Abstract:
This paper presents a system with real-time classification of human movements based on smartphone mounted on the waist. The built-in tri-accelerometer was utilized to collect the information of body motion. At the same time, the smartphone is able to classify the data for activity recognition. By our algorithm, body motion can be classified into five different patterns: vertical activity, lying, sitting or static standing, horizontal activity and fall. It alarms falling by Multimedia Messaging Service (MMS) with map of suspected fall location, GPS coordinate and time etc. If a fall was suspected, an automatic MMS would be sent to preset people. The major advantage of the proposed system is the novel application of smartphone which already have the necessary sensors and can monitor fall ubiquitously without any additional devices.

The determinant representation of three-fold Darboux
transformation for a variable-coefficient modified KdV equation is displayed
based on the technique used to solve Ablowitz-Kaup-Newell-Segur system.
Additionally, the nonsingular positon solutions of the variable-coefficient
modified KdV equation are firstly discovered analytically and graphically.

Abstract:
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs), produced by a wide range of organisms, have attracted attention due to their potential use as novel antibiotics. The majority of these peptides are cationic and are thought to function by permeabilizing the bacterial membrane, either by making pores or by dissolving it (‘carpet’ model). A key hypothesis in the literature is that antimicrobial and hemolytic activity correlate with binding affinity to anionic and zwitterionic membranes, respectively. Here we test this hypothesis by using binding free energy data collected from the literature and theoretical binding energies calculated from implicit membrane models for 53 helical AMPs. We indeed find a correlation between binding energy and biological activity, depending on membrane anionic content: antibacterial activity correlates best with transfer energy to membranes with anionic lipid fraction higher than 30% and hemolytic activity correlates best with transfer energy to a 10% anionic membrane. However, the correlations are weak, with correlation coefficient up to 0.4. Weak correlations of the biological activities have also been found with other physical descriptors of the peptides, such as surface area occupation, which correlates significantly with antibacterial activity; insertion depth, which correlates significantly with hemolytic activity; and structural fluctuation, which correlates significantly with both activities. The membrane surface coverage by many peptides at the MIC is estimated to be much lower than would be required for the ‘carpet’ mechanism. Those peptides that are active at low surface coverage tend to be those identified in the literature as pore-forming. The transfer energy from planar membrane to cylindrical and toroidal pores was also calculated for these peptides. The transfer energy to toroidal pores is negative in almost all cases while that to cylindrical pores is more favorable in neutral than in anionic membranes. The transfer energy to pores correlates with the deviation from predictions of the ‘carpet’ model.

Abstract:
We study the ground state properties of a spin-3 Cr condensate subject to an external magnetic field by numerically solving the Gross-Piteavskii equations. We show that the widely adopted single-mode approximation is invalid under a finite magnetic field. In particular, a phase separation like behavior may be induced by the magnetic field. We also point out the possible origin of the phase separation phenomenon.

Abstract:
Multilayered structures consisting of alternating negative-permittivity and dielectric layers are explored to obtain high-resolution imaging of subwavelength objects. The peaks with the smallest |ky| (ky is the transverse wave vector) on the transmission curves, which come from the guided modes of the multilayered structures, can not be completely damped by material loss. This makes the amplitudes of the evanescent waves around these peaks inappropriate after transmitted through the imaging structures, and the imaging quality is not good. To solve such a problem, the permittivity of the dielectric layers is appropriately chosen to make these sharp peaks merge with their neighboring peaks. Wide flat upheavals are then generated on the transmission curves so that evanescent waves in a large range are transmitted through the structures with appropriate amplitudes. In addition, it is found that the sharp peaks with the smallest |ky| can be eliminated by adding appropriate coating layers and wide flat upheavals can also be obtained.

Abstract:
Using some special properties of a permeability-near-zero material, the radiation of a line current is greatly enhanced by choosing appropriately the dimension of a dielectric domain in which the source lies and that of a permeability-near-zero shell. The radiation of the source can also be completely suppressed by adding appropriately another dielectric domain or an arbitrary perfect electric conductor (PEC) inside the shell. Enhanced directive radiation is also demonstrated by adding a PEC substrate.

Abstract:
We are concerned with the following Schr\"odinger-Poisson equation with critical nonlinearity: \[\left\{\begin{gathered} - {\varepsilon ^2}\Delta u + V(x)u + \psi u = \lambda |u{|^{p - 2}}u + |u{|^4}u{\text{in}}{\mathbb{R}^3}, \hfill - {\varepsilon ^2}\Delta \psi = {u^2}{\text{in}}{\mathbb{R}^3},{\text{}}u > 0,{\text{}}u \in {H^1}({\mathbb{R}^3}), \hfill \end{gathered} \right. \] where $\varepsilon > 0$ is a small positive parameter, $\lambda > 0$, $3 < p \le 4$. Under certain assumptions on the potential $V$, we construct a family of positive solutions ${u_\varepsilon} \in {H^1}({\mathbb{R}^3})$ which concentrates around a local minimum of $V$ as $\varepsilon \to 0$.

Malmquist productivity index (output based) and stochastic frontier production model are used to calculate the total factor productivity and decomposition index of 21 cities in transferred representative area and Shanghai. This paper also uses Tobit model to reveal influencing factors of production efficiency, taking Anhui Province as an example. The result shows that, growth of total factor productivity has been mainly brought by technology progress. Reducing of technology efficiency can hinder its growth. Development gap between Midwest China and developed areas owns to technology efficiency gap. The efficiency has a positive correlation with share of state-owned enterprise total in industrial output value, opening degree, human resources level and infrastructure level. At the same time, it negatively correlates with the share of government spending in GDP. The efficiency is uncorrelated with export and the proportion of science and technology spending accounts for fiscal expenditure.

Based on the D-H notation,
kinematics model and inverse kinematics model of 6R industrial robots are
established. Using graphical method, the boundary curve equations of the 6R
industrial robot workspace are obtained. Based on the prescribed workspace, the D-H parameter optimization method of 6R industrial robots is
proposed. Using the genetic algorithm to determine the structural dimensions of
a 6R robot, we make sure that its workspace can exactly contain the prescribed
workspace. This method can be used to reduce the overall size of the robot,
save materials and reduce the power consumption of the robot during its work
time.

Parkinson’s disease (PD) is complex and
most likely results from an unknown combination of genetic and environmental
factors. Here, we defined discrete genes (DGs) in a microarray analysis and found
that the percentage of DGs versus all analyzable genes correlated with PD
progression. Furthermore, this new parameter was also easily used to evaluate
the therapeutic effect of high- frequency electro-acupuncture (EA), thus
improving symptoms of PD model rats.