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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 76129 matches for " Helena Maria; "
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Social Merchandising: Human Trafficking in Brazilian Soap Opera  [PDF]
Denise Avancini Alves, Maria Helena Weber
Advances in Journalism and Communication (AJC) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ajc.2015.34010
Abstract: Human trafficking is one of today’s largest shadow economies. This theme was included in plot of Salve Jorge, a soap opera in Brazil (broadcasted by Globo Network between October 2012 and May 2013). This article analyzes the social merchandising, an approach given to international human trafficking in entertainment venues of television, especially, from the telenovela Salve Jorge. The strategy of inclusion of social issues in the plots is recognized as social merchandising. So, it is in this privileged media space that the story of a social problem is also constituted. The study focuses on the discussion of the power of the telenovela to dramatize issues of public interest, having main broadcasting and audience of Salve Jorge. One seeks to question the maintenance and the impact of the subject of human trafficking as a dialogue between fiction and reality portrayed by Brazilian television. The show, Salve Jorge, is based on the real-life story of a Brazilian woman who was led to Israel and forced into prostitution. Therefore, human trafficking emerges as the central theme of this study over the main plot of Salve Jorge.
Metacognitive Knowledge and Metacognitive Regulation in Self-Regulatory Learning Style, and in Its Effects on Performance Expectation and Subsequent Performance across Diverse School Subjects  [PDF]
Georgia Stephanou, Maria-Helena Mpiontini
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2017.812125
Abstract: This study aimed at examining: (a) students’ metacognitive knowledge and metacognitive regulation when they are doing school work or homework, and their self-regulated learning style regarding the four different types of behavioral regulation: external, introjected, identified and intrinsic; and (b) the role of metacognition in self-regulated learning style, and in the impact of self-regulated learning style on performance expectations, and subsequent performance in the school subjects of language, mathematics and physical education. The sample comprised of 243 primary school students, fifth and sixth grades, boys and girls, who randomly came from 20 state primary schools of various regions of Greece. The participants completed the scales at the middle of a school year, while their school performance was estimated by the teachers. The results showed that: (a) the students used metacognitive knowledge (predominately, declarative) and metacognitive regulation (mainly, planning) at a moderate extent, and they reported a mixed profile of self-regulatory learning style, favoring identified; (b) metacognitive regulation, compared with metacognitive knowledge, was a more powerful formulator of regulatory learning styles, mainly intrinsic and identified; (c) metacognition explained a small percentage of variance of both performance expectations, beyond self-regulatory style, and performance, beyond the interactive effect of performance expectations and regulatory learning style, in both language and mathematics, while it had no significant unique contribution in physical education; (d) external regulation had negative contribution in school performance across the three school subjects, while intrinsic regulation had no unique effect. Theoretical and practical applications of the findings are discussed.
Integrative Review about Learning of the Elderly Person in Health Care Promotion  [PDF]
Maria Helena Gehlen, Claus Dieter Stob?us
Creative Education (CE) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2019.102025
Abstract: Human aging is a complex and global phenomenon. It is necessary to care for and educate both those who teach (professionals, caregivers) and those who are (self)educated in order to maintain their vitality, functionality and independence, according to their care needs, in their daily life. In this study we aimed to know the scientific productions that work themes related toabouthow the elderly use learning strategies to learn how to take care of their own health. For this purpose, an Integrative Review of Literature was carried out, consisting of the following steps: identification of the problem or guiding question, establishment of descriptors, temporal cut-off, sampling search in the literature, data collection, analysis of included studies, results and discussion of content synthesis. From the synthesis of the content of the articles, it was possible to carry out the analysis of the productions and to construct a thematic axis as a guide for discussion, considering that, in order to occur learning, it is necessary to value the dialogue, the knowledge, the exchange of experiences and information with the elderly, making it possible to consolidate a process of critical, meaningful and emancipatory teaching, as a way of empowering autonomy, independence for self-care,?and?self-control of health and maintenance of functional and participatory capacity.
Do tipo textual ao gênero de texto: a reda??o no vestibular
Pistori, Maria Helena Cruz;
Bakhtiniana: Revista de Estudos do Discurso , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S2176-45732012000100009
Abstract: today's official documents drawn up by the ministry of education in brazil have advocated that textual production should be taught by the concepts of speech genre or textual genre. following this guideline, the 2011 edition of the entrance exam, vestibular, of one of the most important universities in the state of s?o paulo, brazil, asked its candidates to write three texts, each one belonging to a different genre. in order to verify the theoretical-methodological horizons that motivated the elaboration of that exam, we analyzed the texts of (1) the candidate's guidelines, (2) the examination essay and (3) the expectations set by the examiners. our theoretical perspective is the concept of discursive genre as developed by the members of the bakhtin circle since 1920. then, we observe how this new proposal aims at evaluating the characteristics that the university expects to find in each one of its students; how the theoretical perspectives are used in the analyzed texts and how the assessment of the candidates' argumentative ability is ensured. finally, we suggest the possibility of working with the genre "scholar essay".
A pesquisa de interven??o na psicologia da educa??o matemática: aspectos conceituais e metodológicos
Fávero, Maria Helena;
Educar em Revista , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-40602011000400004
Abstract: we focus on one of the great current challenges in psychology: interventional research aimed at generating transformation while demonstrating its underlying process. we detail our theoretical and methodological approach and describe an interventional study in the psychology of mathematics education. the psychology of knowledge and our method are based on four connected theoretical aspects: 1. the evidence of interaction between cognitive and social regulations; 2. the role of semiotic mediation in human psychological development; 3. the effects of sign systems on psychological development and individual communication; 4. the realisation that human actions are not at random, but rather content-based social practices. the study involved a double challenge: to develop a procedure to bring a mathematics teacher to a grasp of consciousness regarding the paradigm underpinning her practice, and to reformulate it on the basis of a deliberate articulation between psycho-pedagogical intervention and research, allowing us to: 1. study the students' conceptual acquisitions, and 2. analyse the mediation processes involved in the interpersonal relations, taking into account the nature of the material utilised and the activities proposed. the activities proposed and the quality of the mediated activity meant that students acquired new conceptual competence and the teacher developed new competence as a knowledge mediator.
Regula??o educativa e trabalho docente em Minas Gerais: a obriga??o de resultados
Augusto, Maria Helena;
Educa??o e Pesquisa , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1517-97022012000300011
Abstract: this article presents the description and analysis of the education policies developed in minas gerais state education system. it aims to identify their effects on teachers' labor relations. such education policies fit the modality of education regulation called obligation of results, which comprises a set of interventions characterized as control measures aimed at achieving greater school effectiveness. the documentary survey and empirical data analysis have indicated that the measures taken by the government focus on teachers' accountability for student success or failure in large-scale assessment systems and regular school assessments. teacher performance assessment and school institutional assessment are linked to educational attainment. the percentage of pupils to be promoted and the efficiency levels to be achieved are defined centrally, without the participation of teachers. in such context of demanding results, teachers' work conditions in minas gerais state schools are not taken into account. based on the authors studied, this article discusses new more horizontal and less hierarchical modes of education regulation in the definition of public education policies.
A data símbolo de 1898: o impacto da independência de Cuba na Espanha e Hispanoamérica
Capelato, Maria Helena Rolim;
História (S?o Paulo) , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-90742003000200003
Abstract: the article aims to analyze the cuban independence impact in spanish and spanish american intellectuals and the approximation reasons between them after the event. 1898 became a symbol date through the significatives changes that produced in spanish american writers about the united state?s role in latin america and about the spain?s destiny after the loss of the last spanish colony in america.
O mundo coberto de penas Família e utopia em Vidas secas
Patto, Maria Helena Souza;
Estudos Avan?ados , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-40142012000300022
Abstract: this essay analyses the mesh of dreams, wishes and reality of a family of migrants from the northeast of brazil who, when treated like animals, dream of eventually being able to assert their condition as human beings. though permeated by the doubt and the uncertainty imposed by the obstacles of an inhuman reality, the narrative also deals with the persistency of dreams and wishes that keep the characters' as well as the author's utopian - even if vague - hope of a humanized world alive.
Estado, ciência e política na Primeira República: a desqualifica??o dos pobres
Patto, Maria Helena Souza;
Estudos Avan?ados , 1999, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-40141999000100017
Abstract: starting from the reconstitution of the economic, politic and social aspects of the first republic in brazil, in this report is questioned the direct and wholesome transposition to this brazilian historical period of foucaults view of the european societies from the turning of the eighteenth century. carrying on the authoritarian tradition of the social classes relationships in this country, the first republican period relied on a despotic and violent police, more than on the subtle disciplinarian medical ways, in trying to control the "urban chaos". if science had any role on this practice, it was mainly the result of the dissemination of a negative racist social representation of the members of the underprivileged classes.
"Escolas cheias, cadeias vazias" nota sobre as raízes ideológicas do pensamento educacional brasileiro
Patto, Maria Helena Souza;
Estudos Avan?ados , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-40142007000300016
Abstract: in the current background of unemployment, violence and precariousness of brazilian secondary education system, a new discourse has been gaining strength. according to this discourse, the school has the social mission of preventing juvenile criminality. this is not expected to be done by teaching content and skills or by preparing for the job market, but by being a hangout area where students are protected from the "criminal paths". a documentary survey - highlighting rui barbosa?s judgments about national education, which date from 1882-1883 and are centered on the republican project that was taking place - reveals, however, that the motto "full schools, empty jails" is an old one in the educational discourse of the country. it dates from the transition from empire to republic and from its consequences on the lives of the cities: the so-called "social issue" of the first republic, considered by some a "police matter" and by others an "education matter". in spite of our awareness that history is also discontinuity, the analysis will emphasize the continuity of brazilian historical process, in which ideas and official action - apparently dissimilar - display the same core in different outerwear. in the end of the article, we indicate necessary and urgent measures to be taken if we are not to be held as hostages of the loitering power that is inherent in brazilian history.
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