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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 8158 matches for " Helena Bolli;Cielo "
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Consciência fonológica: o desempenho de meninos e meninas bilíngues e monolíngues
Lasch, Sabrina Schützenhofer;Mota, Helena Bolli;Cielo, Carla Aparecida;
Revista CEFAC , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-18462009005000047
Abstract: purpose: to investigate monolingual and bilingual girls and boys performance, in the skills of phonological awareness. methods: questionnaire and hearing screening to select the sample, consisting of 89 students, aged 4:1 to 8:11-years old, 47 girls and 42 boys, of which 47 subjects were bilingual (portuguese and german) and 42 monolingual (portuguese). the selected sample was submitted to the assessment of skills in phonological awareness, applying the phonological awareness protocol (cielo, 2001) that suggests segmentation of sentences in words, nominal realism, rhyme detection, syllabic synthesis and segmentation, syllable detection, syllabic and phonemic reversion, phonemic exclusion, phoneme detection and phonemic synthesis and segmentation. for a quantitative data analysis, a statistical test of kruskal-wallis with p = 0.05 was taken when comparing the monolingual boys' and girls' performance, and the bilingual boys' and girls' performance by task of phonological awareness. results: when the bilingual subjects were analyzed, there was a statistical significance in the detection of rhyme with trisyllable (p=0,0087) and synthesis of four phonemes (p=0,0219), with advantage of girls, while in the analysis that compared monolingual boys and girls, the results were more balanced. conclusions: despite of almost lacking statistically significant results in the comparison among bilingual and monolingual boys and girls, female superiority was observed in most of phonological awareness tasks.
Consciência fonológica e vocabulário expressivo em crian?as com aquisi??o típica da linguagem e com desvio fonológico
Kaminski, Tassiana Isabel;Mota, Helena Bolli;Cielo, Carla Aparecida;
Revista CEFAC , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-18462011005000019
Abstract: purpose: to compare the performance of children with phonological disorder and with typical language acquisition through tests of expressive vocabulary and phonological awareness, and to evaluate the age influence. method: subjects divided into control group (cg) and study group (sg); aged between five and seven years old; tests of expressive vocabulary and phonological awareness were applied; the obtained data were statistically analyzed. results: comparing both groups, sg children aged five and seven years old showed some significantly lower results than the ones from cg; however, there was no difference between both groups for six years-old children in both skills of phonological awareness and vocabulary. concerning the scores, lower than expected, the five years-old children presented difficulties in the same tasks of expressive vocabulary and phonological awareness, with complexity variations, except for the sg that showed a bigger difficulty to detect phoneme in word beginning. the six and seven years-old subjects had difficulties only with expressive vocabulary. conclusion: children with phonological disorder showed lower performance in some skills of vocabulary and phonological awareness, when compared to children with typical development. it can also be concluded that age influences the performance in these skills for both groups.
Vocabulário expressivo e consciência fonológica: correla??es destas variáveis em crian?as com desvio fonológico
Kaminski, Tassiana Isabel;Mota, Helena Bolli;Cielo, Carla Aparecida;
Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Fonoaudiologia , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-80342011000200011
Abstract: purpose: to investigate the correlation between the performance of children with phonological disorder in tests of expressive vocabulary and phonological awareness, and to analyze the influence of age. methods: participants were 24 children between 5 and 7 years old, diagnosed with phonological disorder and divided into three groups according to age range. these subjects were assessed in their phonological awareness and expressive vocabulary abilities. data from the groups were statistically analyzed in order to verify the correlation between the performances on both tests, and to compare numerical variables between age groups. results: the 5-year-old group presented 18 significant correlations between phonological awareness sub-tasks and expressive vocabulary semantic fields. seventeen of these correlations were positive and one was negative. the 6-year-old group presented ten correlations, nine positive and one negative. the 7-year-old group presented 11 correlations, six negative and five positive. in both tests, higher scores were reached by older subjects. conclusion: a correlation was found between some phonological awareness abilities and the expressive vocabulary of the children with phonological disorder in this study, in different ages. performance in both tasks improved with age.
Consciência fonológica: o desempenho de meninos e meninas bilíngues e monolíngues Phonological awareness: bilingual and monolingual boys and girls performance
Sabrina Schützenhofer Lasch,Helena Bolli Mota,Carla Aparecida Cielo
Revista CEFAC , 2010,
Abstract: OBJETIVO: investigar o desempenho de meninas e meninos, monolíngues e bilíngues, em habilidades de consciência fonológica. MéTODOS: questionário e triagem auditiva para selecionar a amostra, composta por 89 estudantes, faixa etária entre 4:1 a 8:11 anos de idade, 47 meninas e 42 meninos, dos quais 47 sujeitos eram bilíngues (português e alem o) e 42 monolíngues (português). A amostra selecionada foi submetida à avalia o das habilidades em consciência fonológica, com aplica o do Protocolo de Consciência Fonológica (Cielo, 2001) que prop e tarefas de segmenta o de frases em palavras; realismo nominal; detec o de rimas; síntese silábica; segmenta o silábica; detec o de sílabas; revers o silábica; exclus o fonêmica; detec o de fonemas; síntese fonêmica; segmenta o fonêmica e revers o fonêmica. Para uma análise quantitativa dos dados, realizou-se o teste estatístico de Kruskal-Wallis com p=0,05 quando se comparou o desempenho de meninos e meninas monolíngues, bem como o desempenho de meninos e meninas bilíngues por tarefa de CF. RESULTADOS: quando analisados os sujeitos bilíngues, houve significancia estatística na detec o de rima com trissílabos (p=0,0087) e na síntese de quatro fonemas (p=0,0219), com vantagem das meninas; já na análise que comparou meninos e meninas monolíngues, os resultados foram mais equilibrados. CONCLUS ES: apesar de praticamente n o existirem resultados estatisticamente significantes na compara o entre meninos e meninas bilíngues e monolíngues, observou-se superioridade feminina na maioria das tarefas de consciência fonológica. PURPOSE: to investigate monolingual and bilingual girls and boys performance, in the skills of phonological awareness. METHODS: questionnaire and hearing screening to select the sample, consisting of 89 students, aged 4:1 to 8:11-years old, 47 girls and 42 boys, of which 47 subjects were bilingual (Portuguese and German) and 42 monolingual (Portuguese). The selected sample was submitted to the assessment of skills in phonological awareness, applying the Phonological Awareness Protocol (Cielo, 2001) that suggests segmentation of sentences in words, nominal realism, rhyme detection, syllabic synthesis and segmentation, syllable detection, syllabic and phonemic reversion, phonemic exclusion, phoneme detection and phonemic synthesis and segmentation. For a quantitative data analysis, a statistical test of Kruskal-Wallis with p = 0.05 was taken when comparing the monolingual boys' and girls' performance, and the bilingual boys' and girls' performance by task of phonological awareness. RESULTS: when the b
Consciência fonológica e vocabulário expressivo em crian as com aquisi o típica da linguagem e com desvio fonológico Phonological awareness and expressive vocabulary in children with normal language acquisition and with phonological disorders
Tassiana Isabel Kaminski,Helena Bolli Mota,Carla Aparecida Cielo
Revista CEFAC , 2011,
Abstract: OBJETIVO: comparar o desempenho em vocabulário expressivo e consciência fonológica entre crian as com desvio fonológico e com aquisi o típica da linguagem e analisar a influência da idade neste desempenho. MéTODO: os participantes foram divididos em grupos de controle (GC) e estudo (GE) e apresentavam idades entre cinco e sete anos. Foram aplicados os testes de vocabulário expressivo e consciência fonológica, e foi realizada análise estatística dos dados. RESULTADOS: as crian as do GE, de uma maneira geral, atingiram um desempenho inferior aos participantes do GC nas tarefas analisadas. As crian as do GE de cinco e do GE de sete anos apresentaram alguns resultados significativamente inferiores ao GC; porém n o houve diferen as entre os grupos de seis anos. Ao comparar o desempenho das crian as com os valores de referência, as crian as de cinco anos, de ambos os grupos, apresentaram dificuldades nas mesmas tarefas, de vocabulário expressivo e consciência fonológica, com varia es de complexidade. Os sujeitos de seis e sete anos mostraram dificuldades apenas em vocabulário expressivo. CONCLUS O: as crian as com desvio fonológico apresentaram um desempenho inferior em algumas habilidades de vocabulário e consciência fonológica quando comparadas às crian as com desenvolvimento típico. Pode-se concluir ainda que existe influência da idade no desempenho destas habilidades para ambos os grupos, pois, com o aumento da idade, os participantes apresentaram dificuldades apenas em vocabulário e n o mais em consciência fonológica. PURPOSE: to compare the performance of children with phonological disorder and with typical language acquisition through tests of expressive vocabulary and phonological awareness, and to evaluate the age influence. METHOD: subjects divided into control group (CG) and study group (SG); aged between five and seven years old; tests of expressive vocabulary and phonological awareness were applied; the obtained data were statistically analyzed. RESULTS: comparing both groups, SG children aged five and seven years old showed some significantly lower results than the ones from CG; however, there was no difference between both groups for six years-old children in both skills of phonological awareness and vocabulary. Concerning the scores, lower than expected, the five years-old children presented difficulties in the same tasks of expressive vocabulary and phonological awareness, with complexity variations, except for the SG that showed a bigger difficulty to detect phoneme in word beginning. The six and seven years-old subjects had difficulties o
Ocorrência das estratégias de reparo para os fonemas plosivos, considerando o grau do desvio fonológico Occurrence of repair strategies for the stops considering the severity of the phonological disorder
Aline Berticelli,Helena Bolli Mota
Revista CEFAC , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/s1516-18462012005000027
Abstract: OBJETIVO: verificar a ocorrência ou n o de estratégias de reparo para os fonemas /b/, /d/, /k/ e /g/ e a rela o destas estratégias com a gravidade do desvio fonológico. MéTODO: selecionados 54 sujeitos com diagnóstico de desvio fonológico que apresentavam estratégias de reparo para as consoantes plosivas /b/, /d/, /k/ e /g/ nas posi es de onset inicial e/ou medial, com emprego de 40% em seu sistema fonológico. Os dados foram submetidos à análise estatística por meio do programa Statistical Analysis System, vers o 8.02, utilizando-se o Teste Exato de Fisher. O nível de significancia adotado para os testes estatísticos foi de 5% (p< 0.05). RESULTADOS: verifica-se diferen a estatisticamente significativa para o /b/ com maior frequência de dessonoriza o nas crian as com desvio moderadamente-grave e desvio grave, e de posterioriza o, sendo utilizadas duas ou mais estratégias pelas crian as com desvio grave. Diferen a estatisticamente significativa para o /d/ com maior frequência de posterioriza o nos sujeitos com desvio leve, de dessonoriza o e duas ou mais estratégias naqueles com desvio moderadamente-grave e a dessonoriza o por aqueles com desvio grave. CONCLUS O: quanto mais complexos em termos de aquisi o e produ o s o os fonemas plosivos, mais estratégias de reparo s o utilizadas. E ainda, quanto maior o grau do desvio fonológico, maior é a quantidade de vezes que este recurso é usado, demonstrando que a crian a possui um menor conhecimento fonológico. PURPOSE: to check the occurrence of repair strategies for the phonemes /b/, /d/, /k/ e /g/ and their relation to the severity of phonological disorder. METHOD: 54 subjects were selected with a diagnosis of phonological disorder who had repair strategies for the stops / b /, / d /, / k / and / g / in the onset positions (initial and / or medial), with 40% of employment in their phonological systems. Data were statistically analyzed using the Statistical Analysis System program, version 8.02, and using the Fisher Test. The level of significance was 5% (p< 0.05). RESULTS: there was a significant difference for / b / with greater frequency of devoicing in children from moderate-severe and severe degrees, and backing and use of two or more strategies in the severe degree. Statistically significant difference for /d/ with greater frequency of backing in the subjects with mild degree, of devoicing and use of two or more strategies in patients with moderate-severe degree, and devoicing in those with severe degree. CONCLUSION: the more complex in terms of acquisition and production are the stops, most rep
Investiga??o e análise do reflexo acústico contralateral em crian?as com desvio fonológico
Attoni, Tiago Mendon?a;Mota, Helena Bolli;
Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1808-86942010000200014
Abstract: much has been studied on the role of the acoustic reflex in the communication process. aim: to examine the responses of the contralateral acoustic reflex in children with normal hearing and phonological disorders. to investigate the relationship of the level of severity of phonological disorder. to measure the chances of it affecting all the frequencies tested. materials and methods: the study was based on the analysis of medical charts from 70 children with phonological disorders, and 24 females and 46 males, aged between 5 and 7 years. audiological tests were analyzed to exclude children with hearing loss, evaluation of the contralateral acoustic reflex and the level of severity of phonological disorder. study design: prospective. results: all children showed change in the contralateral acoustic reflex. there was no significant relationship between the level of severity of phonological disorders and changes in the acoustic reflex for both genders. female children showed no statistically significant value in the relationship between the frequencies, except at 500 hz. male children had more significant relationship in the association between changes in frequencies tested. conclusion: it is believed that children with phonological disorders exhibit changes in the contralateral acoustic reflex.
Alongamento vocálico e apagamento em coda medial nos desvios fonológicos
Maldonade, Irani Rodrigues;Mota, Helena Bolli;
Pró-Fono Revista de Atualiza??o Científica , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-56872010000100012
Abstract: background: phonological disorders. aim: to verify the occurrence of vocalic lengthening, through acoustic analysis, in a group of 16 children (8 boys and 8 girls) with evolutive phonological disorders (epd), who did not present in their speech /r/ and /s/ medial codas; to verify the occurrence percentage of lengthening and omission strategies in the two types of coda. method: recordings of 16 children obtained through the presentation of a picture album representing the 18 pairs of words that contrast the syllabic structures (c)vc and cv. after transcribing the recordings, the pairs of words were submitted to acoustical analysis using praat, version 4.4.16. vowel duration was measured in both types of syllables. statistical analysis was performed and the significance test (q-square) was applied considering p<0.05. results: although lengthening was not perceptually detected, it occurred in 93.75% of the analyzed samples. the q-square test indicated that the occurrence of lengthening is highly significant. regarding the /r/ coda, results indicated 95.52% of lengthenings and 4.48% of omissions. for the /s/ coda, results indicated 12.5% of lengthenings and 87.5% of omissions. no significant statistical difference was observed between genders. conclusion: acoustic analysis identified both vocalic lengthening and omission. vocalic lengthening was more frequent in the /r/ coda; omission was more frequent in the /s/ coda. the child who presents lengthening seems to have the knowledge of the structure (c)vc and, therefore, is closer to the production of the target-phoneme.
Propostas terapêuticas para os desvios fonológicos: diferentes solu??es para o mesmo problema
Wiethan, Fernanda Marafiga;Mota, Helena Bolli;
Revista CEFAC , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-18462011005000003
Abstract: background: focus on studies conducted over the last ten years on therapy for phonological disorders. purpose: to analyze the national and international studies on phonology, conducted from the year 2000, in order to check their contributions for the clinical treatments, while identifying new opportunities in research. conclusion: all analyzed studies bring out contributions that can be adopted as tools for the speech clinic. the therapist should pay attention to the fact that different children respond differently to the different approaches, so that therefore, caution should be taken clinician in treatment planning. the report suggests research possibilities and aspects that could be more widely used in the scientific work. however, no studies were found indicating the average number of sessions required in order to determine the discharge in speech pathology cases, and global approaches, that could solve all the issues that may be delayed in these children, such as auditory processing, working memory, phonemic discrimination, phonological awareness and written language development.
Ambientes linguísticos para a produ??o das fricativas /z/, /∫/e /?/: variabilidades na aquisi??o fonológica de seis sujeitos
Wiethan, Fernanda Marafiga;Mota, Helena Bolli;
Revista CEFAC , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-18462011005000111
Abstract: background: routes of phonological acquisition in children treated with favorable environments in contrast with unfavorable and neutral environments for production of /z/, /∫/and /?/in phonological therapy. procedures: six children with phonological disorder aged between 4:7 and 7:8 were selected to take part in the study. they were properly authorized by their parents. there were speech-language and complementary evaluations in order to diagnose the phonological disorder. the subjects were matched according to the severity of the phonological disorder, gender, age and aspects of the phonological system in relation to the altered phonemes. half of the children were treated with words in which the phonemes /z/, /∫/and /?/ were in favorable environments and the other half with unfavorable and neutral environments. there were eight sessions and, after that, new evaluations were made in order to describe and qualitatively compare the routes of phonological acquisition in the said subjects through the implicational model of features complexity. results: the results indicated a small advantage in the therapeutic evolution of two subjects treated with favorable environments, in relation to their matches. however, children treated with unfavorable and neutral environments obtained more positive results than their matches. conclusion: the favorable environments for production of fricatives /z/, /∫/and /?/ did not determine the therapeutic success, but positively influenced the phonological evolution in the subjects in the study.
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