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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3309 matches for " Hoda Hasan "
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Contamination of Computer Keyboards in Various Wards of Vali-e Asr Teaching Hospital in Birjand, Iran
Mohammad Hasan Namaei,Sima Surgi,Hoda Khoshbakht,Nahid Askari
Payavard Salamat , 2012,
Abstract: Background and Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate bacterial contamination of keyboards of computers located in various wards of Vali-e Asr Teaching Hospital, Birjand, Iran. Materials and Methods: In this study, all computer keyboards in various wards of Vali-e Asr Hospital were sampled (n=24). Then, the samples were sent to Microbiology Research Laboratory at Birjand University of Medical Sciences and were cultured on Blood ager, Manitol Salt ager and Eosin Methylene Blue media. The isolated bacteria were identified based on their colonial morphology and biochemical characteristics. Results: A total of 26 samples from 24 different computer keyboards of 16 different wards were obtained. Two keyboards of Infectious Diseases and Neurology wards were routinely disinfected at the end of every shift. All samples(100%) showed contamination to different bacteria. The keyboard of the computer located in Internal Medicine ward(womens division) was the most contaminated one. In total, 13 different bacterial spp. were isolated from keyboards of different computers. The species belonging to Enterobacteriaceae family(61.5%) were the most common contaminating bacteria followed by Bacillus spp(30.7%). Conclusion: Based on the results, all the sampled keyboards were contaminated by at least one bacterial spp. Therefore, it is necessary to pay more attention to the fact that computer keyboards in hospitals should regularly be disinfected.
The Impact of Neutrophil to Lymphocytic Ratio (NLR) as a Predictor of Treatment Outcomes in Rectal Carcinomas: A Retrospective Cohort Study  [PDF]
Samir Eid, Hoda Hasan, Doaa Abdel-Aleem, Amal Rayan
Journal of Cancer Therapy (JCT) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/jct.2019.109064
Abstract: Background and aim: The prognostic role of neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been shown in many solid tumors included in a recent meta-analysis of one hundred studies. We aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio in treatment outcomes; response and survival of patients with different stages of rectal cancers. Patients and methods: All patients with pathologically confirmed cancer rectum presented to our department during the period from January 2012 to the end of 2014 were included in this retrospective study, these recruited patients were evaluated through their files to determine different objectives of our study. Results: The median overall survival was 31 ± 4.676 months while disease free survival was 40 ± 2.346 for the whole study group; neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio was negatively correlated with overall survival with r = 0.743, P < 0.001, also with disease free survival with r = 0.717, P < 0.0001. Neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio was positively correlated with the number of positive lymph nodes dissected to total number of lymph nodes dissected ratio with r = +0.254, P =
Probiotics Bacteria from Egyptian Infants cause Cholesterol Removal in Media and Survive in Yoghurt  [PDF]
Hoda Mahrous
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2011.22021
Abstract: One of the most significant groups of probiotic organisms are the lactic acid bacteria, commonly used in fermented dairy products. In this study, cultures were isolated from two infants. After screening for the classic properties of probiotic organisms, four promising isolates were identified as two strains of Lactobacillus acidophilus (P106, P110), strain of Lactobacillus plantarum (P164) and Lactobacillus. pentosus (P191)which were tested for capability to remove cholesterol and to deconjugate sodium taurocholate from the culture medium. Results showed that a considerable variation existed among cultures in their growth viability in the presence of bile salt, deconjugation of sodium tauro-cholate and assimilation of cholesterol from the medium. All tested strains removed less cholesterol from the broth (ranged from 4.02-24.32%) compared to those grown in broth supplemented with 0.2% bile salts (from 29.02 to 45.3). Lactobacillus acidophilus P106 appeared to be more active in bile salt hydrolase compared to the other strains, and therefore, is regarded as a suitable candidate probiotic and adjunct culture.These strains were employed to make yo-ghurt and, in order to achieve a short production time; a two-stage fermentation procedure was used with Streptococ-cus thermophilus and Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus providing the rapid acidification. Storage trials at 4o C showed that the viability of the probiotic cultures was retained over 15 days.
Is Mehrabad Airport a Brownfield Site?  [PDF]
Armin Mehdipour, Hoda Rashidi Nia
Current Urban Studies (CUS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/cus.2014.21002

At the present time brownfield sites do not have a common definition yet. Each nation has already defined the term Brownfield based on their prioritized targets due to their diverse organizational, geographical, social and economic statuses. In Iranian context, any types of previously developed land—whether contaminated or not—and old urban property that its existence has perceived negative influences on the coherence of the surrounding land are defined as a brownfield site. These sites are mostly recognized as inner-city urban fabrics affected by former industrial and military actions that have considerable potential for regeneration practice. Mehrabad airport, as the third oldest airport in Iran, is currently dealing with various problems and constraints that not only put this immense urban space through adverse condition but also caused considerable difficulties for the surrounding residential neighborhoods. This article is basically intended to explore the recent environmental, physical and socio-economic problems of Mehrabad airport in order to raise the question as to whether this airport can be viewed as being a brownfield site or not.

The impact of culture on AIDS nurses in Iran  [PDF]
Hoda Fotovvat, Mohammad Zahedi Asl
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2013.38A010

AIDS is one of the medical professional’s or young person ventures in third world countries like Iran. The growth of AIDS victims in the recent years has made a lot of global worries about cure process and other related issues to HIV problems in these countries. One of the effective groups in the study of AIDS patients is nurses who are in direct contact with patients. Our investigation led to study two variables “consciousness” and “vision” of nurses working in Imam Khomeini hospital of Tehran University of Medical Sciences. Based on the results we achieved that nurses have a low medium degree in the variables studied which is as a result of poor and low effective trainings. In addition to this as a consequence of wrong culture in Iran about AIDS patients or even people in contact with them, nurses have been in a great pressure as they might be in danger of disease transmission. This negative trend has caused a great anxiety about the real condition of AID patients in Iran and their cure process.

Role of nuclear medicine in detection and management of Hodgkin’s disease and non-Hodgkin’s lymophoma
Hoda S
Iranian Journal of Nuclear Medicine , 2002,
Abstract: [NO ABSTRACT]
"The evolving hybrid systems of PET/CT and SPECT/CT: A threat to the sovereignty of nuclear medicine "
S. Hoda
Iranian Journal of Nuclear Medicine , 2006,
Abstract: The propagation of the hybrid PET-CT & SPECT-CT systems, as a routine test for all requests for the conventional SPECT & PET imaging could be regarded as a threat to the nuclear medicine integrity. Though informative in some selected cases, it may actually lead to misinterpretation of the imaging results and confusion in clinical decision making in most other cases. On the other hand, fusion of the anatomic and functional results in a hardware format in most of the time is a time-consuming, complex job for the interpreter, making conflict among the radiologists and nuclear medicine specialists.In most cases, PET and SPECT images contain enough information to answer relevant clinical questions. Additional information may be retrieved from the referring physician or from previous imaging, such as CT, Sonography, or MRI. According to the most recent literature, there is a need to look at CT images in only about 20% of cases and even in the majority of such cases, visual fusion gives sufficient information with no actual need for soft- or hardware image fusion. In cases in which more accurate localization is required, software fusion can be used to align the two sets of images. Since the main purpose of the CT scan in this combination is co-registration and attenuation correction and on the other hand in most cases the patient has already undergone a high-quality diagnostic CT scan before referral for PET or SPECT, even a single-slice CT scan is sufficient; but unfortunately In the evolving modern scanners a multislice scanner is attached to the PET/SPECT system, with implying a second considerable radiation dose. While a standard PET scan delivers a radiation dose to the body of 5–10 mSv, using a modern multislice CT, the received dose may be between 10 to 20 mSv. This would be a significant increase in total radiation to the patient and could be considered a real health problem. Even in the case of attenuation correction, It would be poor radiation safety to acquire a whole-body CT scan only for faster attenuation correction. The last but not the least is that the purchase of a combined PET/CT or SPECT/CT scanner is quite costly. The difference in price between a Hybrid unit and a dedicated PET or SPECT scanner is sufficiently large to warrant reconsidering the budget and the ongoing plans to establish such centers.
Sokolsky exil jako p irozeny d sledek podstaty sokolství [Sokol exile as a real consequence of the Sokol essence]
Bohuslav Hodaň
Tělesná Kultura , 2008,
Abstract: Leto ní rok je jubilejním devadesátym rokem zalo ení eskoslovenské republiky. Je to doba, kdy je vhodné vzpomenout událostí, které jsou historicky vyznamné. Pat í mezi ně i exilové hnutí, které je spojeno s několika etapami tohoto vyvoje. Vyznamnou sou ástí exilového hnutí byl i sokolsky exil, do kterého se zapojilo velké mno ství len Sokola. Nebyla to náhoda, ale logické vyústění sokolské "ideologie", logické vyústění filozofie, na jejím základě sokolská organizace díky Tyr ovi vznikla. Práce se vrací k jednotlivym etapám sokolského exilu a ukazuje vzájemnou propojenost sokolství – vlastenectví – brannost – exil. Zd vodňuje také, pro se zabyvá pouze obdobím do roku 1950. [The year 2008 is the year of the ninetieth anniversary of birth of the Czech-Slovak Republic. Since then, our state passed a very complicated and difficult development. In reaction on political events, many individuals, organizations and various movements participated on the birth and development of this state. One of these very important phenomena was the Czech-Slovak exile movement and its representative part, the exile of Sokol. In this movement, thousands of Sokol members participated. The connection of Sokol and the exile was not caused by chance or was not a result of an "ad hoc" solved situation. In all periods it was a logical consequence of content and realization of thoughts of the system, which the Sokol was bearer of. The exile activities, aversion against any non-democratic, anti-humanistic or even totalitarian tendencies were simply automatic and self-evident consequences of the Sokol "ideology" witnessed numerous changes of the political setting and underwent some changes in its own development. So, the ideology and the corresponding education were the basic presumptions of Sokol exile, manifested in the political, humanitarian as well as military sphere. The Sokol exile is not an exceptional part of Sokol history, because it logically grows up from these presumptions: direction of Sokol system to raising of all-round human level, direction of Sokol system to the human responsibility for himself and society, direction of Sokol system to education to engaged citizenship, direction of Sokol system to the improvement of Czech (Czech-Slovak) society and ability of its defence. The Sokol exile activities are connected with the names of T. G. Masaryk, Jan Masaryk, Edvard Bene and others. They were implemented in these periods: before and during the first world war, before and during the second world war, after 1948 and after 1968. For insufficiency of sources the exile
Filozofická a sociokulturní podmíněnost lidského pohybu jako determinanty kvality ivota Philosophical and socio-cultural conditionality of human movement as a means of quality of life determination
Bohuslav Hodaň
Acta Universitatis Palackianae Olomucensis : Gymnica , 2006,
Abstract: Kvalita ivota má nesporně svoje p edpoklady. Ty jsou u lověka, vzhledem ke struktu e jeho osobnosti, velmi variabilní. Proto je velmi obtí né hovo it o filozofické a sociokulturní podmíněnosti pohybu jako determinanty kvality ivota. Nicméně je to v ak pot ebné. Tento p íspěvek tedy zkoumá z hlediska těchto vztah p edev ím problém zdraví, potom problém pohybu, resp. lidského pohybu a následně problém tělesnych cvi ení jako záměrného pohybového chování lověka. Obrací pozornost na vztah tělesnych cvi ení k tělesné zdatnosti orientované na vykon a k fyzické zdatnosti orientované na zdraví. A pochopitelně z stává u této orientace na zdraví. The quality of life has, concededly, its predispositions. They are of course, in the human being, with regard to the structure of his/her personality, very variable. That is why, to speak about the philosophical and socio-cultural conditionality of movement as a means of quality of life determination, is very difficult. But, nevertheless, it is necessary. So, this paper examines, from the point of view of these relations, first the problem of health, further the problem of movement, respectively human movement and, consequently, the problem of physical exercises as a specific human movement behavior. It takes notice of the relation of physical exercises to that physical fitness which is oriented towards achievement and also to the kind of physical fitness which is oriented towards health. And then, understandably, it remains by this orientation towards health.
Physical culture as a part of civil society [Tělesná kultura jako sou ást ob anské spole nosti]
Bohuslav Hodaň
Acta Universitatis Palackianae Olomucensis : Gymnica , 2010,
Abstract: BACKGROUND: The principle issue is that of the characteristics of civil society, its relationship to the state, and the understanding of physical culture as a part of civil society. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this paper is to explain the position of physical culture as a part of civil society and all socio-political problems connected with it. RESULTS: The principle part is devoted to differences in physical education, movement (physical-exercise) recreation and sport from the point of view of the part they play in civil society. It is stated that there is not a problem with physical education being a part of the school curriculum, because its presence there is guaranteed by the state. Furthermore, the problems of relationships between movement recreation and civil society, respectively between sport and civil society are described. These problems are addressed from the point of view of social benefit and they are understood at various levels. In conclusion, there are notes concerning volunteerism as a very important aspect of the activities executed within the framework of physical culture. CONCLUSIONS: From the results described in the paper we can conclude that physical culture is, with its sociopolitical consequences, a very important part of civil society. That conclusion is important from the point of view of understanding its sense. [VYCHODISKA: Hlavním problémem je charakteristika ob anské spole nosti, její vazby na stát a pochopení tělesné kultury jako slo ky ob anské spole nosti. CíLE: Cílem tohoto sdělení je vysvětlení postavení tělesné kultury jako ásti ob anské spole nosti a v ech jejích socio-politickych problém s tím spojenych. VYSLEDKY: Hlavní ást je zamě ena na rozdílnosti tělesné vychovy, pohybové (tělocvi né) rekreace a sportu z hlediska jejich ú asti na ob anské spole nosti. Je konstatováno, e není problém s tělesnou vychovou jako ástí kolního vzdělání, poněvad ta je garantována státem. Dále jsou popisovány problémy vztah mezi pohybovou rekreací a ob anskou spole ností, resp. sportem a ob anskou spole ností. Tyto problémy jsou e eny z hlediska ve ejného prospěchu a jsou chápány v r znych úrovních. V závěru jsou poznámky tykající se dobrovolnictví jako velmi vyznamného aspektu aktivit realizovanych v rámci tělesné kultury. ZáVěRY: Z práce vyplyvá, e tělesná kultura je se svymi socio-politickymi konsekvencemi velmi vyznamnou sou ástí ob anské spole nosti. Tento závěr je vyznamny z hlediska pochopení jejího smyslu.]
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