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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1038 matches for " Hernia "
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LITTRE’S HERNIA
NAEEM SHAHID
The Professional Medical Journal , 2005,
Abstract:
Hernia diafragmática en gatita
Wheeler, Juan Tomás
REDVET , 2010,
Abstract: ResumenHernia diafragmática en gatita
Abdominal wall hernia in a rural population in India—Is spectrum changing?  [PDF]
Mukesh Sangwan, Vijayata Sangwan, Mahender Garg, Parveen Mahendirutta, Uma Garg
Open Journal of Epidemiology (OJEpi) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojepi.2013.33020
Abstract:

Hernia is a common word that most surgeons are familiar with. A retrospective study was planned to analyse the spectrum of abdominal wall hernias in a rural population inIndia. Majority of the patients were of 40 - 70 yrs. Male to female ratio was 7:1. Incidence of groin hernias showed an increasing trend with advancing age. Out of total 320 cases, inguinal hernias were predominating in 77.81% cases. Ventral hernias were present in about 18% cases. However, femoral hernias were rare. We concluded that spectrum of abdominal wall hernias is almost the same all over the globe despite having differences in their socioeconomic and educational status.

Unusual Contents of Inguinal Hernia Sac. An Approach to Management  [PDF]
Norman Oneil Machado, Nikita Neha Machado
Surgical Science (SS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ss.2011.26068
Abstract: Background-Unusual contents of hernia sac are uncommon, but are likely to be encountered by a surgeon in his career due to the frequency of hernia repair. The aim of this study, is to present our experience of unusual contents in inguinal hernia sac, discuss its management and review the relevant literature with regards to others experience. Patients and methods-Retrospective study of 662 patients who underwent inguinal hernia repair over an 8 year period from 2000 to 2008 was carried out. Results-Seven patients presented with unusual contents in inguinal hernia sac; an incidence of 1.05%. Three of them had vermiform appendix, with acute appendicitis (Amyand’s Hernia) noted in one of them. All patients underwent appendicectomy with repair of hernia, with mesh being employed only in patients with normal appendix. In 2 cases urinary bladder had herniated and there was one case each of ovarian cyst and fallopian tube with ovary as its content. In all these patients hernia repair was carried out after carefully reducing the contents. Conclusion-Unusual contents of hernia may pose a surgical dilemma during hernia repair even to an experienced surgeon. Although rare, a hernia may contain vermiform appendix and exceptionally it may be acutely inflamed. Tubal and ovarian herniation in an inguinal hernia may be found in adult and perimenopausal women, though the incidence is reported to be more common in children. Urinary bladder herniation occurs with similar incidence as tubo ovarian hernia; however it requires special attention because of the risk of iatrogenic bladder injury during inguinal dissection. Though appendix as a content is dealt with by appendicectomy followed by hernioplasty, every effort should be made to preserve other organs found in the hernia sac to achieve an uneventful postoperative period.
Progressive pre-operative pneumoperitoneum is not necessary for large inguinoscrotal hernia repair: Report of a case  [PDF]
Sofoklis Panteleimonitis, Ugochukwu Ihedioha, Chris Mann, Zee Gechev, Guy Jonathan Finch
Case Reports in Clinical Medicine (CRCM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/crcm.2012.12003
Abstract: Huge inguinoscrotal hernias are a challenging operation. The technical aspects of the procedure can be very difficult and the recovery may be complicated by ventilatory problems. Progressive preoperative pneumoperitoneum (PPP) is a method which has been used for many years to reduce both intra and postoperative complications. However, it is associated with a prolonged preoperative hospital stay which is expensive and often stressful to patients. We report a case of a morbidly obese patient with a huge inguinoscrotal hernia. PPP was not implemented. The operation was uneventful and he was discharged 8 days later with no major post-operative complications. This case therefore questions the necessity of PPP for huge inguin- oscrotal hernias.
Current Trends in the Management of Inguinal Hernia in Children  [PDF]
Nick Zavras, Alexia Christou, Evangelos Misiakos, Christos Salakos, Anestis Charalampopoulos, Dimitrios Schizas, Anastasios Machairas
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2014.513104
Abstract:

Inguinal hernia repairs in one of the most common surgical procedures in the pediatric population. Its diagnosis is made easily and the repair is usually performed by open surgery and with low complications rates. However, a substantial number of topics concerning anesthetic management, the precise time of operation especially in premature and high-risk infants, and the need of contralateral exploration have not yet been resolved. Recently, the introduction of laparoscopic repair seems to play a significant role regarding the safety, the examination and possible simultaneously repair of the contralateral groin, and the better cosmetic results. In this review, the current trends of the above mentioned topics will be discussed.

Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia with Delayed Diagnosis: Report of Two Cases  [PDF]
Sidney Pereira Pinto Lemos, Patrícia Veruska Ribeiro Barbosa Lemos, Natália Araújo Lima Rocha Coelho, Danielle Moreira de Abrêu, Lucas Barbosa Ribeiro Feitosa
Case Reports in Clinical Medicine (CRCM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/crcm.2015.43025
Abstract:
Introduction: Advances in prenatal imaging studies have allowed early diagnosis of Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia (CDH), although neonatal mortality remains at high levels (60% survival). Despite advances, this study found delayed diagnosis, demonstrating subdiagnosis, possibly caused by lack of resources and/or prenatal diagnostic failure. Case Report 1: Infant, 4 months and 22 days old, dyspneic, cyanotic, with fever and vomiting for 3 days, treated as pneumonia. After the second chest radiography, a right CDH was revealed. Surgical correction was performed and removal of Meckel’s diverticulum was surgical findings. The patient was discharged on the 10th days after admission. Case Report 2: Infant, 11 months and 3 days old, distended abdomen, with fever and dyspnea for 2 days, treated as pneumonia. After the second chest radiography, a left CDH was revealed. The patient was submitted to surgery, intestinal loop incarceration without necrosis was observed, and the correction of CDH was performed. The patient was discharged on the 7th day after admission. Discussion: Three cases, between July 2012 and July 2013, were diagnosed at Dom Malam Hospital; 2 Cases of CDH, with delayed diagnosis, showed incidence of 66.66%. Delayed diagnosis of these patients with initial hypotheses of pneumonia demonstrated high risk, emphasizing the importance of diagnosis research through observation of the clinical course, the correct imaging interpretation, in order to establish early diagnosis and treatment.
Experimental models of longitudinal abdominal incisional hernia in rats
Paulo, Danilo N. S.;Pereira, Fausto E. L.;Mata, Ricardo F. da;Dauad, Fabyano R.;Paulo, Isabel C. A. L.;
Acta Cirurgica Brasileira , 1997, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-86501997000400004
Abstract: abdominal incisional hernias in rats has been produced after resection of a segment of abdominal muscle. in a attempt to create a model of incisional hernia in rats, without resection of abdominal muscle, the following surgical procedures were performed: (a) rats anesthetized with ether were submitted to a 4 cm long median incision, supra and infraumbilical, followed by dissection of the subcutaneous tissue 1.5 cm laterally to the median line in each side; after, one incision was performed in the linea alba and peritoneum, with the same extension of the skin incision; the skin incision was sutured. (b) rats were submited to a suprapubic transversal incision and a scissors introduced through this incision and used to dissect the subcutaneous tissue at least 1.5 cm for each side of median line; after, the linea alba and peritoneoum were incised and the transversal skin incision sutured. (c) for control, rats were submitted to a resection of a 2.5 x 4 cm of the abdominal muscles, creating a large defect in the abdominal wall. all the animal, submitted to the three different procedures, developed similar well constituted hernias. we concluded that abdominal incisonal hernias are easily induced in rats after an incision of the abdominal wall, without partial resection of abdominal muscle, since the subcutaneous have been dissected at least 1.5 cm laterally to the median line.
Experimental models of longitudinal abdominal incisional hernia in rats
Paulo Danilo N. S.,Pereira Fausto E. L.,Mata Ricardo F. da,Dauad Fabyano R.
Acta Cirurgica Brasileira , 1997,
Abstract: Abdominal incisional hernias in rats has been produced after resection of a segment of abdominal muscle. In a attempt to create a model of incisional hernia in rats, without resection of abdominal muscle, the following surgical procedures were performed: (a) Rats anesthetized with ether were submitted to a 4 cm long median incision, supra and infraumbilical, followed by dissection of the subcutaneous tissue 1.5 cm laterally to the median line in each side; after, one incision was performed in the linea alba and peritoneum, with the same extension of the skin incision; the skin incision was sutured. (b) Rats were submited to a suprapubic transversal incision and a scissors introduced through this incision and used to dissect the subcutaneous tissue at least 1.5 cm for each side of median line; after, the linea alba and peritoneoum were incised and the transversal skin incision sutured. (c) For control, rats were submitted to a resection of a 2.5 x 4 cm of the abdominal muscles, creating a large defect in the abdominal wall. All the animal, submitted to the three different procedures, developed similar well constituted hernias. We concluded that abdominal incisonal hernias are easily induced in rats after an incision of the abdominal wall, without partial resection of abdominal muscle, since the subcutaneous have been dissected at least 1.5 cm laterally to the median line.
Hernia inguinal. Estudio de 2 a os Inguinal hernia. A two-year study
Carlos A Sánchez Portela,Martha A Oriolo Estrada,Ivanis Ruizcalderón Cabrera,Roberto Sosa Hernández
Revista de Ciencias M??dicas de Pinar del R?-o , 2005,
Abstract: La hernia inguinal representó el 3,42 % de las operaciones del Servicio de Cirugía General del Hospital Universitario "Abel Santamaría Cuadrado" durante los a os 2002 y 2003. De estas operaciones, más de la tercera parte (36%) de los pacientes tenían entre 41 y 50 a os al ser intervenidos quirúrgicamente. El sexo masculino predominó sobre el femenino en una proporción de 16 a 2 y además, se observó en todo el estudio un ligero predominio del lado derecho sobre el izquierdo en proporción de 3 a 2. El 48,5% de los pacientes con hernia inguinal realizaron un esfuerzo físico antes de la aparición de la hernia y el 57% de los estudiados asistió al cirujano antes del a o de haberse presentado la enfermedad. La hernia inguinal indirecta predominó sobre la directa en proporción de 4 a 1. La incarceración fue la complicación más frecuente encontrada. Entre las complicaciones postoperatorias locales encontradas las más destacadas fueron la sepsis de la herida, el hematoma y el seroma. La mortalidad global fue de un 0,39%. Con el objetivo de realizar un estudio del comportamiento de la hernia inguinal en nuestro hospital durante un período de dos a os nos propusimos realizar este trabajo. Inguinal hernia represented 3.42 % of surgeries from the General Surgery Service at Abel Santamaria Cuadrado General Hospital during years 2002 and 2003. in this surgeries, more than the third (36 %) of patients ranged 41 - 50 years of age when being operated on. Masculine sex prevailed over feminine sex with a ratio 16/2 and, moreover, throughout the whole study it was observed a slight predominance of the right side over the left one with a ratio 3/2. 48.5 % of herniated patients performed a physical strain before the ocurrence of the hernia and 50 % of the studied ones went to the surgeon before 1 after the onset tof the disease took place. Indirect inguinal hernia prevailed over the right one with a ratio 4/1. Incarceration was the most frequent complication found. Among local postoperative complicactions found, the most significant were sepsis of the wound, hematoma and seroma. Total mortality was 0.39 %. We decided to carry out this work in order to perform a study of the behaviour of inguinal hernias in our hospital during a period of two years.
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