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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 5889 matches for " Hassan Kanti Madu "
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Abattoir as a Tool for Veterinary Extension and Communication Services: A Practical Demonstration of Its Implementation  [PDF]
Shehu AbdulQadir Zailani, Sani Bello Nma, Nuhu Abubakar, Hassan Kanti Madu, Ahmad Tijjani Tinau
Open Journal of Veterinary Medicine (OJVM) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ojvm.2019.91001
Abstract: Considering the widespread disease transmission among butchers/meat inspectors and a possible risk of exposure to diseases due to the attitude of some butchers and nature of meat inspector’s jobs. Ignorance and lack of awareness of such dangers has also been identified to be responsible for some of the problems encountered in most instances as well as the presence of some predisposing factors for diseases. In view of the above, this model is developed as a means of demonstrating the use of the abattoir and other registered related slaughter premises in the provision of the physical facility, where the primary role of extension personnel to develop the capacity and capability of target groups in the abattoir and livestock producing community, in order to enhance animal/zoonotic disease surveillance and control. The model if adopted and fully utilized will create awareness among target groups of dangers of disease transmission and ways of curtailing such problems, government through their agencies, professionals and private organizations should be involved in the implementation of this model in order to achieve the desired response.
Evaluation of Synergistic Effect of Neem and Poultry Manure on Root Knot Nematode (Meloidogyne spp.) Infecting Rice  [PDF]
Hassan Mohammed Auwal, Ibrahim Buba Galadima, Jacob Madu, Paul Joseph
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1101372
Abstract:

Field experiment was conducted in 2014 to test the efficacy of different organic amendments on the control of root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne spp.). The different materials are sole neem, sole poultry manure, and a combination of neem and poultry manure. Neem was applied at the rate of 160 g per plot, poultry manure was applied at the rate of 1120 g per plot, combination of neem and poultry manure was applied at 1280 g per plot and Furadan was applied at 16 g per plot. Non- amended plot served control. Results obtained showed a combination of neem and poultry manure that produced the highest nematode suppression with a population of 58.3, followed by sole neem and poultry manure that produced 81.7, 94.7 respectively. This is compared to the chemical nematicide, Furadan that produced the least population of 41.7. The control treatment produced the highest population of 226.7. Reduction in nematodes population was concomitant to increase in rice growth and yield parameters. Combination of neem and manure produced the highest rice yield of 108 g which is significantly not different from manure that produced 107 g of rice. Among the three experimental factors neem produced the least rice yield of 88.2 g. This is compared to Furadan that produces 140.7 g rice. The non-amended control treatment produced the smallest quantity of rice which is 66.5 g.

Enhanced Nematicidal Effect of Cowdung Soil Amendment by Neem (Azadirachta indica)  [PDF]
Ibrahim Buba Galadima, Hassan Mohammed Auwal, Ismail Abubakar, Jacob Madu, Paul Joseph
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1101779
Abstract: Field experiment was conducted during the rainy season (summer) of 2014 to determine the effect of mixture cow dung of neem on population of root knot nematode infesting okra. A parcel of land highly endemic to population of root knot nematode was chosen for the experiment. Treatments include sole neem at 11.5 g, sole cowdung at 100 g and mixture of cowdung and neem at 111.5 g were applied to individual crop stand in plots of size 2.0 M by 2.0 M. Furadan, a chemical nematicide was applied as a standard check. Non amended plots in which no treatment was applied served as a control. Crop stands numbering 16 per plot were planted with okra. The experiment was carried out in randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. Data were collected on nematodes population and plant growth parameters and subjected to analysis of variance (ANOVA) and means were separated using Fisher’s least significant difference (LSD). Results obtained showed mixture of neem and cow dung produced 27.6 second stage juvenile which was the lowest population obtained, with a concomitant highest okra yield of yield of 2.4 tons/hectre (T/ha). Sole neem and cow dung suppressed nematodes population by 35.3 and 98.6 respectively with attendant okra yield of 1.9 and 1.4 T/ha respectively. Amendment of soil with mixture of neem and cow dung substantially suppressed Meloidogyne spp. infesting okra and may provide practical control of root-knot nematodes as part of sustainable nematode management system.
Four roots of abducent nerve at its exit from the pontomedullary sulcus: endoscopic case study
Khan AA,Kanti PH,Ullah M,Hassan AH
International Journal of Anatomical Variations , 2010,
Abstract: The abducent nerve occupies a strategic position at the middle third of the clivus. With the recent advances in the field of imaging techniques and endoscopic skull base surgery it is important to understand the neurovascular relationships and variations in its course. Very limited literature is available on the cisternal course of abducent nerve as studied by an endoscope. A few studies have described the course of abducent nerve endoscopically through an endonasal approach. In this study we attempted to explore its cisternal course endoscopically through a retrosigmoid approach to the cerebello-pontine angle with emphasis on its neurovascular relationship. Duplication and triplication of the abducent nerve have been reported by some authors, but four roots of abducent nerve have not been reported. In the present study, in one of the cadavers it was found that on the left side the abducent nerve emerged as four roots from the pontomedullary sulcus.
Paediatric surgery in Nigeria: Past, present and future
Madu Paul
African Journal of Paediatric Surgery , 2009,
Abstract:
Using the RNA synthetic activity of glutamate dehydrogenase to illuminate the natural role of the enzyme  [PDF]
Godson O. Osuji, Wenceslaus C. Madu
Advances in Biological Chemistry (ABC) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/abc.2012.24047
Abstract: Glutamate Dehydrogenase (GDH; EC 1.4.1.2) catalyzes the reversible amination of α-ketoglutarate to glutamate, and the polymerization of nucleoside triphosphate(s) to RNA. But the natural role of the reversible amination reaction is the subject of an expanding conversation. The aim was to illuminate the natural role of GDH through its RNA synthetic activity. Stoichiometric combinations of mineral salts that targeted the GDH subunit compositions were applied to field-cultivated peanuts. GDH of seeds were made to synthesize RNA in the deamination and then in the amination direction. Free amino acids were analyzed by HPLC. Glutamate synthase (GOGAT) was assayed by photometry. Free amino acid yields in-creased from the control’s lowest (9.8 kg·ha–1) and amination-deamination ratio (0.05) through 12.0 - 23.0 kg·ha–1 in the K-, N+K+P+S-, Pi-, N+S-, S-treated peanuts with amination-deamination ratios between 0.6 and 10.0 until at the P+K-treated peanut which had the highest amino acid yield (52.4 kg·ha–1) and the highest amination-deamination ratio (61). The Km and Vmax values of GOGAT were within the normal range. Yields of free amino acids resulting from GDH aminating activity increased from <1.0 kg·ha–1 in the control, through 2.2 in the N+S-, 6.84 in the P+N-, 17.3 in the N-, to 42.6 kg·ha–1 in the P+K- treated peanut. These results show that the natural role of the GDH amination activity is to assimilate escalating multiples of the quantities of NH4+ ion as assimilated via the GS-GOGAT pathway. Peanut protein yields increased in parallel with GDH aminating activities and free amino acid yields such that the control peanut had the lowest protein (<26.0 kg·ha–1) and the yields increased exponentially (500 - 600 kg·ha–1) through the K-, P+S-, Pi-, N-treated to 910 kg·ha–1 in the P+K-treated peanut with the highest aminating activity of GDH. The ability of GDH aminating activity to escalate protein yields of food crops could be employed to address proteinenergy malnutrition syndrome of developing nations.
A Note on Crank-Nicolson Scheme for Burgers’ Equation  [PDF]
Kanti Pandey, Lajja Verma
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/am.2011.27118
Abstract: In this work we generate the numerical solutions of the Burgers’ equation by applying the Crank-Nicolson method directly to the Burgers’ equation, i.e., we do not use Hopf-Cole transformation to reduce Burgers’ equation into the linear heat equation. Absolute error of the present method is compared to the absolute error of the two existing methods for two test problems. The method is also analyzed for a third test problem, nu-merical solutions as well as exact solutions for different values of viscosity are calculated and we find that the numerical solutions are very close to exact solution.
A Different Approach for Big Bang Singularity  [PDF]
Malay Kanti Sikdar
Natural Science (NS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ns.2018.104016
Abstract: With the discovery of Hubble Red Shift in the cosmological Universe, the question of Big Bang explosion has become inevitable and to explain this point of singularity thereon. Dissolution and manifestation of the universe happen to occur periodically. In this paper,analysis has been undertaken on the basis of scientific development on well accepted cosmological model, different scientific concepts and on one Vedic/Tantric scriptural remark. According to Vedic/Tantric scriptural remark, at the time of dissolution of the universe it remains in the form of gram. Different scientific tools like Electron Microscopy, X-rays powder diffraction method. Raman & UV spectroscopy have been applied in analyzing the two parts of gram and finally to find out what do they correspond to cosmological analysis of Big Bang singularity. Main mechanisms in action in dissolution and manifestation have also been pointed out.
Inter-relations of growth and disease expression in pepper using principal component analysis (PCA)
EA Madu, MI Uguru
African Journal of Biotechnology , 2006,
Abstract: Field reactions of 12 indigenous pepper lines (UNS2, UNS3, NSKY-LP, Atanukwu yola, Sombe, NSKY-SE, Tarugu, Tartasi, Dangarawa, Oshosho, NSKY-RW and a Hybrid between Sombe and NSKY-RW) for resistance to pepper veinal mottle virus (PVMV) were determined with principal component analysis (PCA). Genetically related genotypes tend to cluster, indicating that there is a significant genetic component to the underlying patterns of variations in growth and disease attributes. The PCA showed that the vegetative trait had high PRIN 1 value, thereby suggesting that the trait could be used to assign pepper genotypes into different agronomic groups. Similarly, the disease characters were the main determinants of PRIN 2 thus, implicating them as additional useful traits for classification of pepper lines
Health complaints of high school students in the Northern Province and taboo themes in their families
S.N. Madu
South African Journal of Education , 2002,
Abstract: The article reports on a study of the health complaints of high school students in the Northern Province of South Africa, taboo themes in their families, and the relationship between the two. Five hundred and twenty-nine (529) high school students filled in a self-rating questionnaire designed to identify their health complaints and taboo themes in their families. Results show that the highest reported health complaint was the difficulty to swallow, followed by nausea and by pressure/unpleasant feeling of fullness in the stomach. The highest reported taboo theme was homosexuality, followed by tattooing or piercing, and abortion. There is a significant positive correlation between health complaints of the students and taboo themes in their families. The findings call for intensified efforts on enlightenment (life skills) programmes designed to encourage open discussions among family members. This would reduce the health problems associated with taboos and also reduce the work of school teachers involved with health and social education. (South African Journal of Education: 2002 22(1): 65-69)
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