huang, Sezgin Hergül
Modern Economy (ME) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/me.2014.512102

This Report focuses on the regional competitiveness analysis of Hungary. Eight aspects are taken into consideration, which are Economics, Education and Learning, Innovation, Labor Market Efficiency, Infrastructure, Health, Farm, Environment Protection and Crimes. The final results show that K?zép-Magyarország (Central Hungary) is the most competitive region which gets 68.46, while észak Magyaroszág (Northern Hungary) which scored 24.23 is the least competitive region. Cultural and heritage, natural features, higher stage of urban/economic development, R & D sector and high level business services are the main advantages of K?zép-Magyarország (Central Hungary). However, for the least competitiveness region észak Magyaroszág (Northern Hungary), more attention should be paid to infrastructure construction, labor mobility, institution efficiency, promotion of innovation, business environment, improvement of education and health and environment protection.

Changes in the Institutional Context of the Ombudsman System in the Republic of Hungary in 2012  [PDF]
Máté Szabó
Beijing Law Review (BLR) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/blr.2012.33015
Abstract: After the landslide electoral victory of the Fidesz-KDNP in 2010, the new Hungarian government with a two-thirds majority in Parliament adopted a new Constitution which significantly modified the previous institutional structure. Written by the former Commissioner for Civil Rights (as the Ombudsman of general competence used to be called) who is now Commissioner for Fundamental Rights, this article describes, analyses and evaluates the changes which terminated the previous Ombudsman system consisting of four Commissioners and established an independent authority to uphold information rights on the one hand, and a unified Ombudsman structure with increased responsibilities and powers on the other hand.
Hungary 1956-2006 and the Elites’ Propaganda
Takis Fotopoulos
International Journal of Inclusive Democracy , 2006,
Abstract: Whilst the Western elites have long been preparing themselves to "celebrate", together with the "people" of Hungary, the fiftieth anniversary of the 1956 insurrection (invariably presented by the Western media as "a heroic challenge to Soviet domination", or "a revolution against communist dictatorship" and the like), the "people" have once again disappointed the representatives of the elites who had assembled in Budapest last week. As a British historian wrote when the mass demonstrations began last month: "then, students and nationalists ripped up the communist flag. Now they tear down the EU flag”.[1] But the similarities do not end there.
Lunching under the Goya. Jewish Collectors in Budapest at the Beginning of the Twentieth Century
Konstantin Akinsha
Quest : Issues in Contemporary Jewish History. , 2011,
Abstract: The article is dedicated to the passion for art collecting which was in vogue among the representatives of the Jewish haute bourgeoisie of Budapest in the beginning of the 20th century. In the center of investigation is the collection of Baron Mór Lipót Herzog who not only became one of the leading art collectors of Budapest but influenced the development of the European artistic taste. The Jewish industrialist and banker plaid instrumental role in the rediscovery and popularization of El Greco.
Montesquieu in Hungary
Gábor Hamza
Nordicum-Mediterraneum , 2012,
Abstract: The interest of the great philosopher, jurist, and political thinker of the French Enlightenment, Charles-Louis de Sécondat, Baron de la Brède et de Montesquieu (1689–1755), turned after having published the Lettres persanes (1721) to the study on premises of the lives, customs and laws of different nations, ethnicities. When his friend, Earl James Waldgrave (1684-1741), was appointed as emissary, ambassador to Vienna, to the court of Emperor Charles VI, King of Hungary as Charles III, King of Bohemia as Charles II (1711–1740), Montesquieu accompanied i.e. escorted him.
Geomorphic investigations in the Medves Area, North Hungary
Horváth Gergely,Pintér Zoltán
Chinese Science Bulletin , 2001, DOI: 10.1007/BF03187237
Abstract: The Medves Area lies close to the Hungarian-Slovak boundary in North Hungary. Having “horstgraben-type” geological structure it can be characterised by steeply emerging horst-like hills and between them narrow trenches and deeply dissected erosional valleys. The recent morphology of the Medves Area is determined by four main elements: the structure, the petrographic setting, the exogenic processes and the anthropogenic effects. In spite of the domination of the Oligocene-Miocene sedimentary rocks great part of the area is covered by Pliocene basalts having either stratovolcanic structure or consisting of only lavas, forming lavaplateaus, small cones, dykes or necks. In spite of the strong denudation their original form dominates yet. The decrease of the sheet of the Medves Plateau was considerable only on the rims by parallel retreat. In the southern part of the Medves Area the evolution of the landscape was determined mainly by exogenic processes. The great density of the valleys is very significant, but it is interesting that many tributary valleys are dry valleys, which can be explained by neotectonic movements and young captures. Anthropogenic forms are very frequent in the Medves Area, where the change of the natural environment caused by human activity is above average. Especially the landscape forming effects of the mining of basalt and browncoal and that of the related industry and infrastructure changed the surface. Very interesting are the depressions on the surface caused by collapse of underground galleries, moreover sometimes trench-like deep fissures came into being.
Hungarian acarological literature
Horváth, E.,Kontschán, J.,Mahunka, S.
Opuscula Zoologica Instituti Zoosystematici et Oecologici Universitatis Budapestinensis , 2010,
Abstract: . The Hungarian acarological literature from 1801 to 2010, excluding medical sciences (e.g. epidemiological,clinical acarology) is reviewed. Altogether 1500 articles by 437 authors are included. The publications gathered are presentedaccording to authors listed alphabetically. The layout follows the references of the paper of Horváth as appeared in the Foliaentomologica hungarica in 2004.
The Situation of the Sugar Beet Production in Hungary Before the EU Accession
Zsuzsanna Slezák,Nikoletta Fáró,Gy?rgy Széles
Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus (ACS) , 2003,
Abstract: In Hungary, the sugar beet production suffers from many complex factors, which reflect on a crisis situation. Due to the narrowing markets and a decrease in the demands for sugar all together with the uncertainty and over-production of the processing industry, the sugar beet producers are very defenceless. The special technology of the sugar beet production gives an especial importance to this fact. There is not too much place fo changes for the farmers within the structure of the production costs, which has consequences in terms of both quality and volume. In the European Union, the sugar sector is highly regulated. The accession will lead us to a decades-old and solid state of the sugar production. For all member countries, unique and harmonised prices and export regulations exist. With the accession, the EU countries have the opportunity to target the markets of the newly joining countries, such as Hungary, with their surplus in sugar production. Therefore, it is in their interest to give as low quota as possible to the Hungarian sugar beet production.One key point of the regulations of the sugar production is the quota and its introduction in the production. For this reason and for the functioning CMO.s of the sugar beet sector, it is important to create and maintain an accurate and up-to-date database and the relating institutional background. The statistical and information system should cover - besides the data of the domestic production and processing and the international trade- the monitoring of the foreign markets and the whole of the agribusiness. The effectiveness of the production should improve even if a number of the farmers have to give up beet production. It is in significant the government′s responsibility to ensure these farmers′ safety of existence. By the time of the accession, reaching an average yield of 45 to 55 tons per hectare, the Hungarian sugar beet production will be competitive with the EU farmers. The current technical and agronomical level of the whole sector does not satisfy the EU requirements, however a number of producers are falling into line with the EU level. Another task is to improve the effectiveness of the processing plants that could lead to the elimination of the factories with small capacity. In that case, additional attention should be paid on the sugar beet farmers and alternatives should be offered by the winding up concerns.
The Situation of the Sunflower Seed Production in Hungary Before the EU Accession
Zsuzsanna Slezák,Nikoletta Fáró,Gy?rgy Széles
Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus (ACS) , 2003,
Abstract: However, the sunflower seed production was not free of problems in the ′90ies in Hungary; it is unquestionable, that this enterprise suffered the least, The transformation has affected the producers dramatically here, to; especially due to the privatisation of the background industry. After the bottom of the years 1992 and 1993, the sunflower seed production was more or less balanced, which lasted as long as the year 1997, when unfavourable weather and pest control problems occurred. Since that time, a continuous problem in profitability was experienced; and due to its effect on the industry, a harmonic balance typical for the middle of the century cannot have rebuilt, yet. The most serious problems are caused by the cumulative agritechnical lags. One main source of it is the shortage of capital; the other is the lack of sufficient knowledge. Therefore, the lack of necessary plant protection and fertilization, , own produced poor seeds instead of quality seeds are used. The lack of the knowledge can be explained by the too small size of the farms, thus e.g. a necessary crop rotation is not applied in many cases. The competitiveness of the enterprise can only recover more conditions of the production will change at he same time. Not only the yields should increase, but the agritechnical conditions should be improved. By the time of the EU accession, an average yield of 2.0 to 2.2 tons per hectare will have been necessary to reach in order to stay competitive and profitable with increasing input prices. Still before the EU accession and afterwards, much greater changes and conflicts are expected in the agriculture than in the industry. As these changes will start from the basis of the production, information should start to be given to the farmers and producers right now. Only this will help them understand and view the new system and the new conditions. One of the major challenges of the accession is to improve and harmonise the conditions of the agricultural production, not only in legal but economic terms, as well. This means that the Hungarian level should reach that of the EU in terms of producer prices, direct payments, and profitability and even in consumer prices and wages till the accession. After the troubles of the past years, the preparations for the EU accession raise the questions and tasks of modern management, complex development, quality production and competitiveness. According to the planned four to five years of lining up and technical modernisation, the double of the current annual payments and investments is needed. Along with the ov
Cheiridium tetrophthalmum Daday, a new synonym of Larca lata (Hansen) (Pseudoscorpiones, Larcidae)
Harvey, Mark S.
Arachnologische Mitteilungen , 2011, DOI: 10.5431/aramit4104
Abstract: Cheiridium tetrophthalmum Daday, 1889 is removed from the synonymy of Geogarypus minor (L. Koch, 1873), and treated as a junior synonym of Larca lata (Hansen, 1884). The distribution of Larca lata and Geogarypus minor is documented, and L. lata is recorded from Hungary for the first time.
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