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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 777 matches for " Hiroe Uchida "
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The Relationship between Living Environment and Oral Function in Elderly Japanese  [PDF]
Naoko Morisaki, Hiroe Uchida, Akiko Miyagawa
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2019.92006
Abstract: This study aims to clarify the current state of oral function among elderly people and to analyze the relation with basic attributes. The subjects of the survey were dependent elderly people receiving nursing care in Japan. We examined the subjects’ age, sex, level of care required, living environment (home or facility), and oral functions. Tongue pressure and oral diadochokinesis (OD) were used to evaluate oral function. The relationship between the basic attributes of the elderly subjects and the oral function evaluation value was analyzed by multiple regression analysis. The average value of tongue pressure was 24.70 ± 10.20 Pa. The average value of OD was 4.7 ± 1.4 for /pa/, 4.6 ± 1.3 for /ta/, and 4.3 ± 1.3 for /ka/. Tongue pressure was found to be significantly related to the degree of care required (p < 0.01). The OD recognized syllables of /pa/, /ta/, /ka/ were significantly related to the degree of need for care and living environment (p < 0.05). The living environment is thought to affect oral function.
Advances in Angioscopic Imaging of Vascular Disease  [PDF]
Yasumi Uchida, Yasuto Uchida
World Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery (WJCS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/wjcs.2012.24021

Percutaneous angioscopy, using high resolution fiberoptic imaging, allows direct and two-dimensional visualization of the vascular interior, thereby enabling macroscopic pathological diagnosis. Percutaneous angioscopy has revealed that the vascular luminal surface exhibits various colors and morphologies characteristic of different vascular diseases. This imaging technique is used for evaluation of the severity of vascular diseases, staging of atherosclerosis, analysis of thrombus composition, evaluation of interventional and surgical therapies, and for guidance of intravascular interventions such as angioplasty, venous valvuloplasty and aortic stentgrafting. Recently, dye-image angioscopy has been used clinically for analyses of thrombus composition, endothelial damage and plaque composition. Intravascular microscopy was also developed for cellular imaging of vascular disease. Furthermore, fluorescent angioscopy was developed for molecular imaging of substances comprising atherosclerotic plaques. In this article, we describe the history of the development of angioscopy, angioscopic systems and techniques, angioscopic changes associated with vascular diseases, angioscope-guided intravascular therapies, and evaluation of intravascular and surgical therapies. Angioscopic pictures, except those of the coronary arteries, have rarely been published in the literature, so we have included many representative angioscopic pictures obtained by the authors in this article.

Twisted Euler transform of differential equations with an irregular singular point
Kazuki Hiroe
Mathematics , 2009,
Abstract: N. Katz introduced the notion of the middle convolution on local systems. This can be seen as a generalization of the Euler transform of Fuchsian differential equations. In this paper, we consider the generalization of the Euler transform, the twisted Euler transform, and apply this to differential equations with irregular singular points. In particular, for differential equations with an irregular singular point of irregular rank 2 at $x=\infty$, we describe explicitly changes of local datum caused by twisted Euler transforms. Also we attach these differential equations to Kac-Moody Lie algebras and show that twisted Euler transforms correspond to the action of Weyl groups of these Lie algebras.
Linear differential equations on $\mathbb{P}^{1}$ and root systems
Kazuki Hiroe
Mathematics , 2010,
Abstract: In this paper, we study the Euler transform on linear ordinary differential operators on $\mathbb{P}^{1}$. The spectral type is the tuple of integers which count the multiplicities of local formal solutions with the same leading terms. We compute the changes of spectral types under the action of the Euler transform and show that the changes of spectral types generate a transformation group of a $\mathbb{Z}$-lattice which is isomorphic to a quotient lattice of a Kac-Moody root lattice with the Weyl group as the transformation group.
Generalized Whittaker functions for degenerate principal series of $GL(4,\R)$
Kazuki Hiroe
Mathematics , 2008,
Abstract: We give a characterization of a generalized Whittaker model of a degenerate principal series representation of $GL(n,\R)$ as the kernel of some differential operators. By this characterization, we investigate some examples on $GL(4,\R)$. We obtain the dimensions of the generalized Whittaker models and give their basis in terms of hypergeometric functions of one and two variables. We show the multiplicity one of the generalized Whittaker models by using the theory of hypergeometric functions.
Linear differential equations on the Riemann sphere and representations of quivers
Kazuki Hiroe
Mathematics , 2013,
Abstract: Our interest in this paper is a generalization of the additive Deligne-Simpson problem which is originally defined for Fuchsian differential equations on the Riemann sphere. We shall extend this problem to differential equations having an arbitrary number of unramified irregular singular points and determine the existence of solutions of the generalized additive Deligne-Simpson problems. Moreover we apply this result to the geometry of the moduli spaces of stable meromorphic connections of trivial bundles on the Riemann sphere. Namely, open embedding of the moduli spaces into quiver varieties is given and the non-emptiness condition of the moduli spaces is determined.
Local Fourier transform and blowing up
Kazuki Hiroe
Mathematics , 2014,
Abstract: We consider a resolution of ramified irregular singularities of meromorphic connections on a formal disk via local Fourier transforms. A necessary and sufficient condition for an irreducible connection to have a resolution of the ramified singularity is determined as an analogy of the blowing up of plane curve singularities. We also relate the irregularity of Komatsu and Malgrange of connections to the intersection numbers and the Milnor numbers of plane curve germs. Finally, we shall define an analogue of Puiseux characteristics for connections and find an invariant of the family of connections with the fixed Puiseux characteristic by means of the structure of iterated torus knots of the plane curve germs.
Moduli spaces of meromorphic connections, quiver varieties, and integrable deformations
Kazuki Hiroe
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: This is a note in which we first review symmetries of moduli spaces of stable meromorphic connections on trivial vector bundles over the Riemann sphere, and next discuss symmetries of their integrable deformations as an application. In the study of the symmetries, a realization of the moduli spaces as quiver varieties is given and plays an essential role.
Fairness Norms and the Incidence of Environmental Subsidy  [PDF]
Toshihiro Uchida
Modern Economy (ME) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/me.2012.36100
Abstract: Although fairness concerns are frequently discussed in the real world environmental politics, their effects are relatively neglected in the environmental economics literature. Using a survey method, this paper attempts to reveal how fairness norms affect the incidence of subsidy both in the short-run and long-run. The results indicate that statutory incidence (legal right to receive subsidy) affects people’s fairness norms on who should receive subsidy. In particular it is considered unfair for a firm to receive a part of the subsidy when it is legally granted to the consumer side. If firms avoid behaviors that are considered unfair, the tax and subsidy equivalence theorem may not hold under this situation. The survey results also reveal that fairness norms affect the incidence of subsidy in the long-run, in a sense that the allocation of gains that are generated due to subsidy is affected. People find it fair if allocation is made in proportion to firms’ own effort. Therefore, if an increase in profit is achieved by activities directly supported by subsidy, people find it less justifiable for firms to keep all the gains by themselves and thus firms may be forced to share the gains with consumers.
High-Quality Three-Dimensional Computed Tomography Angiography of Abdominal Viscera with Small Focal Spot, Low Tube Voltage, and Iterative Model Reconstruction Technique  [PDF]
Masafumi Uchida
Open Journal of Radiology (OJRad) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojrad.2015.51002
Abstract: Purpose: To evaluate the quality of three-dimensional (3D) CT angiography images of the abdominal viscera with small focal spot, low tube voltage, and iterative model reconstruction technique (IMR). Materials and Methods: Seven patients with suspected disease of the pancreatobiliary system had undergone CT with high-quality CTA protocol in the present study. There were 5 men and 2 women, ranging in age from 52 to 80 years (mean: 64 years). Results: Depiction of abdominal small artery, small portal vein was possible in all cases. In two cases that we were able to compare, it was superior to standard CTA in small vascular depiction in CTA made clearly in high quality protocol. Conclusions: Although the use of small focal spot, low tube voltage, and IMR can produce higher-quality images of abdominal vessels than standard CTA, this improvement is not significant at elevated radiation doses.
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