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Insulin-Producing Cells Regulate the Sexual Receptivity through the Painless TRP Channel in Drosophila Virgin Females
Takaomi Sakai, Kazuki Watanabe, Hirono Ohashi, Shoma Sato, Show Inami, Naoto Shimada, Toshihiro Kitamoto
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0088175
Abstract: In a variety of animal species, females hold a leading position in evaluating potential mating partners. The decision of virgin females to accept or reject a courting male is one of the most critical steps for mating success. In the fruitfly Drosophila melanogaster, however, the molecular and neuronal mechanisms underlying female receptivity are still poorly understood, particularly for virgin females. The Drosophila painless (pain) gene encodes a transient receptor potential (TRP) ion channel. We previously demonstrated that mutations in pain significantly enhance the sexual receptivity of virgin females and that pain expression in painGAL4-positive neurons is necessary and sufficient for pain-mediated regulation of the virgin receptivity. Among the painGAL4-positive neurons in the adult female brain, here we have found that insulin-producing cells (IPCs), a neuronal subset in the pars intercerebralis, are essential in virgin females for the regulation of sexual receptivity through Pain TRP channels. IPC-specific knockdown of pain expression or IPC ablation strongly enhanced female sexual receptivity as was observed in pain mutant females. When pain expression or neuronal activity was conditionally suppressed in adult IPCs, female sexual receptivity was similarly enhanced. Furthermore, both pain mutations and the conditional knockdown of pain expression in IPCs depressed female rejection behaviors toward courting males. Taken together, our results indicate that the Pain TRP channel in IPCs plays an important role in controlling the sexual receptivity of Drosophila virgin females by positively regulating female rejection behaviors during courtship.
Novel Cathode Materials for Sodium Ion Batteries Derived from Layer Structured Titanate Cs2Ti5O11·(1 + x)H2O  [PDF]
Masao Ohashi
Materials Sciences and Applications (MSA) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/msa.2018.96037
Abstract: A layer structured titanate Cs2Ti5O11·(1 + x)H2O (x = 0.70) has been prepared in a solid state reaction using Cs2CO3 and anatase type TiO2 at 900°C. Ion exchange reactions of Cs+ in the interlayer space were studied in aqueous solutions. The single phases of Li+, Na+ and H+ exchange products were obtained. The three kinds of resulting titanates were evaluated for use as the cathodes in rechargeable sodium batteries after dehydrations by heating at 200°C in a vacuum. The electrochemical measurements showed that they exhibited the reversible Na+ intercalation-deintercalation in a voltage range of 0.5 - 3.5 V or 0.7 - 4.0 V. The Li+ exchange product showed the best performance of the discharge-charge capacities in this study. The initial Na+ intercalation-deintercalation capacities of the Li2Ti5O11 were 120 mAh/g and 100 mAh/g; the amounts of Na+ correspond to 1.9 and 1.6 of the formula unit, respectively. The titanates are nontoxic, inexpensive and environmentally benign.
Ion Exchange of Layer-Structured Titanate CsxTi2-x/2Mgx/2O4 (x = 0.70) and Applications as Cathode Materials for Both Lithium- and Sodium-Ion Batteries  [PDF]
Masao Ohashi
Materials Sciences and Applications (MSA) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/msa.2019.102012
Abstract: Cathode materials for rechargeable batteries have been extensively investigated. Sodium-ion batteries are emerging as alternatives to lithium-ion batteries. In this study, a novel cathode material for both lithium- and sodium-ion batteries has been derived from a layered crystal. Layer-structured titanate CsxTi2-x/2Mgx/2O4 (x = 0.70) with lepidocrocite (γ-FeOOH)-type structure has been prepared in a solid-state reaction from Cs2CO3, anatase-type TiO2, and MgO at 800°C. Ion-exchange reactions of Cs+ in the interlayer space were studied in aqueous solutions. The single phases of Li+, Na+, and H+ exchange products were obtained, and these were found to contain interlayer water. The interlayer water in the lithium ion-exchange product was removed by heating at 180°C in vacuum. The resulting titanate Li0.53H0.13Cs0.14Ti1.65Mg0.30O4 was evaluated for use as cathodes in both rechargeable lithium and sodium batteries. The Li+ intercalation-deintercalation capacities were found to be 151 mAh/g and 114 mAh/g, respectively, for the first cycle in the voltage range 1.0 - 3.5 V. The amounts of Li+ corresponded to 0.98 and 0.74 of the formula unit, respectively. The Na+ intercalation-deintercalation capacities were 91 mAh/g and 77 mAh/g, respectively, for the first cycle in the voltage range 0.70 - 3.5 V. The amounts of Na+ corresponded to 0.59 and 0.50 of the formula unit, respectively. The new cathode material derived from the layer-structured titanate is non-toxic, inexpensive, and environmentally benign.
Health literacy and health communication
Hirono Ishikawa, Takahiro Kiuchi
BioPsychoSocial Medicine , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1751-0759-4-18
Abstract: Health communication, i.e., interpersonal or mass communication activities focused on improving the health of individuals and populations [1], has emerged as one of the most important public health issues in this century. The Healthy People 2010 project in the US suggests that health communication can contribute to all aspects of disease prevention and health promotion and that it is relevant to a number of domains including (1) health professional-patient relations, (2) individuals' exposure to, search for, and use of health information, (3) individuals' adherence to clinical recommendations and regimens, (4) construction of public health messages and campaigns, (5) dissemination of individual and population health risk information, that is, risk communication, (6) images of health in the mass media and the culture at large, (7) education of consumers about how to gain access to the public health and health care systems, and (8) development of telehealth applications.People in modern society are expected to actively engage in the management of their health and to make a wide range of health decisions. Sound health decisions require comprehensible health information that is accessible and appropriate to the needs and cultural and social backgrounds of individuals [2]. Although health care professionals have historically been the primary sources of health and medical information, the increase in media reports and the rapid expansion of the Internet have rendered other sources more available to the general public [3-6]. Thus, skills in understanding and applying information about health issues may have a substantial impact on health behaviors and health outcomes. These skills have recently been conceptualized as health literacy (HL).One of the objectives related to health communication in the US Healthy People 2010 project involves improving the HL of persons with inadequate or marginal literacy skills. Indeed, significant concern that people with limited HL may not b
Nucleation of Vortex State in Ru-inclusion in Eutectic Ruthenium Oxide Sr2RuO4-Ru
Hirono Kaneyasu,Manfred Sigrist
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1143/JPSJ.79.053706
Abstract: Eutectic samples of Sr2RuO4-Ru possess many micrometer-sized Ru-metal inclusions. Based on a Ginzburg-Landau formulation we analyze the interplay of the chiral p-wave state of Sr2RuO4 (Tc = 1.5 K) and the s-wave state of Ru metal (Tc,Ru = 0.5 K) for an inclusion of cylindrical geometry. As a consequence of the mismatch of the order parameter phase, the occurrence of a spontaneous flux distribution appears for T < Tc,Ru which evolves into a "Josephson vortex" on the Sr2RuO4-Ru interface. At a sufficiently low temperature a depinning transition can occur whereby the vortex moves to the center of the cylinder.
Anisotropic Optical Response of Dense Quark Matter under Rotation: Compact Stars as Cosmic Polarizers
Yuji Hirono,Muneto Nitta
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.062501
Abstract: Quantum vortices in the color-flavor locked (CFL) phase of QCD have bosonic degrees of freedom, called the orientational zero modes, localized on them. We show that the orientational zero modes are electromagnetically charged. As a result, a vortex in the CFL phase nontrivially interacts with photons. We show that a lattice of vortices acts as a polarizer of photons with wavelengths larger than some critical length.
Third Order Perturbation Analysis of Pairing Symmetry in Two-Dimensional Hubbard Model
Hirono Fukazawa,Kosaku Yamada
Physics , 2002, DOI: 10.1143/JPSJ.71.1541
Abstract: We study the superconducting instabilities of singlet and triplet pairing in a two-dimensional Hubbard model on the basis of the third-order perturbation theory (TOPT). We investigate the effect of the vertex correction that is given by TOPT, comparing with the study with only the second-order effective interaction. In our results, a stable p-wave pairing state spreads from low to intermediate electron density. A dx2-y2-wave pairing is dominant for the high density near a half-filling. It is shown that the vertex correction plays an essential role in making the p-wave pairing state dominant.
Lattice QCD in rotating frames
Arata Yamamoto,Yuji Hirono
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.111.081601
Abstract: We formulate lattice QCD in rotating frames to study the physics of QCD matter under rotation. We construct the lattice QCD action with the rotational metric and apply it to the Monte Carlo simulation. As the first application, we calculate the angular momenta of gluons and quarks in the rotating QCD vacuum. This new framework is useful to analyze various rotation-related phenomena in QCD.
Femtoscopic signature of strong radial flow in high-multiplicity $pp$ collisions
Yuji Hirono,Edward Shuryak
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.91.054915
Abstract: Hydrodynamic simulations are used to calculate the identical pion HBT radii, as a function of the pair momentum $k_{\rm T}$. This dependence is sensitive to the magnitude of the collective radial flow in the transverse plane, and thus comparison to ALICE data enables us to derive its magnitude. By using hydro solutions with variable initial parameters we conclude that in this case fireball explosions start with a very small initial size, well below 1 ${\rm fm}$.
Rotating lattice
Arata Yamamoto,Yuji Hirono
Physics , 2013,
Abstract: We present the lattice QCD formulation in rotating frames. We start with the continuum QCD action in rotating frames, and then discretize it on the lattice. For the first test of the formulation, we calculate angular momentum in the quenched Monte Carlo simulation, and confirm that the formulation works successfully.
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