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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 35547 matches for " Health Status. "
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Self-Reported Assessment of Health Status and Psychological Condition among Hospital Medical Residents in Iran  [PDF]
Soheila Dabiran, Behrooz Nabaei, Maede Ghorbany, Farahnaz Khajehnasiri
Health (Health) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/health.2015.77097
Abstract: Psychological stress and illness among hospital residences have been subject to increasing scientific scrutiny; however very few studies have been published to describe the extent of health status and psychological stresses in residents in different specialties especially in our country that our study was mainly focused on this subject. Methods: The study subjects were medical residents in public hospitals covering 14 different specialties in Tehran in 2007. A self-administered questionnaire elicited information related to socio-demographic profile, specialty, duty hours, sleep quality, physical activity level, number of night shifts per month, mood changes, sense of depression after night shifts, fatigue, use of antidepressant and tranquilizer, and their opinion regarding their health status on a 4-point Likert scale. Results: 66.7% of participants were male with the mean age of 32.9 ± 4.2 years. 62.1% of the residents felt mood changes after nightly shifts that could adversely affect their daily living, quality of work, and social relationships. The overall prevalence of the use of antidepressant drugs was 20.0% which was significantly higher in women than men. Also, 24.4% of them reported consumption of sedative and hypnotic drugs. 15.6% reported complete healthy status while 9.4% reported partial illness. Complete healthy status was more reported among the residents of anesthesiology and pediatrics while illness was more reported by residents in pathology field. Residents’ satisfaction with their status was positively correlated with the year of residency and marriage, while dissatisfaction was more reported in divorced ones as well as in those with higher number of nightly shifts. Conclusion: Notable number of hospital residents in Iran experience significant stressors and emotional and mental health problems. Among all studies factors type of specialty, year of residency, female gender, number of nightly shifts, and single marital status were more important than other factors.
Health Status Inequality among Immigrants in Switzerland  [PDF]
Thomas Volken, Peter Rüesch
Open Journal of Preventive Medicine (OJPM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2014.46054

Objective: To assess self-rated health and impairments for six large immigrant groups (Germany, Italy, Kosovo, Portugal, Serbia, Turkey) in Switzerland. Methods: We used population-based survey data from the Swiss Migrant Health Survey 2010 and the Swiss Health Survey 2007. The sample comprised permanent residents aged 17 - 64 years (n = 14,637). Multivariate logistic regressions have been used to estimate odds ratios (OR). Results: Ill health and activities of daily living (ADL) impairments were associated with older age in all groups. However, nationals from Turkey and nationals from Kosovo were substantially more likely than Swiss to report ill health (OR = 1.05; CI = 1.02 - 1.09; P = 0.001 and OR = 1.05; CI = 1.01 - 1.10; P = 0.016) and ADL impairments (OR = 1.06; CI = 1.03 - 1.09; P = 0.000 and OR = 1.04; CI = 1.01 - 1.07; P = 0.004) with increasing age. Furthermore, Portuguese women were more likely (OR = 2.65; CI = 1.40 - 5.03; P = 0.003) to report ill health than Swiss women. Conclusions: Immigrant-specific preventive and health promotion initiatives should target vulnerable immigrants from Turkey, Portugal, and Kosovo. Furthermore, groups with few economic and psychosocial resources in the general population of Switzerland should be more involved in interventions to reduce health risk.

H. Husaini,Y. Krisdinamurtirin,M. A. Suryadi,Darwin Karyadi
Bulletin of Health Research , 2012,
Abstract: Telah dilakukan penelitian perbaikan gizi di PT Perkebunan XI, Kebun Karet, Kabupaten Sukabumi. Anak prasekolah umur 1-5 tahun dibagi dalam 4 kelompok, dengan perlakuan sebagai berikut: Kelom-pok I adalah kelompok kontrol; Kelompok II diberi makanan tambahan kalori tinggi (C); Kelompok III diberi makanan tambahan kalori tinggi protein tinggi (CP); dan Kelompok IV diberi makanan tam-bahan kalori tinggi protein tinggi ditambah pendidikan gizi intensif (CPE). Setiap kelompok terdiri dari 32-35 anak. Pemberian makanan tambahan dilakukan setiap hari selama 4 bulan (122 hari). Makanan tambahan C mengandung rata-rata 500 kalori dan 4 g protein, sedangkan makanan tambahan CP me-ngandung rata-rata 500 kalori dan 20 g protein. Lain daripada itu pengobatan sederhana terhadap infek-si diberikan kepada setiap anak pada semua kelompok. Konsumsi kalori sangat rendah dibandingkan dengan konsumsi protein. Dengan pemberian tambahan kalori yang cukup, tingkat keadaan gizi bertambah baik secara nyata. Perbaikan keadaan gizi pada ke-lompok yang diberi makanan tambahan C sama dengan pada kelompok yang diberi tambahan makanan CP dan CPE. Pengaruh pendidikan gizi terhadap perbaikan keadaan gizi belum tampak sesudah 6 bulan perlakuan. Hampir 50 % anak dijumpai menderita infeksi, dan jumlah ini menunjukkan kecenderungan berkurang selama program berlangsung.
The Impact of Subjective and Objective Social Status on Depression in a Cohort of Graduate-Level Students  [PDF]
Carol Vidal, Whitney Brown, Flavius R. W. Lilly
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2018.65021
This study examined the associations of subjective social status (SSS), objective measures of socio-economic status (SES), and depression among graduate-level college students. This cross-sectional study surveyed 800 graduate-level students attending a major public research university in the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States. SSS was derived from the MacAuthur Scale of Subjective Social Status, SES from respondents’ parental income and education, and depression from the Patient Health Questionnaire-2. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to examine the relationship between SSS, SES, and depression controlling for covariates. The overall prevalence of depression in the sample was 11.1%. Regression modeling demonstrated that low SSS was predictive of depression (OR = 0.65; 95% CI: 0.56 - 0.77) whereas all objective measures of SES were non-significant. Low SSS is a relevant risk factor for depression and should be considered in mental health counseling and academic advising of graduate-level students as it may be amenable to intervention.
Chronic Diseases, Health Status and Health Service Utilization among Koreans  [PDF]
Ju Moon Park
Health (Health) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/health.2014.616263
Abstract: This study described the self-reported chronic diseases and health status and examined the factors that are associated with effective health service utilization. Descriptive and logistic regression analysis was performed to determine the factors significantly associated with self-rated health, in-patient and out-patient utilization. Self-rated health status was ranked lower among rural residents, lower-income families, married persons, and those with chronic diseases. Chronic diseases such as hypertension, arthritis, melancholy, and diabetes were common and they are associated with poor health of Koreans. The presence of chronic diseases was significant in predicting the likelihood of poor health while socio-economic factors, rather than health-related need factors, had more predictive power of the use of health services. This study provides a unique contribution to the knowledge base of the Korean population. The study findings show that Koreans in poor health status were married, living in rural areas, having chronic diseases and lower income, with a high likelihood of health care utilization among employed individuals, which could significantly help in the public health policy required to address this issue.
Health assessment of the population of S o Paulo city, 2005
Ana Cristina Ribeiro Z?llner,Jane de Eston Armond,Neil Ferreira Novo,Patrícia Colombo Compri
Einstein (S?o Paulo) , 2009,
Abstract: Objective: To present the broad indicator Z in order to evaluate the 31 sub-town halls in the city of S o Paulo according to their health conditions. Methods: Birth rate, mortality rate and population mortality rate by transmissible diseases were calculated for 2005, standardizing the population mortality rate by transmissible diseases. For each age group, the median percentage of its participation was calculated for the population composition. Rresults: This study has shown that the broad indicator Z was capable of ordaining the 31 sub-town halls in the city of S o Paulo, in decreasing order, according to their health conditions for the year 2005. Cconclusions: The order proposed according to Z values showed to be coherent with the level of health in sub-town halls. Therefore, it is a useful element to characterize the behavior of different populations or to compare the same population in different periods of time.
Self-evaluated health of married people in Jamaica  [PDF]
Paul A. Bourne
Health (Health) , 2009, DOI: 10.4236/health.2009.14055
Abstract: Background: In the Caribbean in particular Ja-maica, no study has been done to examine married respondents in order to understand reasons for their greater health status. The ob-jectives of the current study are: 1) examine the sociodemographic characteristics of married people in Jamaica; 2) evaluate self-rated health status of married people in Jamaica; 3) deter-mine factors that account for good health status of married people and 4) provide public health practitioners with empirical studies that can be used to formulate policies for men in particular non-married men in Jamaica. Materials and me- thods: Stratified random sampling technique was used to select 6,783 respondents. It was a nationally representative sample. Logistic re-gression analysis was used to ascertain the correlates of health status. Results: The mean age for women in marriage in Jamaica was 6 years lower than that of men. The correlates of good health status (including moderate health) of respondents in descending order were self- reported illness (OR = 0.12, 95%CI = 0.01- 0.17); age (OR = 0.94, 95%CI = 0.93-0.96); income (OR = 1.32, 95%CI = 1.05-1.66) and sex of respon-dents (Or = 1.14-2.32)—χ2(df = 4) = 383.2, P < 0.05. The four variables accounted for 44.4% of the explanatory power of the model; with self-reported illness accounting for 32.5% of the explanatory power. Conclusion: Marriage pro-vides greater access to more socioeconomic resources for its participants as well as increase men’s unwillingness to visit medical care prac-titioners.
Does IQ Vary Systematically with All Measures of Socioeconomic Status in a Cohort of Middle-Aged, and Older, Men?  [PDF]
Shona J. Kelly, Nicholas R. Burns, Greta Bradman, Gary Wittert, Mark Daniel
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2012.24052
Abstract: Differences in IQ have been offered as an explanation for socioeconomic gradients in morbidity and mortality. Previous research has largely relied on linking education and conscription testing data with later life health. As this early life testing was used to determine a person’s academic path it is difficult to disentangle the effects of IQ from education. This study used IQ and socioeconomic status (SES) data collected concurrently in mid-life from men who did not experience IQ-test-driven career path direction in early life. If IQ is associated with SES generally then multiple domains of IQ it will be associated with all components of SES. In a subsample of men aged 35 - 80 (n = 287) from the Florey Adelaide Male Ageing Study, we evaluated relationships between each of four domains of cognitive ability (IQ domains): fluid (Gf); crystallised (Gc); visual/spatial (Gv) and processing speed (Gs). SES was measured as standardized education, income, occupational prestige and deprivation score. Age-adjusted linear regression was used to test each SES-z-score individually against each IQ domain. Then all four SES measures were included in a single model for each IQ domain. This study found that a panel of standard IQ tests were positively associated with attained education but not with income or area-level deprivation score. Two IQ abilities, Gf and Gc, were also associated with occupational prestige score. These associations suggest that lesser levels of health associated with lower socioeconomic status is not accounted for by a lesser innate ability and that intervention may be possible.
Relationship between the Change in Health Status and Satisfaction with Physical Education in Chinese College Students  [PDF]
Xuelian Wang, Yoshio Sugiyama
Advances in Physical Education (APE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ape.2014.43015

We examined the relationship between health status and satisfaction with physical education (PE) lessons. The participants (N = 142, Mean = 19.14 yrs, SD = 0.92) were university students in China. The participants completed questionnaires at the beginning and end of the PE class term to indicate their health status. Multiple linear regression analyses revealed that the changes in health status significantly correlated with satisfaction with PE lessons. Results of the multiple regression analyses indicated that satisfaction with PE lessons was significantly related to enjoyment. The practical implications of this study focused on developing a PE lesson program that would improve the health status of students well as be enjoyable to the students.

Comparing Health Status and Lifestyle in Chinese College Students  [PDF]
Xuelian Wang, Yoshio Sugiyama
Advances in Physical Education (APE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ape.2015.54033
Abstract: The study aimed to compare health status and lifestyle in university students. The participants were college freshmen from physical education majors (N = 195, Mean = 20.9, SD = 1.87) and the school of Urban and Environmental majors (N = 195, Mean = 21.73, SD = 0.93) in Dalian, China. The Diagnostic Inventory of Health and Life habit (DIHAL.2) scale (Tokunaga, 2003) was administered to all participants. A one-way sample t-test was used to analyze the difference in both interdepartmental and gender effects. Results of t-test indicated that there were significantly difference in physical health, social health and life habit. Moreover, students majoring in physical education were scored lower on the mental health domain compared to the physical and social health domains. The practical implication of this study focused on finding the difference between the students who regularly exercised and those who did not, and considered the characteristics of gender. Finally, we hope that this study would be available for physical education in university.
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