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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 53636 matches for " Hong-Ghi Min "
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Market Discipline of Subordinated Debt: Empirical Evidence from Japanese Commercial Banks  [PDF]
Young-Soon Hwang, Hong-Ghi Min
Journal of Financial Risk Management (JFRM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jfrm.2013.22006

We investigate if Subordinated Note and Debenture (SND) holders make banks to take less risk by analyzing balance sheet data of Japanese commercial banks. The cross-section regression shows that banks take less risk as the amount of SNDs increase. Specifically, it is shown that the loan risk measure (the ratio of impaired loans to the total loans) and the stock investment risk measure (the invested stocks over bank capital) have decreased with the increase of SND amounts. These results provide evidence that SNDs are effective instrument for the market discipline.

The Market-Discipline Effects of Subordinated Debt: Enhanced US Commercial Banking-Sector Efficiency and Stability  [PDF]
Sang-Ook Shin, Hong-Ghi Min, Judith A. McDonald
Journal of Financial Risk Management (JFRM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jfrm.2014.33009
Abstract: Using US commercial bank data over the period 2000 to 2008, we examine how the issuance of subordinated debt (SND) affects bank risk-taking and stability, efficiency, and deposit and loan growth rates. We identify the channels by which these effects occur and, using fixed- and random-effects models and system-GMM estimations, we provide evidence that supports these channels. As SND as a percentage of total liabilities rises, bank risk-taking falls. SNDs not only improve banks’ market discipline by directly reducing non-performing loans, but by leading to reduced overhead costs, and SNDs also boost banks’ efficiency and stability. Our results are robust under different model specifications and estimation methodologies.
Market Segmentation, Price Disparity, and Transmission of Pricing Information: Evidence from Class A and H Shares of Chinese Dual-Listed Companies  [PDF]
Kyung-Won Kim, Yong Hyeon Kim, Chul W. Park, Hong-Ghi Min
Journal of Financial Risk Management (JFRM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jfrm.2015.43011
Abstract: This paper examines the transmission of pricing information and the volatility of dual-listed stocks between class A and H shares of Chinese companies. First, using firm level data, we show that there is a large price discount for H shares relative to the A shares. Second, when we divide the firms into a high price disparity group and a low price disparity group, we find that the high price disparity group’s pricing information transmission is stronger than the low price disparity group during the pre-liberalization period (in terms of significant mean coefficients). Third, when we divide the entire sample period into a pre-liberalization period and a post-liberalization, we find that the mean value spillover is stronger during the post-liberalization period for the low price disparity group. Finally, we report that during the post-liberalization period, the volatility spillover increases from A shares to H shares while it decreases from H shares to A shares. This implies that there is an information advantage of H shares, disappearing with the liberalization of A shares.
Single nucleotide polymorphisms in bone turnover-related genes in Koreans: ethnic differences in linkage disequilibrium and haplotype
Kyung-Seon Kim, Ghi-Su Kim, Joo-Yeon Hwang, Hye-Ja Lee, Mi-Hyun Park, Kwang-joong Kim, Jongsun Jung, Hyo-Soung Cha, Hyoung Shin, Jong-Ho Kang, Eui Park, Tae-Ho Kim, Jung-Min Hong, Jung-Min Koh, Bermseok Oh, Kuchan Kimm, Shin-Yoon Kim, Jong-Young Lee
BMC Medical Genetics , 2007, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2350-8-70
Abstract: We resequenced all the exons, splice junctions and promoter regions of candidate osteoporosis genes using 24 unrelated Korean individuals. Using the common SNPs from our study and the HapMap database, a statistical analysis of deviation in heterozygosity depicted.We identified 942 variants, including 888 SNPs, 43 insertion/deletion polymorphisms, and 11 microsatellite markers. Of the SNPs, 557 (63%) had been previously identified and 331 (37%) were newly discovered in the Korean population. When compared SNPs in the Korean population with those in HapMap database, 1% (or less) of SNPs in the Japanese and Chinese subpopulations and 20% of those in Caucasian and African subpopulations were significantly differentiated from the Hardy-Weinberg expectations. In addition, an analysis of the genetic diversity showed that there were no significant differences among Korean, Han Chinese and Japanese populations, but African and Caucasian populations were significantly differentiated in selected genes. Nevertheless, in the detailed analysis of genetic properties, the LD and Haplotype block patterns among the five sub-populations were substantially different from one another.Through the resequencing of 81 osteoporosis candidate genes, 118 unknown SNPs with a minor allele frequency (MAF) > 0.05 were discovered in the Korean population. In addition, using the common SNPs between our study and HapMap, an analysis of genetic diversity and deviation in heterozygosity was performed and the polymorphisms of the above genes among the five populations were substantially differentiated from one another. Further studies of osteoporosis could utilize the polymorphisms identified in our data since they may have important implications for the selection of highly informative SNPs for future association studies.Bone is continuously remodeled in vertebrates through coordinated phases of bone formation and resorption in order to maintain bone volume and phosphorus and calcium homeostasis [1]. Bo
Journal of Science and Arts , 2010,
Abstract: We introduce a variational problem on a Sobolev space associated with an eigenvalue problem for a magnetic flux, characterizing the quasi-static equilibrium of plasma. We obtain the existence and regularity results of a weak solution. Topological arguments – topological degree, ensure the control of a unique solution depending on a parameter – magnetic permeability of a total ionized gas and on the eigenvalues of an associated Dirichlet problem. The control on a technological parameter to the process initiation ensures equilibrium stabilization and controlled functionality of the machine.
Establishing Legumes in a Tall Fescue Sward  [PDF]
Doo-Hong Min, Joseph L. Moyer
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2015.62040
Abstract: Tall fescue [Schedonorus arundinaceus (Schreb.) Dumort.] is a common grass species in the eastern half of the USA, but legumes grown with it could provide benefits. Obstacles to legume establishment in fescue pastures include disease, insect damage, and grass competition. Experiments were performed in 2010 and 2011 at Site 1 to test the efficacy of insect control, disease control, and two methods of grass suppression on seedling establishment of three legumes. The highest seedling density of red clover (Trifolium pretense L.) was obtained with glyphosate treatment regardless of pest control and for clipping without pest control. No overall or consistent benefit was found for white clover (Trifolium pretense L.) or trefoil (Lotus corniculatus L.) from seed and foliar insecticides or fungicides, or for grass suppression by either clipping or glyphosate application. Experiments were performed in 2012 and 2013 at Site 2 to test the efficacy of grass suppression by grazing cattle or by clethodim application. Seedling density of red clover was not significantly improved by either treatment, but the density of birdsfoot trefoil was increased by clethodim, and the density of white clover was increased in 2013 by both methods of grass suppression. Overall, red clover was least sensitive to grass competition. Birdsfoot trefoil was better served by the immediate effect of chemical suppression, whereas white clover benefitted most from the lengthier grass suppression provided by grazing.
Elliptic Flow and Jet Quenching of a Parton System after Relativistic Heavy Ion Collision
Ghi R. Shin
Physics , 2007, DOI: 10.3938/jkps.51.18
Abstract: We obtain the initial phase space distribution after relativistic heavy ion collision by the CGC shattering method incorporating the uncertainty principle and solve the semi-classical Boltzmann equation which includes the gluon radiation processes. We present as a function of time the attenuation rate of high $p_T$ partons, which have transverse momenta over 6 $GeV/c$, in the medium which is formed after relativistic heavy ion collision. We calculate the elliptic flow as a function of an impact parameter, time and transverse momentum and also present the polar anisotropy, which gives the initial condition for color filamentation.
The study of Anisotropic Flows at LHC with purturbative simulation
Ghi R. Shin
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.3938/jkps.65.599
Abstract: We study the harmonic flows, for example, the directed, elliptic, third and fourth flow of the system of partons formed just after relativistic heavy ion collisions. We calculate the minijets produced during the primary collisions using standard parton distributions for the incomming projectile and target nucleus. We solve the Boltzmann equations of motion for the system of minijets by Monte Carlo method within only the perturbative sector. Based on the flow data calculated, we conclude the simulation can not explain the experimental results at RHIC and LHC so that the nonperturbative sector plays much more important roles even from the earliest stage of heavy ion collisions.
Impact of Consumers’ Self-Construal, Empathy, and Moral Identity on Purchase Intention toward Cause-Related Marketing Goods: A Perspective of the Moderated Mediation Model  [PDF]
Hsin-Ti Yang, Ghi-Feng Yen
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2018.92017
Abstract: This study examined whether the impact of consumers’ self-construal on purchase intention toward cause-related marketing (CRM) goods was indirectly affected by empathy and moral identity. A total of 524 valid samples were collected, after which the moderated mediation hypotheses were tested using Process software. The research data were segmented into three score groups to compare the differences between the high score and low score groups. The empirical results revealed the following findings. 1) Moral identity internalization and symbolization resulted in positive moderation effects on the direct impact of interdependent self-construal on purchase intention toward CRM products. However, under the mediating effect of empathy, the “low/low” and “high/high” groups from moral identity internalization and symbolization each produced positive and negative moderation effects. 2) Regarding the direct impact of moral identity internalization and symbolization on independent self-construal toward purchase intention toward CRM products, the “low/low” and “low/high” groups from internalization and symbolization produced positive moderation effects. However, under the mediating effect of empathy, only the “low/low” groups from internalization and symbolization produced significant positive mediating effects. Within the consumers’ self-construal and its impact on purchase intention toward CRM products, the mediation role of empathy and moderated mediation role of the two moral identity dimensions in the influence relationship were constructed. In terms of practical aspects, companies are recommended to conduct market segmentation based on consumers’ moral identities and develop distinct marketing strategies accordingly. Future studies are recommended to explore the factors behind the impact of these two groups from moral identity on purchase intention toward CRM products.
Hong-Min Xi
Acta Crystallographica Section E , 2008, DOI: 10.1107/s1600536808029759
Abstract: There are two molecules in the asymmetric unit of the title compound, C19H12N4. One is almost planar [dihedral angle between the fused-ring system and the phenyl ring = 2.16 (13)°] and one is somewhat twisted [dihedral angle = 13.30 (14)°]. In the crystal, the molecules are linked by N—H...N hydrogen bonds to result in chains.
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