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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1463 matches for " Henri Panjo "
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Effectiveness of Family Planning Policies: The Abortion Paradox
Nathalie Bajos, Mireille Le Guen, Aline Bohet, Henri Panjo, Caroline Moreau, the FECOND group
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0091539
Abstract: Objective The relation between levels of contraceptive use and the incidence of induced abortion remains a topic of heated debate. Many of the contradictions are likely due to the fact that abortion is the end point of a process that starts with sexual activity, contraceptive use (or non-use), followed by unwanted pregnancy, a decision to terminate, and access to abortion. Trends in abortion rates reflect changes in each step of this process, and opposing trends may cancel each other out. This paper aims to investigate the roles played by the dissemination of contraception and the evolving norms of motherhood on changes in abortion rates. Methods Drawing data from six national probability surveys that explored contraception and pregnancy wantedness in France from 1978 through 2010, we used multivariate linear regression to explore the associations between trends in contraceptive rates and trends in (i) abortion rates, (ii) unwanted pregnancy rates, (iii) and unwanted birth rates, and to determine which of these 3 associations was strongest. Findings The association between contraceptive rates and abortion rates over time was weaker than that between contraception rates and unwanted pregnancy rates (p = 0.003). Similarly, the association between contraceptive rates and unwanted birth rates over time was weaker than that between contraceptive rates and unwanted pregnancy rates (p = 0.000).
Telling the Nation: A Postmodernist Reading of Tanure Ojaide’s God’s Medicine-Men and Other Stories  [PDF]
Henri Oripeloye
Advances in Literary Study (ALS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/als.2014.24016
Abstract: Postmodernist reasoning signifies a move from traditional viewpoint to an accelerated technological terrain, the implication of this diversion is noticeable in the eclectic nature of life in contemporary society; all things become a continual flickering without any recognizable or perpetual presence. As a literary concept, postmodernism fashions the problematic landscape for the appreciation of the disordered nature of the world as it focuses on the dismantling of traditional values and affirmation of a fragmented society. Postmodernism, with its subtle emphasis on capitalism, has greatly exacerbated the post-colonial tendencies in Tanure Ojaide’s God’s Medicine-Men and Other Stories as money becomes a recurrent motif and a chief signifier. The stories underpin the overarching effect of cultural materialism, individuals and the society as everyone is caught in its web; these stories could also be read as the author’s depiction of a society that is going through a cultural flux.
Temporal Large-Eddy Simulations of the Near-Field of an Aircraft Wake  [PDF]
Roberto Paoli, Henri Moet
Open Journal of Fluid Dynamics (OJFD) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojfd.2018.82012
Abstract: The near-field dynamics of an aircraft wake is studied by means of temporal large-eddy simulations, with and without considering the effect of engine jets. In the absence of jets, the simulations showed the roll-up of the initial vorticity sheet shed by the wing and the occurrence of short-wavelength instability in a pair of primary co-rotating vortices. The main consequence of the instability is the modification of the internal structure of the vortex, compared to the two-dimensional stable behavior. The presence of engine jets affects the roll-up of the vorticity sheet and causes an enlargement of the final merged vortex core compared to the case without jets.
Positive and Negative Explanations of Uncertain Reasoning in the Framework of Possibility Theory
Henri Farrency,Henri Prade
Computer Science , 2013,
Abstract: This paper presents an approach for developing the explanation capabilities of rule-based expert systems managing imprecise and uncertain knowledge. The treatment of uncertainty takes place in the framework of possibility theory where the available information concerning the value of a logical or numerical variable is represented by a possibility distribution which restricts its more or less possible values. We first discuss different kinds of queries asking for explanations before focusing on the two following types : i) how, a particular possibility distribution is obtained (emphasizing the main reasons only) ; ii) why in a computed possibility distribution, a particular value has received a possibility degree which is so high, so low or so contrary to the expectation. The approach is based on the exploitation of equations in max-min algebra. This formalism includes the limit case of certain and precise information.
Psychology’s Borrowings from Medical Methodology: Analog Comparisons  [PDF]
Pascal Henri Keller, Marion Haza
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2013.46A1005
Abstract:

Medical advances force practitioners to work in an increasingly standardized manner with their patients. Quantitative health psychology attempts to follow a similar path by adopting, for the same patients, methods that are equally systematized. In this article, the origin of such an attempt will first be positioned historically. The clinical method will then be used to establish that, while patients tend to accept the constraints imposed by the medical technique, they usually resist those resulting from quantitative psychology. Based on clinical observations, we will present several ways in which such resistance may manifest itself. This article aims to further the understanding of qualitative health in psychology.

An Analysis of China—Cote d’Ivoire Bilateral Trade  [PDF]
Magby Henri Joel Regis Sahui
Open Journal of Business and Management (OJBM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojbm.2018.64067
Abstract:
The intensity of trade between China and Cote d’Ivoire has considerably risen in the recent years. However, very few scholars have accurately analyzed the relationship between these two trade partners. This present paper highlights the trade importance between China and Cote d’ Ivoire, by exploring questions related to trade intensity, intra industry trade and also comparative advantage. The findings point out the trade deficit of Cote d’Ivoire in its trade relationship with China, which definitely needs political actions in order to improve the trade balance and ensure a better future to the China—Cote d’Ivoire bilateral trade.
Algorithmic Solution of Stochastic Differential Equations
Henri Schurz
Algorithms , 2010, DOI: 10.3390/a3030216
Abstract: This brief note presents an algorithm to solve ordinary stochastic differential equations (SDEs). The algorithm is based on the joint solution of a system of two partial differential equations and provides strong solutions for finite-dimensional systems of SDEs driven by standard Wiener processes and with adapted initial data. Several examples illustrate its use.
Sustentabilidad y ciudad
Acselrad,Henri;
EURE (Santiago) , 1999, DOI: 10.4067/S0250-71611999007400003
Abstract: the idea of sustainability recalls the logic of practice, where practical effects viewed as desirable are made to happen, rather than the field of scientific knowledge, where concepts are constructed to explain reality. when applied to urban space, the idea of sustainability has generated different representations and perspectives for managing cities, from the administration of risks and uncertainties to the increase of "resilience" -the adaptive capacity- of urban structures. what seems to organize analytically the discourse of "urban sustainability" is its division into two fields: on the one hand privileging a technical representation of cities by combining the notion of urban sustainability with the "modes of management of the flows of energy and materials associated with urban growth"; on the other hand defining the unsustainability of cities by the drop in productivity of urban investments, that is, by the "incapacity of the latter to keep up with the rate of growth of social demands", which consequently places urban space in jeopardy as a political territory
Ambientaliza??o das lutas sociais - o caso do movimento por justi?a ambiental
Acselrad, Henri;
Estudos Avan?ados , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-40142010000100010
Abstract: a strong distance was maintained by traditional social movements that, despite the intense circulation of ideas through the whole rio 1992 unced process, lacked confidence towards environmental discourse. in 2001 this distance began to be reduced, after the creation of the brazilian network of environmental justice. the present text describes the steps towards this network creation, as well as the observed specific process of local re-appropriation of international experience, mainly that of the us environmental justice movement. it is discussed here how this process was characterized by an effort of reframing both the environmental-justice dissociation felt currently in the brazilian experience and the american environmental justice concept, as it was originally built on the us black movement experience.
Tecnologias sociais e sistemas locais de polui??o
Acselrad, Henri;
Horizontes Antropológicos , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-71832006000100007
Abstract: the article presents the main results of a research on the companies' practices of locating toxic wates in the state of rio de janeiro. for the period 1992/2002 have been identified 121 denouncements of undue siting at the state environmental agency of rio de janeiro. the cases have been analyzed form the point of view of the strategies adopted by companies, state agencies and affected people. the evidences show that the companies' locational efficiency is based on different destitution conditions of people living in peripherical areas: low income, insufficient access to public services, low capacity to influence public regulation and monitoring.
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