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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 28577 matches for " Hui Liao "
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A Cognitive Approach to the Metonymy and Metaphor-Based Study of “Black” in English  [PDF]
Hui Fan, Yonghong Liao, Yougen Lou
Creative Education (CE) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2017.810117
Abstract: According to the contemporary theories, metonymy and metaphor are two major types of word meaning extension, which reveal how people perceive unfamiliar, abstract concepts via familiar, concrete one on the basis of bodily experience. Through the data of “black” from Oxford Advanced Learner’s English-Chinese Dictionary (6th Edition), under the theories in cognitive linguistics, namely, the prototype theory, conceptual metaphor theory, metonymy theory, this paper takes the basic color term “black” in English as an example to analyze the cognitive semantic structure and summarizes the cause of it. This paper aims to strengthen the accuracy of words meaning and translation as well as the cross-cultural awareness and capacity.
The Higher the Price the Better the Result? The Placebo-Like Effects of Price and Brand on Consumer Judgments  [PDF]
I-Ling Ling, Chih-Hui Shieh, Jun-Fang Liao
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2012.23048
Abstract: This research investigates the placebo effects of price and brand on consumer judgment and focuses on how two psychological moderators, deliberation thinking and self-confidence, influence the placebo-like effects. Two experiments were conducted. The results show that although different prices and brands on the same product would not influence consumers’ taste evaluation, they would affect participants’ grades in the memory test. That means there is a placebo effect on price/brand cues. The results also indicate that the placebo effect of price is more influenced by the discounted price than the regular price when people have low deliberation thinking. Furthermore, the findings show that the effects of brand and self-confidence create an interaction effect. Self-confidence moderates the placebo effect of brand on consumers’ judgment. Theoretical and managerial implications of the findings are provided.
Antioxidant Activity of 45 Chinese Herbs and the Relationship with their TCM Characteristics
Hui Liao,Linda K. Banbury,David N. Leach
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine , 2008, DOI: 10.1093/ecam/nem054
Abstract: Here, 45 Chinese herbs that regulate blood circulation were analyzed for antioxidant activity using the oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) assay. A recent publication by Ou et al. identified a close relationship between in vitro antioxidant activity and classification of Chinese herbs as yin or yang. The 45 Chinese herbs in this study could be assigned the traditional characteristics of natures (cold, cool, hot and warm), flavors (pungent, sweet, sour, bitter and salty) and functions (arresting bleeding, promoting blood flow to relieve stasis, nourishing blood and clearing away heat from blood). These characteristics are generalized according to the theory of yin and yang. We identified a broad range, 40–1990 µmol Trolox Equivalent/g herbs, of antioxidant activity in water extracts. There was no significant correlation between ORAC values and natures or functions of the herbs. There was a significant relationship between flavors and ORAC values. Bitter and/or sour herbs had the highest ORAC values, pungent and/or sweet herbs the lowest. Other flavors had intermediate values. Flavors also correspond with the yin/yang relationship and our results are supportive of the earlier publication. We reported for the first time antioxidant properties of many Chinese herbs. High antioxidant herbs were identified as Spatholobus suberectus vine (1990 µmol TE/g), Sanguisorba officinalis root (1940 µmol TE/g), Agrimonia pilosa herb (1440 µmol TE/g), Artemisia anomala herb (1400 µmol TE/g), Salvia miltiorrhiza root (1320 µmol TE/g) and Nelembo nucifera leaf (1300 µmol TE/g). Antioxidant capacity appears to correlate with the flavors of herbs identified within the formal TCM classification system and may be a useful guide in describing their utility and biochemical mechanism of action.
Elucidation of Danzhixiaoyao Wan and Its Constituent Herbs on Antioxidant Activity and Inhibition of Nitric Oxide Production
Hui Liao,Linda K. Banbury,David N. Leach
Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine , 2007, DOI: 10.1093/ecam/nel091
Abstract: Danzhixiaoyao Wan (DW) is a common 10 herbs formulation in China for regulating several clinical conditions affecting women. This research tried to explain one of DW's functions, purging heat, using in vitro pharmacological analyses. The whole formulation and each single herb of DW were compared based on antioxidant activity with the oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) assay, and for their inhibitory effect (IE) on nitric oxide (NO) production by lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated RAW 264.7 macrophages with the Griess assay. The results showed that DW as a whole formulation had both antioxidant activity and an IE on NO production, while the individual herb component of DW varied in their ORAC values and inhibition of NO production. The ORAC value of the whole DW was 450 μmol TE g−1. The order of antioxidant (ORAC) activity of the single herbs was: Mentha haplocalyx (1352 μmol TE g−1) > Glycyrrhiza uralensis (1184 μmol TE g−1) > Gardenia jasminoides (1129 μmol TE g−1) > Paeonia suffruticosa (465 μmol TE g−1), with the contributions being additive rather than synergistic. The production of nitrite by stimulated RAW 264.7 murine macrophages (unstimulated: 0.5 ± 0.1 μM versus LPS: 38.9 ± 2.3 μM) was significantly inhibited (P < 0.05) by M. haplocalyx, G. jasminoides, Bupleurum chinense and Paeonia lactiflora. DW as a whole had an IE on NO production, but this was not significant. The single herb M. haplocalyx had the highest ORAC value and the highest IE on NO production, followed by G. jasminoides. Both of these herbs have the ‘purging heat’ property in the theory of traditional Chinese medicine and this property of the samples may be correlated with the antioxidant activity and IE on NO production.
The Community of Soil Animal in Tropical Rain Forest in Jianfengling Mountain, Hainan Island, China. --Composition and Characteristics of Community

LIAO Chong-Hui,

生态学报 , 2002,
Abstract: 以海南尖峰岭自然保护区热带山地雨林为标准样地,研究热带土壤动物在原始生境中的群落结构。样地设5个固定取样点,每月固定时间用3种方法,对原生动物、线虫和其它大、中型土壤动物分别取样。调查结果显示:(1)以风干土培养法获得的原生动物共有18目72种,种类以纤毛虫类为主,数量则以肉足虫类为主。本调查点与以北各地带相比,其分布的种类较少,这与热带林枯枝落叶层薄有关。(2)以湿漏斗法获得的线虫有7目76种,为国内各地带之首。其中矛线目种类及个体数量均占多数。(3)以手拣和大、小于漏斗法获得的土壤动物共有32个类群(以目为主),其多样性指数(H′)高于本区以北各地带调查点。类群的重要性,按平均数量及其稳定性来排序,排在最前的几个类群有蚂蚁、鞘翅目、蚯蚓、及等翅目等。比西双版纳热带沟谷雨林的土壤动物群落结构更具热带性。
Data-Driven Polinsar Unsupervised Classification Based on Adaptive Model-Based Decomposition and Shannon Entropy Characterization
Hui Song;Wen Yang;Xin Xu;Mingsheng Liao
PIER B , 2013, DOI: 10.2528/PIERB13012302
Abstract: We introduce a data-driven unsupervised classification algorithm that uses polarimetric and interferometric synthetic aperture radar (PolInSAR) data. The proposed algorithm uses a classification method that preserves scattering characteristics. Our contribution is twofold. First, the method applies adaptive model-based decomposition (AMD) to represent the scattering mechanism, which overcomes the flaws introduced by Freeman decomposition. Second, a new class initialization scheme using a histogram clustering algorithm based on a Dirichlet process mixture model is applied to automatically determine the number of clusters and effectively initialize the classes. Therefore, our algorithm is data-driven. In the first step, the Shannon entropy characteristics of the PolInSAR data are extracted and used to calculate the local histogram features. After applying AMD, pixels are divided into three canonical scattering categories according to their dominant scattering mechanism. The histogram clustering algorithm is applied to each scattering category to obtain the number of classes and initialize them. The iterative Wishart classifier is applied to refine the classification results. Our method not only can obtain promising unsupervised classification results but also can automatically assign the number of classes. Experimental results for E-SAR L-band PolInSAR images from the German Aerospace Center demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm.
Scattering of an Axial Gaussian Beam by a Conducting Spheroid with Non-Confocal Chiral Coating
Huayong Zhang;Yufa Sun;Tongqing Liao;Rongqing Hui
PIER , 2013, DOI: 10.2528/PIER12101705
Abstract: Within the generalized Lorenz-Mie theory framework, an analytic solution to the scattering by a conducting spheroid with non-confocal chiral coating, for incidence of an axial Gaussian beam, is presented. To overcome the difficulty of non-confocal boundary conditions, a theoretical procedure is developed by virtue of a transformation between the spherical and spheroidal vector wave functions. Numerical results of the normalized differential scattering cross section are shown for chiral-coated conducting spheroids.
Peer Review Comments Provided by High- and Low-Proficiency L2 Learners: A Comparative Study
Hui-Chuan Liao,Ya-Fen Lo
International Journal of English Linguistics , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/ijel.v2n5p45
Abstract: This study explored the variations in peer review comments provided by L2 writers of high and low proficiencies. Two sampling procedures were used. First, convenience sampling was used to locate a college essay composition course as the setting of the study. Second, purposeful sampling was used to identify high- and low-performing writers as the subjects, from whom the peer review comments were collected and analyzed. An instruction-learning cycle on argumentative essay writing was conducted for 4 weeks. Each student was subsequently provided with the same sample argumentative essay and a peer review form to conduct the review. The rubrics on the review form included introduction, support for position, sequence, refutation, conclusion, voice, and grammar and spelling. Content analysis was conducted to compare the manner in which the comments varied among students of different writing proficiency levels. The results indicate that, although identifying problems was the dominant comment type of both high- and low-performing writers, high-performing writers tended to provide more details when explaining the identified problems and offering suggestions for revisions. The findings are discussed regarding the implications to peer review training.
What Affects Mobile Application Use? The Roles of Consumption Values
Hsiu-Yu Wang,Chechen Liao,Ling-Hui Yang
International Journal of Marketing Studies , 2013, DOI: 10.5539/ijms.v5n2p11
Abstract: Today, mobile application (App) is a new emerging mobile technology and has been widely used. This new mobile artifact not only overturns the traditional business model of mobile industry, but also creates new avenues of mobile market opportunities. Although mobile pay-per-use services have attracted increased attention in recent years, few studies have provided limited insight into mobile technology adoption in pay-per-use services. In this study, we examine the determinants of behavioral intention of Apps users based on the theory of consumption values, and explore the roles of these values in mobile Apps context. Hypothesis testing was performed with structural equation modeling (SEM) on data collected from 282 mobile Apps users. The results reveal that consumption values significantly affect consumer behavioral intention to use mobile Apps. Among them, epistemic and motional values have stronger relationships with behavioral intention. Moreover, conditional value influences mobile App users' behavioral intention via the mediation of other consumption values (functional, social, emotional, and epistemic value). Finally, implications of the findings and areas for future research are discussed.
The Choice of Constitutional Amendments in a Young Democracy – From Indirect to Direct Election of the President in Taiwan
Da-chi Liao,Hui-chih Chang
Journal of Current Chinese Affairs , 2010,
Abstract: This paper attempts to determine the kind of constitutional rule preferred in a young democracy when an institutional opportunity for constitutional change occurs. It adopts the standpoint of collective decision-making. This approach involves two crucial theoretical elements: the calculation of the interests of the political elite and the masses’ comprehension of what democracy is. The case studied here is Taiwan’s constitutional choice between the direct and indirect election of the president during the period from 1990 to 1994. The paper first examines how the political leaders might have used both the logic of power maximization and of power-loss minimization to choose their position on the issue. It then demonstrates that survey results indeed showed that respondents better understood the direct form of electing the president and therefore supported it over the indirect one. This support helped the direct form to eventually win out.
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