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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2465 matches for " Hearing Impairment "
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Peri-Operative Hearing Impairment  [PDF]
Vinodkumar Singh, Ayush Sinha, Rashmi Madan
Open Journal of Anesthesiology (OJAnes) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojanes.2012.24039
Abstract: Peri-operative hearing impairment is a poorly reported morbidity following any type of anaesthesia. We report a case where the patient developed temporary hearing impairment after a gynaecological surgery. This recovered in a couple of week time. The causes of such hearing impairment in various types of anaesthesia are discussed.
The Level of Neuromuscular Coordination between Hearing Impairment Compared with the Healthy in Jordan  [PDF]
Adnan Alqaraan, Mousa Ahmad, Rami Hammad
Advances in Physical Education (APE) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ape.2018.84029
Abstract: This study aimed to identify the level of neuromuscular coordination among the hearing impaired in Jordan and to identify differences in levels of neuromuscular coordination of the hearing impaired according to the variables of health status and gender. The descriptive method was used for its suitability to the nature of the study and its objectives. The sample population consisted of 159 individuals from different schools who were asked to participate voluntarily (72 with hearing impairments and 87 healthy). To measure neuromuscular coordination, the researchers used a test that measured hand-eye coordination (the steadiness tester) made by Lafayette Instrument, model 32011. They analyzed the results of the study using standard deviation and t-tests. The results of the study showed statistically significant differences between the level of neuromuscular coordination of males and female and this?was?shown by the presence of statistical significance which?was?(p?= 0.000) in the smallest hole (0.0625 inch). The results also showed that individuals with hearing impairments have superior neuromuscular coordination to healthy individuals. The study’s main findings are that neuromuscular coordination of the hearing impaired is superior to that of healthy people; and that the neuromuscular coordination of females is superior to that of males. The researchers recommended employing the skills of the hearing impaired in sports requiring neuromuscular coordination (e.g. archery, darts,?and billiards) because of the superior coordination of these individuals. They also recommended that gender differences be taken into account when designing training programs that depend on coordination and focus on motor skills.
Etiology Profile of the Patients Implanted in the Cochlear Implant Program  [PDF]
Saroj Mali, Divij Sonkhya, Mohnish Grover, Nishi Sonkhya
International Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery (IJOHNS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ijohns.2015.43045
Abstract: Hearing loss in children constitutes a considerable handicap because it is an invisible disability and compromises optimal development and personal achievement of a child. The period from birth to 5 years of life is critical for the development of speech and language; therefore, there is need for early identification and assessment of hearing loss and early rehabilitation in infants and children. Cochlear implants are the treatment of choice for patients with severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss. The goal of the present study was to investigate the different hearing impairment etiologies of patients implanted in cochlear implant program. The hospital based interventional study was conducted in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology, SMS Medical College, Jaipur from July 2011 to Dec. 2013. Present study included 60 prelingually deafened patients who attended ENT OPD and underwent cochlear implant. The most common cause of deafness in our study was acquired (56.66%), which predominantly included perinatal risk factors (64.70%), followed by prenatal risk factors (41.17%). The second common cause was hereditary (26.66%), followed by unknown (16.66%). Infection and ototoxic drug history were the most common risk factors in prenatal and postnatal group. The most common perinatal cause was low birth weight and prematurity.
Contribui??es da psicologia Brasileira para o estudo da surdez
Bisol, Cláudia A.;Simioni, Janaína;Sperb, Tania;
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-79722008000300007
Abstract: this article presents the contributions of brazilian psychology to the study of deafness. national journals, categories a, b, and c were reviewed and 34 articles were selected and analyzed considering the concept of deafness, the core issue and the kind of publication. the main results, concerning the publications made between 1995 and 2005 show that: (a) the socio-anthropologic concept of deafness prevails among brazilian researchers; (b) the issues of main interest are language, cognitive development and family relations; (c) 15 of the articles found were literature reviews, 16 were empirical research reports and 3 were reports of practical experiences. this article discusses the need of increasing the scientific production in this area of study.
Hearing impairment in patients with tuberculosis from Northeast Brazil
Lima, Maria Luiza Lopes Timóteo de;Lessa, Fábio;Aguiar-Santos, Ana Maria;Medeiros, Zulma;
Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de S?o Paulo , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-46652006000200008
Abstract: the aim of this paper is to describe the auditory profile of subjects who were given streptomycin treatment for tuberculosis in the years 2000 and 2001, in recife, northeast brazil. the injury notification database at the municipal department of health was consulted and 78 individuals who had been on streptomycin during the period under study were selected. forty-two individuals were excluded, of whom five were over 59 years of age and two were under 18 years. nineteen turned out to be deceased, 13 could not be found, two were serving prison terms and one refused to participate. as a result, only 36 subjects participated in the study. these 36 individuals were interviewed and underwent meatoscopy and audiometry. the mean age of the group under study was 38.8 years old and males predominated (79.4%). twenty-seven patients (75%) showed hearing impairment, the bilateral sensorineural type (63.9%) being the most frequent, mainly affecting the high frequencies over 4000 hz. in the light of findings showing a high percentage of hearing impairment complaints among users of streptomycin, this issue seems to warrant an in-depth investigation, as does the implementation of an auditory follow-up routine for patients undergoing such chemotherapy for tuberculosis.
REHABILITATION OF HEARING IMPAIRED CHILDREN IN INDIA – AN UPDATE
Sulabha M Naik,Mahendra S Naik,Akriti Sharma
Otolaryngology Online Journal , 2013,
Abstract: The prevalence of deafness in India is fairly significant. It is the second most common cause of disability. Approximately 63 million people (6.3%) in India suffer from significant auditory loss.1 Rehabilitation of hearing impaired children in India remains a challenging task. Early detection and intervention are the mainstay of this initiative. This article does not purport to detail the clinical aspects and surgical management of hearing handicapped children.We discuss here the resources and options available in India for the education of deaf children and the role of the Government bodies in rehabilitation. Awareness abouteducation and rehabilitation of hearing handicapped is low among the general public and even among the medical fraternity.
Contributions of Brazilian psychology to the study of deafness / Contribui es da psicologia Brasileira para o estudo da surdez
Cláudia A. Bisol,Janaína Simioni,Tania Sperb
Psicologia: Reflex?o e Crítica , 2008,
Abstract: This article presents the contributions of Brazilian Psychology to the study of deafness. National journals, categories A, B, and C were reviewed and 34 articles were selected and analyzed considering the concept of deafness, the core issue and the kind of publication. The main results, concerning the publications made between 1995 and 2005 show that: (a) the socio-anthropologic concept of deafness prevails among Brazilian researchers; (b) the issues of main interest are language, cognitive development and family relations; (c) 15 of the articles found were literature reviews, 16 were empirical research reports and 3 were reports of practical experiences. This article discusses the need of increasing the scientific production in this area of study.
Screening for otologic functional impairments in the elderly: whose job is it anyway?
B.E. Weinstein
Audiology Research , 2011, DOI: 10.4081/audiores.2011.e12
Abstract: Among the most prevalent of chronic conditions affecting older adults globally, hearing loss prevalence is increasing and its impact on society growing. Untreated hearing loss diminishes ones ability to communicate and its strong association with depression and cognitive decline adds further to the burden of hearing loss. Hearing health care is rarely included in the traditional medical exam for older adults, it is typically not considered a risk factor for cognitive decline or falls, and it is not a condition for which routine screening has been recommended by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Yet in older adults, disability typically results from many small risks acting together with different people having a different pattern of multifactorial risk (U.S. Preventive Services Task Force, 2010). The importance of preventive hearing health care in primary care is discussed along with a screening strategy with targeted interventions designed to target older at risk adults.
Evaluation of hearing in middle-aged patients with diabetes mellitus type 2  [PDF]
Bijan Forogh, Ronak Zeinolabedini, Mahdi Akbari, Elaheh Mianehsaz
Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering (JBiSE) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jbise.2013.65A004
Abstract: Introduction: Involvement of auditory pathway is one of the examples of central neuropathy in diabetics. The purpose of this study is to compare the auditory function of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus with healthy subjects. Methodology: 30 diabetic and 30 healthy subjects participated in this study. For all participants conventional pure-tone audiometry (PTA) and Auditory Brainstem Evoked Responses (ABER) study were performed. Results: In PTA Hearing threshold only at 2, 4, 8 KHz frequencies were significantly higher than healthy subjects but were in normal range in patients with diabetes. ABER revealed that absolute latencies of waves I, III, V and inter wave latencies of III-V, I-V, I-III were significantly prolonged in diabetics. Conclusion: In this study, 50% of diabetic patients had hearing defects in ABER test despite normal hearing threshold and good meta-bolic control. Prolonged inter wave latencies of I-III, III-V, I-V explains retrocochlear and brain stem involvement.
Disability and Quality of Life among Elderly Persons with Self-Reported Hearing Impairment: Report from the Ibadan Study of Aging  [PDF]
Akeem O. Lasisi, Oye Gureje
International Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery (IJOHNS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ijohns.2013.22016
Abstract:
Background: Despite a high prevalence of hearing impairment (HI) among the elderly, the effect on their quality of life (QOL) has not been well studied in this environment. Aim: To determine the prevalence of disability and profile of QOL among elderly persons (aged ≥65 years) with HI. Design of Study: Cross-sectional. Setting: Eight contiguousYoruba-speaking states in Nigeria. Methods: Face-to-face interviews of respondents selected using a multi-stage, stratified area probability sampling of households; HI was based on self report and observer confirmation and the QOL was measured with the World Health Organization brief version (WHOQOL-Bref). Results: The prevalence of disability in Activities of Daily Living (ADL) was 35.4% while it was 10.1% in Instrumental ADL. Prevalence increased significantly with increasing age (P = 0.05). Disability in ADL (P = 0.01), poor family interaction (P = 0.01), poor community involvement (P = 0.01) cognitive impairment (P = 0.05) and poor report of overall health (P = 0.05) were significantly more common among the elderly with HI than those without. No significant differences were found in regard to current depression or the likelihood of experiencing verbal, physical or emotional abuses. Logistic regression analyses adjusting for age, sex, chronic medical conditions and disability confirmed the salient effect of HI on the decrement in the physical domains (P = 0.05). Conclusion: HI is associated with high prevalence of disability and has adverse effect on the quality of life. This observation strengthens the need for hearing rehabilitation in the policy formulation on the care of the elderly in resource-poor settings.
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