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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 138918 matches for " Humphrey K. Ireri "
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Types of Non-Equivalence in the Kikamba Bible Translation  [PDF]
Eunice N. Musyoka, Humphrey K. Ireri
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105721
Abstract:
This paper examines types of non-equivalences in the Kikamba Bible translation. Translation involves the rendering of a source text message into the target text so as to ensure that the surface meaning of the two is ap-proximately similar and the structures of the source language are preserved as closely as possible in the target text. However, the process is hampered by non-equivalence, which occurs when a lexical item or an expression in the source language lacks an equivalent item to translate it into the target language. A descriptive research design was used to obtain information from a sampled population. The Bible is divided into two sections; the Old and the New Testament. It is further categorized into seven groups. Purposive sampling was used to select one book from each category and one chapter from each book to form the sample for the study. Data was collected through careful study of the English Revised Standard Version Bible to identify types of non-equivalences and the Kikamba Bible to analyze how non-equivalence is handled. The study established two types of non-equivalences; non-equivalence at lexica level and above word level. The study reveals that non-equivalence is difficult to handle at lexical level mostly due to culture-specific words. Above the word level, translation is hampered by the use of figurative language in the source text. The study recommends that the translator needs a good background on the culture of the two languages and the metaphorical language use in the Bible. It is hoped that the research will be a contribution to applied linguistics in the area of translation, specifically on non-equivalence.
Functions of Gichuka Discourse Markers in Gichuka Speech  [PDF]
Elsie Njeri Kirimo, Humphrey Kirimi Ireri
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1104931
Abstract:
Discourse markers are linguistic items that are frequently used in the course of daily communication. These are not only connecting words that contribute to cohesion of discourse but are also crucial tools for achieving intended commu-nicative purposes in the course of discourse. Studies have been carried out on discourse markers as used in other languages of the world but since every lin-guistic variety is unique and culture dependent, it is not obvious that these lin-guistic items are similar in all languages. This paper’s goal is to discuss the functions of discourse markers Gichuka speeches. The study is guided by the Relevance Theory by Sperber and Wilson. It utilizes qualitative research tech-nique and was carried out in Chuka, Meru South Sub County, Tharaka-Nithi County, Kenya. The population for this study includes all discourse markers captured in social events conducted in Gichuka. The researcher purposively sampled five real life events conducted in Gichuka. Data was collected using an observation schedule that was used to record the contextual information, and a guiding card was used to record the functions of discourse markers. The transcribed discourse markers are ninety-two. Guided by the principles of relevance the researcher identified and discussed the functions of all the discourse markers identified, taking into account the speakers meaning conveyed by the Gichuka discourse markers from various speech situations. The study established that most Gichuka discourse markers are used either to achieve conversational coherence in speech or to seek the attention of the audience. The study enhances the analysis of Gichuka discourse markers and adds to the existing knowledge on the analysis of discourse markers in various languages. It specifically enriches knowledge on the application of the tenets of the Relevance Theory. The study also contributes to scholarly literature in linguistics; especially in pragmatics.
Visualizing Library Statistics using Open Flash Chart 2 and Drupal
Laura K. Wiegand,Bob Humphrey
Code4Lib Journal , 2013,
Abstract: Libraries continue to need to demonstrate their value to stakeholders, and while statistics alone do not represent value, they are an important element. We found ourselves, and our stakeholders, uninspired by our infrequently updated bulleted list of statistics on our website and so set out to create a more dynamic and visually appealing look at our statistics. This article outlines how we used our content management system, Drupal, Open Flash Chart and custom programming to convert library statistics into Flash charts, including how to populate the graphs with dynamic data from external sources. The end result is our Library Statistics Dashboard (http://library.uncw.edu/facts_planning/dashboard) that visually demonstrates the use, activity and resources in the library via interactive and visually interesting graphs.
STUDENTS’ VIEWS OF MEXICAN NATIONALS AS ENGLISH TEACHERS
Ireri Armenta Delgado
Ra Ximhai , 2010,
Abstract: This paper discusses the impact that the status as non-nativeEnglish speakers (NNESs) has had in six Mexican nationalsas teachers of the foreign language. The idea of the nativespeaker as the ideal teacher of English is explored from thenon-native English teachers’ (NNESTs) perspectives andexperiences, based on the way they are perceived by theirstudents. Through interviews in the form of personalnarratives, NNESTs’ life stories were collected in order toanalyse the experiences and challenges that they face in theprofession as non-native speakers. The data shows thatNNESTs are confronted with issues of credibility andacceptance on the part of their students based on factors ofnativeness and ethnicity. This of course has an impact in theNNESTs’ professional and personal lives.
The Rare Decay $B\to K^{\ast}γ$: A More Precise Calculation
Patrick J. O'Donnell,Humphrey K. K. Tung
Physics , 1993, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.48.2145
Abstract: Efforts to predict the rare exclusive decay $B\to K^{\ast}\gamma$ from the well known inclusive decay $b\to s\gamma$ are frustrated by the effect of the large recoil momentum. We show how to reduce the large uncertainty in calculating this decay by relating $B\to K^{\ast}\gamma$ to the semileptonic process $B\to\rho e\bar{\nu}$ using the heavy-quark symmetry in B decays and SU(3) flavor symmetry. A direct measurement of the $q^{2}$-spectrum for the semileptonic decay can provide accurate information for the exclusive rare decay.
Exact Relations for Heavy-Light Quark Systems
Patrick J. O'Donnell,Humphrey K. K. Tung
Physics , 1993,
Abstract: We derive general relations among hadronic form factors involving one heavy meson $b\bar{q}$ and another, not necessarily heavy, meson $Q\bar{q}$. The relations are valid to all orders of mass corrections of $m_Q$ .
Exclusive Rare Decay $B\rightarrow K^{\ast}γ$
Patrick J. O'Donnell,Humphrey K. K. Tung
Physics , 1992,
Abstract: We show that the exclusive decay $B\rightarrow K^{\ast}\gamma$ can be related to the semileptonic decay $B\rightarrow\rho e\bar{\nu}$ using heavy-quark symmetry and $SU(3)$ flavor symmetry. A direct measurement of the $q^{2}$-spectrum for the semileptonic decay can provide relevant information for the exclusive rare decay.
Properties of Suborbits of the Dihedral Group Dn Acting on Ordered Subsets  [PDF]
Rose W. Gachogu, Ireri N. Kamuti, Moses N. Gichuki
Advances in Pure Mathematics (APM) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/apm.2017.78024
Abstract: A group action on a set is a process of developing an algebraic structure through a relation defined by the permutations in the group and the elements of the set. The process suppresses most of the group properties, emphasizing the permutation aspect, so that the algebraic structure has a wider application among other algebras. Such structures not only reveal connections between different areas in Mathematics but also make use of results in one area to suggest conjectures and also prove results in a related area. The structure (G, X) is a transitive permutation group G acting on the set X. Investigations on the properties associated with various groups acting on various sets have formed a subject of recent study. A lot of investigations have been done on the action of the symmetric group Sn on various sets, with regard to rank, suborbits and subdegrees. However, the action of the dihedral group has not been thoroughly worked on. This study aims at investigating the properties of suborbits of the dihedral group Dn acting on ordered subsets of ?X={1,2,...,N}. The action of Dn on X[r], the set of all ordered r-element subsets of X, has been shown to be transitive if and only if n = 3. The number of self-paired suborbits of Dn acting on X[r] has been determined, amongst other properties. Some of the results have been used to determine graphical properties of associated suborbital graphs, which also reflect some group theoretic properties. It has also been proved that when G = Dn acts on ordered adjacent vertices of G, the number of self-paired suborbits is n + 1 if n is odd and n + 2 if n is even. The study has also revealed a conjecture that gives a formula for computing the self-paired suborbits of the action of Dn on its ordered adjacent vertices. Pro-perties of suborbits are significant as they form a link between group theory and graph theory.
Transnational Public Policy on the Management of Islam and Muslims in the EU and Australia: the case of Turkish Immigrants --- :
Michael Humphrey - ????? ??????
Global Media Journal : Persian Edition , 2009,
Abstract: This paper explores the emergence of transnational public policy focused on the management of Islam and Muslim communities in the West. It looks at the contrasting position of Turkish immigrant communities in Australia and Europe and the way they have been positioned differently in national discourse on ‘integration’, cultural compatibility and political risk. While in Europe Turkish migrants have become connected to broader social, economic and cultural policy on Turkey’s membership of the European Union in Australia their relationship to the dominant society is defined more by historical ANZAC myths of secular nationalism than by their Islamic religious identity and difference. On the one hand this is a product of Australian nationalist dialogue around ANZAC and Gallipoli but on the other it is a consequence of the bureaucratic organization of Islam by the secular Turkish state and its management of overseas religious organizations. The paper also reflects on the way the homogenizing of transnational public policy on managing Islam and Muslims coming out of the EU often misrecognises the nature of Islam and Muslim communities in other countries. --- - - . - - . - . - - .
How Drugs Modify The Micturition Reflex: A Review
Jack Humphrey
Opticon1826 , 2012, DOI: 10.5334/opt.121204
Abstract: Micturition is the process of expelling urine from the body via the bladder and urethra. Disorders of micturition such as Overactive Bladder and Urge Incontinence affect many people and the first-line treatment is drug therapy. In this review the current standard drugs, anti-muscarinics, are critically assessed against newer drugs and drug targets, some of which are still in experimental stages.
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